EL m Semitic Mythology
From a Semitic root meaning "god"
. This was a title applied to several Semitic gods. The Canaanites used it as the name of their chief deity, the father of the gods and mankind. The Hebrews used it to refer to Yahweh
ELAGABALUS m Semitic Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of an Arabic name, derived from إله (ilah)
meaning "god" and جبل (jabal)
meaning "mountain". This was the name of a sun god worshipped in Emesa, in the Roman province of Syria. A 3rd-century Roman emperor, who served as a priest of this god in his youth in Syria, is known to history by the name Elagabalus. After ruling for four years he was assassinated at the age of 18, in part because he promoted the god to the head of the Roman pantheon.
ELAH m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "terebinth tree"
in Hebrew. This was the name of the fourth king of Israel, as told in the Old Testament. He was murdered by Zimri
, who succeeded him.
ELAM m Biblical
Possibly means either "hidden" or "eternity" in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including a son of Shem
who was the ancestor of the Elamite peoples.
ELDAD m Biblical
Means "God has loved"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of the two elders who prophesizes in the Israelite camp.
ELDON m English
From a surname that was from a place name meaning "Ella's hill"
in Old English.
ELHANAN m Biblical
Means "God is gracious"
in Hebrew. This is the name of two Old Testament characters.
ELI (1) m English, Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
in Hebrew. In the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament he is a high priest of the Israelites. He took the young Samuel
into his service and gave him guidance when God spoke to him. Because of the misdeeds of his sons, Eli and his descendants were cursed to die before reaching old age.... [more]
ELIAB m Biblical
From Hebrew אֱלִיאָב ('Eli'av)
meaning "my God is father"
. This is the name of several people from the Old Testament, including a brother of King David
ELIAKIM m Biblical
Means "God rises"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the master of Hezekiah's household.
ELIAS m Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, English, Dutch, Greek, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of ELIJAH
used in several languages. This is also the form used in the Greek New Testament.
ELIGIUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name derived from Latin eligere "to choose"
. The 7th-century Saint Eligius is the patron saint of metalworkers.
ELIJAH m English, Hebrew, Biblical
From the Hebrew name אֱלִיָּהוּ ('Eliyyahu)
meaning "my God is YAHWEH"
, derived from the elements אֵל ('el)
and יָה (yah)
, both referring to the Hebrew God. Elijah was a Hebrew prophet and miracle worker, as told in the two Books of Kings in the Old Testament. He was active in the 9th century BC during the reign of King Ahab
of Israel and his Phoenician-born queen Jezebel
. Elijah confronted the king and queen over their idolatry of the Canaanite god Ba'al
and other wicked deeds. At the end of his life he was carried to heaven in a chariot of fire, and was succeeded by Elisha
. In the New Testament, Elijah and Moses
appear next to Jesus
when he is transfigured.... [more]
ELIOENAI m Biblical
Means "my eyes look to God"
in Hebrew. This was the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
ELIOT m English
From a surname that was a variant of ELLIOTT
. A famous bearer of the surname was T. S. Eliot (1888-1965), an Anglo-American poet and dramatist, the writer of The Waste Land
. As a given name, it was borne by the American mob-buster Eliot Ness (1903-1957).
ELIPHELET m Biblical
Means "God is release"
in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament including a son of David
ELISEDD m Ancient Welsh
Derived from Welsh elus
. This was the name of two kings of Powys in Wales.
ELISHA m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אֱלִישַׁע ('Elisha')
, a contracted form of אֱלִישׁוּעַ ('Elishu'a)
meaning "my God is salvation"
. According to the Old Testament, Elisha was a prophet and miracle worker. He was the attendant of Elijah
and succeeded him after his ascension to heaven.
ELLERY m & f English
From an English surname that was originally derived from the medieval masculine name HILARY
ELLIOTT m English
From an English surname that was derived from a diminutive of the medieval name ELIAS
ELMAR m German
Descended from various Germanic names such as Agilmar
, which was derived from the elements agil
"edge (of a sword), blade" and mari
ELMER m English
From a surname that was derived from the Old English name ÆÐELMÆR
. In the United States it is sometimes given in honour of brothers Jonathan (1745-1817) and Ebenezer Elmer (1752-1843), who were active in early American politics.
ELMO m English, German, Italian
Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element helm
meaning "helmet, protection"
. It is also a derivative of ERASMUS
, via the old Italian diminutive Ermo
. Saint Elmo, also known as Saint Erasmus, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron of sailors. Saint Elmo's fire is said to be a sign of his protection.
ELNATHAN m Biblical
From Hebrew אֶלְנָתָן ('Elnatan)
meaning "God has given"
. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a grandfather of King Jehoiachin and a son of Akbor.
ELNUR m Azerbaijani
Means "light of the people"
in Azerbaijani, ultimately derived from Turkic el
meaning "country, society" and Arabic نور (nur)
ELOF m Swedish
From the Old Norse name Eileifr
, which was derived from the elements ei
"ever, always" and leifr
ELOUAN m Breton, French
Possibly from a Breton word meaning "light"
. This name was borne by an obscure 6th-century saint who is now venerated mainly in Brittany and Cornwall.
