Ancient Names

These names were used in various ancient regions.
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NEOPHYTOS m Ancient Greek
Greek name meaning "newly planted", from a word that was derived from νεος (neos) meaning "new" and φυτον (phyton) meaning "plant".
NEREUS m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Derived from Greek νηρος (neros) meaning "water". In Greek myth this was the name of a god of the sea, the father of the Nereids. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament, belonging to a Christian in Rome. This was also the name of a Roman saint of the 1st century, a member of the army, who was martyred with his companion Achilleus because they refused to execute Christians.
NERO (1) m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen, which was probably of Sabine origin meaning "strong, vigorous". It was borne most infamously by a tyrannical Roman emperor of the 1st century.
NERVA m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from Latin nervus "strength". This is the name by which the 1st-century Roman emperor Marcus Cocceius Nerva is commonly known.
NICANOR m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Spanish
From the Greek name Νικανωρ (Nikanor), which was derived from νικη (nike) meaning "victory" and ανηρ (aner) meaning "man". This name was borne by several notable officers from ancient Macedon.
NICOLAUS m German, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Nikolaos (see NICHOLAS). This form is also used in Germany as a variant of NIKOLAUS.
NIKANDROS m Ancient Greek
Means "victory of a man" from the Greek elements νικη (nike) meaning "victory" and ανηρ (aner) meaning "man" (genitive ανδρος). This was the name of a 2nd-century BC Greek poet and grammarian from Colophon.
NIKANOR m Ancient Greek
Greek form of NICANOR.
NIKE f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Means "victory" in Greek. Nike was the Greek goddess of victory.
NIKEPHOROS m & f Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Means "carrying victory" from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory" and φερω (phero) meaning "to carry, to bear". This name was borne by several Byzantine emperors, including the 10th-century Nikephoros II Phokas. Besides being a masculine personal name, it was also a title borne by the goddess Athena.
NIKETAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νικητης (niketes) meaning "winner, victor". Saint Niketas was a 4th-century bishop of Remesiana in Serbia. He is a patron saint of Romania.
NIKIAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory". This was the name of an Athenian general who fought in the Peloponnesian war.
NIKOMACHOS m Ancient Greek
Means "battle of victory" from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory" and μαχη (mache) meaning "battle".
NIKOMEDES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory" and μηδομαι (medomai) meaning "to think, to plan". This was the name of a 1st-century saint, a priest beaten to death for refusing to worship the Roman gods.
NIKON m Ancient Greek, Russian
Derived from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory".
NIKOSTRATOS m Ancient Greek
Means "army of victory" from Greek νικη (nike) meaning "victory" and στρατος (stratos) meaning "army". This was the name of a Roman saint martyred during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian at the end of the 3rd century.
NINIAN m Scottish, Irish, Ancient Celtic
Meaning unknown. It appears in a Latinized form Niniavus, which could be from the Welsh name NYNNIAW. This was the name of a 5th-century British saint who was apparently responsible for many miracles and cures. He is known as the Apostle to the Picts.
NINOS m Ancient Assyrian (Hellenized)
Probably from the name of the ancient city of NINEVEH in Assyria. According to Greek historians this was the name of the husband of Semiramis and the founder of Nineveh. In actuality he does not correspond to any known Assyrian king, and is likely a composite character named after the city.
NJÁLL m Norse Mythology, Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse form of Niall (see NEIL). This is the name of the hero of a 13th century Icelandic saga, based on the life of a 10th-century Icelandic chieftain.
NONA (2) f English, Ancient Roman (Rare)
Feminine form of NONUS. It was also used in 19th-century England, derived directly from Latin nonus "ninth" and traditionally given to the ninth-born child.
NONUS m Ancient Roman (Rare)
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "ninth" in Latin. This was a very rare praenomen.
NORBERT m German, English, Dutch, French, Hungarian, Polish, Slovak, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements nord meaning "north" and beraht meaning "bright". This was the name of an 11th-century German saint who made many reforms within the church.
