Ancient Names

These names were used in various ancient regions.
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ACHILLESmGreek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek Αχιλλευς (Achilleus) which is of unknown meaning, perhaps derived from Greek αχος (achos) "pain" or else from the name of the Achelous River. This was the name of a warrior in Greek legend, one of the central characters in Homer's 'Iliad'. The bravest of the Greek heroes in the war against the Trojans, he was eventually killed by an arrow to his heel, the only vulnerable part of his body.... [more]
ADALBERHTmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ALBERT.
ADALBERNmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements adal "noble" and bern "bear".
ADALBERTmAncient Germanic, German, Polish
Old Germanic form of ALBERT. This is the name of a patron saint of Bohemia, Poland and Prussia.
ADALFARUSmAncient Germanic (Latinized)
Derived from the Germanic elements adal "noble" and fara "journey".
ADALFUNSmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ALFONSO.
ADALHARDmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements adal "noble" and hard "brave, hardy". Saint Adalhard or Adalard was a cousin of Charlemagne who became a abbot of Corbie.
ADALHEIDISfAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ADELAIDE.
ADALWINmAncient Germanic
From the Germanic elements adal "noble" and win "friend".
ADELAfEnglish, Spanish, Romanian, Polish, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element adal meaning "noble". Saint Adela was a 7th-century Frankish princess who founded a monastery at Pfazel in France. This name was also borne by a daughter of William the Conqueror.
ADELMARmAncient Germanic, Portuguese (Brazilian)
From the Germanic elements adal "noble" and meri "famous".
ADOLFmGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalwolf, which meant "noble wolf" from the Germanic elements adal "noble" and wulf. It was borne by several Swedish kings as a first or second name, most notably by Gustav II Adolf in the 17th century. Association with Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), the leader of the Nazi party in Germany during World War II, has lessened the use of this name.
ÆBBEfAnglo-Saxon
Old English form of EBBA (2).
ÁEDÁNmAncient Irish, Irish Mythology
Older form of AODHÁN. This was the name of a 6th-century king of the Scots.
ÆLFFLÆDfAnglo-Saxon
Old English name composed of the elements ælf "elf" and flæd "beauty".
ÆLFGARmAnglo-Saxon
Old English form of ALGAR.
ÆLFGIFUfAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and giefu "gift". This was the name of the first wife of the English king Æðelræd II.
ÆLFHEAHmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and heah "high". This was the name of an 11th-century archbishop of Canterbury, a saint and martyr, who is commonly known as Alphege or Elphege.
ÆLFNOÐmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English element ælf "elf" combined with noð "boldness, daring".
ÆLFRÆDmAnglo-Saxon
Old English form of ALFRED.
ÆLFRICmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and ric "power, rule".
ÆLFSIGEmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and sige "victory".
ÆLFSTANmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and stan "stone".
ÆLFSWIÞfAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English element ælf "elf" combined with swiþ "strong".
ÆLFÞRYÐfAnglo-Saxon
Old English form of ELFREDA.
ÆLFTHRYTHfAnglo-Saxon
Variant of Ælfþryð (see ELFREDA).
ÆLFWEARDmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and weard "guardian".
ÆLFWIGmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and wig "war, battle".
ÆLFWINEmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ælf "elf" and wine "friend". This name was not commonly used after the Norman conquest.
AELIAfAncient Roman
Feminine form of AELIUS.
AELIANAfAncient Roman
Feminine form of AELIANUS.
AELIANUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen which was a derivative of AELIUS.
AELIUSmAncient Roman
Roman family name which was possibly derived from the Greek word ‘ηλιος (helios) meaning "sun". This was the family name of the Roman emperor Hadrian.
ÆLREDmAnglo-Saxon
Contracted form of ÆÐELRÆD. This was the name of a 12th-century English saint.
AEMILIAfAncient Roman
Feminine form of Aemilius (see EMIL).
AEMILIANAfAncient Roman
Feminine form of Aemilianus (see EMILIANO).
AEMILIANUSmAncient Roman
Original Roman form of EMILIANO.
