ABNER m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means "my father is a light"
in Hebrew, from אָב ('av)
meaning "father" and נֵר (ner)
meaning "lamp, light". In the Old Testament, Abner was a cousin of Saul
and the commander of his army. After he killed Asahel he was himself slain by Asahel's brother Joab
. It has been used as an English Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation. It was popular with the Puritans, who brought it to America in the 17th century.
ADHARA f Astronomy
Derived from Arabic عذارى ('adhara)
. This is the name of the second brightest star (after Sirius) in the constellation Canis Major.
AEGLE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Αἴγλη (Aigle)
, which meant "light, radiance, glory"
. This was the name of several characters in Greek myth, including one of the Heliades and one of the Hesperides.
AELIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was possibly derived from the Greek word ἥλιος (helios)
. This was the family name of the Roman emperor Hadrian.
AGLAIA f Greek Mythology, Greek
Means "splendour, beauty"
in Greek. In Greek mythology she was one of the three Graces or Χάριτες
(Charites). This name was also borne by a 4th-century saint from Rome.
ÁINE f Irish
in Gaelic. This was the name of the queen of the fairies in Celtic mythology. It is also taken as an Irish form of Anne
AKEMI f Japanese
From Japanese 明 (ake)
meaning "bright" and 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful". Other kanji combinations are possible.
AKI (2) f Japanese
From Japanese 晶 (aki)
meaning "clear, crystal", 明 (aki)
meaning "bright" or 秋 (aki)
meaning "autumn". It can also come from 亜 (a)
meaning "second, Asia" combined with 希 (ki)
meaning "hope". Other kanji or combinations of kanji can form this name too.
AKIHITO m Japanese
From Japanese 明 (aki)
or 昭 (aki)
both meaning "bright" combined with 仁 (hito)
meaning "compassionate". Other kanji combinations are possible. Akihito (1933-), name written 明仁
, was the emperor of Japan from 1989 to 2019.
AKIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 晶 (aki)
meaning "clear, crystal", 明 (aki)
meaning "bright" or 秋 (aki)
meaning "autumn" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other combinations of kanji characters are possible.
AKIO m Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (aki)
meaning "bright, luminous" combined with 夫 (o)
meaning "man, husband", 男 (o)
meaning "male" or 雄 (o)
meaning "hero, manly". Other kanji combinations are possible.
AKIRA m & f Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (akira)
meaning "bright", 明 (akira)
meaning "bright" or 亮 (akira)
meaning "clear". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name. A famous bearer was the Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), given name written 明
ALBA (1) f Italian, Spanish, Catalan
This name is derived from two distinct names, ALBA (2)
and ALBA (3)
, with distinct origins, Latin and Germanic. Over time these names have become confused with one another. To further complicate the matter, alba
means "dawn" in Italian, Spanish and Catalan. This may be the main inspiration behind its use in Italy and Spain.
ALBERT m English, French, Catalan, German, Polish, Russian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Romanian, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalbert
meaning "noble and bright"
, composed of the elements adal
"noble" and beraht
"bright". This name was common among medieval German royalty. The Normans introduced it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Æðelberht
. Though it became rare in England by the 17th century, it was repopularized in the 19th century by the German-born Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.... [more]
ALBINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen that was a derivative of ALBUS
. Saint Albinus (also called Aubin) was a 6th-century bishop of Angers in Brittany.
AMARYLLIS f Literature
Derived from Greek ἀμαρύσσω (amarysso)
meaning "to sparkle"
. This was the name of a heroine in Virgil
's epic poem Eclogues
. The amaryllis flower is named for her.
AMATERASU f Japanese Mythology
Means "shining over heaven"
, from Japanese 天 (ama)
meaning "heaven, sky" and 照 (terasu)
meaning "shine". This was the name of the Japanese sun goddess, the ruler of the heavens. She was born when Izanagi
washed his left eye after returning from the underworld. At one time the Japanese royal family claimed descent from her.
ANATOLIA f Late Roman
Feminine form of ANATOLIUS
. This was the name of a 3rd-century Italian saint and martyr. This is also a place name (from the same Greek origin) referring to the large peninsula that makes up the majority of Turkey.
ANWAR m Arabic, Urdu, Indonesian
Means "brighter, more luminous"
in Arabic. This name was borne by Egyptian president Anwar Sadat (1918-1981), who was assassinated three years after being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
AOIBHEANN f Irish
Means "beautiful, pleasant, radiant"
in Irish Gaelic. This was the name of the mother of Saint Enda. It was also borne by Irish royalty.
