PHINEHAS m Biblical
Probably means "Nubian"
from the Egyptian name Panhsj
, though some believe it means "serpent's mouth"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Phinehas is a grandson of Aaron
who kills an Israelite because he is intimate with a Midianite woman, thus stopping a plague sent by God. Also in the Bible this is the son of Eli
, killed in battle with the Philistines.
PHINEUS m Greek Mythology
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Greek φίνις (phinis)
, a variant of φήνη (phene)
. According to Greek mythology this was the name of a king of Thrace visited by Jason
and the Argonauts.
PHIRUN m Khmer
in Khmer, from the name of a rain god in the mythologies of southeast Asia. The god's name is possibly derived from VARUNA
PHOBOS m Greek Mythology
Means "fear, panic"
in Greek. This was one of the sons of Ares
in Greek mythology. Also, one of the moons of Mars bears this name.
PHOCAS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φωκᾶς (Phokas)
, which meant "seal (animal)"
from Greek φώκη (phoke)
. This was the name of an early saint and martyr from Asia Minor. Sentenced to death for being a Christian, he is said to have given his killers lodging and then dug his own grave before he was executed.
PHOENIX m & f English (Modern)
From the name of a beautiful immortal bird that appears in Egyptian and Greek mythology. After living for several centuries in the Arabian Desert, it would be consumed by fire and rise from its own ashes, with this cycle repeating every 500 years. The name of the bird was derived from Greek φοῖνιξ (phoinix)
meaning "dark red".
PHRIXUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Φρίξος (Phrixos)
meaning "thrilling, causing shivers"
, derived from φρίξ (phrix)
meaning "ripple, shiver". In Greek myth Phrixus was the son of Athamus and Nephele. He was to be sacrificed to Zeus
, but he escaped with his sister Helle on the back of the ram with the Golden Fleece.
PHÚC m & f Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 福 (phúc)
meaning "happiness, good fortune, blessing"
PIER m Italian, Dutch
Italian and Dutch variant form of PETER
. In Italian, this form is often used in combination with another name.
PIERO m Italian
Italian form of PETER
. Piero della Francesca was an Italian Renaissance painter.
PIERRE m French, Swedish
French form of PETER
. This name has been consistently popular in France since the 13th century, but fell out of the top 100 names in 2017. It was borne by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), a French impressionist painter, and Pierre Curie (1859-1906), a physicist who discovered radioactivity with his wife Marie.
PIETER m Dutch
Dutch form of PETER
. This name was borne by the 16th-century Flemish painter Pieter Brueghel the Elder.
PIETRO m Italian
Italian form of PETER
. Pietro was the given name of the Renaissance painter known as Perugino.
PING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 平 (píng)
meaning "level, even, peaceful". Other characters can also form this name.
PIP m & f English
Diminutive of PHILIP
. This was the name of the main character in Great Expectations
(1860) by Charles Dickens.
PIPPIN (2) m Literature
The name of a hobbit in The Lord of the Rings
(1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien. His full given name was Peregrin
, a semi-translation into English of his true hobbit name Razanur
PIRAN m Cornish
Possibly derived from CIARÁN
. This was the name of a 5th-century Irish monk who founded a monastery in Cornwall. He is the patron saint of Cornwall.
PITAMBARA m Hinduism
Derived from Sanskrit पीत (pita)
meaning "yellow" and अम्बर (ambara)
meaning "garment". This is another name of the Hindu gods Vishnu
, given to them because yellow clothing is traditionally worn at religious events.
PIUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "pious, dutiful"
. This was the name of twelve popes.
PLACIDO m Italian
Italian form of the Late Latin name Placidus
meaning "quiet, calm"
PLATO m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Πλάτων (Platon)
, which was derived from Greek πλατύς (platys)
. Plato was one of the most important of the Greek philosophers. He was a pupil of Socrates
and a teacher of Aristotle
. He constructed the theory of Forms and wrote several works, including the Republic
PLINY m History
From the Roman family name Plinius
, which is of unknown meaning. Two 1st-century Romans are known by this name: Gaius Plinius Secundus (called Pliny the Elder), a scientist and historian who died during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius; and Caius Plinius Caecilius Secundus (called Pliny the Younger), an author and statesman.
