JONAH m English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יוֹנָה (Yonah)
. This was the name of a prophet swallowed by a fish, as told in the Old Testament Book of Jonah. Jonah was commanded by God to preach in Nineveh, but instead fled by boat. After being caught in a storm, the other sailors threw Jonah overboard, at which point he was swallowed. He emerged from the fish alive and repentant three days later.... [more]
JONATHAN m English, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹנָתָן (Yehonatan)
, contracted to יוֹנָתָן (Yonatan)
, meaning "YAHWEH has given"
, derived from the roots יְהוֹ (yeho)
referring to the Hebrew God and נָתַן (natan)
meaning "to give". According to the Old Testament, Jonathan was the eldest son of Saul
. His relationship with his father was strained due to his close friendship with his father's rival David
. Along with Saul he was killed in battle with the Philistines.... [more]
JONG-SU m Korean
From Sino-Korean 宗 (jong)
meaning "lineage, ancestry" and 秀 (su)
meaning "luxuriant, beautiful, elegant, outstanding", as well as other combinations of hanja characters with the same pronunciations.
JORAH m Biblical, Literature
From the Hebrew name יוֹרָה (Yorah)
meaning either "he teaches"
. This name is mentioned briefly in the Book of Ezra in the Old Testament. It was used by George R. R. Martin for a character in his fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire
(first published 1996) and the television adaptation Game of Thrones
(2011-2019). It is not known if Martin took the name from the Bible.
JORAM m Biblical
Contracted form of Yehoram
). This name belongs to several minor characters in the Old Testament, as well as being another name for the kings Jehoram of Israel and Jehoram of Judah.
JORDAN m & f English, French, Macedonian, Serbian
From the name of the river that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden)
, and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad)
or "flow down"
. In the New Testament John
the Baptist baptizes Jesus
Christ in its waters, and it was adopted as a personal name in Europe after crusaders brought water back from the river to baptize their children. There may have been some influence from the Germanic name JORDANES
, notably borne by a 6th-century Gothic historian.... [more]
JORDANES m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, probably related to the Norse element jord
. This name was borne by a 6th-century Roman author of Gothic background, who wrote a history of the Goths. It is possible that the spelling of his name was influenced by that of the Jordan
JOSÉ m & f Spanish, Portuguese, French
Spanish and Portuguese form of JOSEPH
, as well as a French variant. In Spanish-speaking regions it is occasionally used as a feminine middle name (or the second part of a double name), often paired with María
. This was the most popular name for boys in Spain for the first half of the 20th century.
JOSEPH m English, French, German, Biblical
, the Latin form of Greek Ἰωσήφ (Ioseph)
, which was from the Hebrew name יוֹסֵף (Yosef)
meaning "he will add"
, from the root יָסַף (yasaf)
. In the Old Testament Joseph is the eleventh son of Jacob
and the first with his wife Rachel
. Because he was the favourite of his father, his older brothers sent him to Egypt and told their father that he had died. In Egypt, Joseph became an advisor to the pharaoh, and was eventually reconciled with his brothers when they came to Egypt during a famine. This name also occurs in the New Testament, belonging to Saint Joseph the husband of Mary
, and to Joseph of Arimathea.... [more]
JOSEPHUS m Dutch, History
Latin form of JOSEPH
. This form is used by Dutch Catholics. In English, it is used primarily to refer to the 1st-century Jewish historian Titus Flavius Josephus.
JOSES m Biblical
From Ἰωσῆς (Ioses)
, a Greek variant of JOSEPH
used in the New Testament to distinguish Joseph the brother of James from the many other characters of that name.