AEMILIUSmAncient Roman
Original Roman form of EMIL.
AENORfAncient Germanic (Latinized)
Probably a Latinized form of a Germanic name of unknown meaning. This was the name of the mother of Eleanor of Aquitaine.
ÆSCmAnglo-Saxon
Means "ash tree" in Old English. This was the nickname of a 5th-century king of Kent, whose birth name was Oeric.
AESCHYLUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αισχυλος (Aischylos), derived from αισχος (aischos) "shame". This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian historian.
AESOPmAncient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek Αισωπος (Aisopos), which is of unknown meaning. This was the name of a Greek fabulist of the 6th century BC, famous for such tales as 'The Tortoise and the Hare'.
ÆÐELBERHTmAnglo-Saxon
Old English cognate of Adalbert (see ALBERT). This was the name of a Saxon king of England and two kings of Kent, one of whom was a saint. It became unused after the Normans introduced their form of Adalbert after their invasion.
ÆÐELFLÆDfAnglo-Saxon
Old English name composed of the elements æðel "noble" and flæd "beauty". Æðelflæd was a 10th-century queen of Mercia.
ÆÐELFRIÐmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and friþ "peace". The name was rarely used after the Norman conquest.
ÆÐELINDfAnglo-Saxon
Old English form of ETHELINDA.
ÆÐELMÆRmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and mær "famous". It is a cognate of ADELMAR.
ÆTHELNOÐmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and noð "boldness, daring".
ÆÐELRÆDmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and ræd "counsel". This was the name of two Saxon kings of England including Æðelræd II "the Unready" whose realm was overrun by the Danes in the early 11th century. The name was rarely used after the Norman conquest.
ÆÐELRICmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and ric "power, rule". This was the name of several early Anglo-Saxon kings.
ÆÐELSTANmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and stan "stone". This was the name of an early king of England. The name was rarely used after the Norman conquest.
ÆÐELÞRYÐfAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and þryð "strength".
ÆTHELWEARDmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English element æðel "noble" combined with weard "guardian".
ÆÐELWINEmAnglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel "noble" and wine "friend". This name became rare after the Norman conquest. Saint Æðelwine was a 7th-century bishop of Lindsey, England.
AETIUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen which was probably derived from Greek αετος (aetos) "eagle". A famous bearer was the 5th-century Roman general Flavius Aetius, who defeated Attila the Hun at the Battle of Chalons.
AFRICANUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from the place name AFRICA, which in Roman times referred only to North Africa. This was the agnomen of the 3rd-century BC Roman general Scipio Africanus, who was honoured with it after his victory over Carthage in the Second Punic War. His descendants used it as a cognomen.
AGAPEfGreek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek αγαπη (agape) meaning "love". This name was borne by at least two early saints.
AGAPETOSmAncient Greek
Original Greek form of AGAPITO.
AGAPETUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Agapetos (see AGAPITO).
AGAPIOSmGreek, Ancient Greek
Masculine form of AGAPE. This was the name of a saint from Caesarea who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
AGATHAfEnglish, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αγαθη (Agathe), derived from Greek αγαθος (agathos) meaning "good". Saint Agatha was a 3rd-century martyr from Sicily who was tortured and killed after spurning the advances of a Roman official. The saint was widely revered in the Middle Ages, and her name has been used throughout Christian Europe (in various spellings). The mystery writer Agatha Christie (1890-1976) was a famous modern bearer of this name.
AGATHONmAncient Greek
Greek masculine form of AGATHA.
AGHImAncient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of OVE.
AGImAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element ag meaning "edge of a sword".
AGILULFmAncient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements agil "edge (of a sword), blade" and wulf "wolf". This name was borne by a 6th-century king of the Lombards and by an 8th-century bishop of Cologne and saint.
AGNESfEnglish, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name ‘Αγνη (Hagne), derived from Greek ‘αγνος (hagnos) meaning "chaste". Saint Agnes was a virgin martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. The name became associated with Latin agnus "lamb", resulting in the saint's frequent depiction with a lamb by her side. Due to her renown, the name became common in Christian Europe, being especially popular in England in the Middle Ages.
