IVAN m Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Serbian, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Macedonian, Slovene, English, Italian, Romanian, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Newer form of the old Slavic name Іѡаннъ (Ioannu)
, which was derived from Greek Ioannes
). This was the name of six Russian rulers, including the 15th-century Ivan III the Great and 16th-century Ivan IV the Terrible, the first tsar of Russia. It was also borne by nine emperors of Bulgaria. Other notable bearers include the Russian author Ivan Turgenev (1818-1883), who wrote Fathers and Sons
, and the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), who is best known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
IVAYLO m Bulgarian
Perhaps derived from an old Bulgar name meaning "wolf"
. This was the name of a 13th-century emperor of Bulgaria. It is possible that this spelling was the result of a 15th-century misreading of his real name Vulo
from historical documents.
IVES m History
English form of YVES
, used to refer to Saint Ives (also called Ivo) of Huntingdonshire, a semi-legendary English bishop.
IVO (1) m German, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese, Czech, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element iv
. Alternative theories suggest that it may in fact be derived from a cognate Celtic element. This was the name of several saints (who are also commonly known as Saint Yves
IVOR m Irish, Scottish, Welsh, English (British)
From the Old Norse name Ívarr
, which was derived from the elements yr
"yew, bow" and arr
"warrior". During the Middle Ages it was brought to Britain by Scandinavian settlers and invaders, and it was adopted in Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
IVORY m & f African American
From the English word for the hard, creamy-white substance that comes from elephant tusks and was formerly used to produce piano keys.
IZANAGI m Japanese Mythology
Means "male who invites"
in Japanese. In Japanese mythology the god Izanagi was the husband of Izanami
. When she died he unsuccessfully journeyed to the underworld to retrieve her. In the purifying rites that followed his return the gods of the sun, moon and wind were created.
IZTOK m Slovene
Derived from a South Slavic word meaning "east"
IZZ AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "glory of religion"
, derived from Arabic عزّ ('izz)
meaning "glory, power" and دين (din)
meaning "religion". In the 13th century Izz al-Din Aybak became the first Mamluk ruler of Egypt. The Mamluks were a warrior caste who were originally slaves.
JAALA m Biblical
Means "wild goat"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a servant of Solomon.
JAASAU m Biblical
Means "they will do"
in Hebrew. This was the name of a descendant of Bani in the Old Testament.
JABBAR m Arabic
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الجبّار (al-Jabbar)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
JABEZ m Biblical
in Hebrew. This is the name of a character in the Old Testament who is blessed by God.
JABIN m Biblical
in Hebrew. This name was borne by two kings of Hazor in the Old Testament.
JABR m Arabic
Means "consolation, assistance"
JACENTY m Polish (Rare)
Polish form of HYACINTHUS
. Saint Jacenty was a 13th-century Dominican monk from Krakow who was said to have taken missionary journeys throughout northern Europe and Asia.
JACHIN m Biblical
Means "he establishes"
in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Simeon
in the Old Testament. It was also the name of one of the two pillars that stood outside Solomon's Temple, Boaz
being the other.
JACK m English
Derived from Jackin
), a medieval diminutive of JOHN
. It is often regarded as an independent name. During the Middle Ages it was very common, and it became a slang word meaning "man". It was frequently used in fairy tales and nursery rhymes, such as Jack and the Beanstalk
, Little Jack Horner
, and Jack Sprat
JACKIE m & f English
Diminutive of JACK
. A notable bearer was baseball player Jackie Robinson (1919-1972), the first African American to play in Major League Baseball.
JACKSON m English
From an English surname meaning "son of JACK"
. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845).
JACOB m English, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Latin Iacob
, which was from the Greek Ἰακώβ (Iakob)
, which was from the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב (Ya'aqov)
. In the Old Testament Jacob (later called Israel
) is the son of Isaac
and the father of the twelve founders of the twelve tribes of Israel. He was born holding his twin brother Esau
's heel, and his name is explained as meaning "holder of the heel"
, because he twice deprived his brother of his rights as the firstborn son (see Genesis 27:36
). Other theories claim that it is in fact derived from a hypothetical name like יַעֲקֹבְאֵל (Ya'aqov'el)
meaning "may God protect"
JACOBO m Spanish
Spanish form of Iacobus
, the New Testament Latin form of JAMES
. The apostles are also commonly denoted Santiago
JAD m Arabic
in Arabic. This name is most common in Lebanon.
JADA (2) m Biblical
Means "he knows"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Jada is a son of Onam.
JADE f & m English, French
From the name of the precious stone that is often used in carvings. It is derived from Spanish (piedra de la) ijada
meaning "(stone of the) flank", relating to the belief that jade could cure renal colic. As a given name, it came into general use during the 1970s. It was initially unisex, though it is now mostly feminine.
JADEN m & f English (Modern)
An invented name, using the popular den
suffix sound found in such names as Braden
. This name first became common in American in the 1990s when similar-sounding names were increasing in popularity. It is sometimes considered a variant of JADON
JADON m Biblical
Possibly means either "thankful"
or "he will judge"
in Hebrew. This name is borne by a minor character in the Old Testament.