JOSHUA m English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yehoshu'a)
meaning "YAHWEH is salvation"
, from the roots יְהוֹ (yeho)
referring to the Hebrew God and יָשַׁע (yasha')
meaning "to save". As told in the Old Testament, Joshua was a companion of Moses
. He went up Mount Sinai with Moses when he received the Ten Commandments from God, and later he was one of the twelve spies sent into Canaan. After Moses died Joshua succeeded him as leader of the Israelites and he led the conquest of Canaan. His original name was Hoshea
JOSIAH m Biblical, English
From the Hebrew name יֹאשִׁיָהוּ (Yoshiyahu)
meaning "YAHWEH supports"
. In the Old Testament this is the name of a king of Judah famous for his religious reforms. He was killed fighting the Egyptians at Megiddo in the 7th century BC. In England this name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.
JOTHAM m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH is perfect"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a son of Gideon
and a king of Judah.
JOUKAHAINEN m Finnish Mythology
Meaning unknown. In the Finnish epic the Kalevala
this is the name of a youth who challenges Väinämöinen
to a chanting (or spellcasting) duel. Joukahainen loses, and must promise his sister Aino
JOYCE f & m English
From the medieval masculine name Josse
, which was derived from the earlier Iudocus
, which was a Latinized form of the Breton name Judoc
. The name belonged to a 7th-century Breton saint, and Breton settlers introduced it to England after the Norman Conquest. It became rare after the 14th century, but was later revived as a feminine name, perhaps because of similarity to the Middle English word joise
"to rejoice". This given name also formed the basis for a surname, as in the case of the Irish novelist James Joyce (1882-1941).
JOZAFAT m Polish (Rare)
Polish form of JOSAPHAT
. This was the name of a 17th-century Polish saint and martyr who attempted to reconcile the Catholic and Eastern Churches.
JU f & m Chinese
From Chinese 菊 (jú)
meaning "chrysanthemum" (which is usually only feminine) or 巨 (jù)
meaning "big, enormous" (usually only masculine), besides other characters that are pronounced similarly.
JUAN (1) m Spanish, Manx
Spanish and Manx form of Iohannes
). Like other forms of John
in Europe, this name has been extremely popular in Spain since the late Middle Ages. It is borne by Don Juan, a character from Spanish legend who, after killing his lover's father, is dragged to hell by the father's ghost.
JUBAL m Biblical
in Hebrew. This name is mentioned in Genesis in the Old Testament as belonging to the first person to be a musician.
JUDA m Arabic
Means "goodness, excellence"
, derived from Arabic جاد (jada)
meaning "to be excellent".
JUDAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוּדָה (Yehudah)
, probably derived from יָדָה (yadah)
meaning "praise". In the Old Testament Judah is the fourth of the twelve sons of Jacob
, and the ancestor of the tribe of Judah. An explanation for his name is given in Genesis 29:35
. His tribe eventually formed the Kingdom of Judah in the south of Israel. King David
were among the descendants of him and his wife Tamar
. This name was also borne by Judah Maccabee, the Jewish priest who revolted against Seleucid rule in the 2nd century BC, as told in the Books of Maccabees.... [more]
JUDAS m Biblical
From Ἰούδας (Ioudas)
, the Greek form of JUDAH
. This is the name of several characters in the New Testament including the infamous Judas Iscariot, the apostle who betrayed Jesus
to the Jewish authorities in exchange for money.
JUDE (1) m English, Biblical
Variant of JUDAS
. It is used in many English versions of the New Testament to denote the second apostle named Judas, in order to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot. He was supposedly the author of the Epistle of Jude. In the English-speaking world, Jude
has occasionally been used as a given name since the time of the Protestant Reformation.
JUDICAËL m French, Breton
French form of the Old Breton name Iudicael
, derived from the elements iudd
"lord, prince" and hael
"generous". This was the name of a 7th-century Breton king, also regarded as a saint.
JULES (1) m French
French form of JULIUS
. A notable bearer of this name was the French novelist Jules Verne (1828-1905), author of Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
and other works of science fiction.
