HAMILTON m English
From a surname that was derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and dun
"hill". The surname was originally taken from the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). A famous bearer of the surname was Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), a founding father of the United States who was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr.
HAMLET m Literature, Armenian
Anglicized form of the Danish name Amleth
. Shakespeare used this name for the Prince of Denmark in his play Hamlet
(1600), which he based upon earlier Danish tales.
HAMMOND m English (Rare)
From an English surname that was derived from either the Germanic given name Haimund
, which meant "home protection", or else the Old Norse given name Hámundr
, which meant "high protection".
HAMNET m English (Archaic)
Diminutive of HAMO
. This was the name of a son of Shakespeare who died in childhood. His death may have provided the inspiration for his father's play Hamlet
HAMZA m Arabic, Turkish, Bosnian
Possibly derived from Arabic hamuza
meaning "strong, steadfast"
. This was the name of the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad
who was killed in battle.
HANAN (1) m Biblical
in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
HANK m English
Originally a short form of Hankin
, which was a medieval diminutive of JOHN
. Since the 17th century in the United States this name has also been used as a diminutive of HENRY
, probably under the influence of the Dutch diminutive HENK
. A famous bearer is the American former baseball player Hank Aaron (1934-).
HANNIBAL m Phoenician (Latinized), History
Means "grace of Ba'al"
from Phoenician hann
"grace" combined with the name of the god BA'AL
. Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who threatened Rome during the Second Punic War in the 3rd century BC.
HANS m German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German short form of JOHANNES
, now used independently. This name has been very common in German-speaking areas of Europe since the late Middle Ages. From an early period it was transmitted to the Low Countries and Scandinavia. Two famous bearers were Hans Holbein (1497-1543), a German portrait painter, and Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), a Danish writer of fairy tales.
HANZŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 半 (han)
meaning "half" and 蔵 (zō)
meaning "to hide". This name was borne by the noted samurai Hattori Hanzou (1542-1596). The name can also be formed from other kanji combinations.
HAPPY f & m English (Rare)
From the English word happy
, derived from Middle English hap
"chance, luck", of Old Norse origin.
HARDING m English
From an English surname that was derived from the Old English given name HEARD
. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Warren G. Harding (1865-1923).
HARDY m English
From a surname that was derived from Middle English hardi "bold, hardy"
HAREL m Hebrew
Means "altar, mountain of God"
in Hebrew. In the Hebrew Bible this word is applied to the altar in the temple in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 43:15
HARI m Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali
Means "brown, yellow, tawny"
in Sanskrit, and by extension "monkey, horse, lion"
. This is another name of the Hindu god Vishnu
, and sometimes of Krishna
. It is also borne by the son of the Garuda, the bird-like mount of Vishnu.
HARLAN m English
From a surname that was from a place name meaning "hare land"
in Old English. In America it has sometimes been given in honour of Supreme Court justice John Marshall Harlan (1833-1911).
HARLEY m & f English
From a surname that was derived from a place name, itself from Old English hara
"hare" and leah
HARLOW f & m English
From a surname derived from a place name, itself derived from Old English hær
"rock" or here
"army", combined with hlaw
HAROLD m English
From the Old English name Hereweald
, derived from the elements here
"army" and weald
"power, leader, ruler". The Old Norse cognate Haraldr
was also common among Scandinavian settlers in England. This was the name of five kings of Norway and three kings of Denmark. It was also borne by two kings of England, both of whom were from mixed Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon backgrounds, including Harold II who lost the Battle of Hastings (and was killed in it), which led to the Norman Conquest. After the conquest the name died out, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century.
HARPER f & m English
From an Old English surname that originally belonged to a person who played the harp or who made harps. A notable bearer was the American author Harper Lee (1926-2016), who wrote To Kill a Mockingbird
HARRISON m English
From an English surname that meant "son of HARRY"
. This was the surname of two American presidents, William Henry Harrison (1773-1841) and his grandson Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901). The actor Harrison Ford (1942-), who starred in such movies as Star Wars
and Indiana Jones
, is a famous bearer.
HARRY m English
Medieval English form of HENRY
. In modern times it is used as a diminutive of both Henry
. A famous bearer was American president Harry S. Truman (1884-1972). It is also the name of the boy wizard in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter
series of books, first released in 1997.
HARSHA m Indian, Kannada, Telugu, Sanskrit
in Sanskrit. This was the name of a 7th-century emperor of northern India. He was also noted as an author.
HARTLEY m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "hart clearing"
in Old English.
HARTMANN m German
Means "brave man"
, derived from the Germanic element hard
"brave, hardy" combined with man
HARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather". Other kanji or kanji combinations can form this name as well.
HARUKA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 遥 (haruka)
meaning "distant, remote". It can also come from 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 花 (ka)
meaning "flower, blossom" or 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance". Additionally, other kanji combinations can form this name.
HARUKI m Japanese
From Japanese 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness" or 生 (ki)
meaning "living". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HARUTO m Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 遥 (haru)
meaning "distant, remote" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation, or 翔 (to)
meaning "soar, fly". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
HARVEY m English
From the Breton given name Haerviu
, which meant "battle worthy"
, from haer
"battle" and viu
"worthy". This was the name of a 6th-century Breton hermit who is the patron saint of the blind. Settlers from Brittany introduced it to England after the Norman Conquest. During the later Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.
HASAN m Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Indonesian
in Arabic, from the root حَسُنَ (hasuna)
meaning "to be beautiful, to be good". Hasan was the son of Ali
and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad
. He was poisoned by one of his wives and is regarded as a martyr by Shia Muslims. This was also the name of two kings of Morocco. It is sometimes transcribed as Hassan
, though this is a distinct name in Arabic.
HASHIM m Arabic
Means "crusher, breaker"
in Arabic. This was the nickname of a great-grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad
. He acquired this nickname because of his practice of crumbling bread and giving it to pilgrims.
HASIM m Arabic
in Arabic, derived from حسم (hasama)
meaning "to sever, to finish, to decide".
HASSAN m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Means "beautifier, improver"
in Arabic. Hassan ibn Thabit was a 7th-century poet who was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
. This name is sometimes transcribed as Hasan
, though the two names are spelled distinctly in Arabic.
HAUL m Welsh
in Welsh. This is a modern Welsh name.
HAVEN f & m English
From the English word for a safe place, derived ultimately from Old English hæfen
HAVILAH m Biblical
Probably means "to dance, to circle, to twist"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a place name and a masculine personal name.
HAYATE m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (hayate)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name.
HAYATO m Japanese
From Japanese 隼 (haya)
meaning "falcon" and 人 (to)
meaning "person". Other kanji combinations can also make up this name.
HAYDEN m & f English
From an English surname that was derived from place names meaning either "hay valley"
or "hay hill"
, derived from Old English heg
"hay" and denu
"valley" or dun
HAYDN m English (British)
From a German surname meaning "heathen"
. It is used in honour of the Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809).
HAYK m Armenian
Probably from the Armenian word հայ (hay)
, although some hold that the ethnic name is in fact derived from the given name. This was the name of the legendary forefather of the Armenian people, supposedly a great-great-grandson of Noah
HAYWOOD m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "fenced wood"
in Old English.
HAZAEL m Biblical
Means "God sees"
in Hebrew. This is the name of a king of Aram in the Old Testament.
HE f & m Chinese
From Chinese 河 (hé)
meaning "river, stream", 和 (hé)
meaning "harmony, peace", or 荷 (hé)
meaning "lotus, water lily" (which is usually only feminine). Other characters can form this name as well. A famous bearer was the 15th-century explorer Zheng He.
HEARD m Anglo-Saxon
Short form of various Old English names containing the element heard
meaning "brave, hardy"
HEATH m English
From an English surname that denoted one who lived on a heath. It was popularized as a given name by the character Heath Barkley from the 1960s television series The Big Valley
HEBER (2) m Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is borne by a great-grandson of Jacob
and also by the husband of Jael
HECTOR m English, French, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Arthurian Romance
Latinized form of Greek Ἕκτωρ (Hektor)
, which was derived from ἕκτωρ (hektor)
meaning "holding fast"
, ultimately from ἔχω (echo)
meaning "to hold, to possess". In Greek legend Hector was one of the Trojan champions who fought against the Greeks. After he killed Achilles
' friend Patroclus
in battle, he was himself brutally slain by Achilles, who proceeded to tie his dead body to a chariot and drag it about. This name also appears in Arthurian legends where it belongs to King Arthur
's foster father.... [more]
HEDDWYN m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements hedd
"peace" and gwyn
"white, fair, blessed".
HEDLEY m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "heather clearing"
in Old English.
HÉLDER m Portuguese
Meaning uncertain. It was borne by the Brazilian archbishop Dom Hélder Câmara (1909-1999) who was noted for his charity. It could be from the name of the Dutch town of Den Helder (possibly meaning "hell's door" in Dutch). Alternatively, it might be derived from the Germanic given name HULDERIC
HELI (1) m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latin form of ELI (1)
used in the Old and New Testament. This form of the name is used in most English versions of the New Testament to refer to the father of Joseph
(husband of Mary
) in the genealogy in the Gospel of Luke.
HELIER m History
Meaning uncertain. This is the name of the patron saint of the island of Jersey in the English Channel. He was a 6th-century hermit whose name was recorded in Latin as Helerius
HELIOS m Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the young Greek sun god, a Titan, who rode across the sky each day in a chariot pulled by four horses. His sister was the moon goddess Selene
HEMMING m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Perhaps derived from Old Norse hamr "shape"
, and possibly originally a nickname for a person believed to be a shape changer.
HENDRIX m English (Modern)
From a Dutch surname that was derived from the given name HENDRIK
. A famous bearer of the surname was the American rock musician Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970).
HENG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 恒 (héng)
meaning "constant, persistent", as well as other characters with a similar pronunciation.
HENGIST m Ancient Germanic
Of Germanic origin, meaning "stallion"
. According to medieval histories, Hengist and his brother Horsa
were the leaders of the first Saxon settlers in Britain. Hengist established a kingdom in Kent in the 5th century.
HENRIQUE m Portuguese
Portuguese form of HENRY
. This was the name of a 15th-century Portuguese naval explorer (known as Henry the Navigator in English).
HENRY m English
From the Germanic name Heimirich
meaning "home ruler"
, composed of the elements heim
"home" and ric
"ruler". It was later commonly spelled Heinrich
, with the spelling altered due to the influence of other Germanic names like Haganrich
, in which the first element is hagan
HEPHAESTUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ἥφαιστος (Hephaistos)
, meaning unknown. It probably shares its origin with the Minoan city of Φαιστός (Phaistos)
, which is of Pre-Greek origin. In Greek mythology Hephaestus was the god of fire and forging, the husband of the unfaithful Aphrodite
. It was said that when he was born Hera
, his mother, was so displeased with his physical deformities that she hurled him off the top of Mount Olympus.
HERACLIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek personal name Ἡράκλειος (Herakleios)
, which was derived from the name of the Greek hero HERAKLES
. This was the name of a 7th-century Byzantine emperor, known for his victories over the Sassanid Persian Empire. This name was also borne by two early saints.
HERAKLES m Greek Mythology
Means "glory of Hera"
from the name of the goddess HERA
combined with Greek κλέος (kleos)
meaning "glory". This was the name of a hero in Greek and Roman mythology, the son of Zeus
and the mortal woman Alcmene
. After being driven insane by Hera
and killing his own children, Herakles completed twelve labours in order to atone for his crime and become immortal.
HERBERT m English, German, Dutch, French, Swedish
Derived from the Germanic elements hari
"army" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced an Old English cognate Herebeorht
. In the course of the Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.
HEREWARD m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements here
"army" and weard
"guard". This was the name of an 11th-century Anglo-Saxon leader who rebelled against Norman rule.
HERMAGORAS m Ancient Greek
From the name of the messenger god HERMES
combined with Greek ἀγορά (agora)
meaning "assembly, marketplace". Saint Hermagoras (3rd century) was the first bishop of Aquileia in Italy.