AGRIPPAm & fAncient Roman, Biblical
Roman cognomen of unknown meaning, possibly from Greek αγριος (agrios) "wild" and ‘ιππος (hippos) "horse" or possibly of Etruscan origin. It was also used as a praenomen, or given name, by the Furia and Menenia families. In the New Testament this name was borne by Herod Agrippa (a grandson of Herod the Great), the king of Israel who put the apostle James to death. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Roman general Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa.
AGRIPPINAfAncient Roman
Feminine derivative of AGRIPPA. This name was borne by the scheming mother of the Roman emperor Nero, who eventually had her killed. This was also the name of a 3rd-century Roman saint who is venerated in Sicily.
AHENOBARBUSmAncient Roman
From a Roman cognomen meaning "bronze beard" in Latin. This name was borne by a series of consuls of the late Roman Republic.
AHMOSEmAncient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Egyptian Iah-ms meaning "born of Iah", derived from the name of the Egyptian god IAH combined with mesu "be born". This was the name of the first pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. He defeated the Hyksos and drove them from Egypt.
AIKATERINEfAncient Greek
Ancient Greek form of KATHERINE.
AKAKIOSmGreek, Ancient Greek
From a Greek word meaning "innocent, not evil", derived from α (a), a negative prefix, combined with κακη (kake) "evil". This was the name of three early saints, two of whom were martyred.
AKHENATONmAncient Egyptian
Possibly means "spirit of ATON" in Egyptian. Akhenaton was a 14th-century BC Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom, who is best known for promoting the monotheistic worship of the sun god Aton. He changed his name from Amenhotep IV in order to honour the god. After his death polytheism resumed.
ÁKImAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse diminutive of names containing the element anu "ancestor, father".
ALARICmAncient Germanic
From the Gothic name Alareiks which meant "ruler of all", derived from the Germanic element ala "all" combined with ric "ruler, power". This was the name of a king of the Visigoths who sacked Rome in the 5th century.
ALBA (2)fAncient Roman
Feminine form of ALBUS.
ALBA (3)fAncient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element alf meaning "elf".
ALBERICHmAncient Germanic, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic elements alf "elf" and ric "power". Alberich was the name of the sorcerer king of the dwarfs in Germanic mythology. He also appears in the 'Nibelungenlied' as a dwarf who guards the treasure of the Nibelungen.
ALBERTmEnglish, French, Catalan, German, Polish, Russian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Romanian, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalbert, which was composed of the elements adal "noble" and beraht "bright". This name was common among medieval German royalty. The Normans introduced it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Æðelberht. Though it became rare in England by the 17th century, it was repopularized in the 19th century by the German-born Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.... [more]
ALBERTUSmAncient Germanic (Latinized), Dutch
Latinized form of Adalbert (see ALBERT).
ALBINAfRussian, Ukrainian, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Slovene, Polish, German, Lithuanian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of ALBINUS. Saint Albina was a 3rd-century martyr from Caesarea.
ALBINUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen which was a derivative of ALBUS. Saint Albinus (also called Aubin) was a 6th-century bishop of Angers in Brittany.
ALBOINmAncient Germanic
Form of ALFWIN. This was the name of a 6th-century king of the Lombards who began the Lombard conquest of Italy.
ALBUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "white, bright" in Latin.
ALCAEUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλκαιος (Alkaios), derived from αλκη (alke) "strength". This was the name of a 7th-century BC lyric poet from the island of Lesbos.
ALCIBIADESmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλκιβιαδης (Alkibiades), derived from αλκη (alke) "strength" and βια (bia) "force" with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). This was the name of a notable Greek statesman and general during the Peloponnesian War. He changed allegiance from Athens to Sparta and back again during the course of the war.
ALDEBRANDmAncient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements ald meaning "old" and brand meaning "sword" or "fire". Saint Aldebrand was a 12th-century bishop of Fossombrone in Italy.
ALDEGARmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form (possibly) of OLEGARIO.
ALDEGUNDfAncient Germanic
Germanic name, derived from the elements ald "old" and gund "war". Saint Algegund (or Aldegundis) was a 7th-century Frankish abbess.
ALDHARDmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements ald "old" and hard "brave, hardy".
ALDOmItalian, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element ald "old", and possibly also with adal "noble".
ALDRICmFrench, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name, derived from the elements ald "old" and ric "ruler, power". Saint Aldric was a 9th-century bishop of Le Mans.
ALDWINmAncient Germanic
From a Germanic name, derived from the elements ald "old" and win "friend".
ALEXANDERmEnglish, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros), which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, King of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.... [more]
ALEXANDRAfEnglish, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Catalan, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Feminine form of ALEXANDER. In Greek mythology this was a Mycenaean epithet of the goddess Hera, and an alternate name of Cassandra. It was borne by several early Christian saints, and also by the wife of Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia. She was from Germany and had the birth name Alix, but was renamed Александра (Aleksandra) upon joining the Russian Church.
ALEXIOSmAncient Greek
Original Greek form of ALEXIUS.
ALEXISm & fGerman, French, English, Greek, Ancient Greek
From the Greek name Αλεξις (Alexis), which meant "helper" or "defender", derived from Greek αλεξω (alexo) "to defend, to help". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek comic poet, and also of several saints. It is used somewhat interchangeably with the related name Αλεξιος or Alexius, borne by five Byzantine emperors. In the English-speaking world it is more commonly used as a feminine name.
ALEXIUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξιος (Alexios), a derivative of Αλεξις (see ALEXIS). This was the name of five Byzantine emperors. It was also borne by a 5th-century Syrian saint who is especially venerated in the Eastern Church.
ALFBERNmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements alf "elf" and bern "bear".
ALFHARDmAncient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements alf "elf" and hard "brave, hardy".
ALFHERmAncient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements alf "elf" and hari "army, warrior" (making it a cognate of ALVAR).
ALFONSmGerman, Dutch, Polish, Ancient Germanic
German, Dutch and Polish form of ALFONSO.
ALFWINmAncient Germanic
From the Germanic elements alf "elf" and win "friend".
ALIA (2)fAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ELLA (1).
ALIPRANDmAncient Germanic
From the Germanic elements alja meaning "other, foreign" and brand meaning "sword" or "fire".
ALLOVERAfAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form (possibly) of ELVIRA.
ALODIAfAncient Germanic (Latinized)
Possibly from a Visigothic name derived from the Germanic elements alja "other, foreign" and aud "riches, wealth". Saint Alodia was a 9th-century Spanish martyr with her sister Nunilo.
ALTWIDUSmAncient Germanic (Latinized)
Derived from the Germanic elements ald "old" and witu "forest".
ALWINmGerman, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
From either of the two Germanic names ALFWIN or ADALWIN.
AMALBERTmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements amal meaning "work, labour" and beraht meaning "bright".
AMALIAfSpanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Swedish, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Germanic name Amala, a short form of names beginning with the element amal meaning "work".
AMALRICmAncient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements amal meaning "work, labour" and ric meaning "power". This was the name of a 6th-century king of the Visigoths, as well as two 12th-century rulers of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
AMBROSIAfAncient Greek
Feminine form of Ambrosios (see AMBROSE).
AMELIAfEnglish, Spanish, Italian, Polish, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic
Variant of AMALIA, though it is sometimes confused with EMILIA, which has a different origin. The name became popular in England after the German House of Hanover came to the British throne in the 18th century - it was borne by daughters of George II and George III. Another famous bearer was Amelia Earhart (1897-1937), the first woman to make a solo flight over the Atlantic Ocean.
AMELINAfAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of EMMELINE.
AMENEMHETmAncient Egyptian
Means "AMON is foremost" in Egyptian. This was the name of four Egyptian pharaohs, including the founder of the 12th dynasty.
AMENHOTEPmAncient Egyptian
From the Egyptian Ymnhtp meaning "peace of Amon", derived from the name of the Egyptian god AMON combined with htp "peace, satisfaction". This was the name of four pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Amenhotep III, known as the Magnificent, who ruled over Egypt during a time of great prosperity.
