AELIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was possibly derived from the Greek word ἥλιος (helios)
. This was the family name of the Roman emperor Hadrian.
ALBA (1) f Italian, Spanish, Catalan
This name is derived from two distinct names, ALBA (2)
and ALBA (3)
, with distinct origins, Latin and Germanic. Over time these names have become confused with one another. To further complicate the matter, alba
means "dawn" in Italian, Spanish and Catalan. This may be the main inspiration behind its use in Italy and Spain.
AMATERASU f Japanese Mythology
Means "shining over heaven"
, from Japanese 天 (ama)
meaning "heaven, sky" and 照 (terasu)
meaning "shine". This was the name of the Japanese sun goddess, the ruler of the heavens. She was born when Izanagi
washed his left eye after returning from the underworld. At one time the Japanese royal family claimed descent from her.
AMON m Egyptian Mythology (Anglicized)
From Ἄμμων (Ammon)
, the Greek form of Egyptian jmn
(reconstructed as Yamanu
) meaning "the hidden one"
. In early Egyptian mythology he was a god of the air, creativity and fertility, who was particularly revered in Thebes. Later, during the Middle Kingdom, his attributes were combined with those of the god Ra
and he was worshipped as the supreme solar deity Amon-Ra
ANATOLIA f Late Roman
Feminine form of ANATOLIUS
. This was the name of a 3rd-century Italian saint and martyr. This is also a place name (from the same Greek origin) referring to the large peninsula that makes up the majority of Turkey.
APOLLO m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Ἀπόλλων (Apollon)
, which is of unknown meaning, though perhaps related to Indo-European *apelo
. Another theory states that Apollo can be equated with Appaliunas, an Anatolian god whose name possibly means "father lion"
or "father light"
. The Greeks later associated Apollo's name with the Greek verb ἀπόλλυμι (apollymi)
meaning "to destroy"
. In Greek mythology Apollo was the son of Zeus
and the twin of Artemis
. He was the god of prophecy, medicine, music, art, law, beauty, and wisdom. Later he also became the god of the sun and light.
ATON m Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian jtn
meaning "solar disk"
. Aton was an Egyptian god of the sun, depicted as a solar disk with long rays extending downwards. The worship of Aton was especially extensive during the reign of the pharaoh Akhenaton
, who proclaimed Aton was the only god.
AVTANDIL m Georgian, Literature
Created by the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli for his 12th-century epic The Knight in the Panther's Skin
. Rustaveli based it on Persian آفتاب (aftab)
meaning "sunshine" and دل (del)
meaning "heart". In the poem Avtandil is a knight who is sent by Tinatin
to search for the mysterious knight of the title.
BAST f Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian bꜣstt
, which was possibly derived from bꜣs
meaning "(ointment) jar"
. In Egyptian mythology Bast was a goddess of cats, fertility and the sun who was considered a protector of Lower Egypt. She was often depicted with the head of a lioness or a house cat. As her role in the Egyptian pantheon diminished, she was called Bastet
BASTET f Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian bꜣstjt
, a variant of BAST
. This form of the name, was given to her after the similar goddess Sekhmet (protector of Upper Egypt) became more important.
BELENUS m Gaulish Mythology
Probably from a Celtic word meaning "bright, brilliant"
. This was the name of a Gaulish solar god who was often equated with Apollo
BHASKARA m Hinduism
, derived from a combination of Sanskrit भास (bhasa)
meaning "light" and कर (kara)
meaning "maker". This is another name of the sun and the Hindu god Shiva
. It was additionally borne by a 12th-century Indian astronomer, also known as Bhaskaracharya.
BYELOBOG m Slavic Mythology
Means "the white god"
from Slavic byelo
"white" and bogu
"god". This was the name of the Slavic god of the sun, happiness and fortune.
CHANG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 昌 (chāng)
meaning "flourish, prosper, good, sunlight" (which is usually only masculine), 畅 (chàng)
meaning "smooth, free, unrestrained" or 长 (cháng)
meaning "long". Other Chinese characters are also possible.
DAZHDBOG m Slavic Mythology
Possibly means "the giving god"
in Slavic. He was a Slavic god of the sun and light, a son of Svarog. In some myths he is the ancestor of the Russian people.
DINESHA m Hinduism
Means "day lord"
from Sanskrit दिन (dina)
meaning "day" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord". In Hindu texts this is used as a name of the sun.
ELANOR f Literature
Means "star sun"
in Sindarin. In The Lord of the Rings
(1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien this is Sam's eldest daughter, named after a type of flower.
ELOISE f English
From the Old French name Héloïse
, which is probably from the Germanic name Helewidis
, composed of the elements heil
meaning "hale, healthy" and wid
meaning "wide". It is sometimes associated with the Greek word ἥλιος (helios)
meaning "sun" or the name Louise
, though there is not likely an etymological connection. This name was borne in the 12th century by Saint Eloise, the wife of the French theologian Peter Abelard. She became a nun after her husband was castrated by her uncle.... [more]
EOS f Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the dawn.