ELROND m Literature
Means "star dome"
in Sindarin. In The Lord of the Rings
(1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Elrond was the elven ruler of Rivendell.
ELROY m English
Altered form of LEROY
, using the Spanish definite article el
as opposed to the French le
ELŞAD m Azerbaijani
From Turkic el
meaning "country, society" combined with Azerbaijani şad
meaning "happy, glad" (from Persian شاد
ELSDON m English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "Elli's valley"
in Old English.
ELTON m English
From a surname that was originally from a place name meaning "Ella's town"
in Old English. A famous bearer of this name is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight, who adopted his stage name in honour of his former bandmate Elton Dean (1945-2006).
ELVIS m English
Meaning unknown. It could possibly be a derivative of ALVIS
. More likely, it is from the rare surname Elvis
, a variant of Elwes
, which is ultimately derived from the given name ELOISE
. The name was brought to public attention by the singer Elvis Presley (1935-1977), whose name came from his father's middle name.... [more]
ELWOOD m English
From an English surname that was derived from a place name meaning "elder tree forest"
in Old English.
EMERSON m & f English
From an English surname meaning "son of EMERY"
. The surname was borne by Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American writer and philosopher who wrote about transcendentalism.
EMERY m & f English
Norman form of EMMERICH
. The Normans introduced it to England, and though it was never popular, it survived until the end of the Middle Ages. As a modern given name, now typically feminine, it is likely inspired by the surname Emery
, which was itself derived from the medieval given name. It can also be given in reference to the hard black substance called emery.
EMIDIO m Italian
From the Late Latin name Emygdius
, which was possibly a Latinized form of a Gaulish name (of unknown meaning). Saint Emygdius was a 3rd-century bishop and martyr, the patron saint against earthquakes.
EMIL m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Romanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Icelandic, English
From the Roman family name Aemilius
, which was derived from Latin aemulus
ÉMILE m French
French form of Aemilius
). This name was borne by French author Émile Zola (1840-1902).
EMILIANO m Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of the Roman cognomen Aemilianus
, which was itself derived from the family name Aemilius
EMİRHAN m Turkish
Derived from Turkish emir
"amir, prince" and han
"khan, ruler, leader".
EMLYN m Welsh
Probably from the name of an ancient region in Wales, its name meaning "around the valley". It has also been suggested that this name is a Welsh form of Aemilianus
EMMANUEL m Biblical, French, English
From the Hebrew name עִמָּנוּאֵל ('Immanu'el)
meaning "God is with us"
, from the roots עִם ('im)
meaning "with" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". This was the foretold name of the Messiah in the Old Testament. It has been used in England since the 16th century in the spellings Emmanuel
, though it has not been widespread. The name has been more common in continental Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal (in the spellings Manuel
EMMERICH m German, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, in which the second element is ric
meaning "ruler". The first element may be ermen
"whole, universal" (making it a relative of Ermenrich
"work, labour" (making it a relative of Amalric
) or heim
"home" (making it a relative of Henry
). It is likely that several forms merged into a single name.
EMMET m English
Variant of EMMETT
. It is used in Ireland in honour of the nationalist and rebel Robert Emmet (1778-1803).
EMMETT m English
From an English surname that was derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name EMMA
EMRE m Turkish
Means "friend, brother"
in Turkish. This name was borne by the 13th-century Turkish poet Yunus Emre.
EMRYS m Welsh
Welsh form of AMBROSE
. Emrys Wledig (or Ambrosius Aurelianus) was a Romano-British military leader who fought against the invading Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century. Tales of his life were used by the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth to create the character of Merlin, who he called Merlinus Ambrosius or Myrddin Emrys.
ENDYMION m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ἐνδύω (endyo)
meaning "to dive into, to enter"
. In Greek mythology he was an Aeolian mortal loved by the moon goddess Selene
, who asked Zeus
to grant him eternal life. Zeus complied by putting him into an eternal sleep in a cave on Mount Latmos.
ENEKO m Basque
Possibly derived from Basque ene
"my" and ko
, a diminutive suffix. This was the name of the first king of Pamplona or Navarre (9th century), whose name is usually rendered as Íñigo
ENGEL m & f German (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Originally this was a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element angil
, referring to the Germanic tribe known in English as the Angles. Since the Middle Ages it has been firmly associated with the German word engel
ENGELBERT m German, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements angil
, the name of a Germanic tribe known in English as the Angles, and beraht
"bright". Saint Engelbert was a 13th-century archbishop of Cologne murdered by assassins.
ENGUERRAND m Medieval French
Medieval French form of the Germanic name Engilram
, which was composed of the elements angil
, the name of a Germanic tribe known in English as the Angles, and hramn
"raven". This was the name of several French nobles from Picardy.