JULIAN m English, Polish, German
From the Roman name Iulianus
, which was derived from JULIUS
. This was the name of the last pagan Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (4th century). It was also borne by several early saints, including the legendary Saint Julian the Hospitaller. This name has been used in England since the Middle Ages, at which time it was also a feminine name (from Juliana
, eventually becoming Gillian
JULIUS m Ancient Roman, English, German, Finnish, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Dutch, Czech
From a Roman family name that was possibly derived from Greek ἴουλος (ioulos)
. Alternatively, it could be related to the name of the Roman god JUPITER
. This was a prominent patrician family of Rome, who claimed descent from the mythological Julus, son of Aeneas
. Its most notable member was Gaius Julius Caesar, who gained renown as a military leader for his clever conquest of Gaul. After a civil war he became the dictator of the Roman Republic, but was eventually stabbed to death in the senate.... [more]
JUN (1) m & f Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 君 (jūn)
meaning "king, ruler", 俊 (jùn)
meaning "talented, handsome" (which is usually only masculine) or 军 (jūn)
meaning "army" (also usually only masculine). This is also a single-character Korean name, often from the hanja 俊
meaning "talented, handsome". This name can be formed by other characters besides those shown here.
JUN (2) m & f Japanese
From Japanese 淳 (jun)
meaning "pure", 潤 (jun)
meaning "moisture", 純 (jun)
meaning "pure, clean, simple", or other kanji that are pronounced the same way.
JUNAYD m Arabic
Means "small army"
, derived from Arabic جند (jund)
meaning "army, soldiers".
JUN-HO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 俊 (jun)
meaning "talented, handsome" combined with 鎬 (ho)
meaning "stove, bright" or 昊 (ho)
meaning "summer, sky, heaven". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
JUN'ICHI m Japanese
From Japanese 順 (jun)
meaning "obey, submit" or 淳 (jun)
meaning "pure" combined with 一 (ichi)
meaning "one". Other kanji combinations are possible.
JUNIOR m English
From a nickname that was originally used for a boy who had the same name as his father.
JUNÍPERO m Various
This was the name assumed by the 18th-century Spanish Franciscan monk Miguel José Serra, a missionary to California. He named himself after one of Saint Francis's companions, who was named from Latin iuniperus "juniper"
JUNIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was possibly derived from the name of the Roman goddess JUNO
. It was borne by Lucius Junius Brutus, the founder of the Roman Republic in the 6th century BC. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Roman politician Marcus Junius Brutus, commonly known as Brutus, who was one of the assassins of Julius Caesar.
JUNPEI m Japanese
From Japanese 純 (jun)
or 淳 (jun)
both meaning "pure" combined with 平 (pei)
meaning "level, even, peaceful". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
JUN-SEO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 俊 (jun)
meaning "talented, handsome" combined with 舒 (seo)
meaning "open up, unfold, comfortable, easy" or 瑞 (seo)
meaning "felicitous omen, auspicious". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
JUPITER m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From Latin Iuppiter
, which was ultimately derived from the Indo-European *Dyeu-pater
, composed of the elements Dyeus
) and pater
"father". Jupiter was the supreme god in Roman mythology. He presided over the heavens and light, and was responsible for the protection and laws of the Roman state. This is also the name of the fifth and largest planet in the solar system.
JŪRŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 十 (jū)
meaning "ten" and 郎 (rō)
meaning "son". Traditionally this name was given to the tenth son. Other combinations of kanji characters are possible as well.
JUSTICE m & f English
From an occupational surname meaning "judge, officer of justice"
in Old French. This name can also be given in direct reference to the English word justice
JUSTIN m English, French, Slovene
From the Latin name Iustinus
, which was derived from JUSTUS
. This was the name of several early saints including Justin Martyr, a Christian philosopher of the 2nd century who was beheaded in Rome. It was also borne by two Byzantine emperors. As an English name, it has occasionally been used since the late Middle Ages, though it did not become common until the 20th century. Famous modern bearers include pop stars Justin Timberlake (1981-) and Justin Bieber (1994-).
JUSTINIAN m History
From the Latin name Iustinianus
, which was derived from Iustinus
). This was the name of a 6th-century Byzantine emperor who attempted to restore the borders of the Roman Empire.
