ADAM m English, French, German, Polish, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Catalan, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
This is the Hebrew word for "man"
. It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם ('adam)
meaning "to be red"
, referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu
meaning "to make"
AKANE f Japanese
From Japanese 茜 (akane)
meaning "deep red, dye from the rubia plant". Other kanji or combinations of kanji can form this name as well.
AKARI f Japanese
From Japanese 明 (aka)
meaning "bright" or 朱 (aka)
meaning "vermilion red" combined with 里 (ri)
meaning "village" or 莉 (ri)
meaning "white jasmine". Other combinations of kanji characters can also form this name.
AMARANTHA f Various
From the name of the amaranth flower, which is derived from Greek ἀμάραντος (amarantos)
meaning "unfading". Ἀμάραντος (Amarantos)
was also an Ancient Greek given name.
ANARA f Kazakh, Kyrgyz
From Kazakh and Kyrgyz анар (anar)
, a word ultimately derived from Persian.
ANNAGÜL f Turkmen
Derived from Turkmen anna
"Friday" and gül
ARUSHI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अरुष (arusha)
meaning "reddish, dawn"
, a word used in the Rigveda to describe the red horses of Agni
. This name also appears in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
belonging to a daughter of Manu
and the wife of Chyavana, though in this case it might derive from Sanskrit आरुषी (arushi)
meaning "hitting, killing"
AYGÜL f Turkish, Uyghur, Azerbaijani
Derived from the Turkic element ay
meaning "moon" combined with Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose". In some languages this is also a name for a variety of flowering plant that grows in central Asia (species Fritillaria eduardii).
BAHARGÜL f Turkmen
Derived from Turkmen bahar
meaning "spring" and gül
meaning "flower, rose" (both roots ultimately of Persian origin).
BURGUNDY f English (Rare)
This name can refer either to the region in France, the wine (which derives from the name of the region), or the colour (which derives from the name of the wine).
CAMELLIA f English (Rare)
From the name of the flowering shrub, which was named for the botanist and missionary Georg Josef Kamel.
CHERRY f English
Simply means "cherry" from the name of the fruit. It can also be a diminutive of CHARITY
. It has been in use since the late 19th century.
CHEYENNE f & m English
Derived from the Dakota word shahiyena
meaning "red speakers". This is the name of a Native American people of the Great Plains. The name was supposedly given to the Cheyenne by the Dakota because their language was unrelated to their own. As a given name, it has been in use since the 1950s.
CLANCY m Irish, English (Rare)
From the Irish surname Mac Fhlannchaidh
, which means "son of Flannchadh"
. The Irish name Flannchadh
means "red warrior".
EDOM m Biblical
From Hebrew אָדֹם ('adom)
. According to the Old Testament, Esau
, who is described as having red skin, was given this name because he traded his birthright for a helping of red broth. The bible goes on to tell that Esau was the founder of the ancient nation of Edom, located to the south of the kingdom of Judah.
ELECTRA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ἠλέκτρα (Elektra)
, derived from ἤλεκτρον (elektron)
. In Greek myth she was the daughter of Agamemnon
and the sister of Orestes
. She helped her brother kill their mother and her lover Aegisthus in vengeance for Agamemnon's murder. Also in Greek mythology, this name was borne by one of the Pleiades, who were the daughters of Atlas
FIAMMETTA f Italian
Derived from Italian fiamma
combined with a diminutive suffix.
FLANAGAN m English (Rare)
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Flannagáin
meaning "descendant of Flannagán"
. The given name Flannagán
is derived from Irish flann
"red" and a diminutive suffix.
FLANN m & f Irish
in Irish Gaelic. This was the name of a 9th-century king of Tara in Ireland.
FLANNERY f & m English (Rare)
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Flannghaile
meaning "descendant of Flannghal"
. The given name Flannghal
means "red valour". A famous bearer was American author Flannery O'Connor (1925-1964).
FOX m English (Modern)
Either from the English word fox
or the surname Fox
, which originally given as a nickname. The surname was borne by George Fox (1624-1691), the founder of the Quakers.
GARNET (1) f English
From the English word garnet
for the precious stone, the birthstone of January. The word is derived from Middle English gernet
meaning "dark red".
GILROY m Irish, Scottish
From an Irish surname, either Mac Giolla Ruaidh
, which means "son of the red-haired servant"
, or Mac Giolla Rí
, which means "son of the king's servant"
GOLNAR f Persian
Derived from Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose" and انار (anar)
GOLNAZ f Persian
Derived from Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose" and ناز (naz)
meaning "delight, comfort".
GÜL f Turkish
in Turkish, ultimately from Persian.
GUL m & f Urdu, Pashto
Means "flower, rose"
in Urdu and Pashto, ultimately from Persian.
GULBADAN f Urdu (Rare)
Means "having a body like a rose"
in Persian. This was the name of a daughter of the Mughal emperor Babur.