AMPELIOSmAncient Greek
Original Greek form of AMPELIO.
AMPELIUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Ampelios (see AMPELIO).
AMYNTASmAncient Greek
Derived from Greek αμυντωρ (amyntor) meaning "defender". This was the name of several kings of Macedon.
ANACLETUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ανακλητος (Anakletos), derived from ανακλητος (anakletos) meaning "invoked". This was the name of the third pope.
ANAKLETOSmAncient Greek
Original Greek form of ANACLETUS.
ANASTASIAfGreek, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, English, Spanish, Italian, Georgian, Ancient Greek
Feminine form of ANASTASIUS. This was the name of a 4th-century Dalmatian saint who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. Due to her, the name has been common in Eastern Orthodox Christianity (in various spellings). As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the youngest daughter of the last Russian tsar Nicholas II, who was rumoured to have escaped the execution of her family in 1918.
ANASTASIOSmGreek, Ancient Greek
Original Greek form of ANASTASIUS.
ANASTASIUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αναστασιος (Anastasios) which meant "resurrection" from Greek αναστασις (anastasis) (composed of the elements ανα (ana) "up" and στασις (stasis) "standing"). This was the name of numerous early saints and martyrs, including a 7th-century monk and writer from Alexandria who is especially venerated in the Eastern Church.
ANATOLIUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek Ανατολιος (Anatolios), derived from ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise". Saint Anatolius was a 3rd-century philosopher from Alexandria.
ANAXAGORASmAncient Greek
Derived from Greek αναξ (anax) "master, lord" and αγορα (agora) "assembly, marketplace". This name was borne by a 5th-century BC Greek philosopher.
ANDEBERTmAncient Germanic
From the Germanic element and "wrath, zeal" combined with beraht "bright".
ANDREASmGerman, Greek, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Welsh, Ancient Greek, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Ancient Greek and Latin form of ANDREW. It is also the form used in modern Greek, German and Welsh.
ANDROCLESmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Ανδροκλης (Androkles) which meant "glory of a man", derived from ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος) and κλεος (kleos) "glory". This was the name of a man who pulled a thorn from a lion's paw in one of Aesop's fables.
ANDRONICUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ανδρονικος (Andronikos) which meant "victory of a man", from ανηρ (aner) meaning "man" (genitive ανδρος) and νικη (nike) meaning "victory". This name was used by Shakespeare in his play 'Titus Andronicus' (1593).
ANICETUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ανικητος (Aniketos), meaning "unconquerable". This was the name of an early pope.
ANSEHELMmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ANSELM.
ANSELMmGerman, English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements ans "god" and helm "helmet, protection". This name was brought to England in the late 11th century by Saint Anselm, who was born in northern Italy. He was archbishop of Canterbury and a Doctor of the Church.
ANSGARmGerman, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements ans "god" and ger "spear". Saint Ansgar was a 9th-century missionary who tried to convert the Danes and Norwegians.
ANSIGARmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ANSGAR.
ANSOmAncient Germanic
Short form of Germanic names beginning with the element ans meaning "god".
ANSOBERTmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic cognate of OSBERT.
ANSOVALDmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ANSALDO.
ANTHELMmAncient Germanic
From the Germanic element and "wrath, zeal" combined with helm "helmet, protection". Saint Anthelm was a 12th-century bishop of Belley in France.
ANTHOUSAfAncient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ANFISA.
ANTIGONUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αντιγονος (Antigonos), derived from αντι (anti) "against, compared to, like" and γονευς (goneus) "ancestor". This was the name of one of Alexander the Great's generals. After Alexander died, he took control of most of Asia Minor.
ANTIOCHUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αντιοχος (Antiochos), derived from Greek αντι (anti) "against, compared to, like" and οχη (oche) "support". This was the name of several rulers of the Seleucid Empire.
ANTIPATERmAncient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αντιπατρος (Antipatros), which meant "like the father" from Greek αντι (anti) "against, compared to, like" and πατηρ (pater) "father" (genitive πατρος). This was the name of an officer of Alexander the Great who became the regent of Macedon during Alexander's absence.