JUVENAL m History, Portuguese
From the Roman cognomen Iuvenalis
, which meant "youthful"
in Latin. Juvenal was a Roman satirist of the 1st century.
JU-WON m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 周 (ju)
meaning "circumference" combined with 元 (won)
meaning "first, origin" or 媛 (won)
meaning "beautiful woman". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
KADEK m & f Balinese
Possibly from Balinese adik
meaning "younger sibling"
. This name is traditionally given to the second-born child.
KAEDE f & m Japanese
From Japanese 楓 (kaede)
meaning "maple" or other kanji that are pronounced the same way.
KAĞAN m Turkish
From a Turkish title meaning "king, ruler"
, ultimately of Mongolian origin. The title is usually translated into English as Khan
KAHURANGI f & m Maori
From the name of a type of green gemstone found in New Zealand, meaning "sky blue"
KAI (4) m Chinese
From Chinese 凯 (kǎi)
meaning "triumph, victory, music of triumph", as well as other characters pronounced in a similar way.
KAILASH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi
From the name of a mountain in the Himalayas that is believed to be the paradise of the Hindu god Shiva
. It possibly means "crystal" in Sanskrit.
KAIMANA m & f Hawaiian
From Hawaiian kai
"ocean, sea" and mana
"power". It is also Hawaiian meaning "diamond", derived from the English word diamond
KAIPO m & f Hawaiian
Means "the sweetheart"
from Hawaiian ka
, a definite article, and ipo
KAISER m Various
German form of the Roman title Caesar
). It is not used as a given name in Germany itself.
KAITO m Japanese
From Japanese 海 (kai)
meaning "sea, ocean" combined with 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation, or 翔 (to)
meaning "soar, fly". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
KALANI m & f Hawaiian
Means "the heavens"
from Hawaiian ka
"the" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
KALEI m & f Hawaiian
Means "the flowers"
or "the child"
from Hawaiian ka
"the" and lei
"flowers, lei, child".
KALEO m Hawaiian
Means "sound, voice"
from Hawaiian ka
"the" and leo
KALEVA m Finnish
From the name of the mythological ancestor of the Finns, which is of unknown meaning. The name of the Finnish epic the Kalevala
means "the land of Kalevi".
KALI (1) f & m Hinduism, Bengali, Tamil
Means "the black one"
in Sanskrit. The Hindu goddess Kali is the fierce destructive form of the wife of Shiva
. She is usually depicted with black skin and four arms, holding a severed head and brandishing a sword. As a personal name, it is generally masculine in India.
KALIDASA m Sanskrit
Means "servant of Kali"
from the name of the Hindu goddess KALI (1)
combined with Sanskrit दास (dasa)
meaning "servant". This was the name of a 4th-century Indian poet and dramatist, the author of the Abhijnanashakuntalam
KALLIAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek κάλλος (kallos)
. This was the name of an Athenian who fought at Marathon who later became an ambassador to the Persians.
KÁLMÁN m Hungarian
Probably of Turkic origin, meaning "remainder"
. This was the name of a 12th-century king of Hungary. It was also borne in the 13th-century by the first king of Galicia-Volhynia, who was also a member of the Hungarian Árpád royal family. This name has been frequently confused with Koloman
KALOYAN m Bulgarian
From Greek καλός Ἰωάννης (kalos Ioannes)
meaning "handsome JOHN"
, the nickname of a 13th-century emperor of Bulgaria. He successfully defended the empire from the Fourth Crusade.
KAMA m Hinduism
Means "love, desire"
in Sanskrit. Kama is the winged Hindu god of love, the son of Lakshmi.
KAMAL (2) m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Modern masculine form of KAMALA
KAMALA f & m Hinduism, Tamil, Indian, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Nepali
or "pale red"
in Sanskrit. In Sanskrit this is a transcription of both the feminine form कमला
and the masculine form कमल
, though in modern languages it is only a feminine form. This is the name of one of the Krittikas, or Pleiades, in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
. It is also another name of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi