THAÏS f Ancient Greek
Possibly means "bandage" in Greek. This was the name of a companion of Alexander the Great. It was also borne by a 4th-century saint from Alexandria, a wealthy socialite who became a Christian convert, though in her case the name may have had a distinct Coptic origin. She has been a popular subject of art and literature, including an 1891 novel by Anatole France and an 1894 opera by Jules Massenet.
THALES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek θαλλω (thallo)
meaning "to blossom". This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician.
THEOBALD m English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements theud
"people" and bald
"bold". The Normans brought the name to England, where it joined an existing Old English cognate. The medieval forms Tibald
were commonly Latinized as Theobaldus
. It was rare by the 20th century.
THEODORA f English, Greek, Ancient Greek
Feminine form of THEODORE
. This name was common in the Byzantine Empire, being borne by several empresses including the influential wife of Justinian in the 6th century.
THEODOSIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοδοσιος (Theodosios)
meaning "giving to god", derived from θεος (theos)
"god" and δοσις (dosis)
"giving". Saint Theodosius of Palestine was a monk who founded a monastery near Bethlehem in the 5th century. This also was the name of emperors of the Eastern Roman and Byzantine Empires.
THEOPHANES m Ancient Greek
Means "manifestation of God" from Greek θεος (theos)
"god" and φανης (phanes)
"appearing". This name was borne by a few saints, including an 8th-century chronicler from Constantinople and a 19th-century Russian Orthodox saint, Theophanes the Recluse, who is Феофан (Feofan)
in Russian. Another famous bearer was a 14th-century Byzantine icon painter active in Moscow.
ÞÓRA f Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Either a feminine form of Þórr
) or else a short form of the various Old Norse names beginning with the element Þór
. In Norse myth Thora was the wife of the Danish king Ragnar Lodbrok.
THRACIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman name meaning "of Thracia". Thracia was a region in southeast Europe, now divided between Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey.
THUTMOSE m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Τουθμωσις (Touthmosis)
, the Greek form of Egyptian Djhwty-ms
meaning "born of Thoth", itself composed of the name of the Egyptian god THOTH
combined with mesu
"be born". Thutmose was the name of four Egyptian pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Thutmose III who conquered Syria and Nubia.
TIBERIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "of the Tiber" in Latin. The Tiber is the river that runs through Rome. Tiberius was the second Roman emperor, the stepson of Emperor Augustus.
TITUS m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of unknown meaning, possibly related to Latin titulus
"title of honour". It is more likely of Oscan origin, since it was borne by the legendary Sabine king Titus Tatius.... [more]
TRYPHON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek τρυφη (tryphe)
meaning "softness, delicacy". Saint Tryphon, a gooseherder from Syria, was martyred in the 3rd century.
TUTANKHAMON m Ancient Egyptian
Means "image of the life of Amon", derived from Egyptian tut
"image" combined with ankh
"life" combined with the name of the god Amon
. This was the name of an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, most famous because of the treasures found in his tomb.
ULRICH m German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Odalric
meaning "prosperity and power", from the element odal
"heritage" combined with ric
"power". It has long been confused with the Germanic name Hulderic
. This was the name of two German saints. Another famous bearer was Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531), also known as Huldrych, the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
VALENTINA f Italian, Russian, Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene, Romanian, Spanish, Greek, Latvian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Valentinus
(see VALENTINE (1)
). A famous bearer was the Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova (1937-), who in 1963 became the first woman to visit space.
VALERIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was derived from Latin valere
"to be strong". This was the name of several early saints.
VARIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "versatile" in Latin. Varius Rufus was a Roman epic poet of the 1st century BC.
VERCINGETORIX m Ancient Celtic
Means "king over warriors" from Gaulish ver
"on, over" combined with cingeto
"marching men, warriors" and rix
"king". This name was borne by a chieftain of the Gaulish tribe the Arverni. He led the resistance against Julius Caesar's attempts to conquer Gaul, but he was eventually defeated, brought to Rome, and executed.