JAE (1) m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 才 (jae)
meaning "talent, ability" or 財 (jae)
meaning "wealth, riches", as well as other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
JAE-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 在 (jae)
meaning "located at, exist" or 宰 (jae)
meaning "kill, rule" combined with 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" or 誠 (seong)
meaning "sincere, honest, true". Other hanja combinations are possible.
JAFAR m Arabic, Persian
in Arabic. Jafar ibn Abi Talib was a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad
who was killed fighting against Byzantium in the 7th century. Another notable bearer was Jafar al-Sadiq, the sixth Shia imam.
JAHAN m Persian
in Persian. This name was borne by Shah Jahan, a 17th-century Mughal emperor who is best known as the builder of the Taj Mahal.
JAHANGIR m Persian, Urdu
Means "world conqueror"
in Persian. This was the name of a 17th-century Mughal emperor.
JAHLEEL m Biblical
Means "God waits"
in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
JAIRUS m Biblical
From Ἰάϊρος (Iairos)
, the Greek form of JAIR
used in the New Testament, where it belongs to the father of a young girl brought back to life by Jesus
JAKUB m Polish, Czech, Slovak
Polish, Czech and Slovak form of JACOB
). In Polish and Slovak this refers to both the Old Testament patriarch and the New Testament apostles, while in Czech this is used only for the apostles (with Jákob
for the patriarch).
JALEN m African American (Modern)
An invented name. In America it was popularized in the 1990s by basketball player Jalen Rose (1973-), whose name was a combination of those of his father James
and maternal uncle Leonard
JAM m Persian Mythology
Persian form of Avestan Yima
(related to Sanskrit Yama
). This was the name of a mythological king, more commonly called Jamshid
JAMAL AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "beauty of the faith"
from Arabic جمال (jamal)
meaning "beauty" and دين (din)
meaning "religion, faith". Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1839-1897) was a political activist who promoted pan-Islamism.
JAMES m English, Biblical
English form of the Late Latin name Iacomus
, a variant of the Biblical Latin form Iacobus
, from the Hebrew name Ya'aqov
). This was the name of two apostles in the New Testament. The first was Saint James the Greater, the apostle John
's brother, who was beheaded under Herod Agrippa in the Book of Acts. The second was James the Lesser, son of Alphaeus. Another James (known as James the Just) is also mentioned in the Bible as being the brother of Jesus
JAMIE m & f Scottish, English
Originally a Lowland Scots diminutive of JAMES
. Since the late 19th century it has also been used as a feminine form.
JAMIN m Biblical
Means "right hand"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Simeon
JAMSHID m Persian, Uzbek, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Yima Kshaeta
, which meant "shining JAM"
. This was the name of a mythological king of Persia. He is known as either Jamshid
, where Jamshid
is a combination of his original name and an honourific.
JANUARIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "January"
in Latin. The name of the month derives from the name of the Roman god Janus
. Saint Januarius, the patron saint of Naples, was a bishop who was beheaded during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century.
JANUS m Roman Mythology
in Latin. Janus was the Roman god of gateways and beginnings, often depicted as having two faces looking in opposite directions. The month of January is named for him.
JANUSZ m Polish
Polish variant of JAN (1)
, originally a medieval diminutive but now used independently.
JANVIER m French
French form of JANUARIUS
. Though now rare in France, it is more common in French-speaking parts of Africa.
JAPHETH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name יֶפֶת (Yefet)
. In the Old Testament he is one of the three sons of Noah
, along with Shem
. He was the ancestor of the peoples of Europe and Northern Asia.
JARAH m Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a descendant of Saul
JARED m English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יָרֶד (Yared)
or יֶרֶד (Yered)
. This is the name of a close descendant of Adam
in the Old Testament. It has been used as an English name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popularized in the 1960s by the character Jarrod Barkley on the television series The Big Valley
JARMIL m Czech
Derived from the Slavic elements yaru
meaning "fierce, energetic" and milu
meaning "gracious, dear".
JAROSŁAW m Polish
Means "fierce and glorious"
, derived from the Slavic elements yaru
meaning "fierce, energetic" and slava
JASON m English, French, Greek Mythology (Anglicized), Biblical
From the Greek name Ἰάσων (Iason)
, derived from Greek ἰάομαι (iaomai)
meaning "to heal". In Greek mythology Jason was the leader of the Argonauts. After his uncle Pelias overthrew his father Aeson
as king of Iolcos, Jason went in search of the Golden Fleece in order to win back the throne. During his journeys he married the sorceress Medea
, who helped him gain the fleece and kill his uncle, but who later turned against him when he fell in love with another woman.... [more]
JASPER m English, Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
From Latin Gaspar
, perhaps from the biblical Hebrew word גִּזְבָּר (gizbar)
, derived from Persian ganzabara
. This name was traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus
. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since the Middle Ages. The name can also be given in reference to the English word for the gemstone.
JAVAN m Biblical
in Hebrew, possibly related to ION (2)
. In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Noah
and the ancestor of the Greek peoples.
JAVOHIR m Uzbek
in Uzbek, ultimately from Persian.