NORMAN m English, Ancient Germanic
From an old Germanic byname meaning "northman", referring to a Viking. The Normans were Vikings who settled on the coast of France, in the region that became known as Normandy. In England the name Norman or Normant was used before the Norman Conquest, first as a nickname for Scandinavian settlers and later as a given name. After the Conquest it became more common, but died out around the 14th century. It was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to a character by this name in C. M. Yonge's novel The Daisy Chain (1856).
NUALLÁN m Ancient Irish
Derived from Irish nuall meaning "noble, famous" combined with a diminutive suffix.
NYMPHODORA f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek νυμφη (nymphe) meaning "bride, nymph" and δωρον (doron) meaning "gift". This was the name of a 4th-century saint who was martyred with her sisters Menodora and Metrodora.
NYNNIAW m Ancient Celtic
Meaning unknown, presumably of Welsh origin. According to the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth, this was the name of a Welsh prince who fought against the invading forces of Julius Caesar. It was also borne by an 8th-century Welsh historian, usually known by the Latinized form Nennius.
OCTAVIA f English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of OCTAVIUS. Octavia was the wife of Mark Antony and the sister of the Roman emperor Augustus. In 19th-century England it was sometimes given to the eighth-born child.
OCTAVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from Latin octavus meaning "eighth". This was the original family name of the emperor Augustus (born Gaius Octavius). It was also rarely used as a Roman praenomen, or given name.
ODA f German, Norwegian, Ancient Germanic
Feminine form of Odo (see OTTO).
ODALRIC m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ULRICH.
ODDR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of ODD.
ODDVARR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of ODDVAR.
ODILIA f Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element odal meaning "fatherland" or aud meaning "wealth, fortune". Saint Odilia (or Odila) was an 8th-century nun who is considered the patron saint of Alsace. She was apparently born blind but gained sight when she was baptized.
ODILO m Ancient Germanic
Masculine form of ODILIA.
ODO m Ancient Germanic
Variant of Audo (see OTTO).
ODOACER m Ancient Germanic
Variant of ODOVACAR. The Gothic leader Odovacar is frequently called by this name.
ODOVACAR m Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Audovacar meaning "wealthy and vigilant", derived from the elements aud "wealth" and wacar "vigilant". Odovacar, also called Odoacer, was a 5th-century Gothic leader who overthrew the last Western Roman emperor and became the first barbarian king of Italy.
ÓLAUG f Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of OLAUG.
ǪLVIR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of OLVE.
OLYMPIAS f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of OLYMPOS. This was the name of the mother of Alexander the Great. It was also borne by a 4th-century saint.
OLYMPIODOROS m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name meaning "gift of Olympus", derived from OLYMPOS, the name of the mountain home of the Greek gods, combined with δωρον (doron) meaning "gift".
OLYMPOS m Ancient Greek
From a Greek personal name that was derived from the place name OLYMPOS, the name of the mountain home of the Greek gods.
ORIGENES m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ORIGEN.
ORTWIN m German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements ort "point" and win "friend".
OSBEORN m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSBORN.
OSBERHT m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSBERT.
OSGAR m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements os "god" and gar "spear".
OSMUND m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSMOND.
OSWALD m English, German, Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements os "god" and weald "power, ruler". Saint Oswald was a king of Northumbria who introduced Christianity to northeast England in the 7th century before being killed in battle. There was also an Old Norse cognate Ásvaldr in use in England, being borne by the 10th-century Saint Oswald of Worcester, who was of Danish ancestry. Though the name had died out by the end of the Middle Ages, it was revived in the 19th century.
OSWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of OSWIN.
OTHO m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen of unknown meaning. This was the name of a short-lived 1st-century Roman emperor.
OTMAR m German, Czech (Rare), Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Audamar, which was derived from the elements aud "wealth, fortune" and mari "famous". This was the name of an 8th-century Swiss saint, an abbot of Saint Gall.
OTTO m German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Ancient Germanic
Later German form of Audo or Odo, originally a short form of various names beginning with the Germanic element aud meaning "wealth, fortune". This was the name of four kings of Germany, starting in the 10th century with Otto I, the first Holy Roman emperor, who was known as Otto the Great. This name was also borne by a 19th-century king of Greece who was originally from Bavaria. Another notable bearer was the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898).
OVIDIUS m Ancient Roman
Latin form of OVID.
PÆGA m Anglo-Saxon
Old English name of unknown meaning.
PAMPHILOS m Ancient Greek
Means "friend of all" from Greek παν (pan) meaning "all" and φιλος (philos) meaning "friend".
PANCRATIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Πανκρατιος (Pankratios), derived from παν (pan) meaning "all" and κρατος (kratos) meaning "power". Early Byzantine Christians used this as a title of Christ. It was borne by two saints, a 1st-century Sicilian martyr and a semi-legendary 4th-century Roman martyr.
PANTALEON m Ancient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements παν (pan) meaning "all" (genitive παντος) and λεων (leon) meaning "lion". This was the name of a 2nd-century BC king of Bactria. It was also borne by Saint Pantaleon (also called Panteleimon), a doctor from Asia Minor who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century. He is a patron saint of doctors and midwives.
PANTHER m Ancient Greek
Means "panther" in Greek.
PANTHERAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek πανθηρ (panther) meaning "panther", a word ultimately of Sanskrit origin, though folk etymology connects it to Greek παν (pan) meaning "all" and θηραω (therao) meaning "to hunt". According to some legends a Roman soldier named Panthera was the father of Jesus.
PARAMONOS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek παραμονη (paramone) meaning "endurance, constancy".
PAULA f German, English, Finnish, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Hungarian, Polish, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Latvian, Croatian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Paulus (see PAUL). This was the name of a 4th-century Roman saint who was a companion of Saint Jerome.
PAULINUS m Ancient Roman
Original Latin form of PAULINO.
PELAGIA f Ancient Greek, Greek, Polish
Feminine form of PELAGIUS. This was the name of a few early saints, including a young 4th-century martyr who threw herself from a rooftop in Antioch rather than lose her virginity.
PELAGIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Πελαγιος (Pelagios), which was derived from πελαγος (pelagos) meaning "the sea". This was the name of several saints and two popes.
PERICLES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Περικλης (Perikles), which was derived from the Greek elements περι (peri) meaning "around, exceedingly" and κλεος (kleos) meaning "glory". This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian statesman and general.
PERIKLES m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of PERICLES.
PETRONIA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of PETRONIUS.
PETRONIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was possibly derived from Latin petro, petronis meaning "yokel".
PHAEDRUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φαιδρος (Phaidros), which meant "bright". This was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek philosopher, and also of a 1st-century Roman fabulist who was originally a slave from Thrace.
PHARAILDIS f Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Derived from the Germanic elements fara "journey" and hild "battle". This was the name of an 8th-century saint from Ghent, Belgium.
PHERENIKE f Ancient Greek
Ancient Attic Greek form of BERENICE.
PHILE f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Philon (see PHILO).
PHILO m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Φιλων (Philon), which was derived from φιλος (philos) meaning "lover, friend". This was the name of a 1st-century Hellenistic Jewish philosopher and theologian from Alexandria.
PHILOKRATES m Ancient Greek
Means "friend of power" from Greek φιλος (philos) meaning "lover, friend" and κρατος (kratos) meaning "power".
PHILON m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of PHILO.
PHILOTHEOS m Ancient Greek
Means "friend of god" from Greek φιλος (philos) meaning "lover, friend" and θεος (theos) meaning "god".
PHOCAS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φωκας (Phokas), which meant "seal (animal)" from Greek φωκη (phoke). This was the name of an early saint and martyr from Asia Minor. Sentenced to death for being a Christian, he is said to have given his killers lodging and then dug his own grave before he was executed.
PHOKAS m Ancient Greek
Greek form of PHOCAS.
PHOTINE f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek φως (phos) meaning "light" (genitive φωτος (photos)). This is the name traditionally given to the Samaritan woman Jesus met at the well (see John 4:7). She is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Church.
PHOTIOS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek φως (phos) meaning "light" (genitive φωτος (photos)).
PIPIN m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of PÉPIN.
PIPPIN (1) m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of PÉPIN.
PLATO m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Πλατων (Platon), which was derived from Greek πλατυς (platys) meaning "broad-shouldered". Plato was one of the most important of the Greek philosophers. He was a pupil of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. He constructed the theory of Forms and wrote several works, including the Republic.
PLINIUS m Ancient Roman
Original Latin form of PLINY.
POLYCARP m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Πολυκαρπος (Polykarpos) meaning "fruitful, rich in fruit", ultimately from Greek πολυς (polys) meaning "much" and καρπος (karpos) meaning "fruit". Saint Polycarp was a 2nd-century bishop of Smyrna who was martyred by being burned at the stake and then stabbed.
POLYKARPOS m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of POLYCARP.
POMPEIUS m Ancient Roman
Latin form of POMPEY.
POMPONIA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of POMPONIUS.
POMPONIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that is of unknown meaning, possibly a derivative of Pompeius (see POMPEY).
PONTIUS m Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman family name. The family had Samnite roots so the name probably originated from the Oscan language, likely meaning "fifth" (a cognate of Latin Quintus). Alternatively, it could be derived from the name of the ancient province of Pontus in Asia Minor, itself probably from Greek ποντος (pontos) meaning "sea". A notable bearer of this name was Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea who appears in the New Testament.
PORCIA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of PORCIUS.
PORCIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "pig", derived from Latin porcus. Famous members of the family include the Roman statesmen Cato the Elder (Marcus Porcius Cato) and his great-grandson Cato the Younger (Marcus Porcius Cato Uticencis).
PORPHYRIOS m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of PORFIRIO.
PRAXITELES m Ancient Greek
Derived from the Greek elements πραξις (praxis) meaning "action, exercise" and τελος (telos) meaning "aim, goal". This was the name of a 4th-century BC sculptor from Athens.
PRISCA f Biblical, Dutch, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Feminine form of Priscus, a Roman family name meaning "ancient" in Latin. This name appears in the epistles in the New Testament, referring to Priscilla the wife of Aquila.
PRISCILLA f English, Italian, French, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman name, a diminutive of PRISCA. In Acts in the New Testament Paul lived with Priscilla (also known as Prisca) and her husband Aquila in Corinth for a while. It has been used as an English given name since the Protestant Reformation, being popular with the Puritans. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow used it in his poem The Courtship of Miles Standish (1858).
PRISCUS m Ancient Roman
Masculine form of PRISCA.
PROKOPIOS m Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek προκοπη (prokope) meaning "progress, advance". Saint Prokopios was an early Christian martyr who was beheaded in Palestine during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
PTOLEMAIS f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Ptolemaios (see PTOLEMY).
PUABI f Akkadian
Means "word of my father", from Akkadian meaning "mouth" and abu meaning "father". Puabi was a 26th-century BC Akkadian noblewoman who was buried in the Sumerian city of Ur.
PUBLIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "public" in Latin. This was among the more common of the Roman praenomina, being borne by (among others) the emperor Hadrian and the poet Virgil.
PYRRHUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Πυρρος (Pyrros) meaning "flame-coloured, red", related to πυρ (pyr) meaning "fire". This was another name of Neoptolemus the son of Achilles. This was also the name of a 3rd-century BC king of Epirus who was famed for his victorious yet costly battles against Rome.
PYTHAGORAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from PYTHIOS, a name of Apollo, combined with Greek αγορα (agora) meaning "assembly, marketplace". This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician from Samos. He was the founder of a school of philosophy whose members believed that numbers described the universe.
QUINTILIANUS m Ancient Roman
Original Latin form of QUINTILIAN.
QUINTILLUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from the given name QUINTUS.
QUINTINA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of QUINTINUS.
QUINTINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen that was originally derived from QUINTUS.
QUINTIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from the given name QUINTUS.
QUINTUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "fifth" in Latin. It was traditionally given to the fifth child, or possibly a child born in the fifth month. This was a common praenomen, being more popular than the other numeric Roman names. A notable bearer was the poet Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus).
RABAN m Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic byname derived from hraban meaning "raven".
RADOBOD m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of RADBOUD.
