FERDINAND m German, French, Dutch, English, Slovak, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Ancient Germanic
, the old Spanish form of a Germanic name composed of the elements fardi
"journey" and nand
"daring, brave". The Visigoths brought the name to the Iberian Peninsula, where it entered into the royal families of Spain and Portugal. From there it became common among the Habsburg royal family of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria, starting with the Spanish-born Ferdinand I in the 16th century. A notable bearer was Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521), called Fernão de Magalhães in Portuguese, who was the leader of the first expedition to sail around the earth.
FERDOWSI m History
From the Persian byname فردوسی (Ferdosi)
meaning "paradisiacal, heavenly", derived from Arabic فردوس (firdaws)
, itself of Avestan origin. Ferdowsi was an 10th-century poet and historian, the author of the epic Shahnameh
, which tells the history of Persia.
FEREYDOUN m Persian, Persian Mythology
Means "the third"
in Persian. In the 10th-century Persian epic the Shahnameh
this is the name of a virtuous king who ruled for 500 years.
FERMIN m Basque
Basque form of FIRMIN
. This is the name of the patron saint of the city of Pamplona in Navarre, Spain.
FERNÃO m Portuguese
Portuguese form of FERDINAND
. This name was borne by the Portuguese explorer Fernão de Magalhães (1480-1521), better known in English as Ferdinand Magellan.
FERRER m Various
From a surname that meant "blacksmith"
in Catalan. This name is often given in honour of Saint Vicente Ferrer, a 14th-century missionary who is the patron saint of builders.
FERRUCCIO m Italian
Derived from the Late Latin name Ferrutius
, a derivative of ferrum
meaning "iron, sword"
. Saint Ferrutius was a 3rd-century martyr with his brother Ferreolus.
FESTER m Popular Culture
From the English word fester
meaning "rot, rankle"
. This is the name of the uncle on the Addams Family television series (1964-1966) and subsequent adaptations.
FIACHNA m Irish
Derived from Irish fiach
. This was the name of a king in Irish legend.
FIACHRA m Irish, Irish Mythology
Derived from Irish fiach
. In Irish legend Fiachra was one of the four children of Lir
transformed into swans for a period of 900 years. This is also the name of the patron saint of gardeners, a 7th-century Irish abbot who settled in France.
FIDEL m Spanish
From the Late Latin name Fidelis
. A famous bearer was revolutionary leader Fidel Castro (1926-2016), the former president of Cuba.
FIDO m Pet
Means "I am faithful"
in Latin. This name is commonly given to dogs.
FIFE m Scottish
From a Scottish place name that was formerly the name of a kingdom in Scotland. It is said to be named for the legendary Pictish hero Fib.
FIGARO m Literature
Created by playwright Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais for the central character in his plays The Barber of Seville
(1775), The Marriage of Figaro
(1784) and The Guilty Mother
(1792). Beaumarchais may have based the character's name on the French phrase fils Caron
meaning "son of Caron"
, which was his own nickname and would have been pronounced in a similar way. In modern French the word figaro
has acquired the meaning "barber", reflecting the character's profession.
FIHR m Arabic
Means "stone pestle"
in Arabic. This was the name of an ancestor of Muhammad
FIKRI m Arabic
in Arabic, a derivative of فكر (fakara)
meaning "to think, to reflect".
FILBERT m Eastern African
Variant of FILIBERT
. It is particularly used in Tanzania due to track star Filbert Bayi (1953-), who set a world record running the 1500 meter in 1974.
FILIP m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Polish, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Romanian, Finnish
Form of PHILIP
in various languages.
FILIPPUS m Dutch
Official Dutch form of PHILIP
, used on birth certificates but not commonly in daily life.
FINGAL m Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic Fionnghall
meaning "white stranger"
, derived from fionn
"white, fair" and gall
"stranger". This was the name of the hero in James Macpherson's 1762 epic poem Fingal
, which he claimed to have based on early Gaelic legends about Fionn
FINNEGAN m Irish, English (Modern)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Fionnagáin
meaning "descendant of Fionnagán"
. The name Fionnagán
is a diminutive of FIONN
. This was the name of a character in James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake
(1939), the title of which was based on a 19th-century Irish ballad called Finnegan's Wake
FINNIAN m Irish
Derived from Old Irish finn
"white". This was the name of several Irish saints.
FINTAN m Irish, Irish Mythology
Possibly means either "white fire"
or "white bull"
in Irish. According to legend this was the name of the only Irish person to survive the great flood. This name was also borne by many Irish saints.
FIONN m Irish, Irish Mythology
From Irish fionn
(older Irish finn
) meaning "fair"
. Fionn mac Cumhail was a legendary Irish hero who became all-wise by eating an enchanted salmon. He fought against the giant Fomors with his son Oisín
and grandson Oscar
FIONNBHARR m Irish
Means "fair hair"
, derived from Irish fionn
"white, fair" and barr
"head". Saint Fionnbharr of Cork was a 6th-century bishop who supposedly performed miraculous cures. The Barry Islands off Wales were named for him.
