ALBAN m German, French, Albanian, English (Rare)
From the Roman cognomen Albanus
, which meant "from Alba"
. Alba (from Latin albus
"white") was the name of various places within the Roman Empire, including the city Alba Longa. This name was borne by Saint Alban, the first British martyr (4th century). According to tradition, he sheltered a fugitive priest in his house. When his house was searched, he disguised himself as the priest, was arrested in his stead, and was beheaded. As an English name, Alban
was occasionally used in the Middle Ages and was revived in the 18th century, though it is now uncommon.
ARNFINN m Norwegian
Norwegian form of Arnfinnr
, which was derived from the elements arn
"eagle" and finnr
"Sámi, person from Finland".
BRITTON m English
Derived from a Middle English surname meaning "a Briton"
(a Celt of England) or "a Breton"
(an inhabitant of Brittany).
CYPRIAN m Polish, English (Rare)
From the Roman family name Cyprianus
, which meant "from Cyprus"
. Saint Cyprian was a 3rd-century bishop of Carthage and a martyr under the emperor Valerian.
DANE m English
From an English surname that was either a variant of the surname DEAN
or else an ethnic name referring to a person from Denmark.
DARDAN m Albanian
From the name of the Dardani, an Illyrian tribe who lived on the Balkan Peninsula. Their name may derive from an Illyrian word meaning "pear". They were unrelated to the ancient people who were also called the Dardans who lived near Troy.
DARRELL m English
From an English surname that was derived from Norman French d'Airelle
, originally denoting one who came from Airelle in France.
DELPHINA f Late Roman
Feminine form of the Latin name Delphinus
, which meant "of Delphi"
. Delphi was a city in ancient Greece, the name of which is possibly related to Greek δελφύς (delphys)
meaning "womb". The Blessed Delphina was a 14th-century Provençal nun.
DORIS f English, German, Croatian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
From the Greek name Δωρίς (Doris)
, which meant "Dorian woman"
. The Dorians were a Greek tribe who occupied the Peloponnese starting in the 12th century BC. In Greek mythology Doris was a sea nymph, one of the many children of Oceanus and Tethys. It began to be used as an English name in the 19th century. A famous bearer is the American actress Doris Day (1924-2019).
EFISIO m Italian
From the Latin byname Ephesius
, which originally belonged to a person who was from the city of Ephesus in Ionia. This was the name of a saint martyred on Sardinia in the 4th century.
FRANCES f English
Feminine form of FRANCIS
. The distinction between Francis
as a masculine name and Frances
as a feminine name did not arise until the 17th century. A notable bearer was Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917), a social worker and the first American to be canonized.
FRANCIS m & f English, French
English form of the Late Latin name Franciscus
, ultimately from the Germanic tribe of the Franks, who were named for a type of spear that they used. This name was borne by the 13th-century Saint Francis of Assisi, who was originally named Giovanni but was given the nickname Francesco by his father, an admirer of the French. Francis went on to renounce his father's wealth and devote his life to the poor, founding the Franciscan order of friars. Later in his life he apparently received the stigmata.... [more]
FRANÇOIS m French
French form of Franciscus
). François Villon was a French lyric poet of the 15th century. This was also the name of two kings of France.
FRANK m English, German, Dutch, French
From a Germanic name that referred to a member of the Germanic tribe, the Franks. The Franks settled in the regions now called France and the Netherlands in the 3rd and 4th century. They possibly derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used. From medieval times, the various forms of this name have been commonly conflated with the various forms of Francis
. In modern times it is sometimes used as a short form of Francis
ILIR m Albanian
in Albanian, referring to an ancient people who inhabited the Balkans.
NÁNDOR m Hungarian
Originally this was a Hungarian word referring to a Bulgarian people that lived along the Danube. Since the 19th century it has been used as a Hungarian short form of FERDINAND
NORMAN m English, Ancient Germanic
From an old Germanic byname meaning "northman"
, referring to a Viking. The Normans were Vikings who settled on the coast of France, in the region that became known as Normandy. In England the name Norman
was used before the Norman Conquest, first as a nickname for Scandinavian settlers and later as a given name. After the Conquest it became more common, but died out around the 14th century. It was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to a character by this name in C. M. Yonge's 1856 novel The Daisy Chain
PERSIS f Biblical, Biblical Greek
Greek name meaning "Persian woman"
. This was the name of a woman mentioned in Paul
's epistle to the Romans in the New Testament.
PHINEHAS m Biblical
Probably means "Nubian"
from the Egyptian name Panhsj
, though some believe it means "serpent's mouth"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Phinehas is a grandson of Aaron
who kills an Israelite because he is intimate with a Midianite woman, thus stopping a plague sent by God. Also in the Bible this is the son of Eli
, killed in battle with the Philistines.
ROXELANA f History
From a Turkish nickname meaning "Ruthenian"
. This referred to the region of Ruthenia, covering Belarus, Ukraine and western Russia. Roxelana (1502-1558), also known by the name Hürrem, was a slave and then concubine of Süleyman the Magnificent, sultan of the Ottoman Empire. She eventually became his wife and produced his heir, Selim II.
SEBASTIAN m German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Finnish, Romanian, Czech
From the Latin name Sebastianus
, which meant "from Sebaste"
. Sebaste was the name a town in Asia Minor, its name deriving from Greek σεβαστός (sebastos)
meaning "venerable" (a translation of Latin Augustus
, the title of the Roman emperors). According to Christian tradition, Saint Sebastian was a 3rd-century Roman soldier martyred during the persecutions of the emperor Diocletian. After he was discovered to be a Christian, he was tied to a stake and shot with arrows. This however did not kill him. Saint Irene of Rome healed him and he returned to personally admonish Diocletian, whereupon the emperor had him beaten to death.... [more]
SHQIPE f Albanian
From Albanian shqip
. Additionally, the word shqipe
in modern Albanian, a variant of older shkabë
. These interrelated words are often the subject of competing claims that the one is derived from the other. The ultimate origin of shqip
"Albanian" is uncertain, but it may be from shqipoj
meaning "to say clearly".
SVEA f Swedish
From a personification of the country of Sweden, in use since the 17th century. It is a derivative of Svear
, the Swedish name for the ancient Germanic tribe the Swedes. The Swedish name of the country of Sweden is Sverige
, a newer form of Svear rike
meaning "the realm of the Svear".
WANDA f Polish, English, German, French
Possibly from a Germanic name meaning "a Wend"
, referring to the Slavic people who inhabited eastern Germany. In Polish legends this was the name of the daughter of King Krak, the legendary founder of Krakow. It was introduced to the English-speaking world by the author Ouida, who used it for the heroine in her novel Wanda
WENDEL m Dutch, German (Rare)
Old short form of Germanic names beginning with the element wandal
meaning "a Vandal"
. The Vandals were a Germanic tribe who invaded Spain and North Africa in the 5th century. Their tribal name, which may mean "wanderer", was later applied to other groups such as the Wends, a Slavic people living between the Elbe and the Oder.