POLLUX m Roman Mythology
Roman form of Greek Πολυδεύκης (Polydeukes)
meaning "very sweet"
, from Greek πολύς (polys)
meaning "much" and δευκής (deukes)
meaning "sweet". In mythology he was the twin brother of Castor
and a son of Zeus
. The constellation Gemini, which represents the two brothers, contains a star by this name.
POMARE m & f Tahitian
Means "night cough"
, from Tahitian po
"night" and mare
"cough". This name was borne by four kings and a queen of Tahiti. The first king adopted the name after his child died of a cough in the night.
POMPEY m History
Modern form of the Roman family name Pompeius
, which was probably derived from a Sabellic word meaning "five"
. A notable bearer was the 1st-century BC Roman general Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, also known as Pompey the Great. Initially an ally of Julius Caesar, he later fought against him in the Roman civil war of 49-45 BC.
POMPILIU m Romanian
Romanian form of the Roman name Pompilius
, which is of unknown meaning, possibly a derivative of Pompeius
). Numa Pompilius was the legendary second king of Rome (after Romulus).
PONTIUS m Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman family name. The family had Samnite roots so the name probably originated from the Oscan language, likely meaning "fifth"
(a cognate of Latin Quintus
). Alternatively, it could be derived from the name of the ancient province of Pontus
in Asia Minor, itself probably from Greek πόντος (pontos)
. A notable bearer of this name was Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea who appears in the New Testament.
PONTUS (1) m Swedish
Possibly a form of PONTIUS
. It was brought to Sweden by the French general Pontus De la Gardie, who served under the Swedish king John III.
PORCIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "pig"
, derived from Latin porcus
. Famous members of the family include the Roman statesmen Cato the Elder (Marcus Porcius Cato) and his great-grandson Cato the Younger (Marcus Porcius Cato Uticencis).
PORFIRIO m Italian, Spanish
Derived from the Greek name Πορφύριος (Porphyrios)
, which was derived from the word πορφύρα (porphyra)
meaning "purple dye"
. This was the name of several early saints.
PORTER m English
From an occupational English surname meaning "doorkeeper"
, ultimately from Old French porte
"door", from Latin porta
POSEIDON m Greek Mythology
Possibly derived from Greek πόσις (posis)
meaning "husband, lord" and δᾶ (da)
meaning "earth". The name first appears in Mycenaean Greek inscriptions as po-se-da-o
. In Greek mythology Poseidon was the unruly god of the sea and earthquakes, the brother of Zeus
. He was often depicted carrying a trident and riding in a chariot drawn by white horses.
PRABHAKARA m Hinduism
Means "light maker"
, derived from Sanskrit प्रभा (prabha)
meaning "light" and कर (kara)
meaning "maker". This is a name given to the sun in Hindu texts. It was also borne by a medieval Hindu scholar.
PRADEEP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi प्रदीप
, Bengali প্রদিপ
, Malayalam പ്രദീപ്
, Kannada ಪ್ರದೀಪ್
, Telugu ప్రదీప్
, Tamil பிரதீப்
or Nepali प्रदिप
PRAKASH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Gujarati, Bengali, Odia, Nepali
Derived from Sanskrit प्रकाश (prakasha)
meaning "light, bright, shining"
PRASAD m Indian, Telugu, Marathi, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Odia, Bengali, Nepali
Means "brightness, clearness, graciousness, offering"
in Sanskrit. This is a word referring to an offering of food made to a deity.
PRAVEEN m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi प्रवीण
, Gujarati પ્રવીણ
, Kannada ಪ್ರವೀಣ್
, Telugu ప్రవీణ్
, Tamil பிரவீண்
or Malayalam പ്രവീൺ
PREBEN m Danish, Norwegian
Modern Danish form of the name Pridbjørn
, which was a medieval Scandinavian form of the Slavic (Wendish) name Pridbor
, which was derived from Slavic prid
meaning "first" and borti
meaning "battle". It was imported into Danish via the medieval Putbus family, who were Slavic nobles from Rügen in Pomerania.
PŘEMYSL m Czech
From an old Slavic name that meant "trick, stratagem"
, from pre
"over" and mysli
"thought, idea". This was the name of the founder of the Přemyslid dynasty, which ruled Bohemia from the 9th to the 14th century.
PRESLEY f & m English
From an English surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "priest clearing"
(Old English preost
). This surname was borne by musician Elvis Presley (1935-1977).
