AHMOSE m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Egyptian Iah-ms
meaning "born of Iah", derived from the name of the Egyptian god IAH
combined with mesu
"be born". This was the name of the first pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. He defeated the Hyksos and drove them from Egypt.
AHURA MAZDA m Persian Mythology
Means "lord of wisdom" in Avestan. In Persian mythology Ahura Mazda was the supreme creator, and the god of light, truth, and goodness.
AIBEK m Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Derived from Turkic ay
"moon" combined with the Turkish military title beg
meaning "chieftain, master".
AIKE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element agil
meaning "edge (of a sword), blade".
AILBHE f & m Irish
Possibly derived from the old Irish root albho
meaning "white" or ail
meaning "rock". In Irish legend this was the name of a female warrior of the Fianna. It was also the name of a 6th-century masculine saint, the founder of a monastery at Emly.
AILILL m Irish, Irish Mythology
Means "elf" in Irish Gaelic. This name occurs frequently in Irish legend, borne for example by the husband of Queen Medb
AIMÉ m French
From Old French Amé
, the masculine form of Amée
AINSLEY f & m Scottish, English (Modern)
From a surname that was from a place name: either Annesley in Nottinghamshire or Ansley in Warwickshire. The place names themselves derive from Old English anne
"alone, solitary" or ansetl
"hermitage" and leah
AIOLOS m Greek Mythology
Means "quick-moving, nimble" in Greek. This was the name of the Greek god of the winds.
AITOR m Basque
Possibly means "good fathers" from Basque aita
"father" and on
"good". This was the name of a legendary ancestor of the Basques.
AJAX m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αιας (Aias)
, perhaps deriving from Greek αιαστης (aiastes)
"mourner" or αια (aia)
"earth, land". In Greek mythology this was the name of two of the heroes who fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War, the son of Telamon and the son of Oileus. When the armour of the slain hero Achilles
was not given to Ajax Telamonian, he became mad with jealousy and killed himself.
AJAY m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil
Means "unconquered", from Sanskrit अ (a)
meaning "not" and जय (jaya)
meaning "victory, conquest".
AKAKIOS m Greek, Ancient Greek
From a Greek word meaning "innocent, not evil", derived from α (a)
, a negative prefix, combined with κακη (kake)
"evil". This was the name of three early saints, two of whom were martyred.
AKHENATON m Ancient Egyptian
Possibly means "spirit of ATON
" in Egyptian. Akhenaton was a 14th-century BC Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom, who is best known for promoting the monotheistic worship of the sun god Aton
. He changed his name from Amenhotep IV
in order to honour the god. After his death, polytheism resumed.
AKIHITO m Japanese
From Japanese 明 (aki)
or 昭 (aki)
both meaning "bright" combined with 仁 (hito)
meaning "compassionate". Other kanji combinations are possible. Akihito (1933-), name written 明仁
, is the Emperor of Japan.
AKIO m Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (aki)
meaning "bright, luminous" combined with 夫 (o)
meaning "man, husband", 男 (o)
meaning "male" or 雄 (o)
meaning "hero, manly". Other kanji combinations are possible.
AKIRA m & f Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (akira)
meaning "bright", 明 (akira)
meaning "bright" or 亮 (akira)
meaning "clear". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name. A famous bearer was the Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), given name written 明
AKIVA m Hebrew
From an Aramaic form of YAAKOV
. Akiva (or Akiba) ben Joseph was a prominent 1st-century Jewish rabbi.
ÁKOS m Hungarian
Possibly of Turkic origin meaning "white falcon". This was the name of a medieval Hungarian clan.
AL m English
Short form of ALBERT
and other names beginning with Al
. A notable bearer is American actor Al Pacino (1940-).
ALA m Arabic
Means "excellence, elevation" in Arabic.
ALA AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "excellence of religion" from Arabic عَلَاء ('ala)
meaning "excellence, elevation" combined with دين (din)
meaning "religion, faith". This was the name of several sultans of Delhi.
ALADDIN m Literature
Anglicized form of ALA AL-DIN
. This is the name of a mischievous boy in one of the tales of 'The 1001 Nights'. A magician traps him in a cave, but he escapes with the help of a genie.
AL-AMIR m Arabic (Rare)
Means "the commander, the prince" in Arabic. This was the name of a 10th-century Fatimid imam.
ALAN m English, Scottish, Breton, French
The meaning of this name is not known for certain. It was used in Brittany at least as early as the 6th century, and it possibly means either "little rock" or "handsome" in Breton. Alternatively, it may derive from the tribal name of the Alans, an Iranian people who migrated into Europe in the 4th and 5th centuries.... [more]
ALARIC m Ancient Germanic
From the Gothic name Alareiks
, which meant "ruler of all", derived from the Germanic element ala
"all" combined with ric
"ruler, power". This was the name of a king of the Visigoths who sacked Rome in the 5th century.
ALBAER m Limburgish
Limburgish form of ALBERT
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Albert.