ANTONINAfItalian, Polish, Russian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Antoninus (see ANTONINO).
ANTONINUSmAncient Roman
Roman family name, a derivative of ANTONIUS.
ANTONIUSmAncient Roman, Dutch
Ancient Roman form of ANTHONY. This is also the official Dutch form of the name, used on birth certificates but commonly rendered Anton or Antoon in daily life.
ANZOmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element ant meaning "giant".
APHRODISIOSmAncient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess APHRODITE.
APOLLINARISmAncient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from the name of the god APOLLO. This was the name of several early saints and martyrs, including a bishop of Ravenna and a bishop of Hierapolis.
APOLLODOROSmAncient Greek
Means "gift of Apollo" from the name of the god APOLLO combined with Greek δωρον (doron) "gift".
APOLLONIAfAncient Greek, Italian
Feminine form of APOLLONIOS. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr from Alexandria.
APOLLONIOSmAncient Greek
From an ancient Greek personal name which was derived from the name of the Greek god APOLLO. It was borne by a Greek poet of the 3rd century BC. Several saints have also had this name.
APPIUSmAncient Roman
This was a Roman praenomen, or given name, used predominantly by the Claudia family. Its etymology is unknown. A famous bearer of this name was Appius Claudius Caecus, a Roman statesman of the 3rd century BC. He was responsible for the Aqua Appia (the first Roman aqueduct) and the Appian Way (a road between Rome and Capua), both of which were named for him.
AQUILAm & fBiblical, Ancient Roman
From a Roman cognomen which meant "eagle" in Latin. In Acts in the New Testament Paul lives with Aquila and his wife Priscilla (or Prisca) for a time.
AQUILINAfAncient Roman
Feminine form of AQUILINUS. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint from Byblos.
AQUILINUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen which was a derivative of AQUILA.
ARCHELAUSmAncient Greek (Latinized), Biblical Latin, Biblical
Latinized form of the Greek name Αρχελαος (Archelaos), which meant "master of the people" from αρχος (archos) "master" and λαος (laos) "people". This was the name of a son of Herod the Great. He ruled over Judea, Samaria and Idumea.
ARCHEMBALDmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic variant of ERCANBALD.
ARCHIMEDESmAncient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements αρχος (archos) "master" and μηδομαι (medomai) "to think, to plan". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek mathematician, astronomer and inventor.
ARCHIPPOSmAncient Greek
Means "master of horses" from the Greek elements αρχος (archos) "master" and ‘ιππος (hippos) "horse".
ARGYROSmAncient Greek
Means "silver" in Greek.
ARI (2)mAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic, Finnish
Old Norse byname meaning "eagle".
ARISTARCHUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αρισταρχος (Aristarchos), derived from αριστος (aristos) "best" and αρχος (archos) "master". This name was borne by Aristarchus of Samos, a 3rd-century BC Greek astronomer and mathematician.
ARISTEIDESmAncient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ARISTIDES.
ARISTIDESmAncient Greek (Latinized), Spanish, Portuguese
From the Greek name Αριστειδης (Aristeides), derived from αριστος (aristos) "best" and the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). This name was borne by the 5th-century BC Athenian statesman Aristides the Just, who was renowned for his integrity. It was also the name of a 2nd-century saint.
ARISTOCLESmAncient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αριστοκλης (Aristokles) which meant "the best glory", derived from αριστος (aristos) "best" and κλεος (kleos) "glory". This was the real name of the philosopher Plato.
ARISTODEMOSmAncient Greek, Greek Mythology
Derived from the Greek elements αριστος (aristos) "best" and δημος (demos) "the people". This was the name of a descendant of Herakles in Greek legend.
ARISTOMACHEfAncient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements αριστος (aristos) "best" and μαχη (mache) "battle".
ARISTONmAncient Greek
Derived from Greek αριστος (aristos) meaning "the best".
ARISTOPHANESmAncient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements αριστος (aristos) "best" and φανης (phanes) "appearing". This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian playwright.
ARISTOTELESmAncient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ARISTOTLE.