PRESTON m English
From an English surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "priest town"
(Old English preost
PRICE m Welsh
From a Welsh surname that was derived from ap Rhys
meaning "son of RHYS"
PRIDON m Georgian
Georgian form of FEREYDOUN
. It appears in the 12th-century Georgian epic poem The Knight in the Panther's Skin
, in which Pridon (fully Nuradin-Pridon) is a friend of Avtandil
PRIMITIVUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "first formed"
. Saint Primitivus was a 3rd-century Spanish martyr.
PRIMO m Italian
Italian form of the Late Latin name Primus
, which meant "first"
. This was the name of three early saints, each of whom was martyred.
PRINCE m English
From the English word prince
, a royal title, which comes ultimately from Latin princeps
. This name was borne by the American musician Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016), who is known simply as Prince.
PROCHORUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Πρόχορος (Prochoros)
meaning "leader of the dance"
. Saint Prochorus was one of the original seven deacons, as told in Acts in the New Testament.
PROKOPIOS m Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek προκοπή (prokope)
meaning "progress, advance"
. Saint Prokopios was an early Christian martyr who was beheaded in Palestine during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
PROMETHEUS m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek προμήθεια (prometheia)
meaning "foresight, forethought"
. In Greek myth he was the Titan who gave the knowledge of fire to mankind. For doing this he was punished by Zeus
, who had him chained to a rock and caused an eagle to feast daily on his liver, which regenerated itself each night. Herakles
eventually freed him.
PROSPER m French, English
From the Latin name Prosperus
, which meant "fortunate, successful"
. This was the name of a 5th-century saint, a supporter of Saint Augustine. It has never been common as an English name, though the Puritans used it, partly because it is identical to the English word prosper
PROSPERO m Italian
Italian form of PROSPER
. This was the name of the shipwrecked magician in The Tempest
(1611) by Shakespeare.
PRUDENCE f & m English, French
Medieval English form of Prudentia
, the feminine form of PRUDENTIUS
. In France it is both the feminine form and a rare masculine form. In England it was used during the Middle Ages and was revived in the 17th century by the Puritans, in part from the English word prudence
, ultimately of the same source.
PRUDENTIUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name derived from prudens "prudent, wise, skilled"
. This was the name of a 9th-century bishop of Troyes. He is considered a local saint there.
PRYDERI m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
in Welsh. According to Welsh legend this was the name of the son of Pwyll
. A central character in the Mabinogion, he succeeds his father as king of Dyfed, but is ultimately killed in single combat with Gwydion
PTAH m Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian ptḥ
meaning "opener, creator"
. Ptah was an Egyptian god associated with creation and the arts.
PTOLEMY m History
From the Greek name Πτολεμαῖος (Ptolemaios)
, derived from Greek πολεμήϊος (polemeios)
meaning "aggressive, warlike"
. Ptolemy was the name of several Greco-Egyptian rulers of Egypt, all descendants of Ptolemy I Soter, one of the generals of Alexander the Great. This was also the name of a Greek astronomer.
PUBLIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "public"
in Latin. This was among the more common of the Roman praenomina, being borne by (among others) the emperor Hadrian and the poet Virgil.
PUCK m & f Anglo-Saxon Mythology, Dutch
Meaning unknown, from Old English puca
. It could ultimately be of either Germanic or Celtic origin. In English legend this was the name of a mischievous spirit, also known as Robin Goodfellow. He appears in Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream
(1600). It is used in the Netherlands as mainly a feminine name.
PURDIE m & f English (Rare)
From an English surname that was derived from the Norman French expression pur die "by God"
. It was perhaps originally a nickname for a person who used the oath frequently.
PUTU m & f Balinese
in Balinese. Traditionally, this name is given to the first-born child.
PWYLL m Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh mythology, Pwyll is a king of Dyfed who pursues and finally marries Rhiannon
PYOTR m Russian
Russian form of PETER
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893).
PYTHAGORAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from PYTHIOS
, a name of Apollo
, combined with Greek ἀγορά (agora)
meaning "assembly, marketplace". This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician from Samos. He was the founder of a school of philosophy whose members believed that numbers described the universe.
