Ancient Names

These names were used in various ancient regions.
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THEOPHILOS m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of THEOPHILUS.
THEOPHILUS m Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοφιλος (Theophilos) which meant "friend of god", derived from θεος (theos) "god" and φιλος (philos) "friend". In the New Testament the evangelist Luke addresses his gospel and the Book of Acts to a man named Theophilus.
THEOPHYLAKTOS m Ancient Greek
Means "watched by god" from Greek θεος (theos) "god" and φυλακτεος (phylakteos) "to be watched". Saint Theophylaktos was a 9th-century bishop of Nicomedia who was banished to Caria.
THEOTHELM m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of DIETHELM.
THEOTIMUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοτιμος (Theotimos), derived from the elemenets θεος (theos) "god" and τιμαω (timao) "to honour". Saint Theotimus was a 4th-century bishop of Tomi in Scythia.
THEOTLEIP m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of DETLEF.
THEOTMAN m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of TIEDEMANN.
THERON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek θηραω (therao) meaning "to hunt".
THEUDELINDA f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of DIETLINDE.
THEUDEMAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic (Frankish) form of DIETMAR.
THEUDHAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of DIETER.
THEUDOBALD m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of THEOBALD.
THEUDOFRID m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of DIETFRIED.
THEUTRICH m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of THEODORIC.
ÞIUDREIKS m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic (Gothic) form of THEODORIC.
ÞÓRA f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Either a feminine form of Þórr (see THOR) or else a short form of the various Old Norse names beginning with the element Þór. In Norse myth Thora was the wife of the Danish king Ragnar Lodbrok.
ÞÓRARINN m Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse name derived from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with arn "eagle".
ÞÓRBJÖRG f Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name which meant "Thor's protection" from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with björg "help, save, rescue".
ÞÓRDÍS f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Means "Thor's goddess" from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with Old Norse dís "goddess".
ÞÓRFASTR m Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements Þórr (see THOR) and fastr "firm".
ÞÓRFREÐR m Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements Þórr (see THOR) and friðr "peace".
ÞÓRFRÍÐR f Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements Þórr (see THOR) and fríðr "beautiful".
ÞÓRGÍSL m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name meaning "Thor's shaft" from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with gísl "shaft, arrow".
ÞÓRIR m Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Means "Thor's warrior" from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with Old Norse vér "warrior, fighter".
ÞÓRNÝ f Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of TORNY.
ÞÓRVEIG f Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with veig "strength".
ÞÓRVÍ f Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with "holy".
THRACIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman name which meant "of Thracia". Thracia was a region in southeast Europe, now divided between Greece and Turkey.
ÞRÓNDR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of TROND.
THUCYDIDES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Θουκυδιδης (Thoukydides), derived from θεος (theos) "god" (genitive θεου) and κυδος (kydos) "glory" with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian historian.
THUTMOSE m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Τουθμωσις (Touthmosis), the Greek form of Egyptian Djhwty-ms meaning "born of Thoth", itself composed of the name of the Egyptian god THOTH combined with mesu "be born". Thutmose was the name of four Egyptian pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Thutmose III who conquered Syria and Nubia.
ÞÝRI f Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of TYRA.
TIBERIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "of the Tiber" in Latin. The Tiber is the river that runs through Rome. Tiberius was the second Roman emperor, the stepson of Emperor Augustus.
TIGLATH-PILESER m Ancient Assyrian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From תִּגְלַת פִּלְאֶסֶר (Tiglat Pil'eser), the Hebrew form of Akkadian Tukulti-apil-esharra meaning "my trust is in the son of Esharra", Esharra being the main temple dedicated to the god Ashur in the city of Ashur. This was the name of three kings of Assyria, including the conqueror Tiglath-Pileser III (8th century BC), who is mentioned in the Old Testament.
TIMAEUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Biblical Latin, Biblical
Latinized form of the Greek name Τιμαιος (Timaios), derived from τιμαω (timao) "to honour". This is the name of one of Plato's dialogues, featuring Timaeus and Socrates. Timaeus is also the name of a person mentioned briefly in the New Testament (Mark 10:46).
TIMO (3) f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of TIMON.
TIMON m Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin, Dutch
Derived from Greek τιμαω (timao) meaning "to honour, to esteem". It appears briefly in the New Testament. This is also the name of the main character in Shakespeare's tragedy 'Timon of Athens' (1607).
TIMOTHEA f Ancient Greek, Greek
Feminine form of TIMOTHY.
