GRATIAN m History
From the Roman name Gratianus
, which meant "grace"
from Latin gratus
. Saint Gratian was the first bishop of Tours (4th century). This was also the name of a Roman emperor.
GRAY m & f English
From an English surname meaning "grey"
, originally given to a person who had grey hair or clothing.
GRAYSON m English (Modern)
From an English surname meaning "son of the steward"
, derived from Middle English greyve
GREGOR m German, Scottish, Slovak, Slovene
German, Scottish, Slovak and Slovene form of Gregorius
). A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
GREGORY m English
English form of Latin Gregorius
, which was from the Late Greek name Γρηγοριος (Gregorios)
, derived from γρηγορος (gregoros)
meaning "watchful, alert"
. This name was popular among early Christians, being borne by a number of important saints including Saint Gregory Thaumaturgus (3rd century), Saint Gregory the Illuminator (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nyssa (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nazianzus (4th century), and Saint Gregory of Tours (6th century). It was also borne by the 6th-century pope Saint Gregory I the Great, a reformer and Doctor of the Church, as well as 15 subsequent popes.... [more]
GRESHAM m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "grazing homestead"
in Old English.
GRIFFIN m English
Latinized form of GRUFFUDD
. This name can also be inspired by the English word griffin
, a creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle, ultimately from Greek γρυψ (gryps)
GRIGORIY m Russian
Russian form of GREGORY
. This name was borne by the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916), more commonly known by only his surname.
GROVER m English
From a surname meaning "grove of trees"
from Old English graf
. A famous bearer was the American president Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), who popularized the name in the United States at the end of the 19th century. The name is now associated with a muppet character from the children's television program Sesame Street
GRUFFUDD m Welsh
From the Old Welsh name Grippiud
, the second element deriving from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" but the first element being of uncertain meaning (possibly cryf
"strong"). This was a common name among medieval Welsh royalty. Gruffudd (or Gruffydd) ap Llywelyn was an 11th-century Welsh ruler who fought against England.
GRWN m Welsh
in Welsh. This is a Welsh name of recent origin.
GUADALUPE f & m Spanish
From a Spanish title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
, meaning "Our Lady of Guadalupe". Guadalupe is a Spanish place name, the site of a famous convent, derived from Arabic وادي (wadi)
meaning "valley, river" possibly combined with Latin lupus
meaning "wolf". In the 16th century Our Lady of Guadalupe supposedly appeared in a vision to a native Mexican man, and she is now regarded as a patron saint of the Americas.
GUANTING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 廷 (tíng)
meaning "court". This name can also be formed from other character combinations.
GUANYU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 宇 (yǔ)
meaning "house, eaves, universe". Other character combinations are possible.
GUIDO m Italian, German
Latinized form of WIDO
. This was the name of two 11th-century saints. Other notable bearers include 11th-century music theorist Guido d'Arezzo, 13th-century poet Guido Cavalcanti, and 17th-century painter Guido Reni.
GUIOMAR f & m Portuguese, Spanish, Arthurian Romance
Possibly derived from the Germanic name Wigmar
, which is formed of the elements wig
"war, battle" and mari
"famous". In the medieval Lancelot-Grail
cycle he plays a minor role as a cousin of Guinevere, who banishes him after he becomes a lover of Morgan le Fey. In modern Portugal and Spain it is a feminine name.
GUIYING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 桂 (guì)
meaning "laurel, cassia, cinnamon" combined with 英 (yīng)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed from other character combinations as well.
GUL m & f Urdu, Pashto
Means "flower, rose"
in Urdu and Pashto, ultimately from Persian.
GÜNTHER m German, Germanic Mythology
From the Germanic name Gundahar
, derived from the elements gund
"war" and hari
"army, warrior". This was the name of a semi-legendary 5th-century Burgundian king. He appears in the Germanic saga the Nibelungenlied
, which has him wooing the Icelandic queen Brünhild
. He wins her hand in marriage with the help of the hero Siegfried
. He ultimately betrays Siegfried, but Siegfried's widow Kriemhild
(Günther's sister) takes her revenge upon him.
GUNTRAM m German
Means "war raven"
from the Germanic elements gund
"war" and hramn
"raven". This was the name of a 6th-century Frankish king.
GUO m & f Chinese
From Chinese 国 (guó)
meaning "country" or other Chinese characters pronounced in a similar way.
GURGEN m Armenian, Georgian
Derived from Middle Persian gurg
"wolf" combined with a diminutive suffix. This name was borne by several Georgian kings and princes.