JAWDAT m & f Arabic
Means "goodness, excellence"
, derived from Arabic جاد (jada)
meaning "to be excellent".
JAY (1) m English
Short form of names beginning with the sound J
, such as JAMES
. It was originally used in America in honour of founding father John Jay (1749-1825), whose surname was derived from the jaybird.
JAYA f & m Hinduism, Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Hindi, Marathi
Derived from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
. This is a transcription of both the feminine form जया
(an epithet of the Hindu goddess Durga
) and the masculine form जय
(borne by several characters in Hindu texts). As a modern personal name, this transcription is both feminine and masculine in southern India, but typically only feminine in the north.
JAYADEVA m Sanskrit
Means "divine victory"
from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
meaning "victory" and देव (deva)
meaning "god". This was the name of a 13th-century Indian poet.
JAYDEN m & f English (Modern)
Variant of JADEN
. This spelling continued to rapidly rise in popularity in the United States past 2003, unlike Jaden
, which stalled. It peaked at the fourth rank for boys in 2010, showing tremendous growth over only two decades. It has since declined.
JAYENDRA m Indian, Hindi
Means "lord of victory"
from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
meaning "victory" combined with the name of the god INDRA
, used here to mean "lord".
JEAN (1) m French
Modern French form of Jehan
, the Old French form of Iohannes
). Since the 12th century it has consistently been the most common male name in France. It finally dropped from the top rank in 1958, unseated by Philippe
JEB m English
Sometimes a diminutive of JACOB
. This name may have also resulted from a nickname of James Ewell Brown Stuart (1833-1864), a Confederate general in the American Civil War, which was formed from the initial letters of his three given names.
JEFFERSON m English
From an English surname meaning "son of JEFFREY"
. It is usually given in honour of Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), the third president of the United States and the primary author of the Declaration of Independence.
JEFFREY m English
Medieval variant of GEOFFREY
. In America, Jeffrey
has been more common than Geoffrey
, though this is not true in Britain.
JEHIEL m Biblical
Means "God will live"
in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament, including one of King David
's lute players.
JEHOASH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹאָשׁ (Yeho'ash)
, an extended form of יוֹאָשׁ
). According to the Old Testament, this was the name of a king of Israel. He probably reigned in the 8th century BC.
JEHOHANAN m Biblical
From the Hebrew name Yehochanan
, an extended form of Yochanan
). It is borne by a few minor characters in the English Old Testament.
JEHOIACHIN m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH establishes"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah. Also known as Jeconiah
, he was imprisoned in Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar
after a brief reign in the early 6th century BC.
JEHOIAKIM m Biblical
Means "raised by YAHWEH"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah. He lived in the 7th century BC, and was the son of Josiah
and the father of Jehoiachin
JEHORAM m Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹרָם (Yehoram)
meaning "exalted by YAHWEH"
. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah and a king of Israel, both of whom ruled at about the same time in the 9th century BC.
JEHOSHAPHAT m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH has judged"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the fourth king of Judah, noted for having a generally peaceful and prosperous reign.
JEHOSHEBA m Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹשֶׁבַע (Yehosheva')
meaning "YAHWEH is an oath"
. In the Old Testament she is the daughter of King Jehoram
of Judah. With her husband Jehoiada she rescued the future king Joash
, her nephew, from a purge.
JEHOVAH m Theology
Form of YAHWEH
used in older translations of the Bible, produced by blending the letters of the Tetragrammaton with the vowels from ADONAI
JEHU m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH is he"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Israel. He ruled in the 9th century BC, coming to power by overthrowing Jehoram
. This was also the name of a prophet during the reign of the king Baasha.
JEHUDI m Biblical
in Hebrew, ultimately referring to a person from the tribe of Judah
. In the Old Testament this is the name of a servant of King Jehoiakim
JELANI m African American
Possibly a form of the Arabic surname الجيلاني (al-Jilani)
, notably borne by the 12th-century Persian Sufi leader Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (or Abdul Qadir Gilani), indicating he came from the town of Gilan near Baghdad.
JELLE m Frisian, Dutch
Originally a Frisian short form of Germanic names beginning with the element gild
"sacrifice, value". It can also be a Dutch diminutive of WILLEM
JENŐ m Hungarian
From the name of an ancient Hungarian tribe. Since the 19th century it has been used as a Hungarian form of EUGENE
JEONG f & m Korean
From Sino-Korean 靜 (jeong)
meaning "quiet, still, gentle" or 貞 (jeong)
meaning "virtuous, chaste, loyal", as well as other characters that are pronounced similarly. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
JEONG-HO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 正 (jeong)
meaning "right, proper, correct" combined with 好 (ho)
meaning "good, excellent" or 浩 (ho)
meaning "great, numerous, vast". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
JEONG-HUI f & m Korean
From Sino-Korean 正 (jeong)
meaning "right, proper, correct" or 靜 (jeong)
meaning "quiet, still, gentle" combined with 姬 (hui)
meaning "beauty" or 熙 (hui)
meaning "bright, splendid, glorious". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well.
JEONG-HUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 正 (jeong)
meaning "right, proper, correct" and 勛 (hun)
meaning "meritorious deed, rank", as well as other hanja character combinations.