ALBAN m German, French, Albanian, English (Rare)
From the Roman cognomen Albanus
, which meant "from Alba". Alba (from Latin albus
"white") was the name of various places within the Roman Empire, including the city Alba Longa. This name was borne by Saint Alban, the first British martyr (4th century). According to tradition, he sheltered a fugitive priest in his house. When his house was searched, he disguised himself as the priest, was arrested in his stead, and was beheaded. As an English name, Alban
was occasionally used in the Middle Ages and was revived in the 18th century, though it is now uncommon.
ALBERICH m Ancient Germanic, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic elements alf
"elf" and ric
"power". Alberich was the name of the sorcerer king of the dwarfs in Germanic mythology. He also appears in the 'Nibelungenlied' as a dwarf who guards the treasure of the Nibelungen.
ALBERT m English, French, Catalan, German, Polish, Russian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Romanian, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalbert
, which was composed of the elements adal
"noble" and beraht
"bright". This name was common among medieval German royalty. The Normans introduced it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Æðelberht
. Though it became rare in England by the 17th century, it was repopularized in the 19th century by the German-born Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.... [more]
ALBINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen that was a derivative of ALBUS
. Saint Albinus (also called Aubin) was a 6th-century bishop of Angers in Brittany.
ALBORZ m Persian
From the name of a mountain range (of unknown etymology) in northern Iran.
ALCIBIADES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλκιβιαδης (Alkibiades)
, derived from αλκη (alke)
"strength" and βια (bia)
"force" with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides)
. This was the name of a notable Greek statesman and general during the Peloponnesian War. He changed allegiance from Athens to Sparta and back again during the course of the war.
ALDEBRAND m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements ald
meaning "old" and brand
meaning "sword" or "fire". Saint Aldebrand was a 12th-century bishop of Fossombrone in Italy.
ALDOUS m English (Rare)
Probably a diminutive of names beginning with the Old English element eald
"old". It has been in use as an English given name since the Middle Ages, mainly in East Anglia. The British author Aldous Huxley (1894-1963) was a famous bearer of this name.
ALE (2) m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element adal
ALED m Welsh
From the name of a Welsh river, of uncertain meaning.
ALESSANDRO m Italian
Italian form of ALEXANDER
. A famous bearer was Alessandro Volta (1745-1827), the Italian physicist who invented the battery.
ALEX m & f English, Dutch, German, French, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Czech, Russian
Short form of ALEXANDER
, and other names beginning with Alex
ALEXANDER m English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξανδρος (Alexandros)
, which meant "defending men" from Greek αλεξω (alexo)
"to defend, help" and ανηρ (aner)
"man" (genitive ανδρος
). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris
, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, king of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.... [more]
ALEXIS m & f German, French, English, Greek, Ancient Greek
From the Greek name Αλεξις (Alexis)
meaning "helper" or "defender", derived from Greek αλεξω (alexo)
"to defend, to help". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek comic poet, and also of several saints. It is used somewhat interchangeably with the related name Αλεξιος
, borne by five Byzantine emperors. In the English-speaking world it is more commonly used as a feminine name.
ALEXIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αλεξιος (Alexios)
, a derivative of Αλεξις
). This was the name of five Byzantine emperors. It was also borne by a 5th-century Syrian saint who is especially venerated in the Eastern Church.
ALF (1) m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Norse Mythology
Derived from Old Norse alfr
"elf". In Norse legend this was the name of king, the suitor of a reluctant maiden named Alfhild. She avoided marrying him by disguising herself as a warrior, but when they fought she was so impressed by his strength that she changed her mind.
ALFONSO m Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of a Visigothic Germanic name, probably meaning "noble and ready", from the element adal
"noble" combined with funs
"ready". Other theories claim the first element is hadu
), both of which mean "battle". It is possible that two or more names merged into a single form. This was the name of six kings of Portugal and kings of several ancient regions of Spain.
ALFRED m English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Polish, Dutch
Derived from the Old English name Ælfræd
, composed of the elements ælf
"elf" and ræd
"counsel". Alfred the Great was a 9th-century king of Wessex who fought unceasingly against the Danes living in northeast England. He was also a scholar, and he translated many Latin books into Old English. His fame helped to ensure the usage of this name even after the Norman Conquest, when most Old English names were replaced by Norman ones. It became rare by the end of the Middle Ages, but was revived in the 18th century.... [more]
ALGAR m English (Rare)
Means "elf spear" from Old English ælf
"elf" and gar
"spear". This Old English name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest, being absorbed by similar-sounding names and Norman and Scandinavian cognates. It was briefly revived in the 19th century.
ALGERNON m English
Originally a Norman French nickname, derived from aux gernons
"having a moustache", which was applied to William de Percy, a companion of William the Conqueror. It was first used a given name in the 15th century (for a descendant of William de Percy).
ALGIRDAS m Lithuanian
From the Baltic elements al
"each" and girdas
"rumour, news". This was the name of a 14th-century Grand Duke of Lithuania.