TITIANA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of TITIANUS.
TITIANUS m Ancient Roman
Original Latin form of TIZIANO.
TITUS m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of unknown meaning, possibly related to Latin titulus "title of honour". It is more likely of Oscan origin, since it was borne by the legendary Sabine king Titus Tatius.... [more]
TÓKI m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of TYGE.
TRAIANUS m Ancient Roman
Original Latin form of TRAJAN.
TRYGGVI m Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse and Icelandic form of TRYGVE.
TRYPHON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek τρυφη (tryphe) meaning "softness, delicacy". Saint Tryphon, a gooseherder from Syria, was martyred in the 3rd century.
TRYPHOSA f Biblical, Biblical Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek τρυφη (tryphe) meaning "softness, delicacy". In the New Testament this name is mentioned briefly as belonging to a companion of Tryphena.
TUKULTI-NINURTA m Ancient Assyrian
Means "my trust is in Ninurta", from Akkadian tukultu meaning "trust, faith" and the god's name NINURTA. This was the name of a 13th-century BC king of the Assyrian Empire.
TULLIA f Italian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Tullius (see TULLIO).
TULLIUS m Ancient Roman
Latin form of TULLIO.
TUTANKHAMON m Ancient Egyptian
Means "image of the life of Amon", derived from Egyptian tut "image" combined with ankh "life" combined with the name of the god Amon. This was the name of an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, most famous because of the treasures found in his tomb.
TYCHON m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
From Greek τυγχανω (tynchano) meaning "hit the mark, succeed". This was the name of a minor deity associated with Priapus in Greek mythology. It was also borne by a 5th-century saint from Cyprus.
ÚLFR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of ULF.
ULRICH m German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Odalric meaning "prosperity and power", from the element odal "heritage" combined with ric "power". It has long been confused with the Germanic name Hulderic. This was the name of two German saints. Another famous bearer was Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531), also known as Huldrych, the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
UNNR f Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from Old Norse unnr "to wave, to billow" or unna "to love".
VALDÍS f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Derived from Old Norse valr "the dead" and dís "goddess".
VALENS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen (see VALENTINE (1)). This name was borne by a 4th-century Roman emperor.
VALENTINA f Italian, Russian, Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene, Romanian, Spanish, Greek, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Valentinus (see VALENTINE (1)). A famous bearer was the Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova (1937-), who in 1963 became the first woman to visit space.
VALENTINIANUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was a derivative of the cognomen Valentinus (see VALENTINE (1)). This name was borne by three Roman emperors.
VALERIA f Italian, Spanish, Romanian, German, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of VALERIUS. This was the name of a 2nd-century Roman saint and martyr.
VALERIANA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Valerianus (see VALERIAN).
VALERIANUS m Ancient Roman
Original Latin form of VALERIAN.
VALERIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from Latin valere "to be strong". This was the name of several early saints.
VARINIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name possibly derived from VARIUS.
VARIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which meant "versatile" in Latin. Varius Rufus was a Roman epic poet of the 1st century BC.
VERCINGETORIX m Ancient Celtic
Means "king over warriors" from Gaulish ver "on, over" combined with cingeto "marching men, warriors" and rix "king". This name was borne by a chieftain of the Gaulish tribe the Arverni. He led the resistance against Julius Caesar's attempts to conquer Gaul, but he was eventually defeated, brought to Rome, and executed.
VEREMUND m Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Germanic name, probably Waramunt, derived from war "vigilant, cautious" and mund "protection". This was the name of a 5th-century king of Galicia (from the Germanic tribe of the Suebi). It was later the name of kings of Asturias and León, though their names are usually spelled in the Spanish form Bermudo.
VERGINIUS m Ancient Roman
Masculine form of VIRGINIA.
VESPASIANUS m Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman form of VESPASIAN.
VIBIANA f Ancient Roman
Feminine form of VIBIANUS.
VIBIANUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which was a derivative of VIBIUS.
VIBIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name of unknown meaning, probably of Etruscan origin.
VÍGDÍS f Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from the Old Norse elements víg "war" and dís "goddess".
VÍGI m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of VIGGO.
VIRGINIA f English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of the Roman family name Verginius or Virginius which is of unknown meaning, but long associated with Latin virgo "maid, virgin". According to a legend, it was the name of a Roman woman killed by her father so as to save her from the clutches of a crooked official.... [more]
VITUS m Ancient Roman
Roman name which was derived from Latin vita "life". Saint Vitus was a child martyred in Sicily in the early 4th century. From an early date this name was confused with the Germanic name Wido.