GULRUKH f Urdu
Means "rose faced"
in Persian. This was the name of a wife of the Mughal emperor Babur.
HELAH f Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is mentioned as one of the wives of Asher.
HOLLIS m & f English
From an English surname that was derived from Middle English holis "holly trees"
. It was originally given to a person who lived near a group of those trees.
HOLLY f English
From the English word for the holly tree, ultimately derived from Old English holen
HONG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 虹 (hóng)
meaning "rainbow", 弘 (hóng)
meaning "enlarge, expand, great" (which is usually only masculine) or 鸿 (hóng)
meaning "wild swan, great, vast" (also usually only masculine). Other characters can also form this name.
IVO (1) m German, Dutch, Czech, Italian, Portuguese, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element iv
. Alternative theories suggest that it may in fact be derived from a cognate Celtic element. This was the name of several saints (who are also commonly known as Saint Yves
KAEDE f & m Japanese
From Japanese 楓 (kaede)
meaning "maple" or other kanji that are pronounced the same way.
KAMAL (2) m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Modern masculine form of KAMALA
KAMALA f & m Hinduism, Tamil, Indian, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Nepali
or "pale red"
in Sanskrit. In Sanskrit this is a transcription of both the feminine form कमला
and the masculine form कमल
, though in modern languages it is only a feminine form. This is the name of one of the Krittikas, or Pleiades, in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
. It is also another name of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi
KAPILA m Hinduism
Means "reddish brown"
in Sanskrit, derived from कपि (kapi)
meaning "monkey". In the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
this is the name of a sage who founded Samkhya philosophy and is identified with the god Vishnu
KOLAB f Khmer
in Khmer (of Persian origin).
KULAP f & m Thai
in Thai (of Persian origin).
LALI f Georgian
in Georgian, of Sanskrit origin.
LESLIE f & m English
From a Scottish surname that was derived from a Scottish place name, probably derived from Gaelic leas celyn
meaning "garden of holly"
. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century. In America it was more common as a feminine name after the 1940s.
MARGANITA f Hebrew
From the name of a type of flowering plant common in Israel, called the scarlet pimpernel in English.
MARS m Roman Mythology
Possibly related to Latin mas
). In Roman mythology Mars was the god of war, often equated with the Greek god Ares
. This is also the name of the fourth planet in the solar system.
MILTIADES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek μίλτος (miltos)
meaning "red earth" and the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides)
. This was the name of the general who led the Greek forces to victory against the Persians in the Battle of Marathon.
NURGÜL f Turkish
Means "radiant rose"
in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic نور (nur)
meaning "light" and Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose".
PHOENIX m & f English (Modern)
From the name of a beautiful immortal bird that appears in Egyptian and Greek mythology. After living for several centuries in the Arabian Desert, it would be consumed by fire and rise from its own ashes, with this cycle repeating every 500 years. The name of the bird was derived from Greek φοῖνιξ (phoinix)
meaning "dark red".
QUỲNH f & m Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 瓊 (quỳnh)
meaning "deep red"
. This is also the Vietnamese name for a variety of flowering plant (genus Epiphyllum).
RADCLIFF m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "red cliff"
in Old English.
RALEIGH m & f English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning either "red clearing" or "roe deer clearing" in Old English. A city in North Carolina bears this name, after the English courtier, poet and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618).
RED m English
From the English word, ultimately derived from Old English read
. It was originally a nickname given to a person with red hair or a ruddy complexion.
REED m English
From an English surname that was derived from Old English read
, originally a nickname given to a person with red hair or a ruddy complexion.
RHODA f Biblical, English
Derived from Greek ῥόδον (rhodon)
. In the New Testament this name was borne by a maid in the house of Mary the mother of John Mark. As an English given name, Rhoda
came into use in the 17th century.
RODERICK m English, Scottish, Welsh
Means "famous ruler"
from the Germanic elements hrod
"fame" and ric
"ruler, mighty". This name was in use among the Visigoths; it was borne by their last king (also known as Rodrigo), who died fighting the Muslim invaders of Spain in the 8th century. It also had cognates in Old Norse and West Germanic, and Scandinavian settlers and Normans introduced it to England, though it died out after the Middle Ages. It was revived in the English-speaking world by Sir Walter Scott's 1811 poem The Vision of Don Roderick
ROOSEVELT m English
From a Dutch surname meaning "rose field"
. This name is often given in honour of American presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) or Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
ROSA (1) f Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, German, English
Generally this can be considered a Latin form of ROSE
, though originally it may have come from the unrelated Germanic name ROZA (2)
. This was the name of a 13th-century saint from Viterbo in Italy. In the English-speaking world it was first used in the 19th century. A famous bearer was civil rights activist Rosa Parks (1913-2005).
ROSALIE f French, German, Dutch, English
French, German and Dutch form of ROSALIA
. In the English-speaking this name received a boost after the release of the movie Rosalie
(1938), which was based on an earlier musical.