FIORE f & m Italian
in Italian. It can also be considered an Italian form of the Latin names FLORA
FIRAT m Turkish
From the Turkish name of the Euphrates River, which was derived from Old Persian Ufratu
, itself derived from Elamite or Sumerian.
FIRDAUS m Arabic, Indonesian, Urdu
Derived from the Arabic word فردوس (firdaws)
, ultimately from Avestan pairidaeza
meaning "garden, enclosure".
FIRMIN m French, Medieval English
From the Late Latin name Firminus
. This was the name of several early saints, notably the 3rd-century bishop Saint Firmin (or Fermin) of Amiens who is especially venerated in Navarre, Spain.
FIROUZ m Persian
From Persian پیروز (piruz)
or فیروز (firuz)
meaning "victorious". This name was borne by Firuz Shah Tughlaq, a 14th-century sultan of Delhi who did much to build the city's infrastructure.
FISHEL m Yiddish
Means "little fish"
in Yiddish, a diminutive of פֿיש (fish)
FITZ m English (Rare)
Short form of various given names that are derived from surnames beginning with Norman French fitz
meaning "son of"
(for example FITZROY
FITZROY m English (Rare)
From an English surname meaning "son of the king"
in Old French, originally given to illegitimate sons of monarchs.
FLAITHRÍ m Irish
Means "king of princes"
from Gaelic flaith
"prince" and rí
FLANAGAN m English (Rare)
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Flannagáin
meaning "descendant of Flannagán"
. The given name Flannagán
is derived from Irish flann
"red" and a diminutive suffix.
FLANN m & f Irish
in Irish Gaelic. This was the name of a 9th-century king of Tara in Ireland.
FLANNERY f & m English (Rare)
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Flannghaile
meaning "descendant of Flannghal"
. The given name Flannghal
means "red valour". A famous bearer was American author Flannery O'Connor (1925-1964).
FLAVIAN m History (Ecclesiastical)
From the Roman family name Flavianus
, which was derived from FLAVIUS
. This was the name of several early saints including a 5th-century patriarch of Constantinople who was beaten to death.
FLAVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "golden"
from Latin flavus
"yellow, golden". Flavius was the family name of the 1st-century Roman emperors Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. It was used as a personal name by several later emperors, notably by Constantine
FLEMMING m Danish
From a medieval Norse nickname meaning "from Flanders"
FLETCHER m English
From a surname meaning "maker of arrows"
in Middle English, ultimately from Old French flechier
FLINT m English
From the English vocabulary word, from Old English flint
FLORENCE f & m English, French
From the Latin name Florentius
or the feminine form Florentia
, which were derived from florens "prosperous, flourishing"
was borne by many early Christian saints, and it was occasionally used in their honour through the Middle Ages. In modern times it is mostly feminine.... [more]
FLORIAN m German, French, Romanian, Polish
From the Roman cognomen Florianus
, a derivative of FLORUS
. This was the name of a short-lived Roman emperor of the 3rd century. It was also borne by Saint Florian, a martyr of the 3rd century, the patron saint of Poland and Upper Austria.
FLORIMOND m Literature, French
Possibly from Latin florens
meaning "prosperous, flourishing" combined with the Germanic element mund
meaning "protection". This is the name of the prince in some versions of the fairy tale Sleeping Beauty
FLYNN m English
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Floinn
meaning "descendant of FLANN"
FORBES m Scottish
From a surname that was originally taken from a Scottish place name meaning "field"
FORD m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "ford"
in Old English. A famous bearer of the surname was the American industrialist Henry Ford (1863-1947).
FORREST m English
From an English surname meaning "forest"
, originally belonging to a person who lived near a forest. In America it has sometimes been used in honour of the Confederate Civil War general Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821-1877). This name was borne by the title character in the movie Forrest Gump
(1994) about a loveable simpleton. Use of the name increased when the movie was released, but has since faded away.
FORTUNATO m Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of the Late Latin name Fortunatus
meaning "fortunate, blessed, happy"
. This was the name of several early saints and martyrs.
FOX m English (Modern)
Either from the English word fox
or the surname Fox
, which originally given as a nickname. The surname was borne by George Fox (1624-1691), the founder of the Quakers.
FRANCESCO m Italian
Italian form of Franciscus
). Francesco Laurana was an Italian Renaissance sculptor.
FRANCIS m & f English, French
English form of the Late Latin name Franciscus
, ultimately from the Germanic tribe of the Franks, who were named for a type of spear that they used. This name was borne by the 13th-century Saint Francis of Assisi, who was originally named Giovanni but was given the nickname Francesco by his father, an admirer of the French. Francis went on to renounce his father's wealth and devote his life to the poor, founding the Franciscan order of friars. Later in his life he apparently received the stigmata.... [more]
FRANCISCO m Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Franciscus
). This is the Spanish name of Saint Francis Xavier (1506-1552). Other notable bearers include the Spanish painter and engraver Francisco de Goya (1746-1828) and the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco (1892-1975).