ARASH m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "truthfulness"
in Persian. In Persian legend Arash was a Persian archer who was ordered by the Turans to shoot an arrow, the landing place of which would determine the new location of the Persian-Turan border. Arash climbed a mountain and fired his arrow with such strength that it flew for several hours and landed on the banks of the far-away Oxus River.
ARGUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Ἄργος (Argos)
, derived from ἀργός (argos)
meaning "glistening, shining"
. This name was borne by several characters from Greek myth, including the man who built the Argo and a giant with one hundred eyes.
ARUSHI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अरुष (arusha)
meaning "reddish, dawn"
, a word used in the Rigveda to describe the red horses of Agni
. This name also appears in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
belonging to a daughter of Manu
and the wife of Chyavana, though in this case it might derive from Sanskrit आरुषी (arushi)
meaning "hitting, killing"
ASTROPHEL m Literature
Probably intended to mean "star lover", from Greek ἀστήρ (aster)
meaning "star" and φίλος (philos)
meaning "lover, friend". This name was first used by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney in his collection of sonnets Astrophel and Stella
AUREOLE f English (Rare)
From the English word meaning "radiant halo"
, ultimately derived from Latin aureolus
AVTANDIL m Georgian, Literature
Created by the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli for his 12th-century epic The Knight in the Panther's Skin
. Rustaveli based it on Persian آفتاب (aftab)
meaning "sunshine" and دل (del)
meaning "heart". In the poem Avtandil is a knight who is sent by Tinatin
to search for the mysterious knight of the title.
AYELET f Hebrew
Means "doe, female deer, gazelle"
. It is taken from the Hebrew phrase אַיֶלֶת הַשַׁחַר ('ayelet hashachar)
, literally "gazelle of dawn", which is a name of the morning star.
AZAHARA f Spanish
Variant of AZAHAR
. It can also be given in reference to the ruined Moorish city of Medina Azahara in Córdoba, which derives from the related Arabic root زهر (zahara)
meaning "to shine".
BAER m Limburgish
Short form of ALBAER
and other Limburgish names ending in baer
, often derived from the Germanic element beraht
BAST f Egyptian Mythology
Possibly means "fire, heat"
or "ointment jar"
in Egyptian. In Egyptian mythology Bast was a goddess of cats, fertility and the sun who was considered a protector of Lower Egypt. She was often depicted with the head of a lioness or a house cat. As her role in the Egyptian pantheon diminished, she was called Bastet
BASTET f Egyptian Mythology
Variant of BAST
. This form of the name, a diminutive, was given to her after the similar goddess Sekhmet (protector of Upper Egypt) became more important.
BELENUS m Celtic Mythology
Probably from a Celtic word meaning "bright, brilliant"
. This was the name of a Gaulish solar god who was often equated with Apollo
BELPHOEBE f Literature
Combination of belle
"beautiful" and the name PHOEBE
. This name was first used by Edmund Spenser in his poem The Faerie Queene
BERGLJOT f Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Bergljót
, which was composed of the elements berg
"protection, help" and ljótr
BERTHA f German, English, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element beraht
meaning "bright, famous"
. It was borne by the mother of Charlemagne
in the 8th century, and it was popularized in England by the Normans. It died out as an English name after the Middle Ages, but was revived in the 19th century. The name also appears in southern Germanic legends (often spelled Perchta
) belonging to a goddess of animals and weaving.
BERTRAM m English, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "bright raven"
, derived from the Germanic element beraht
"bright" combined with hramn
"raven". The Normans introduced this name to England. Shakespeare used it in his play All's Well That Ends Well
BERTRAND m French, English, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements beraht
meaning "bright" and rand
meaning "rim (of a shield)". From an early date it has been confused with BERTRAM
and the two names have merged to some degree. A famous bearer was English philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872-1970).
BHASKARA m Hinduism
, derived from a combination of Sanskrit भास (bhasa)
meaning "light" and कर (kara)
meaning "maker". This is another name of the sun and the Hindu god Shiva
. It was additionally borne by a 12th-century Indian astronomer, also known as Bhaskaracharya.