VEREMUND m Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Germanic name, probably Waramunt
, derived from war
"vigilant, cautious" and mund
"protection". This was the name of a 5th-century king of Galicia (from the Germanic tribe of the Suebi). It was later the name of kings of Asturias and León, though their names are usually spelled in the Spanish form Bermudo
VIRGINIA f English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of the Roman family name Verginius
, which is of unknown meaning, but long associated with Latin virgo
"maid, virgin". According to a legend, it was the name of a Roman woman killed by her father so as to save her from the clutches of a crooked official.... [more]
VITUS m Ancient Roman
Roman name that was derived from Latin vita
"life". Saint Vitus was a child martyred in Sicily in the early 4th century. From an early date this name was confused with the Germanic name Wido
WALDO m English, German, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names containing the element wald
meaning "rule". In the Middle Ages this name became the basis for a surname. Its present use in the English-speaking world is usually in honour of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American poet and author who wrote on transcendentalism. He was (probably) named after the 12th-century Christian radical Peter Waldo, who was from Lyons in France. Though Waldo and his followers, called the Waldensians, were declared heretics at the time, they were later admired by Protestants.
WALDOBERT m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements wald
"rule" and beraht
"bright". This was the name of a 7th-century French saint (called Valbert
WALTER m English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Italian, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the army", composed of the elements wald
"rule" and hari
"army". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Wealdhere
. A famous bearer of the name was Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), a Scottish novelist who wrote 'Ivanhoe' and other notable works.
WASSA f Anglo-Saxon
Meaning uncertain. It may be a short form of a longer name such as Wāðsige
, composed of the elements wāð
"hunt" and sige
WAZO m Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element wad
meaning "to go" or warin
meaning "guard, protect".
WIDO m Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element witu
"wood" or wit
"wide". From early times this name has been confused with the Latin name Vitus
WIDUKIND m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements witu
"wood" and chind
"child". This was the name of an 8th-century Saxon leader who fought against the Franks.
WILHELM m German, Polish, Ancient Germanic
German cognate of WILLIAM
. This was the name of two German emperors. It was also the middle name of several philosophers from Germany: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831), Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900), and Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716), who was also a notable mathematician.
WILLIHAD m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements wil
"will, desire" and hadu
"battle, combat". This was the name of an 8th-century saint active in Frisia and Saxony.
WOLFGANG m German, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements wulf
meaning "wolf" and gang
"path". Two famous bearers of this name were Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and German novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).
WULFNOÐ m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements wulf
"wolf" and noð
"boldness, daring". This name became rare after the Norman Conquest.
XANTHIPPE f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of XANTHIPPOS
. This was the name of the wife of Socrates
. Because of her supposedly argumentative nature, the name has been adopted (in the modern era) as a word for a scolding, ill-tempered woman.
XENIA f Greek, Ancient Greek
Means "hospitality" in Greek, a derivative of ξενος (xenos)
meaning "foreigner, guest". This was the name of a 5th-century saint who is venerated in the Eastern Church.
YESHUA m Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Aramaic
Contracted form of Yehoshu'a
) used in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah in the Hebrew Bible. The form was also used in Aramaic, and was most likely the name represented by Greek Iesous
) in the New Testament. This means it was probably the real name of Jesus.
ZENO m Ancient Greek (Latinized), Italian
From the Greek name Ζηνων (Zenon)
, which was derived from the name of the Greek god ZEUS
. Zeno was the name of two famous Greek philosophers: Zeno of Elea and Zeno of Citium, the founder of the Stoic school in Athens.
ZENOBIA f Ancient Greek
Means "life of Zeus", derived from Greek Ζηνο (Zeno)
, a prefix form of the name of ZEUS
, combined with βιος (bios)
"life". This was the name of a 3rd-century queen of Palmyra. After claiming the title 'Queen of the East' and expanding her realm into Roman territory she was defeated by Emperor Aurelian. Her Greek name was used as an approximation of her native Aramaic name.
ZOE f English, Italian, German, Ancient Greek
Means "life" in Greek. From early times it was adopted by Hellenized Jews as a translation of EVE
. It was borne by two early Christian saints, one martyred under Emperor Hadrian, the other martyred under Diocletian. The name was common in the Byzantine Empire, being borne by a ruling empress of the 11th century. As an English name, Zoe
has only been in use since the 19th century. It has generally been more common among Eastern Christians (in various spellings).
ZOPYROS m Ancient Greek
Means "glowing" in Greek. This was the name of a Persian nobleman who aided his king Darius in the capture of Babylon. He did this by mutilating himself and then going to the Babylonians claiming that it had been Darius who did it to him. After gaining their trust he betrayed them.