VRAGI m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse byname possibly meaning "mooring post".
VULFERAM m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WOLFRAM.
VULFGANG m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WOLFGANG.
WALAHFRID m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements walha "stranger" and frid "peace".
WALCHELIN m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of VAUQUELIN.
WALDEBURG f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WALBURGA.
WALDEDRUDIS f Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WALTRAUD.
WALDHAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WALTER.
WALDO m English, German, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names containing the element wald meaning "rule". In the Middle Ages this name became the basis for a surname. Its present use in the English-speaking world is usually in honour of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American poet and author who wrote on transcendentalism. He was (probably) named after the 12th-century Christian radical Peter Waldo, who was from Lyons in France. Though Waldo and his followers, called the Waldensians, were declared heretics at the time, they were later admired by Protestants.
WALDOBERT m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements wald "rule" and beraht "bright". This was the name of a 7th-century French saint (called Valbert or Gaubert in French).
WALDOMAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WALDEMAR.
WALHBERCT m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements walha "stranger" and beraht "bright".
WALHERICH m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of VALÉRY.
WALTER m English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Italian, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the army", composed of the elements wald "rule" and hari "army". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Wealdhere. A famous bearer of the name was Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), a Scottish novelist who wrote 'Ivanhoe' and other notable works.
WALTHER m German, Ancient Germanic
German variant of WALTER. This name was borne by the 13th-century German poet Walther von der Vogelweide.
WANDAL m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WENDEL.
WANDALIN m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WENDELIN.
WARAMUNT m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of VEREMUND.
WARIN m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the element warin meaning "guard, protect".
WARINHARI m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WERNER.
WASSA f Anglo-Saxon
Meaning uncertain. It may be a short form of a longer name such as Wāðsige, composed of the elements wāð "hunt" and sige "victory".
WAZO m Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element wad meaning "to go" or warin meaning "guard, protect".
WEALDMÆR m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements weald "power, leader, ruler" and mær "famous".
WEALHMÆR m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wealh "foreigner, Celt" and mær "famous".
WEMBA m Anglo-Saxon (Rare)
Byname derived from Old English wamb meaning "belly".
WENDELIN m German, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Old diminutive of Germanic names beginning with the element Wandal (see WENDEL). Saint Wendelin was a 6th-century hermit of Trier in Germany.
WERDHERI m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WERTHER.
WIDALD m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements witu "wood" and wald "power, rule".
WIDO m Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element witu "wood" or wit "wide". From early times this name has been confused with the Latin name Vitus.
WIDOGAST m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements witu "wood" and gast "stranger, guest".
WIDUKIND m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements witu "wood" and chind "child". This was the name of an 8th-century Saxon leader who fought against the Franks.
WIGAND m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the element wig meaning "war".
WIGBERHT m Anglo-Saxon, Ancient Germanic
Old English form of WYBERT. This is also a continental Germanic cognate.
WIGBRAND m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements wig "war" and brand "sword".
WIGBURG f Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements wig "war" and burg "fortress".
WIGHEARD m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of WYOT.
WIGMAR m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form (possibly) of GUIOMAR.
WIGMUND m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of WYMOND.
WIGSTAN m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of WYSTAN.
WILBURG f Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wil "will, desire" and burg "fortress".
WILFRIÐ m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of WILFRED.
WILHEARD m Anglo-Saxon
Old English cognate of WILLIHARD.
WILHELM m German, Polish, Ancient Germanic
German cognate of WILLIAM. This was the name of two German emperors. It was also the middle name of several philosophers from Germany: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831), Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900), and Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716), who was also a notable mathematician.
WILLABERT m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WILBERT.
WILLAHELM m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WILLIAM.
WILLAMAR m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements wil "will, desire" and mari "famous".
WILLIFRID m Ancient Germanic
Old Germanic form of WILFRED.
WILLIHARD m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements wil "will, desire" and hard "brave, hardy".
WILLIRIC m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements wil "will, desire" and ric "power, rule".
WILMǢR m Anglo-Saxon
Old English cognate of WILLAMAR.
WINE m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from Old English wine "friend".
WINFRIÐ m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of WINFRED.
WINIFRID m Ancient Germanic
Germanic cognate of WINFRIÐ.
WOLF m German, Jewish, English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Short form of WOLFGANG, WOLFRAM or other names containing the Germanic element wulf meaning "wolf". It can also be simply from the German or English word.