GUSTAV m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Czech
Possibly means "staff of the Geats"
, derived from the Old Norse elements gautr
"Geat, Goth" and stafr
"staff". However, the root name Gautstafr
is not well attested in the Old Norse period. Alternatively, it might be derived from the Slavic name GOSTISLAV
. This name has been borne by six kings of Sweden, including the 16th-century Gustav I Vasa.
GUSTAVE m French
French form of GUSTAV
. This name was borne by the French artist Gustave Doré (1832-1883).
GUY (1) m English, French
Norman French form of WIDO
. The Normans introduced it to England, where it was common until the time of Guy Fawkes (1570-1606), a revolutionary who attempted to blow up the British parliament. The name was revived in the 19th century, due in part to characters in the novels Guy Mannering
(1815) by Sir Walter Scott and The Heir of Redclyffe
(1854) by C. M. Yonge.
GWALCHMEI m Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh gwalch
"hawk", possibly combined with mei
"May (the month)". This is the name of a character in Welsh legend. He is probably the antecedent of Gawain
from Arthurian romance.
GWENAËL m French, Breton
Means "blessed and generous"
from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" and hael
meaning "generous". Saint Gwenhael was a 6th-century abbot of Brittany.
GWENDAL m Breton
Derived from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" and tal
meaning "brow, forehead".
GWENNEG m Breton
Derived from Breton gwenn
meaning "white, fair, blessed"
combined with a diminutive suffix. Saint Gwenneg was an 8th-century monk of Brittany.
GWRTHEYRN m Ancient Celtic
Means "supreme king"
from Welsh gor
meaning "over" and teyrn
meaning "king, monarch". It is possible that this is not a name, but a title. According to medieval chroniclers, Gwrtheyrn (also known as Vortigern) was a 5th-century king of the Britons. It was he who invited the brothers Hengist
to Britain, which eventually led to the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England.
GWYDION m Welsh Mythology
Means "born of trees"
in Welsh. In the Mabinogion, Gwydion was the nephew of Math
, and like him a powerful magician. He was the uncle of Lleu
Llaw Gyffes, for whom he fashioned a wife, Blodeuwedd
, out of flowers.
GWYN m Welsh
Means "white, fair, blessed"
GWYNEDD f & m Welsh
From the name of a region in Wales, named after an ancient kingdom, which may be derived from the old Welsh given name Cunedda
GWYNFOR m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh element gwyn
meaning "white, fair, blessed" combined with mawr
meaning "great, large".
GYATSO m Tibetan
From Tibetan རྒྱ་མཚོ (rgya-mtsho)
. This is one of the given names of the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (1935-).
GYEONG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 京 (gyeong)
meaning "capital city", 景 (gyeong)
meaning "scenery, view", 敬 (gyeong)
meaning "respect, honour", or other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
GYULA m Hungarian
From a Hungarian royal title, which was probably of Turkic origin. This name is also used as a Hungarian form of JULIUS
HABAKKUK m Biblical
From the Hebrew name חֲבַקּוּק (Chavaqquq)
, perhaps meaning "embrace"
from the root חָבַק (chavaq)
. In the Old Testament this is one of the twelve minor prophets, the author of the Book of Habakkuk.
HACHIRŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 八 (hachi)
meaning "eight" and 郎 (rō)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the eighth son. Other kanji combinations are also possible.
HADAD m Semitic Mythology
Derived from a Semitic root meaning "thunder"
. Hadad was a Western Semitic (Levantine) god of thunder and storms, often called Ba'al
. He was imported to Mesopotamia by the Amorites, where he was known as Adad
to the Assyrians and Babylonians.
HADLEY f & m English
From an English surname that was derived from a place name meaning "heather field"
in Old English.
HADRIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Hadrianus
, which meant "from Hadria"
in Latin. Hadria was the name of two Roman settlements. The first (modern Adria) is in northern Italy and was an important Etruscan port town. The second (modern Atri) is in central Italy and was named after the northern town. The Adriatic Sea is also named after the northern town.... [more]
HAFIZ m Arabic
Means "custodian, guardian"
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحفيظ (al-Hafiz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HAGEN (1) m German, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic element hagan
. In the Germanic saga the Nibelungenlied
he is the half-brother of Günther
. He killed the hero Siegfried
by luring him onto a hunting expedition and then stabbing him with a javelin in his one vulnerable spot.