HERMAN m English, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Slovene, Ancient Germanic
Means "army man"
, derived from the Germanic elements hari
"army" and man
"man". It was introduced to England by the Normans, died out, and was revived in the English-speaking world in the 19th century. It was borne by an 18th-century Russian missionary to Alaska who is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church, though in his case the name is an alternate transcription of GERMAN
. Another famous bearer was the American writer Herman Melville (1819-1891), the author of Moby-Dick
HERMENEGILDO m Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of a Visigothic name meaning "complete sacrifice"
, from the Germanic elements ermen
"whole, entire" and gild
"sacrifice, value". It was borne by a 6th-century saint, the son of Liuvigild the Visigothic king of Hispania.
HERMES m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Probably from Greek ἕρμα (herma)
meaning "cairn, pile of stones, boundary marker"
. Hermes was a Greek god associated with speed and good luck, who served as a messenger to Zeus
and the other gods. He was also the patron of travellers, writers, athletes, merchants, thieves and orators.... [more]
HERMINIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman name that was possibly of unknown Etruscan origin, but could also be derived from the name of the god HERMES
. In Roman legend this was the name of a companion of Aeneas.
HERNANDO m Spanish
Medieval Spanish form of FERDINAND
. A famous bearer of this name was Hernando Cortés (1485-1547), a Spanish conquistador.
HEROD m Biblical
From the Greek name Ἡρῴδης (Herodes)
, which probably means "song of the hero"
from ἥρως (heros)
meaning "hero, warrior" combined with ᾠδή (ode)
meaning "song, ode". This was the name of several rulers of Judea during the period when it was part of the Roman Empire. This includes two who appear in the New Testament: Herod the Great, the king who ordered the slaughter of the children, and his son Herod Antipas, who had John
the Baptist beheaded.
HERODOTUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἡρόδοτος (Herodotos)
, derived from the name of the goddess HERA
combined with δοτός (dotos)
meaning "given, granted". Herodotus was a Greek historian of the 5th century BC who wrote the Histories
, a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. He is known as the Father of History.
HERON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἥρως (heros)
. This was the name of a 1st-century Greek inventor (also known as Hero
) from Alexandria.
HERSHEL m American, Yiddish
Yiddish diminutive of HIRSH
. As a non-Jewish American name (somewhat common around the end of the 19th century), it was likely inspired by the German surname HERSCHEL
, borne for instance by the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822).
HESPEROS m Ancient Greek
in Greek. This was the name of the personification of the Evening Star (the planet Venus) in Greek mythology.
HEZEKIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name חִזְקִיָהוּ (Chizqiyahu)
, which means "YAHWEH strengthens"
, from the roots חָזַק (chazaq)
meaning "to strength" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This name was borne by a powerful king of Judah who reigned in the 8th and 7th centuries BC. Also in the Old Testament, this is the name of an ancestor of the prophet Zephaniah
HIAWATHA m History, Native American, Iroquois
From the Iroquoian name Haio-went-ha
meaning "he who combs"
. This was the name of a Mohawk or Onondaga leader who founded the Iroquois Confederacy, possibly in the 15th century. He was later the subject of a fictionalized 1855 poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
HIDDE m Frisian
Frisian short form of names containing the Germanic element hild
HIDEAKI m Japanese
From Japanese 英 (hide)
meaning "excellent, fine" and 明 (aki)
meaning "bright", as well as other combinations of kanji.
HIDEKI m Japanese
From Japanese 秀 (hide)
meaning "excellent, outstanding" or 英 (hide)
meaning "excellent, fine" combined with 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
HIDEYOSHI m Japanese
From Japanese 秀 (hide)
meaning "excellent, outstanding" combined with 良 (yoshi)
meaning "good, virtuous, respectable" or 吉 (yoshi)
meaning "good luck". Other kanji combinations are possible. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (Hideyoshi 秀吉
being his given name) was a 16th-century daimyo who unified Japan and attempted to conquer Korea. He also banned the ownership of weapons by the peasantry, and banished Christian missionaries.