WOLFGANG m German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements wulf meaning "wolf" and gang "path". Two famous bearers of this name were Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and German novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).
WULFNOÐ m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wulf "wolf" and noð "boldness, daring". This name became rare after the Norman Conquest.
WULFRIC m Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of ULRIC.
WULFSIGE m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wulf "wolf" and sige "victory".
WULFSTAN m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wulf "wolf" and stan "stone".
WYNNSTAN m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wynn "joy" and stan "stone".
XANTHE f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξανθος (xanthos) meaning "yellow" or "fair hair". This was the name of a few minor figures in Greek mythology.
XANTHIPPE f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of XANTHIPPOS. This was the name of the wife of Socrates. Because of her supposedly argumentative nature, the name has been adopted (in the modern era) as a word for a scolding, ill-tempered woman.
XANTHIPPOS m Ancient Greek
From the Greek elements ξανθος (xanthos) "yellow" and ‘ιππος (hippos) "horse". This was the name of a 5th-century BC Athenian general.
XANTHOS m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
From Greek ξανθος (xanthos) meaning "yellow". This is the name of several figures, mostly minor, in Greek mythology.
XENAGORAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξενος (xenos) meaning "foreign, strange" and αγορα (agora) meaning "assembly, marketplace". This was the name of a 2nd-century BC Greek historian.
XENIA f Greek, Ancient Greek
Means "hospitality" in Greek, a derivative of ξενος (xenos) meaning "foreigner, guest". This was the name of a 5th-century saint who is venerated in the Eastern Church.
XENO f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of XENON.
XENOCRATES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Ξενοκρατης (Xenokrates), which was derived from ξενος (xenos) meaning "foreigner, guest" and κρατος (kratos) meaning "power". This was the name of a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher.
XENON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξενος (xenos) meaning "foreigner, guest".
XENOPHON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ξενος (xenos) meaning "foreign, strange" and φωνη (phone) meaning "voice". This was the name of a 4th-century BC Greek historian.
YESHUA m Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Aramaic
Contracted form of Yehoshu'a (see JOSHUA) used in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah in the Hebrew Bible. The form was also used in Aramaic, and was most likely the name represented by Greek Iesous (see JESUS) in the New Testament. This means it was probably the real name of Jesus.
YNGVARR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse form of INGVAR.
ZARATHUSHTRA m Ancient Persian
Ancient Avestan form of ZARATHUSTRA.
ZENAIS f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek variant of ZENAIDA.
ZENO m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Italian
From the Greek name Ζηνων (Zenon), which was derived from the name of the Greek god ZEUS. Zeno was the name of two famous Greek philosophers: Zeno of Elea and Zeno of Citium, the founder of the Stoic school in Athens.
ZENOBIA f Ancient Greek
Means "life of Zeus", derived from Greek Ζηνο (Zeno), a prefix form of the name of ZEUS, combined with βιος (bios) "life". This was the name of a 3rd-century queen of Palmyra. After claiming the title 'Queen of the East' and expanding her realm into Roman territory she was defeated by Emperor Aurelian. Her Greek name was used as an approximation of her native Aramaic name.
ZENOBIOS m Ancient Greek
Masculine form of ZENOBIA.
ZENON m Ancient Greek, Polish
Ancient Greek form of ZENO, as well as the modern Polish form.
ZOE f English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Means "life" in Greek. From early times it was adopted by Hellenized Jews as a translation of EVE. It was borne by two early Christian saints, one martyred under Emperor Hadrian, the other martyred under Diocletian. The name was common in the Byzantine Empire, being borne by a ruling empress of the 11th century. As an English name, Zoe has only been in use since the 19th century. It has generally been more common among Eastern Christians (in various spellings).
ZOPYROS m Ancient Greek
Means "glowing" in Greek. This was the name of a Persian nobleman who aided his king Darius in the capture of Babylon. He did this by mutilating himself and then going to the Babylonians claiming that it had been Darius who did it to him. After gaining their trust he betrayed them.
ZOSIME f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of Zosimos (see ZOSIMUS).
ZOSIMOS m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ZOSIMUS.
ZOSIMUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Ζωσιμος (Zosimos), a Greek name derived from ζωσιμος (zosimos) meaning "viable" or "likely to survive". This was the name of several early saints and a pope.
ZOTICUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ζωτικος (Zotikos), derived from ζωτικος (zotikos) meaning "full of life". This was the name of several early saints.
ZOTIKOS m Ancient Greek
Greek form of ZOTICUS.