BRECHT m Dutch
Short form of names containing brecht
, often derived from the Germanic element beraht
BYEONG-HO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 炳 (byeong)
meaning "bright, luminous, glorious" combined with 浩 (ho)
meaning "great, numerous, vast" or 昊 (ho)
meaning "summer, sky, heaven". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
CASTOR m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek name Κάστωρ (Kastor)
, possibly related to κέκασμαι (kekasmai)
meaning "to excel, to shine"
). Alternatively it could be derived from the Greek word κάστωρ (kastor)
, though the legends about Castor do not mention beavers, which were foreign animals to the Greeks. In Greek myth Castor was a son of Zeus
and the twin brother of Pollux
. The constellation Gemini, which represents the two brothers, contains a star by this name.
CHANDLER m & f English
From an occupational surname that meant "candle seller"
in Middle English, ultimately from Old French.
CHANDRA m & f Hinduism, Bengali, Indian, Assamese, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Nepali
in Sanskrit, derived from चन्द (chand)
meaning "to shine". This is a transcription of the masculine form चण्ड
(a name of the moon in Hindu texts, which is often personified as a deity) as well as the feminine form चण्डा
CHANG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 昌 (chāng)
meaning "flourish, prosper, good, sunlight" (which is usually only masculine), 畅 (chàng)
meaning "smooth, free, unrestrained" or 长 (cháng)
meaning "long". Other Chinese characters are also possible.
CHARON m Greek Mythology
Possibly means "fierce brightness"
in Greek. In Greek mythology Charon was the operator of the ferry that brought the newly dead over the River Acheron into Hades.
CHIARA f Italian
Italian form of CLARA
. Saint Chiara (commonly called Saint Clare in English) was a follower of Saint Francis of Assisi.
CLARA f German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, Catalan, Romanian, English, Swedish, Danish, Late Roman
Feminine form of the Late Latin name Clarus
, which meant "clear, bright, famous"
. The name Clarus
was borne by a few early saints. The feminine form was popularized by the 13th-century Saint Clare of Assisi (called Chiara
in Italian), a friend and follower of Saint Francis, who left her wealthy family to found the order of nuns known as the Poor Clares. As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages, originally in the form Clare
, though the Latinate spelling Clara
became more popular in the 19th century.
CLARICE f English
Medieval vernacular form of the Late Latin name Claritia
, which was a derivative of CLARA
CLARISSA f English, Italian
Latinate form of CLARICE
. This was the name of the title character in a 1748 novel by Samuel Richardson. In the novel Clarissa is a virtuous woman who is tragically exploited by her family and her lover.
CUTHBERT m English (Rare)
Derived from the Old English elements cuþ
"famous" and beorht
"bright". Saint Cuthbert was a 6th-century hermit who became the bishop of Lindisfarne, an island off the coast of England. He was known as performer of healing miracles. Because of the saint, this name remained in use in England even after the Norman Conquest. It became rare after the Protestant Reformation, but it was (briefly) revived in the 19th century.
DAI m Welsh
Derived from the old Celtic word dei
meaning "to shine"
. This name is also used as a Welsh diminutive of DAVID
DAIKI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (dai)
meaning "big, great" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness", 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree" or 貴 (ki)
meaning "valuable". Other combinations of kanji can also form this name.
DARA (2) f & m Khmer
in Khmer, ultimately from Sanskrit.
DAWN f English
From the English word dawn
, ultimately derived from Old English dagung
ELAINE f English, Arthurian Romance
From an Old French form of HELEN
. It appears in Arthurian legend; in Thomas Malory's 15th-century compilation Le Morte d'Arthur
Elaine was the daughter of Pelleas, the lover of Lancelot
, and the mother of Galahad
. It was not commonly used as an English given name until after the appearance of Tennyson's Arthurian epic Idylls of the King
ELANOR f Literature
Means "star sun"
in Sindarin. In The Lord of the Rings
(1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien this is Sam's eldest daughter, named after a type of flower.
ELEN f Welsh
Welsh form of HELEN
. This was the name of a 4th-century Welsh saint. It also appears in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, belonging to a woman who built the roads in Wales.
ELENA f Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovak, Lithuanian, Russian, Greek, German, English, Medieval Slavic
Form of HELEN
used in various languages, as well as an alternate transcription of Russian Елена
ELLEN (1) f English
Medieval English form of HELEN
. This was the usual spelling of the name until the 19th century, when the form Helen
also became common.