FRANÇOIS m French
French form of Franciscus
). François Villon was a French lyric poet of the 15th century. This was also the name of two kings of France.
FRANK m English, German, Dutch, French
From a Germanic name that referred to a member of the Germanic tribe, the Franks. The Franks settled in the regions now called France and the Netherlands in the 3rd and 4th century. They possibly derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used. From medieval times, the various forms of this name have been commonly conflated with the various forms of Francis
. In modern times it is sometimes used as a short form of Francis
FRANKLIN m English
From an English surname that was derived from Middle English frankelin "freeman"
. A famous bearer of the surname was Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), an American statesman, inventor, scientist and philosopher. The name has commonly been given in his honour in the United States. It also received a boost during the term of American president Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
FRANZ m German
German form of Franciscus
). This name was borne by the influential writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924), author of The Trial
and The Castle
among other works. It was also the name of rulers of Austria and the Holy Roman Empire.
FRASER m Scottish, English (Rare)
From a Scottish surname that is of unknown meaning. A famous bearer of the surname was Simon Fraser (1776-1862), a Canadian explorer.
FREDERICK m English
English form of a Germanic name meaning "peaceful ruler"
, derived from frid
"peace" and ric
"ruler, mighty". This name has long been common in continental Germanic-speaking regions, being borne by rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, Germany, Austria, Scandinavia, and Prussia. Notables among these rulers include the 12th-century Holy Roman emperor and crusader Frederick I Barbarossa, the 13th-century emperor and patron of the arts Frederick II, and the 18th-century Frederick II of Prussia, known as Frederick the Great.... [more]
FREDERIK m Danish, Dutch
Danish and Dutch form of FREDERICK
. This was the name of nine kings of Denmark over the past 500 years, alternating each generation with the name Christian.
FREDIANO m Italian (Rare)
Italian form of the Roman name Frigidianus
, which was derived from Latin frigidus "cold"
. This was the name of a 6th-century Irish bishop who made a pilgrimage to Rome and settled as a hermit on Mount Pisano.
FREEMAN m English
From an English surname meaning "free man"
. It originally denoted a person who was not a serf.
FREYR m Norse Mythology, Icelandic
in Old Norse. This was the name of a Norse god. He may have originally been called Yngvi
, with the name Freyr
being his title. Freyr presided over fertility, sunlight and rain, and was the husband of the frost giantess Gerd
. With his twin sister Freya
and father Njord
he was one of the group of deities called the Vanir.
FRIEDRICH m German
German form of FREDERICK
. This was the name of kings of Germany. The socialist Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) and the philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) are two famous bearers of this name.
FRISO m Frisian
Refers to a member of the ethnic group, the Frisians, a Germanic tribe of northwest Europe. Friesland in the Netherlands is named for them.
FRODE m Danish, Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Fróði
, which was derived from fróðr
meaning "learned, wise"
FRODO m Literature
Derived from the Germanic element frod
. This was the name of the hobbit hero in The Lord of the Rings
(1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, who used Old English to translate some hobbit names (Frodo's real name was Maura
). In the novel Frodo Baggins was the bearer of the One Ring on the quest to destroy it in Mount Doom.
FU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 富 (fù)
meaning "abundant, rich, wealthy", 芙 (fú)
meaning "hibiscus, lotus" or 甫 (fǔ)
meaning "begin, man, father", in addition to other characters with a similar pronunciation. A famous bearer was the 8th-century Tang dynasty poet Du Fu, whose given name was 甫
FŪJIN m Japanese Mythology
From Japanese 風 (fū)
meaning "wind" and 神 (jin)
meaning "god, spirit". This is the name of the Japanese wind god, who carries the wind in a bag over his shoulders.
FULGENCIO m Spanish
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Fulgentius
, which meant "shining"
from Latin fulgens
. Saint Fulgentius was a 6th-century bishop from Tunisia who was a friend of Saint Augustine.
FULK m English (Archaic)
From the Germanic name Fulco
, a short form of various names beginning with the element fulc "people"
. The Normans brought this name to England, though it is now very rare.
FULTON m English
From a surname that was derived from the name of the town of Foulden in Norfolk, itself meaning "bird hill"
in Old English.
FULVIO m Italian
Italian form of the Roman family name Fulvius
, which was derived from Latin fulvus "yellow, tawny"
FUMIHITO m Japanese
From Japanese 文 (fumi)
meaning "writing" and 仁 (hito)
meaning "compassionate". A notable bearer is the Japanese crown prince Fumihito (1965-), the younger brother of Emperor Naruhito
. This name can also be formed from other combinations of kanji.
FURQAN m Arabic, Urdu
Means "criterion between right and wrong"
in Arabic. This is the name of the 25th chapter (surah al-Furqan) of the Quran.
FYODOR m Russian
Russian form of THEODORE
. It was borne by three tsars of Russia. Another notable bearer was Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881), the Russian author of such works as Crime and Punishment
and The Brothers Karamazov