ÉTAÍN f Irish, Irish Mythology
Possibly derived from Old Irish ét
. In Irish mythology she is the subject of the 9th-century tale The Wooing of Étaín
. She was the wife of Midir, but his jealous first wife Fuamnach transformed her into a fly. She was accidentally swallowed, and then reborn to the woman who swallowed her. After she grew again to adulthood she married the Irish high king Eochaid Airem, having no memory of Midir. Midir and Étaín were eventually reunited after Midir defeated Eochaid in a game of chess.
HARUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other kanji combinations.
HA-YUN f Korean
From Sino-Korean 昰 (ha)
meaning "summer, name" combined with 昀 (yun)
meaning "sunlight". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
HELIOS m Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the young Greek sun god, a Titan, who rode across the sky each day in a chariot pulled by four horses. His sister was the moon goddess Selene
HINA f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (hi)
meaning "light, sun, male" or 日 (hi)
meaning "sun, day" combined with 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HUITZILOPOCHTLI m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "southern hummingbird"
or "left-handed hummingbird"
in Nahuatl. In Aztec mythology he was the god of the sun and war. He was a patron deity of the city of Tenochtitlan (at the site of modern Mexico City).
HYPERION m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ὑπέρ (hyper)
. In Greek myth this was the name of a Titan who presided over the sun and light. By Theia
he was the father of the sun god Helios
, the moon goddess Selene
, and the dawn goddess Eos
IL-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 日 (il)
meaning "sun, day" and 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded". Other hanja character combinations are possible. A notable bearer was Kim Il-sung (1912-1994), the first leader of North Korea.
KHURSHID m & f Persian, Urdu, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Hvare Khshaeta
meaning "shining sun"
. In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel) who was associated with the sun.
KIRAN f & m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Tamil, Gujarati, Nepali, Urdu
Derived from Sanskrit किरण (kirana)
, which can mean "dust"
KLYTIË f Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek κλυτός (klytos)
meaning "famous, noble"
. In Greek myth Klytië was an ocean nymph who loved the sun god Helios. Her love was not returned, and she pined away staring at him until she was transformed into a heliotrope flower, whose head moves to follow the sun.
MEHR m & f Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of MITHRA
. As a Persian vocabulary word it means "friendship"
. It is also the name of the seventh month of the Persian calendar. All these derive from the same source: the Indo-Iranian root *mitra
meaning "oath, covenant, agreement".
MEHRNAZ f Persian
From Persian مهر (mehr)
meaning "friendship" or "sun" and ناز (naz)
meaning "delight, comfort". This is the name of a character in the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh
RA m Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian rꜥ
. Ra was an important Egyptian sun god originally worshipped in Heliopolis in Lower Egypt. He was usually depicted as a man with the head of a falcon crowned with a solar disc. In later times his attributes were often merged with those of other deities, such as Amon
RAVI m Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Odia, Gujarati, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Nepali
in Sanskrit. Ravi is a Hindu god of the sun, sometimes equated with Surya
. A famous bearer was the musician Ravi Shankar (1920-2012).
RAY m English
Short form of RAYMOND
, often used as an independent name. It coincides with an English word meaning "beam of light". Science-fiction author Ray Bradbury (1920-2012) and musician Ray Charles (1930-2004) are two notable bearers of the name.
SAVITR m Hinduism
Means "rouser, stimulator"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a Hindu sun god, sometimes identified with Surya
SHAMS f Semitic Mythology
in Arabic. This was a pre-Islamic Arabian goddess of the sun, identified with the Akkadian sun god Shamash
(whose name is related) and the northern Arabian goddess Nuha
SOLEIL f Various
in French. It is not commonly used as a name in France itself.
SÓLEY f Icelandic
Means "buttercup flower"
in Icelandic (genus Ranunculus), derived from sól
"sun" and ey
SOLVEIG f Norwegian, Swedish
From an Old Norse name, which was derived from the elements sól
"sun" and veig
"strength". This is the name of the heroine in Henrik Ibsen's play Peer Gynt
SORIN m Romanian
Possibly derived from Romanian soare
SUNNIVA f Norwegian
Scandinavian form of the Old English name Sunngifu
, which meant "sun gift"
from the Old English elements sunne
"sun" and giefu
"gift". This was the name of a legendary English saint who was shipwrecked in Norway and killed by the inhabitants.
SUNNY f & m English
From the English word meaning "sunny, cheerful"
SUNSHINE f English
From the English word, ultimately from Old English sunne
"sun" and scinan
TESNI f Welsh
Means "warmth from the sun"
UTU m Sumerian Mythology
Derived from Sumerian 𒌓 (ud)
. In Sumerian mythology this was the name of the god of the sun. He was the son of the moon god Nanna
YANG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 洋 (yáng)
meaning "ocean" or 阳 (yáng)
meaning "light, sun, male" (which is typically only masculine), as well as other Chinese characters pronounced similarly.