ELOISE f English
From the Old French name Héloïse
, which is probably from the Germanic name Helewidis
, composed of the elements heil
meaning "hale, healthy" and wid
meaning "wide". It is sometimes associated with the Greek word ἥλιος (helios)
meaning "sun" or the name Louise
, though there is not likely an etymological connection. This name was borne in the 12th century by Saint Eloise, the wife of the French theologian Peter Abelard. She became a nun after her husband was castrated by her uncle.... [more]
ELOUAN m Breton, French
Possibly from a Breton word meaning "light"
. This name was borne by an obscure 6th-century saint who is now venerated mainly in Brittany and Cornwall.
EOS f Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the dawn.
ESTELLE f English, French
From an Old French name meaning "star"
, ultimately derived from Latin stella
. It was rare in the English-speaking world in the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, perhaps due to the character Estella Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel Great Expectations
FULGENCIO m Spanish
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Fulgentius
, which meant "shining"
from Latin fulgens
. Saint Fulgentius was a 6th-century bishop from Tunisia who was a friend of Saint Augustine.
GALADRIEL f Literature
Means "maiden crowned with a radiant garland"
in Sindarin. Galadriel was a Noldorin elf princess renowned for her beauty and wisdom in J. R. R. Tolkien's novels. The elements are galad
"radiant" and riel
"garlanded maiden". Alatáriel
is the Quenya form of her name.
GILBERT m English, French, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "bright pledge"
, derived from the Germanic elements gisil
"pledge, hostage" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it was common during the Middle Ages. It was borne by a 12th-century British saint, the founder of the religious order known as the Gilbertines.
GISBERT m German, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name in which the second element is beraht
"bright". The first element is probably a shortened form of gisil
"pledge, hostage" (making it a variant of GILBERT
), though it could be related to Gallo-Celtic gaiso
GLÆDWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Old English name derived from the elements glæd
"bright" and wine
"friend". This name was not actually recorded in the Old English era, though it is attested starting in the 11th century.
GÜLNUR f Turkish
Means "rose light"
in Turkish, ultimately from Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose" and Arabic نور (nur)
HAJNA f Hungarian
Shortened form of HAJNAL
. The Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty used it in his epic poem Zalán Futása
HARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather". Other kanji or kanji combinations can form this name as well.
HARUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other kanji combinations.
HA-YUN f Korean
From Sino-Korean 昰 (ha)
meaning "summer, name" combined with 昀 (yun)
meaning "sunlight". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
HELENA f German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Portuguese, Catalan, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene, Croatian, Sorbian, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinate form of HELEN
HELIOS m Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the young Greek sun god, a Titan, who rode across the sky each day in a chariot pulled by four horses. His sister was the moon goddess Selene
HIKARI f & m Japanese
From Japanese 光 (hikari)
meaning "light". Other kanji can also form this name. It is often written with the hiragana writing system.
HIKARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 光 (hikaru)
meaning "light" or 輝 (hikaru)
meaning "brightness". Other kanji can also form this name.
HILA f Hebrew
Means "halo, aura"
in Hebrew, from the root הָלַל (halal)
meaning "to praise, to shine".
HINA f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (hi)
meaning "light, sun, male" or 日 (hi)
meaning "sun, day" combined with 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HIROKI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (hiro)
meaning "big, great" and 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness" or 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
HOEBAER m Limburgish
Limburgish form of HUBERT
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Hubert.
HUANG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 煌 (huáng)
meaning "bright, shining, luminous" (which is usually only masculine) or 凰 (huáng)
meaning "phoenix" (usually only feminine). Other Chinese characters are also possible.
HUBERT m English, German, Dutch, French, Polish, Ancient Germanic
Means "bright heart"
, derived from the Germanic elements hug
"heart, mind" and beraht
"bright". Saint Hubert was an 8th-century bishop of Maastricht who is considered the patron saint of hunters. The Normans brought the name to England, where it replaced an Old English cognate Hygebeorht
. It died out during the Middle Ages but was revived in the 19th century.
HUỆ f Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 慧 (huệ)
meaning "bright, intelligent"
or 蕙 (huệ)
meaning "tuberose (flower)"
HUMBERT m French, German (Rare), English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Means "bright warrior"
, derived from the Germanic elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, though it has always been uncommon there. It was borne by two kings of Italy (called Umberto in Italian), who ruled in the 19th and 20th centuries.