ARISTOTLEmAncient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Αριστοτελης (Aristoteles) which meant "the best purpose", derived from αριστος (aristos) "best" and τελος (telos) "purpose, aim". This was the name of a Greek philosopher of the 4th century BC who made lasting contributions to Western thought, including the fields of logic, metaphysics, ethics and biology.
ARKADIOSmAncient Greek
From an ancient Greek name meaning "of Arcadia". Arcadia was a region in Greece, its name deriving from αρκτος (arktos) "bear". This was the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr.
ARMINIUSmAncient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Germanic name which was probably derived from the element ermen meaning "whole, universal". Other theories claim that it is related to HERMAN. Arminius was a 1st-century ruler of the Cherusci who led a rebellion against the Roman Empire.
ARNBJÖRGfAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse name derived from the elements arn meaning "eagle" and björg meaning "help, save, rescue".
ÁRNImAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of ARNE (1).
ARNIFRIDmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ARNFRIED.
ARNOLDmEnglish, German, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "eagle power", derived from the elements arn "eagle" and wald "power". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Earnweald. It died out as an English name after the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century.... [more]
ARNULFmGerman, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements arn "eagle" and wulf "wolf".
ARSENIOSmAncient Greek
Means "virile" in Greek. Saint Arsenius was a 5th-century deacon who was tutor to the two sons of Roman emperor Theodosius. The two sons, Arcadius and Honorius, divided the empire into eastern and western halves upon their father's death.
ARTAXERXESmAncient Persian (Hellenized), Biblical
Greek form of the Persian name Artakhshathra meaning "righteous ruler". This was the name of several Achaemenid Persian rulers. It was also borne by the founder of the Sassanid Empire, usually known by the Middle Persian form Ardashir.
ARTEMIDOROSmAncient Greek
Means "gift of Artemis" from the name of the goddess ARTEMIS combined with Greek δωρον (doron) "gift". This was the name of a Greek author of the 2nd century who wrote about the interpretation of dreams.
ARTEMIOSmAncient Greek
From an ancient Greek name which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS. This was the name of a 4th-century general in the Roman army who is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church.
ARTEMISIAfAncient Greek
Feminine form of ARTEMISIOS. This was the name of the 4th-century BC builder of the Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the world. She built it in memory of her husband, the Carian prince Mausolus.
ARTEMISIOSmAncient Greek
From an ancient Greek name which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS.
ARTEMONmAncient Greek
From an ancient Greek name which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS.
ÁSAfAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic, Faroese
Old Norse, Icelandic and Faroese form of ÅSA.
ÁSBJÖRNmAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse name derived from the elements áss "god" and björn "bear". It is therefore a cognate of OSBORN.
ASCELINmAncient Germanic
Derived from a diminutive of the Germanic element asc meaning "ash tree".
ASCOmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element asc meaning "ash tree".
ÁSDÍSfIcelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements áss "god" and dís "goddess".
ASHOKAmSanskrit
Means "without sorrow" in Sanskrit. This name was borne by Ashoka the Great, a 3rd-century BC emperor of India.
ÁSKETILLmAncient Scandinavian
Derived from Old Norse áss "god" and ketill "cauldron, helmet".
ASKLEPIADESmAncient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name which was derived from the name of the Greek god ASKLEPIOS combined with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). It was borne by several Greek physicians.
ÁSLAUGfAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of ASLAUG.
ASPASIAfAncient Greek
Derived from Greek ασπασιος (aspasios) meaning "welcome, embrace". This was the name of the lover of Pericles (5th century BC).
ÁSTRÍÐRfAncient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements áss "god" and fríðr "beautiful, beloved".
ÁSVALDRmAncient Scandinavian
Old Norse cognate of OSWALD.
AÐALBJÖRGfIcelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements aðal "noble" and björg "help, save, rescue".
AÐALSTEINNmIcelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements aðal "noble" and steinn "stone".
ATHANARICmAncient Germanic
From the Gothic name Athanareiks, derived from the Germanic element athana meaning "year" combined with ric meaning "power, ruler". Athanaric was a 4th-century ruler of the Visigoths.