PYTHIOS m Greek Mythology
From the Greek place name Πυθώ (Pytho)
, an older name of the city of Delphi, which was probably derived from Greek πύθω (pytho)
meaning "to rot". This was an epithet of Apollo
QADIR m Arabic
Means "capable, powerful"
in Arabic. This transcription represents two different ways of spelling the name in Arabic. In Islamic tradition القادر (al-Qadir)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
QASIM m Arabic, Urdu
Means "one who divides goods among his people"
, derived from Arabic قسم (qasama)
meaning "to share" or "to divide". This was the name of a son of the Prophet Muhammad
who died while young.
QAYS m Arabic
in Arabic. This was the real name of Majnun, the lover of Layla
, in Nizami Ganjavi's 12th-century poem Layla and Majnun
QIANG m Chinese
From Chinese 强 (qiáng)
meaning "strong, powerful, energetic", as well as other characters pronounced in a similar way.
QING f & m Chinese
From Chinese 青 (qīng)
meaning "blue, green, young", as well as other characters pronounced in a similar way.
QINGLONG m Chinese Mythology
From Chinese 青 (qīng)
meaning "blue, green" and 龙 (lóng)
meaning "dragon". This is the Chinese name of the Azure Dragon, associated with the east and the spring season.
QIU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 秋 (qiū)
meaning "autumn", 丘 (qiū)
meaning "hill, mound", or other characters with a similar pronunciation. The given name of the philosopher Confucius
QUENTIN m French, English
French form of the Roman name QUINTINUS
. It was borne by a 3rd-century saint, a missionary who was martyred in Gaul. The Normans introduced this name to England. In America it was brought to public attention by president Theodore Roosevelt's son Quentin Roosevelt (1897-1918), who was killed in World War I.
QUETZALCOATL m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "feathered snake"
in Nahuatl, derived from quetzalli
"feather" and coatl
"snake". In Aztec and other Mesoamerican mythology he was the god of the sky, wind, and knowledge, also associated with the morning star. According to one legend he created the humans of this age using the bones of humans from the previous age and adding his own blood.
QUINCTIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from the given name QUINTUS
(which was itself originally spelled Quinctus
). This was the name of a patrician family that was especially prominent during the early Republic.
QUINCY m English
From a surname that was derived (via the place name CUINCHY
) from the personal name QUINTUS
. A famous bearer was John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), sixth president of the United States, who was born in the town of Quincy, Massachusetts. Both the town and the president were named after his maternal great-grandfather John Quincy (1689-1767).
QUINLAN m English (Rare)
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Caoinlean
meaning "descendant of Caoinlean"
. The name Caoinlean
means "slender" in Gaelic.
QUINN m & f Irish, English
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Cuinn
meaning "descendant of CONN"
QUINTILIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Quintilianus
, earlier Quinctilianus
, which was itself derived from the family name QUINCTILIUS
. A notable bearer was the 1st-century rhetorician Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, simply known as Quintilian in English.
QUINTON m English
Variant of QUENTIN
, also coinciding with an English surname meaning "queen's town" in Old English.
QUINTUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "fifth"
in Latin. Originally, during the time of the early Roman Republic, it was spelled Quinctus
. This name was traditionally given to the fifth child, or possibly a child born in the fifth month. It was a common praenomen, being more popular than the other numeric Roman names. A notable bearer was the poet Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus).
QUIRINUS m Roman Mythology, Late Roman
Possibly derived from the Sabine word quiris
. Quirinus was a Sabine and Roman god, sometimes identified with Romulus
. He declined in importance after the early Republican era. The name was also borne by several early saints.
QULU m Azerbaijani
in Azerbaijani. It is sometimes used as the second part of compound names.
QUSAY m Arabic
Possibly derived from Arabic قصي (qasi)
. This was the name of an ancestor of the Prophet Muhammad
who was in charge of a temple in Mecca.
QUỲNH f & m Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 瓊 (quỳnh)
meaning "deep red"
. This is also the Vietnamese name for a variety of flowering plant (genus Epiphyllum).
RA m Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian rꜥ
. Ra was an important Egyptian sun god originally worshipped in Heliopolis in Lower Egypt. He was usually depicted as a man with the head of a falcon crowned with a solar disc. In later times his attributes were often merged with those of other deities, such as Amon
RA'D m Arabic
in Arabic. This is the name of the 13th chapter of the Quran (surah ar-Rad).
RADBOUD m Dutch
Derived from the Germanic elements rad
meaning "counsel" and bodo
meaning "command, order".
RADCLIFF m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "red cliff"
in Old English.