ALI (1) m Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Pashto, Indonesian, Malay, Avar, Kazakh, Dhivehi
Means "lofty, sublime" in Arabic. Ali ibn Abi Talib was a cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad
and the fourth caliph to rule the Muslim world. His followers were the original Shia Muslims, who regard him as the first rightful caliph.... [more]
ALIKHAN m Kazakh
Combination of the name ALI (1)
and the Turkic title khan
, which means "ruler, leader".
ALIN m Romanian
Possibly a Romanian masculine form of ALINA
. Alternatively it may derive from Romanian alina
ALJAŽ m Slovene
Derived from a Slovene surname, which is of unknown meaning.
ALKE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element adal
ALLAH m Theology
Derived from Arabic الإله (al-ilah)
meaning "the deity". It is primarily used to refer to the Islamic God, though it was originally used by pre-Islamic Arabs, and is sometimes used by Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews.
ALLAN m English, Scottish, Danish
Variant of ALAN
. The American author Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) got his middle name from the surname of the parents who adopted him.
ALLE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element adal
ALLEN m English, Scottish
Variant of ALAN
. A famous bearer of this name was Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997), an American beat poet. Another is the American film director and actor Woody Allen (1935-), who took the stage name Allen from his real first name.
ALLON m Biblical
Means "oak" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
ALMAS f & m Arabic
Means "diamond" in Arabic, ultimately from Persian.
ÁLMOS m Hungarian
Possibly from Hungarian álom
"dream", though perhaps of Turkic origin meaning "bought". This was the name of the semi-legendary father of Árpád, the founder of the Hungarian state. Álmos's mother Emese supposedly had a dream in which a turul bird impregnated her and foretold that her son would be the father of a great nation.
ALOYSIUS m English
Latinized form of Aloys
, an old Occitan form of LOUIS
. This was the name of a 16th-century Italian saint, Aloysius Gonzaga. The name has been in occasional use among Catholics since his time.
ALPHA f & m English
From the name of the first letter in the Greek alphabet, Α
ALPHONSUS m History
Latinized form of ALFONSO
. This name was borne by Saint Alphonsus Liguori, an 18th-century Italian bishop who is regarded as a Doctor of the Church.
ALPIN m Scottish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Ailpein
, possibly derived from a Pictish word meaning "white". This was the name of two kings of Dál Riata and two kings of the Picts in the 8th and 9th centuries.
ALTE (2) m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element ald
ALTER m Yiddish
From Yiddish אַלט (alt)
meaning "old". This name was traditionally given to a sickly newborn by Jewish parents in order to confuse the Angel of Death, in the hopes that he would go looking for somebody younger or somebody else.
ALTON m English
From an Old English surname that was derived from a place name meaning "town at the source of the river".
ALUN m Welsh
Welsh form of ALAN
. This name appears in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth.
ALVA (2) m English
Variant of ALVAH
. A famous bearer of this name was the inventor Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931).
ALVAH m Biblical
Means "his highness" in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in the Old Testament as belonging to a descendant of Esau.
ALVIN m English, Swedish
From a medieval form of any of the Old English names ÆLFWINE
. It was revived in the 19th century, in part from a surname that was derived from the Old English names. As a Scandinavian name it is derived from Alfvin
, an Old Norse cognate of Ælfwine
ALVIS m Norse Mythology, Latvian
From the Old Norse Alvíss
meaning "all wise". In Norse mythology this was the name of a dwarf who was to marry Thor
's daughter Thrud
. Thor was not pleased with this so he tricked Alvis by asking him questions until the sun rose, at which time the dwarf was turned into stone.
ALWYN m Welsh
From the name of the River Alwen in Wales.
AMABILIS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "lovable". Saint Amabilis was a 5th-century priest in Riom, central France.
AMADEO m Italian
Italian variant of AMADEUS
. This was the name of a 19th-century king of Spain (born in Italy).
AMADEUS m Late Roman
Means "love of God", derived from Latin amare
"to love" and Deus
"God". A famous bearer was the Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), who was actually born Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart but preferred the Latin translation of his Greek middle name. This name was also assumed as a middle name by the German novelist E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822), who took it in honour of Mozart.
AMAL (2) m Biblical
Means "work" in Hebrew. This was the name of an Asherite in the Old Testament.
AMALRIC m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements amal
meaning "work, labour" and ric
meaning "power". This was the name of a 6th-century king of the Visigoths, as well as two 12th-century rulers of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
AMANDUS m Late Roman
Derived from Latin amanda
meaning "lovable, worthy of love". Saint Amandus was a 5th-century bishop of Bordeaux. It was also borne by a 7th-century French saint who evangelized in Flanders.
AMANTIUS m Late Roman
Means "loving" in Latin. This was the name of several early saints. It has sometimes been confused with the name Amandus
AMARIAH m Biblical
has said" in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters.
AMARO m Galician, Portuguese, Spanish
Possibly from the Germanic name ADELMAR
, maybe influenced by Latin amarus
"bitter". This was the name of a legendary saint who was said to have sailed across the Atlantic to a paradise. He is especially popular in Galicia and Asturias in Spain.