HAGGAI m Biblical
in Hebrew, from the root חָגַג (chagag)
. This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He was the author of the Book of Haggai, which urges the exiles returning from Babylonia to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
HAI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 海 (hǎi)
meaning "sea, ocean" or other characters that are pronounced similarly.
HAJI m Arabic
Refers to a person who has participated in the حَجّ (hajj)
, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia that Muslims must undertake at least once in their lifetimes.
HA-JUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 夏 (ha)
meaning "summer, great, grand" combined with 准 (jun)
meaning "approve, permit". This name can be formed by other hanja characters as well.
HAKEEM m Arabic
Alternate transcription of Arabic حكيم
). A famous bearer is Nigerian-born former basketball player Hakeem Olajuwon (1963-).
HAKIM m Arabic
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحكيم (al-Hakim)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HÅKON m Norwegian
Modern Norwegian form of the Old Norse name Hákon
, which meant "high son"
"high" and konr
"son, descendant". This was the name of seven kings of Norway.
HALDOR m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Hallþórr
, which meant "Thor's rock"
"rock" combined with the name of the Norse god Þórr
HALE (2) m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "nook, retreat"
from Old English healh
HALFDAN m Norwegian, Danish
From the Old Norse name Hálfdan
meaning "half Danish"
, composed of the elements hálfr
"half" and Danr
"Dane", originally a nickname for a person who was half Danish.
HALIM m Arabic
Means "patient, tolerant, mild"
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الحليم (al-Halim)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
HALL m English
From a surname that was derived from Old English heall "manor, hall"
, originally belonging to a person who lived or worked in a manor.
HALLAM m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning either "at the rocks"
or "at the nook"
in Old English.
HALLE (1) m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Halli
, a diminutive of names containing the element hallr
HALVARD m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Hallvarðr
, which meant "rock guardian"
"rock" combined with varðr
HAM m Biblical
Means "hot, warm"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Ham is one of Noah
's three sons, along with Shem
. He was the ancestor of the Egyptians and Canaanites.
HAMA m Anglo-Saxon Mythology
From Old English ham
. This is the name of a Gothic warrior who appears with his companion of Wudga in some Anglo-Saxon tales (briefly in Beowulf
HAMAN m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Meaning uncertain, of Persian origin. In the Book of Esther in the Old Testament Haman, called the Agagite, is an adviser to the Persian king. He plots to have all the Jews in the realm executed, but is foiled by Queen Esther
HAMILTON m English
From a surname that was derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and dun
"hill". The surname was originally taken from the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). A famous bearer of the surname was Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), a founding father of the United States who was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr.
HAMLET m Literature, Armenian
Anglicized form of the Danish name Amleth
. Shakespeare used this name for the Prince of Denmark in his play Hamlet
(1600), which he based upon earlier Danish tales.
HAMMOND m English (Rare)
From an English surname that was derived from either the Germanic given name Haimund
, which meant "home protection", or else the Old Norse given name Hámundr
, which meant "high protection".
HAMNET m English (Archaic)
Diminutive of HAMO
. This was the name of a son of Shakespeare who died in childhood. His death may have provided the inspiration for his father's play Hamlet
HAMZA m Arabic, Turkish, Bosnian
Possibly derived from Arabic hamuza
meaning "strong, steadfast"
. This was the name of the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad
who was killed in battle.
HANAN (1) m Biblical
in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
HANK m English
Originally a short form of Hankin
, which was a medieval diminutive of JOHN
. Since the 17th century in the United States this name has also been used as a diminutive of HENRY
, probably under the influence of the Dutch diminutive HENK
. A famous bearer is the American former baseball player Hank Aaron (1934-).
HANNIBAL m Phoenician (Latinized), History
Means "grace of Ba'al"
from Phoenician hann
"grace" combined with the name of the god BA'AL
. Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who threatened Rome during the Second Punic War in the 3rd century BC.
HANS m German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German short form of JOHANNES
, now used independently. This name has been very common in German-speaking areas of Europe since the late Middle Ages. From an early period it was transmitted to the Low Countries and Scandinavia. Two famous bearers were Hans Holbein (1497-1543), a German portrait painter, and Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), a Danish writer of fairy tales.
HANZŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 半 (han)
meaning "half" and 蔵 (zō)
meaning "to hide". This name was borne by the noted samurai Hattori Hanzou (1542-1596). The name can also be formed from other kanji combinations.
HARDING m English
From an English surname that was derived from the Old English given name HEARD
. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Warren G. Harding (1865-1923).