HUMPHREY m English
Means "peaceful warrior"
from the Germanic elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and frid
"peace". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Hunfrith
, and it was regularly used through the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the American actor Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957), who starred in The Maltese Falcon
HWAN m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 煥 (hwan)
meaning "shining, brilliant, lustrous" or other characters that are pronounced similarly. It usually occurs in combination with another character.
HYEON-JEONG f & m Korean
From Sino-Korean 賢 (hyeon)
meaning "virtuous, worthy, able" or 炫 (hyeon)
meaning "shine, glitter" combined with 廷 (jeong)
meaning "court" or 貞 (jeong)
meaning "virtuous, chaste, loyal". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
HYPERION m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ὑπέρ (hyper)
. In Greek myth this was the name of a Titan who presided over the sun and light. By Theia
he was the father of the sun god Helios
, the moon goddess Selene
, and the dawn goddess Eos
IDRIL f Literature
Means "sparkle brilliance"
in Sindarin. In the Silmarillion
(1977) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Idril was the daughter of Turgon, the king of Gondolin. She escaped the destruction of that place with her husband Tuor
and sailed with him into the west.
ILEANA f Romanian, Spanish, Italian
Possibly a Romanian variant of ELENA
. In Romanian folklore this is the name of a princess kidnapped by monsters and rescued by a heroic knight.
ILLUMINATA f Late Roman
Means "illuminated, brightened, filled with light"
in Latin. This name was borne by a 4th-century saint from Todi, Italy.
JAMSHID m Persian, Uzbek, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Yima Kshaeta
, which meant "shining JAM"
. This was the name of a mythological king of Persia. He is known as either Jamshid
, where Jamshid
is a combination of his original name and an honourific.
JEONG-HUI f & m Korean
From Sino-Korean 正 (jeong)
meaning "right, proper, correct" or 靜 (jeong)
meaning "quiet, still, gentle" combined with 姬 (hui)
meaning "beauty" or 熙 (hui)
meaning "bright, splendid, glorious". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well.
JUN-HO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 俊 (jun)
meaning "talented, handsome" combined with 鎬 (ho)
meaning "stove, bright" or 昊 (ho)
meaning "summer, sky, heaven". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
JUPITER m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From Latin Iuppiter
, which was ultimately derived from the Indo-European *Dyeu-pater
, composed of the elements Dyeus
) and pater
"father". Jupiter was the supreme god in Roman mythology. He presided over the heavens and light, and was responsible for the protection and laws of the Roman state. This is also the name of the fifth and largest planet in the solar system.
KASHI f Indian, Hindi
From the name of a holy city in India, famous for its many temples dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva
. Its name is derived from Sanskrit काशि (kashi)
KAZUKI m Japanese
From Japanese 一 (kazu)
meaning "one" or 和 (kazu)
meaning "harmony, peace" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness", 希 (ki)
meaning "hope" or 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree", as well as other combinations of kanji characters.
KEREN f Hebrew
or "ray of light"
KHURSHID m & f Persian, Urdu, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Hvare Khshaeta
meaning "shining sun"
. In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel) who was associated with the sun.
KREŠIMIR m Croatian
From the Slavic elements kresu
"spark, light, rouse" and miru
"peace, world". This was the name of four kings of Croatia.
LENA f Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Polish, Russian, English, Italian, Portuguese, Greek
Short form of names ending in lena
, such as HELENA
LEOCADIA f Spanish, Late Roman
Late Latin name that might be derived from the name of the Greek island of Leucadia
or from Greek λευκός (leukos)
meaning "bright, clear, white"
(which is also the root of the island's name). Saint Leocadia was a 3rd-century martyr from Spain.
LI (1) f & m Chinese
From Chinese 理 (lǐ)
meaning "reason, logic", 立 (lì)
meaning "stand, establish", 黎 (lí)
meaning "black, dawn", 力 (lì)
meaning "power, capability, influence" (which is usually only masculine) or 丽 (lì)
meaning "beautiful" (usually only feminine). Other Chinese characters are also possible.
LUCASTA f Literature
This name was first used by the poet Richard Lovelace for a collection of poems called Lucasta
(1649). The poems were dedicated to Lucasta, a nickname for the woman he loved Lucy Sacheverel, who he called lux casta "pure light"
LUCIA f Italian, German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Slovak, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of LUCIUS
. Saint Lucia was a 4th-century martyr from Syracuse. She was said to have had her eyes gouged out, and thus she is the patron saint of the blind. She was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). It has been used in the England since the 12th century, usually in the spellings Lucy
LUCINA f Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin lucus
, but later associated with lux "light"
. This was the name of a Roman goddess of childbirth.
