Shammuramat f Ancient Assyrian
Meaning unknown, possibly derived from a Western Semitic language and meaning "high heaven"
. Shammuramat was a 9th-century BC queen of Assyria. After her young son inherited the throne, she acted as his regent for five years. The legendary figure Semiramis
may be based on her.
Sigeberht m Anglo-Saxon
Means "bright victory"
, derived from Old English sige
"victory" and beorht
"bright". This was the name of a king of Wessex. The name fell out of use after the Norman Conquest.
Sigismund m German (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Form of Sigmund
in which the first element is sigis
, an older form of sigu
. Saint Sigismund was a 6th-century king of the Burgundians. This was also the name of kings of Poland and a ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
Simon 2 m Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek σιμός (simos)
. In Greek mythology this was the name of one of the Telchines, demigods who were the original inhabitants of Rhodes.
Simonides m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek σιμός (simos)
meaning "flat-nosed" and the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides)
. This name was borne by the 7th-century BC iambic poet Simonides of Amorgos and the 6th-century BC lyric poet Simonides of Ceos.
Snorri m Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Derived from Old Norse snerra "attack, onslaught"
. This name was borne by Snorri Sturluson, a 13th-century Icelandic historian and poet, the author of the Prose Edda.
Socrates m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σωκράτης (Sokrates)
, which was derived from σῶς (sos)
meaning "whole, unwounded, safe" and κράτος (kratos)
meaning "power". This was the name of an important Greek philosopher. He left no writings of his own; virtually everything that we know of his beliefs comes from his pupil Plato
. He was sentenced to death for impiety.
Solon m Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σόλος (solos)
meaning "lump of iron"
. This was the name of an Athenian statesman who reformed the laws and government of the city.
Sophia f English, Greek, German, Ancient Greek
in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred during the reign of the emperor Hadrian. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia
"Holy Wisdom", which is the name of a large basilica in Constantinople.... [more]
Sophron m Ancient Greek
Means "self-controlled, sensible"
in Greek. This name was borne by the 5th-century BC writer Sophron of Syracuse.
Sosigenes m Ancient Greek
Means "born safely"
from Greek σῶς (sos)
meaning "safe, whole, unwounded" and γενής (genes)
meaning "born". This was the name of an astronomer from Alexandria employed by Julius Caesar to correct the Roman calendar.
Spartacus m History
Means "from the city of Sparta"
in Latin. Spartacus was the name of a Thracian-born Roman slave who led a slave revolt in Italy in the 1st century BC. He was eventually killed in battle and many of his followers were crucified.
Spurius m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of uncertain meaning, probably of Etruscan origin. It may be related to the Late Latin word spurius "of illegitimate birth"
, which was derived from Etruscan srural
Suibhne m Ancient Irish
Means "well-going, pleasant"
in Gaelic. This was the name of several figures from early Irish history, including a 7th-century high king and an 8th-century saint. It also appears in the old Irish tale Buile Suibhne
(meaning "The Madness of Suibhne") about a king who goes insane after being cursed.
Svantepolk m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of Svatopluk
. It was borne by the prominent 13th-century Swedish nobleman Svantepolk Knutsson. He may have been named after a relative of his Pomeranian mother.
Tacitus m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "silent, mute"
in Latin. This was the name of a 1st-century Roman historian, known for writing the Histories
and the Annals
Tahmasp m Ancient Persian
Persian form of the Avestan name Takhmaspa
, which was derived from takhma
"strong, brave, valiant" and aspa
"horse". This name was borne by two Safavid shahs of Persia.
Tashlultum f Akkadian
Meaning unknown, presumably of Akkadian origin. It appears to end with the Akkadian feminine suffix -tum
. This was the name of a wife of Sargon
Tatiana f Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, French, Slovak, Polish, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Greek, Georgian, English, Russian, Bulgarian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of the Roman name Tatianus
, a derivative of the Roman name Tatius
. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint who was martyred in Rome under the emperor Alexander Severus. She was especially venerated in Orthodox Christianity, and the name has been common in Russia (as Татьяна
) and Eastern Europe. It was not regularly used in the English-speaking world until the 1980s.
Tatius m Roman Mythology, Ancient Roman
Roman family name of unknown meaning, possibly of Sabine origin. According to Roman legend, Titus Tatius was an 8th-century BC king of the Sabines who came to jointly rule over the Romans and Sabines with the Roman king Romulus.
Thaïs f Ancient Greek
Possibly means "bandage"
in Greek. This was the name of a companion of Alexander the Great. It was also borne by a 4th-century saint from Alexandria, a wealthy socialite who became a Christian convert, though in her case the name may have had a distinct Coptic origin. She has been a popular subject of art and literature, including an 1891 novel by Anatole France and an 1894 opera by Jules Massenet.
Thales m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek θάλλω (thallo)
meaning "to blossom"
. This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician.
Theobald m English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Means "bold people"
, derived from the Germanic elements theud
"people" and bald
"bold". The Normans brought the name to England, where it joined an existing Old English cognate. The medieval forms Tibald
were commonly Latinized as Theobaldus
. It was rare by the 20th century.
Theodora f English, Greek, Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Theodore
. This name was common in the Byzantine Empire, being borne by several empresses including the influential wife of Justinian in the 6th century.
Theodosius m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοδόσιος (Theodosios)
meaning "giving to god"
, derived from θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and δόσις (dosis)
meaning "giving". Saint Theodosius of Palestine was a monk who founded a monastery near Bethlehem in the 5th century. This also was the name of emperors of the Eastern Roman and Byzantine Empires.
Theophanes m Ancient Greek
Means "manifestation of God"
from Greek θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and φανής (phanes)
meaning "appearing". This name was borne by a few saints, including an 8th-century chronicler from Constantinople and a 19th-century Russian Orthodox saint, Theophanes the Recluse, who is Феофан (Feofan)
in Russian. Another famous bearer was a 14th-century Byzantine icon painter active in Moscow.
Þóra f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Either a feminine form of Þórr
) or else a short form of the various Old Norse names beginning with the element Þór
. In Norse myth Thora was the wife of the Danish king Ragnar Lodbrok.
Thracius m Ancient Roman
From a Roman name meaning "of Thracia"
. Thracia was a region in southeast Europe, now divided between Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey.
Thutmose m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Τούθμωσις (Touthmosis)
, the Greek form of Egyptian ḏḥwtj-ms
meaning "born of Thoth", itself composed of the name of the Egyptian god Thoth
combined with msj
"be born". Thutmose was the name of four Egyptian pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Thutmose III who conquered Syria and Nubia.
Tiberius m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "of the Tiber"
in Latin. The Tiber is the river that runs through Rome. Tiberius was the second Roman emperor, the stepson of Emperor Augustus.
Titus m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of unknown meaning, possibly related to Latin titulus "title of honour"
. It is more likely of Oscan origin, since it was borne by the legendary Sabine king Titus Tatius.... [more]
Tryphon m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek τρυφή (tryphe)
meaning "softness, delicacy"
. Saint Tryphon, a gooseherder from Syria, was martyred in the 3rd century.
Tutankhamon m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian twt-ꜥnḫ-jmn
meaning "image of the life of Amon"
, derived from twt
"image" combined with ꜥnḫ
"life" combined with the name of the god Amon
. This was the name of an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, most famous because of the treasures found in his tomb.
Tychon m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
From Greek τύχη (tyche)
meaning "chance, luck, fortune"
, a derivative of τυγχάνω (tynchano)
meaning "hit the mark, succeed". This was the name of a minor deity associated with Priapus
in Greek mythology. It was also borne by a 5th-century saint from Cyprus.
Ulrich m German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Odalric
meaning "prosperity and power"
, from the element odal
"heritage" combined with ric
"ruler, mighty". It has long been confused with the Germanic name Hulderic
. This was the name of two German saints. Another famous bearer was Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531), also known as Huldrych, the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
Valentina f Italian, Russian, Lithuanian, German, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovene, Romanian, Spanish, Greek, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Valentinus
(see Valentine 1
). A famous bearer was the Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova (1937-), who in 1963 became the first woman to visit space.
Valerius m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was derived from Latin valere "to be strong"
. This was the name of several early saints.
Varius m Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "versatile"
in Latin. Varius Rufus was a Roman epic poet of the 1st century BC.
Vercingetorix m Gaulish
Means "king over warriors"
from Gaulish ver
"on, over" combined with cingeto
"marching men, warriors" and rix
"king". This name was borne by a chieftain of the Gaulish tribe the Arverni. He led the resistance against Julius Caesar's attempts to conquer Gaul, but he was eventually defeated, brought to Rome, and executed.
Veremund m Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Germanic name, probably Waramunt
, derived from war
"vigilant, cautious" and mund
"protection". This was the name of a 5th-century king of Galicia (from the Germanic tribe of the Suebi). It was later the name of kings of Asturias and León, though their names are usually spelled in the Spanish form Bermudo
Virginia f English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Greek, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of the Roman family name Verginius
, which is of unknown meaning, but long associated with Latin virgo "maid, virgin"
. According to a legend, it was the name of a Roman woman killed by her father so as to save her from the clutches of a crooked official.... [more]
Vitus m Ancient Roman
Roman name that was derived from Latin vita "life"
. Saint Vitus was a child martyred in Sicily in the early 4th century. From an early date this name was confused with the Germanic name Wido
Waldo m English, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names containing the element wald
. In the Middle Ages this name became the basis for a surname. Its present use in the English-speaking world is usually in honour of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American poet and author who wrote on transcendentalism. He was (probably) named after the 12th-century Christian radical Peter Waldo, who was from Lyons in France. Though Waldo and his followers, called the Waldensians, were declared heretics at the time, they were later admired by Protestants.
Waldobert m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements wald
"rule" and beraht
"bright". This was the name of a 7th-century French saint (called Valbert
Walter m English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Italian, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the army"
, composed of the elements wald
"rule" and hari
"army". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Wealdhere
. A famous bearer of the name was the English courtier, poet and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618). It was also borne by Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), a Scottish novelist who wrote Ivanhoe
and other notable works.
Wassa f Anglo-Saxon
Meaning uncertain. It may be a short form of a longer name such as Wāðsige
, composed of the elements wāð
"hunt" and sige
Wazo m Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element wad
meaning "to go"
meaning "guard, protect"
Wido m Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element witu "wood"
or wit "wide"
. From early times this name has been confused with the Latin name Vitus
Widukind m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements witu
"wood" and chind
"child". This was the name of an 8th-century Saxon leader who fought against the Franks.
Wilhelm m German, Polish, Ancient Germanic
German cognate of William
. This was the name of two German emperors. It was also the middle name of several philosophers from Germany: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831), Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900), and Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716), who was also a notable mathematician.
Willihad m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements wil
"will, desire" and hadu
"battle, combat". This was the name of an 8th-century saint active in Frisia and Saxony.
Wolfgang m German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements wulf
meaning "wolf" and gang
meaning "path". Two famous bearers of this name were Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and German novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).