RADULF m Ancient Germanic
Germanic cognate of RÁÐÚLFR.
RAGANHAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of RAYNER.
RAGANHILDIS f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of REINHILD.
RAGEMPRAND m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of REMBRANDT.
RAGINALD m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of REYNOLD.
RAGINHARD m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of REYNARD.
RAGINMAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of RAMIRO.
RAGINMUND m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of RAYMOND.
RAGNA f Icelandic, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Ancient Scandinavian
Short form of Old Norse names beginning with the element regin "advice, counsel".
RAGNARR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse cognate of RAGANHAR.
RAGNBJǪRG f Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name derived from the elements regin "advice, counsel" and bjǫrg "help, save, rescue".
RAGNHEIÐR f Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name meaning "bright advice", derived from the elements regin "advice, counsel" and heiðr "brightness".
RAGNVALDR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name composed of the elements regin "advice, counsel" and valdr "power, ruler" (making it a cognate of REYNOLD).
RAMBERT m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements hramn "raven" and beraht "bright".
RAMESES m Ancient Egyptian (Hellenized)
From Egyptian Ra-msj-sw meaning "born of Ra", composed of the name of the supreme god RA combined with the Egyptian root mesu "be born". Rameses was the name of eleven Egyptian kings of the New Kingdom. The most important of these were Rameses II the Great who campaigned against the Hittites and also built several great monuments, and Rameses III who defended Egypt from the Libyans and Sea Peoples.
RAMESSU m Ancient Egyptian (Hypothetical)
Reconstructed Egyptian form of RAMESES.
RAMIRUS m Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of Raginmar (see RAMIRO).
RANDULF m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of RANDOLF.
RÁÐÚLFR m Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Norse elements ráð meaning "counsel" and úlfr meaning "wolf".
REGIN m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of REIN (1).
REGULUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "prince, little king", a diminutive of Latin rex "king". This was the cognomen of several 3rd-century BC consuls from the gens Atilia. It was also the name of several early saints. A star in the constellation Leo bears this name as well.
REINALD m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of REYNOLD.
RICHARD m English, French, German, Czech, Slovak, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave ruler", derived from the Germanic elements ric "ruler, mighty" and hard "brave, hardy". The Normans introduced this name to Britain, and it has been very common there since that time. It was borne by three kings of England including Richard I the Lionheart, one of the leaders of the Third Crusade in the 12th century.... [more]
RICMOD f & m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element ric "ruler, mighty" combined with muot "spirit, mind".
ROBERT m English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Polish, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Romanian, Catalan, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Hrodebert meaning "bright fame", derived from the Germanic elements hrod "fame" and beraht "bright". The Normans introduced this name to Britain, where it replaced the Old English cognate Hreodbeorht. It has been a very common English name since that time.... [more]
ROCCO m Italian, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the element hrok meaning "rest". This was the name of a 14th-century French saint who nursed victims of the plague but eventually contracted the disease himself. He is the patron saint of the sick.
ROCHUS m German (Rare), Dutch (Rare), Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of ROCCO, used in occasionally German and Dutch.
ROMILDA f & m Italian, Ancient Germanic
Means "famous battle" from the Germanic elements hrom "fame" and hild "battle".
ROMILIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from the mythological name ROMULUS.
ROSHANAK f Persian, Ancient Persian
Original Persian form of ROXANA.
ROSLINDIS f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ROSALIND.
ROSMUNDA f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ROSAMUND.
ROXANA f English, Spanish, Romanian, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latin form of Ρωξανη (Roxane), the Greek form of the Persian or Bactrian name روشنک (Roshanak), which meant "bright" or "dawn". This was the name of Alexander the Great's first wife, a daughter of the Bactrian nobleman Oxyartes. In the modern era it came into use during the 17th century. In the English-speaking world it was popularized by Daniel Defoe, who used it in his novel Roxana (1724).
ROXANE f French, English, Ancient Greek
French and English form of ROXANA. This is the name of Cyrano's love interest in the play Cyrano de Bergerac (1897).
ROZA (2) f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic short form of feminine names beginning with the element hrod meaning "fame".
RUDESIND m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of ROSENDO.
RUFINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen that was derived from the cognomen RUFUS. It was borne by several early saints.
RUFUS m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical
Roman cognomen meaning "red-haired" in Latin. Several early saints had this name, including one mentioned in one of Paul's epistles in the New Testament. As a nickname it was used by William II Rufus, a king of England, because of his red hair. It came into general use in the English-speaking world after the Protestant Reformation.
RÚNA f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic, Faroese
Old Norse, Icelandic and Faroese feminine form of RUNE.
RÚNI m Ancient Scandinavian, Faroese
Old Norse and Faroese form of RUNE.
SABINA f Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Swedish, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Sabinus, a Roman cognomen meaning "a Sabine" in Latin. The Sabines were an ancient people who lived in central Italy, their lands eventually taken over by the Romans after several wars. According to legend, the Romans abducted several Sabine women during a raid, and when the men came to rescue them, the women were able to make peace between the two groups. This name was borne by several early saints.
SABINUS m Ancient Roman
Latin masculine form of SABINA.
SÆWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements "sea" and wine "friend".
SALVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from Latin salvus meaning "safe". This was the family name of the short-lived Roman emperor Otho. It was also borne by several early saints.
SAPPHO f Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σαπφειρος (sappheiros) meaning "sapphire" or "lapis lazuli". This was the name of a 7th-century BC Greek poetess from Lesbos.
SARGON m Akkadian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew form סַרְגּוֹן (Sargon) of the Akkadian name Sharru-ukin, from šarru meaning "king" and kīnu meaning "legitimate, true". This was the name of the first king of the Akkadian Empire, beginning in the 24th century BC. It was also borne by the 8th-century BC Assyrian king Sargon II, who appears briefly in the Old Testament. The usual English spelling of the name is based on this biblical mention, applied retroactively to the earlier king.
SATURNINA f Ancient Roman, Spanish
Feminine form of SATURNINUS. This was the name of a legendary saint who was supposedly martyred in northern France.
SATURNINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from the name of the Roman god Saturnus (see SATURN). This was the name of several early saints.
SAXA f Ancient Germanic
Older form of SASKIA.
SECUNDINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from the praenomen SECUNDUS. Saint Secundinus, also known as Seachnall, was a 5th-century assistant to Saint Patrick who became the first bishop of Dunshaughlin.
SECUNDUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which meant "second" in Latin.
SEISYLL m Ancient Celtic
Old Welsh form of SEXTILIUS.
SELEUCUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Σελευκος (Seleukos), of unknown meaning. This was the name of one of Alexander the Great's generals, who established the Seleucid Empire in Western Asia after Alexander's death.
SEMIRAMIS f Ancient Assyrian (Hellenized)
Probably from a Greek form of the name SHAMMURAMAT. According to ancient Greek and Armenian sources, Semiramis (Շամիրամ (Shamiram) in Armenian) was an Assyrian queen who conquered much of Asia. Though the tales are legendary, she might be loosely based on the real Assyrian queen.
SENECA m Ancient Roman
From a Roman cognomen derived from Latin senectus meaning "old". This was the name of both a Roman orator (born in Spain) and also of his son, a philosopher and statesman. This name also coincides with that of the Seneca, a Native American tribe that lived near the Great Lakes, whose name meant "place of stones".
SENNACHERIB m Ancient Assyrian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Latin
From Akkadian Sin-ahhi-eriba meaning "Sin has replaced my (lost) brothers", from the god's name SIN combined with a plural form of aḫu meaning "brother" and riābu meaning "to replace". This was the name of a 7th-century BC Assyrian king who destroyed Babylon. He appears in the Old Testament.
SEPTIMA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of SEPTIMUS.
SEPTIMIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was derived from SEPTIMUS. Septimius Severus was an early 3rd-century Roman emperor. This was also the name of a 4th-century saint and martyr.
SEPTIMUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which meant "seventh" in Latin.
SERGIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name, possibly meaning "servant" in Latin but most likely of unknown Etruscan origin. Saint Sergius was a 4th-century Roman officer who was martyred in Syria with his companion Bacchus. They are the patron saints of Christian desert nomads. Another saint by this name (in the Russian form Sergey) was a 14th-century Russian spiritual leader. The name was also borne by four popes.
SERVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "to preserve" from Latin servo.
SETI m Ancient Egyptian
Means "of SETH (2)" in Egyptian. This was the name of two pharaohs of the 19th dynasty.
SEVERIANUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen that was derived from SEVERUS.
SEVERINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was derived from SEVERUS. Severinus was the name of many early saints, including a 6th-century Roman philosopher martyred by the Ostrogothic king Theodoric. It was also borne by a pope.
SEVERUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "stern" in Latin. This name was borne by several early saints.
SEXTILIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen that was a derivative of SEXTUS.
SEXTUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "sixth" in Latin. It was traditionally given to the sixth child.
SHALMANESER m Ancient Assyrian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From שַׁלְמַנְאֶסֶר (Shalman'eser), the Hebrew form of the Akkadian name Shulmanu-ashared meaning "SHULMANU is preeminent". This was the name of five Assyrian kings, including the 9th-century BC Shalmaneser III who expanded the empire. He is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
SHAMMURAMAT f Ancient Assyrian
Meaning unknown, possibly derived from a Western Semitic language and meaning "high heaven". Shammuramat was a 9th-century BC queen of Assyria. After her young son inherited the throne, she acted as his regent for five years. The legendary figure Semiramis may be based on her.
SHARRU-UKIN m Akkadian, Ancient Assyrian
Original Akkadian form of SARGON.
SHULMANU-ASHARED m Ancient Assyrian
Original Akkadian form of SHALMANESER.
SIDDHARTHA m Sanskrit, Bengali
Means "one who has accomplished a goal", derived from Sanskrit सिद्ध (siddha) meaning "accomplished" and अर्थ (artha) meaning "goal". Siddhartha Gautama was the real name of Buddha.
SIGDAG m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements sigu "victory" and dag "day".
SIGEBERHT m Anglo-Saxon
Means "bright victory", derived from Old English sige "victory" and beorht "bright". This was the name of a king of Wessex. The name fell out of use after the Norman Conquest.
SIGEWEARD m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements sige "victory" and weard "guard, guardian".
SIGIBERT m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIEGBERT.
SIGIFRID m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIEGFRIED.
SIGIHARD m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIEGHARD.
SIGIHERI m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIEGER.
SIGIHILD f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIEGHILD.
SIGILIND f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIEGLINDE.
SIGIMAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIEGMAR.
SIGIMUND m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SIGMUND.
SIGISMUND m German (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Form of SIGMUND in which the first element is sigis, an older form of sigu. Saint Sigismund was a 6th-century king of the Burgundians. This was also the name of kings of Poland and a ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
SIGIVALD m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements sigu "victory" and wald "rule".
SIGIWARD m Ancient Germanic
Germanic cognate of SIGURD.
SIGNÝ f Ancient Scandinavian, Norse Mythology, Icelandic
Old Norse name that was derived from the elements sigr "victory" and nýr "new". In Norse legend she was the twin sister of Sigmund and the wife of Siggeir.
SIGRÚN f Ancient Scandinavian, Norse Mythology, Icelandic
Derived from the Old Norse elements sigr "victory" and rún "secret". This was the name of a Valkyrie in Norse legend.
SILVANUS m Roman Mythology, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman name derived from Latin silva meaning "wood, forest". Silvanus was the Roman god of forests. This name appears in the New Testament belonging to one of Saint Paul's companions, also called Silas.
SIMON (2) m Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek σιμος (simos) meaning "flat-nosed". In Greek mythology this was the name of one of the Telchines, demigods who were the original inhabitants of Rhodes.
SIMONIDES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek σιμος (simos) meaning "flat-nosed" and the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). This name was borne by the 7th-century BC iambic poet Simonides of Amorgos and the 6th-century BC lyric poet Simonides of Ceos.
SIN-AHHI-ERIBA m Ancient Assyrian
Original Akkadian form of SENNACHERIB.