LUCIUS m Ancient Roman, Biblical, English
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was derived from Latin lux "light"
. This was the most popular of the praenomina. Two Etruscan kings of early Rome had this name as well as several prominent later Romans, including Lucius Annaeus Seneca (known simply as Seneca), a statesman, philosopher, orator and tragedian. The name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament belonging to a Christian in Antioch. It was also borne by three popes, including the 3rd-century Saint Lucius. Despite this, the name was not regularly used in the Christian world until after the Renaissance.
LUGUS m Celtic Mythology
Probably from early Celtic meaning "light"
, ultimately from the Indo-European root *leuk
"light, brightness". This was the name of a Celtic (Gaulish) god of commerce and craftsmanship, who was equated by the Romans with Mercury
. He probably forms the basis for the characters and names of Lugh
(Irish) and Lleu
LUMINIȚA f Romanian
Means "little light"
, derived from Romanian lumina
"light" combined with a diminutive suffix.
LUX f & m Various
Derived from Latin lux
LUZ f Spanish
in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de la Luz
, meaning "Our Lady of Light".
MALO m Breton
Means "bright pledge"
, derived from Old Breton mach
"pledge, hostage" and lou
"bright, brilliant". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint, supposedly a companion of Saint Brendan
on his trans-Atlantic journey. He later went to Brittany, where he founded the monastic settlement of Saint-Malo.
MARDUK m Semitic Mythology
Probably from Sumerian amar-Utuk
meaning "calf of Utu"
, derived from amar
combined with the name of the sun god UTU
. This was the name of the chief Babylonian god, presiding over heaven, light, sky, battle, and fertility. After killing the dragon Tiamat
, who was an old enemy of the gods, he created the world and sky from the pieces of her body.
MERRILL m English
From an English surname that was derived either from the given name MURIEL
or from place names meaning "pleasant hill".
MERYL f English
Variant of MURIEL
, influenced by the spelling of the name CHERYL
. A famous bearer is American actress Meryl Streep (1949-), whose real name is Mary Louise Streep.
MEYER m Hebrew
Alternate transcription of Hebrew מֵאִיר
). It also coincides with a German surname meaning "mayor, leader".
MING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 明 (míng)
meaning "bright, light, clear" or 铭 (míng)
meaning "inscribe, engrave", as well as other characters that are pronounced similarly.
MINH m Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 明 (minh)
. A famous bearer was the communist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969).
MITHRA m Persian Mythology
Derived from an Indo-Iranian root *mitra
meaning "oath, covenant, agreement"
. In Persian mythology he was a god of light and friendship, the son of the supreme god Ahura Mazda
. Worship of him eventually spread outside of Persia, where it was known as Mithraism.
MITSUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 光 (mitsu)
meaning "light" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are possible.
MUIRGEL f Irish
Means "bright sea"
, derived from Gaelic muir
"sea" and geal
MURIEL f English, French, Irish
Medieval English form of a Celtic name that was probably related to the Irish name MUIRGEL
. The Normans brought it to England from Brittany. In the modern era it was popularized by a character from Dinah Craik's novel John Halifax, Gentleman
MYEONG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 明 (myeong)
meaning "bright, light, clear" or other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. Although it does appear rarely as a single-character name, it is more often used in combination with another character.
NURAY f Turkish
Means "bright moon"
in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic نور (nur)
meaning "light" and Turkic ay
NURCAN f Turkish
Means "bright soul"
in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic نور (nur)
meaning "light" and Persian jan
meaning "soul, life".
NURGÜL f Turkish
Means "radiant rose"
in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic نور (nur)
meaning "light" and Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose".
NURISLAM m Kazakh
From Kazakh нұр (nur)
meaning "light" (of Arabic origin) combined with Islam
, the name of the religion (ultimately from Arabic إسلام
NURLAN m Kazakh, Kyrgyz
From Kazakh нұр (nur)
meaning "light" (of Arabic origin) combined with ұлан (ulan)
meaning "young man, soldier". The corresponding Kyrgyz roots are нур
NURZHAN m Kazakh
From Kazakh нұр (nur)
meaning "light" (of Arabic origin) and жан (zhan)
meaning "soul" (of Persian origin).