ROSALIND f English
Derived from the Germanic elements hros
meaning "horse" and lind
meaning "soft, tender, flexible". The Normans introduced this name to England, though it was not common. During the Middle Ages its spelling was influenced by the Latin phrase rosa linda
"beautiful rose". The name was popularized by Edmund Spencer, who used it in his poetry, and by William Shakespeare, who used it for the heroine in his comedy As You Like It
ROSALINE f English
Medieval variant of ROSALIND
. This is the name of characters in Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost
(1594) and Romeo and Juliet
ROSAMUND f English (Rare)
Derived from the Germanic elements hros
"horse" and mund
"protection". The Normans introduced this name to England. It was subsequently influenced by the Latin phrase rosa munda
"pure rose". This was the name of the mistress of Henry II, the king of England in the 12th century. She was possibly murdered by his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine.
ROSE f English, French
Originally a Norman form of the Germanic name Hrodohaidis
meaning "famous type"
, composed of the elements hrod
"fame" and heid
"kind, sort, type". The Normans introduced it to England in the forms Roese
. From an early date it was associated with the word for the fragrant flower rose
(derived from Latin rosa
). When the name was revived in the 19th century, it was probably with the flower in mind.
ROSINA f Italian
Italian diminutive of ROSA (1)
. This is the name of a character in Rossini's opera The Barber of Seville
ROWAN m & f Irish, English (Modern)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Ruadháin
meaning "descendant of RUADHÁN"
. This name can also be given in reference to the rowan tree.
ROY m Scottish, English, Dutch
Anglicized form of RUADH
. A notable bearer was the Scottish outlaw and folk hero Rob Roy (1671-1734). It is often associated with French roi
RUADH m Irish, Scottish
Gaelic byname meaning "red"
, often a nickname for one with red hair. This was the nickname of the Scottish outlaw Raibeart Ruadh MacGregor (1671-1734), known as Rob Roy in English.
RUAIDHRÍ m Irish
Means "red king"
from Irish ruadh
"red" combined with rí
"king". This was the name of the last high king of Ireland, reigning in the 12th century.
RUBENA f Esperanto
From Esperanto rubeno
, ultimately from Latin ruber
RUBINA f Italian
Derived from Italian rubino
, ultimately from Latin ruber
RUBY f English
Simply from the name of the precious stone (which ultimately derives from Latin ruber
"red"), which is the birthstone of July. It came into use as a given name in the 19th century.
RUDYARD m English (Rare)
From a place name meaning "red yard"
in Old English. This name was borne by Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), the author of The Jungle Book
and other works, who was named after Rudyard Lake in Staffordshire.
RUFUS m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical
Roman cognomen meaning "red-haired"
in Latin. Several early saints had this name, including one mentioned in one of Paul
's epistles in the New Testament. As a nickname it was used by William II Rufus, a king of England, because of his red hair. It came into general use in the English-speaking world after the Protestant Reformation.
RUSSELL m English
From a surname meaning "little red one"
in French. A notable bearer of the surname was the agnostic British philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), who wrote on many subjects including logic, epistemology and mathematics. He was also a political activist for causes such as pacifism and women's rights.
RUSTY m English
From a nickname that was originally given to someone with a rusty, or reddish-brown, hair colour.
SCARLETT f English
From a surname that denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet (a kind of cloth, possibly derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrelat)
). Margaret Mitchell used this name for Scarlett O'Hara, the main character in her novel Gone with the Wind
(1936). Scarlett's name came from her grandmother's maiden name.
SIENNA f English (Modern)
From the English word meaning "orange-red"
. It is ultimately from the name of the city of Siena in Italy, because of the colour of the clay there.
SOHRAB m Persian, Persian Mythology
Probably from Middle Persian swhr
"red" and ab
"water". In the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh
this is the name of the son of the hero Rostam
. He was tragically slain in battle by his father, who was unaware he was fighting his own son.
SONGÜL f Turkish
From Turkish son
meaning "last, final" and gül
TODD m English
From a surname meaning "fox"
, derived from Middle English todde
TSUBAKI f Japanese
From Japanese 椿 (tsubaki)
meaning "camellia flower", as well as other combinations of kanji that are pronounced the same way.
VARDAN m Armenian
Derived from Armenian վարդ (vard)
, ultimately from an Iranian language.
VARDO f Georgian
Derived from Georgian ვარდი (vardi)
, ultimately from an Iranian language via Armenian.
VERED f Hebrew
in Hebrew, originally a borrowing from an Iranian language.
YORK m English
From a surname, which was derived from York, the name of a city in northern England. The city name was originally Eburacon
, Latinized as Eboracum
, meaning "yew" in Brythonic, but it was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic
, meaning "pig farm".
YVES m French
Medieval French form of IVO (1)
. This was the name of two French saints: an 11th-century bishop of Chartres and a 13th-century parish priest and lawyer, also known as Ivo of Kermartin, the patron saint of Brittany.