ATHANASmAncient Greek
Short form of Athanasios (see ATHANASIUS).
ATHANASIAfGreek, Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Athanasios (see ATHANASIUS).
ATHANASIOSmGreek, Ancient Greek
Original Greek form of ATHANASIUS.
ATHANASIUSmAncient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αθανασιος (Athanasios) meaning "immortal", from Greek α (a), a negative prefix, combined with θανατος (thanatos) "death". Saint Athanasius was a 4th-century bishop of Alexandria who strongly opposed Arianism.
ATHAULFmAncient Germanic
Germanic name derived from atta "father" and wulf "wolf". This was the name of a 5th-century king of the Visigoths.
ATHENAISfAncient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ATHENA.
ATILIUSmAncient Roman
Original Latin form of ATTILIO.
AUDAfAncient Germanic
Feminine form of Audo (see OTTO).
AUDAMARmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of OTMAR.
AUDOmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of OTTO.
AUDOVACARmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ODOVACAR.
AUGUSTAfGerman, Italian, Portuguese, Polish, Dutch, English, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of AUGUSTUS. It was introduced to Britain when king George III, a member of the German House of Hanover, gave this name to his second daughter in the 18th century.
AUGUSTINAfAncient Roman
Feminine form of Augustinus (see AUGUSTINE (1)).
AUGUSTUSmAncient Roman, Dutch
Means "great" or "venerable", derived from Latin augere "to increase". Augustus was the title given to Octavian, the first Roman emperor. He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar who rose to power through a combination of military skill and political prowess. This was also the name of three kings of Poland.
AULUSmAncient Roman
Possibly from Latin avulus "little grandfather", though it could be from the Etruscan name Aule, which was possibly derived from avils meaning "years". This was a Roman praenomen, or given name. Folk etymology connects it to Latin aula "palace".
AURELIANUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen which was originally derived from the Roman family name AURELIUS.
AURELIUSmAncient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from Latin aureus "golden, gilded". Marcus Aurelius was a 2nd-century Roman emperor and philosophical writer. This was also the name of several early saints.
AUXENTIOSmAncient Greek
Derived from Greek αυξανω (auxano) meaning "to increase, to grow". This name was borne by a few early saints.
AVA (3)fGerman, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element avi, of unknown meaning, possibly "desired". This was the name of a 9th-century Frankish saint. It was also borne by a 12th-century poet from Melk, Austria.
AVEZAfAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of AVIS.
AVILAfAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element avi, of unknown meaning, possibly "desired". This name is also given in honour of the 16th-century mystic Saint Teresa of Ávila, Ávila being the name of the town in Spain where she was born.
AVILIUSmAncient Roman
Roman family name of unknown meaning. Saint Avilius was a 1st-century patriarch of Alexandria.
AVITUSmAncient Roman
From a Roman family name which meant "ancestral" in Latin. This was the name of an emperor who briefly reigned over the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. It was also the name of several saints, including a 6th-century bishop of Vienne.
BABAKmPersian, Ancient Persian
Means "little father" in Persian. This was the name of the father of Ardashir, the founder of the Sassanid Empire in Persia. It was also borne by the 9th-century resistance leader Babak Khorramdin.
BADAmAnglo-Saxon
Old English name probably derived from beadu meaning "battle".
BADULFmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements badu "fight, struggle" and wulf "wolf".
BADURADmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements badu "fight, struggle" and rad "counsel".
BAGADATAmAncient Persian
Old Persian name derived from baga "god" and data "given". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Persian satrap under the Seleucid Empire.
BAGGImAncient Scandinavian
Derived from Old Norse baggi meaning "bag, pack".
BALBINAfSpanish (Rare), Portuguese (Rare), Italian (Rare), Ancient Roman
Feminine form of BALBINUS. Saint Balbina was a 2nd-century Roman woman martyred with her father Quirinus.
BALBINUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen which was a derivative of BALBUS.
BALBUSmAncient Roman
Roman cognomen which meant "stammerer" in Latin. This was a family name of the mother of emperor Augustus, Atia Balba Caesonia.
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