SINDRI m Norse Mythology, Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Possibly means either "small, trivial" or else "sparkling" in Old Norse. In Norse legend this was the name of a dwarf who, with his brother Brokk, made many magical items for the gods.
SLUAGHADHÁN m Ancient Irish
Derived from Irish sluaghadh meaning "raid" and a diminutive suffix.
SNORRI m Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Derived from Old Norse snerra "attack, onslaught". This name was borne by Snorri Sturluson, a 13th-century Icelandic historian and poet, the author of the Prose Edda.
SOCRATES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σωκρατης (Sokrates), which was derived from σως (sos) meaning "whole, unwounded, safe" and κρατος (kratos) meaning "power". This was the name of an important Greek philosopher. He left no writings of his own; virtually everything that we know of his beliefs comes from his pupil Plato. He was sentenced to death for impiety.
SOKRATES m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of SOCRATES.
SOLON m Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σολος (solos) meaning "lump of iron". This was the name of an Athenian statesman who reformed the laws and government of the city.
SÓLVEIG f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of SOLVEIG.
SOPHIA f English, Greek, German, Ancient Greek
Means "wisdom" in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred during the reign of the emperor Hadrian. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia "Holy Wisdom", which is the name of a large basilica in Constantinople.... [more]
SOPHOCLES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σοφοκλης (Sophokles), which was derived from Greek σοφος (sophos) meaning "skilled, clever" and κλεος (kleos) meaning "glory". Sophocles was a 5th-century BC Greek tragic poet.
SOPHOS m Ancient Greek
Greek form of SOPHUS.
SOPHUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σοφος (Sophos) meaning "skilled, clever".
SOSIGENES m Ancient Greek
Means "born safely" from Greek σως (sos) meaning "safe, whole, unwounded" and γενης (genes) meaning "born". This was the name of an astronomer from Alexandria employed by Julius Caesar to correct the Roman calendar.
SOSTRATE f Ancient Greek
Means "safe army" from Greek σως (sos) meaning "safe, whole, unwounded" and στρατος (stratos) meaning "army".
SPURIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of uncertain meaning, probably of Etruscan origin. It may be related to the Late Latin word spurius "of illegitimate birth", which was derived from Etruscan srural "public".
STÁLI m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of STÅLE.
STEINN m Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse and Icelandic form of STEN.
STEPHANOS m Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Greek
Greek form of STEPHEN. In Modern Greek it is usually transcribed Stefanos.
STÍGANDR m Ancient Scandinavian
Means "wanderer" in Old Norse.
STIGR m Ancient Scandinavian
Means "path" in Old Norse.
STITHULF m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements stiþ "hard, stiff" and wulf "wolf".
STRATON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek στρατος (stratos) meaning "army". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek philosopher.
SUIBHNE m Irish, Scottish, Ancient Irish
Means "well-going" in Gaelic. This was the name of a 7th-century high king of Ireland.
SUNDRI m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of SONDRE.
SUNNGIFU f Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of SUNNIVA.
SVANTEPOLK m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of SVYATOPOLK. It was borne by the prominent 13th-century Swedish nobleman Svantepolk Knutsson. He may have been named after a relative of his Pomeranian mother.
SVEINN m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of SVEN.
SVERRIR m Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse form of SVERRE, as well as the modern Icelandic form.
SWANAHILDA f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of SWANHILD.
SWIÐHUN m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of SWITHIN.
SYNTYCHE f Biblical, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from συντυχια (syntychia) meaning "occurrence, event". This is the name of a woman mentioned in Paul's epistle to the Philippians in the New Testament.
TACITA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of TACITUS.
TACITUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "silent, mute" in Latin. This was the name of a 1st-century Roman historian.
TAHMASP m Ancient Persian
Persian form of the Avestan name Takhmaspa, which was derived from takhma "strong, brave, valiant" and aspa "horse". This name was borne by two Safavid shahs of Persia.
TASHLULTUM f Akkadian
Meaning unknown, presumably of Akkadian origin. It appears to end with the Akkadian feminine suffix -tum. This was the name of a wife of Sargon of Akkad.
TATA m Anglo-Saxon
Old English name of unknown meaning.