ENKI m Sumerian Mythology
From Sumerian 𒂗 (en)
meaning "lord" and 𒆠 (ki)
meaning "earth, ground" (though maybe originally from 𒆳 (kur)
meaning "underworld, mountain"). Enki, called Ea
by the Akkadians, Assyrians and Babylonians, was the Sumerian god of water and wisdom and the keeper of the Me, the divine laws.
ENLIL m Sumerian Mythology
From Sumerian 𒂗 (en)
meaning "lord" and possibly 𒆤 (lil)
meaning "wind". Enlil was the Sumerian god of the wind and storms, the son of An
. He was later worshipped by the Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, and other Mesopotamian peoples.
ÉNNA m Irish
Possibly means "bird-like"
in Irish. This was the name of several Irish kings and heroes. It was also borne by a 6th-century saint who built the monastery of Killeany.
ENNIO m Italian
Italian form of the Roman family name Ennius
, which is of unknown meaning. Quintus Ennius was an early Roman poet.
ENNIS m English
From an Irish surname that was derived from inis
ENRICO m Italian
Italian form of Heinrich
). Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) was an Italian physicist who did work on the development of the nuclear bomb.
ENZO m Italian
The meaning of this name is uncertain. In some cases it seems to be an old Italian form of HEINZ
, though in other cases it could be a variant of the Germanic name ANZO
. In modern times it is also used as a short form of names ending in enzo
, such as VINCENZO
EOFORWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements eofor
"boar" and wine
"friend". This name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest.
EOGHAN m Irish, Scottish, Irish Mythology
Possibly means "born from the yew tree"
in Irish, though it is possibly derived from EUGENE
. It was borne by several legendary or semi-legendary Irish figures, including a son of Niall
of the Nine Hostages.
EPIFANIO m Spanish, Italian
From the Latin name Epiphanius
, which was from the Greek name Ἐπιφάνιος (Epiphanios)
, itself derived from the Greek word ἐπιφάνεια (epiphaneia)
meaning "appearance, manifestation"
. This name was borne by a few early saints. It is associated with the event known in English as the Epiphany (Spanish Epifanía
, Italian Epifania
, Latin Epiphania
), the coming of the three Magi to visit the infant Jesus
EPIKTETOS m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name meaning "newly acquired"
. This was the name of a 1st-century Greek stoic philosopher.
EPIMETHEUS m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ἐπιμήθεια (epimetheia)
meaning "hindsight, hindthought"
. In Greek mythology he was a Titan, the brother of the god of forethought Prometheus.
EPIPHANES m Ancient Greek
Means "appearing, manifesting"
in Greek. This was an epithet of two 2nd-century BC Hellenistic rulers: the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and the Ptolemaic king Ptolemy V.
ERAN m Biblical
Means "watchful, vigilant"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a grandson of Ephraim.
ERASMUS m Late Greek (Latinized)
Derived from Greek ἐράσμιος (erasmios)
. Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron saint of sailors. Erasmus was also the name of a Dutch scholar of the Renaissance period.
ERASTUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἔραστος (Erastos)
. This was the name of an assistant of Paul
mentioned in Acts and two epistles in the New Testament.
ERCAN m Turkish
From Turkish er
meaning "brave man" and can
meaning "soul, life".
ERDMANN m German (Archaic)
Variant of HARTMANN
. It can also be interpreted as meaning "earth man" from German Erde
"earth", and thus was sometimes used as a translation of Adam
EREKLE m Georgian
Georgian form of Herakleios
). This name was borne by two Georgian kings of the Bagrationi dynasty.
ERHAN m Turkish
From Turkish er
"brave man" and han
, which is from the title khan
ERIC m English, Swedish, German, Spanish
Means "ever ruler"
, from the Old Norse name Eiríkr
, derived from the elements ei
"ever, always" and ríkr
"ruler, mighty". A notable bearer was Eiríkr inn Rauda (Eric the Red in English), a 10th-century navigator and explorer who discovered Greenland. This was also the name of several early kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.... [more]
ERICH m German
German form of ERIC
. The German novelist Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970) was the author of All Quiet on the Western Front
ERIK m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian, German, Dutch, English
Scandinavian form of ERIC
. This was the name of kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. King Erik IX of Sweden (12th century) is the patron saint of that country.
ERLAND m Swedish, Danish
From the Old Norse byname Erlendr
, which was derived from ørlendr
ERLING m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Means "descendant of the jarl"
, a derivative of the Old Norse word jarl
meaning "chieftain, nobleman, earl".
ERMENRICH m Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic elements ermen
"whole, universal" and ric
"ruler, mighty". Ermenrich (also often called Ermanaric) was a 4th-century Gothic king.
ERMETE m Italian
Derived from Hermetis
, the Latin genitive form of HERMES
, the name of the Greek messenger god.
ERNEST m English, French, Catalan, Polish
Derived from Germanic eornost
. It was introduced to England by the German House of Hanover when they inherited the British throne in the 18th century, though it did not become common until the following century. The American author and adventurer Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was a famous bearer of the name. It was also used by Oscar Wilde for a character in his comedy The Importance of Being Earnest