COSMO m Italian, English
Italian variant of COSIMO
. It was introduced to Britain in the 18th century by the second Scottish Duke of Gordon, who named his son and successor after his friend Cosimo III de' Medici.
COURTNEY f & m English
From an aristocratic English surname that was derived either from the French place name Courtenay
(originally a derivative of the personal name Curtenus
, itself derived from Latin curtus
"short") or else from a Norman nickname meaning "short nose". As a feminine name in America, it first became popular during the 1970s.
COY m English
From a surname that meant "quiet, shy, coy"
from Middle English coi
CRAIG m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname that was derived from Gaelic creag
, originally indicating a person who lived near a crag.
CRAWFORD m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "crow ford"
in Old English.
CREE m & f English (Rare)
From the name of a Native American tribe of central Canada. Their name derives via French from the Cree word kiristino
CREIGHTON m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name, originally from Gaelic crioch
"border" combined with Old English tun
CRESCENTIUS m Late Roman
Latin name that was a derivative of the name CRESCENS
. This was the name of a few early saints, including a child martyred in Rome during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century.
CREW m English (Rare)
Either from a surname that was derived from the English town of Crewe (from Old Welsh criu
), or from the English vocabulary word for a group of people.
CRISPIN m English (Rare)
From the Roman cognomen Crispinus
, which was derived from the name CRISPUS
. Saint Crispin was a 3rd-century Roman who was martyred with his twin brother Crispinian in Gaul. They are the patrons of shoemakers. They were popular saints in England during the Middle Ages, and the name has occasionally been used since that time.
CROFTON m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "town with a small enclosed field"
in Old English.
CRONUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Κρόνος (Kronos)
, possibly derived from the Indo-European root *ker-
meaning "to cut"
. Cronus was the Titan who fathered the Greek gods. As his wife Rhea
gave birth to the gods, Cronus swallowed them fearing the prophecy that he would be overthrown by one of his children. However Rhea hid Zeus
, her last child, who eventually forced his father to disgorge his siblings. Cronus and the rest of the Titans were then defeated by the gods and exiled.
ČRTOMIR m Slovene
Derived from the Slavic elements črt
"hatred" and miru
"peace, world". This is the name of the hero in the Slovene national epic Baptism on the Savica
(1835) by France Prešeren.
CRUZ f & m Spanish, Portuguese
in Spanish or Portuguese, referring to the cross of the crucifixion.
CSABA m Hungarian
Possibly means either "shepherd"
in Hungarian. According to legend this was the name of a son of Attila
CSANÁD m Hungarian
Derived from the old Hungarian name Csana
, of unknown meaning. This was the name of an 11th-century ruler, also known as Cenad
, of the Hungarian region that came to be called Csanád County (now split between Hungary and Romania).
CSONGOR m Hungarian
Possibly from a Turkic root meaning "falcon"
. The Hungarian poet and dramatist Mihály Vörösmarty used it in his play Csongor és Tünde
CTIRAD m Czech
Derived from the Slavic elements chisti
meaning "honour" and rad
meaning "happy, willing". In Czech legend this was the name of one of the men tricked by Šárka
CUÁN m Irish
Means "little wolf"
or "little hound"
from the Irish element cú
meaning "wolf, hound" combined with a diminutive suffix.
CUAUHTÉMOC m Indigenous American, Nahuatl
Means "descending eagle"
in Nahuatl. This was the name of the last Aztec emperor, ruling until he was captured and executed by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in the year 1525.
CÚCHULAINN m Irish Mythology
Means "hound of Culann"
in Irish. This was the usual name of the warrior hero who was named Sétanta at birth, given to him because he took the place of one of Culann's hounds after he accidentally killed it. Irish legend tells of Cúchulainn's many adventures, including his single-handed defense of Ulster against the army of Queen Medb
CUIMÍN m Irish
Possibly from Celtic cam
meaning "bent, crooked"
. This was the name of a 6th-century Irish saint.
CULHWCH m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Means "hiding place of the pig"
in Welsh. In Welsh legend he was the lover of Olwen
the daughter of the giant Yspaddaden. Before the giant would allow Culhwch to marry his daughter, he insisted that Culhwch complete a series of extremely difficult tasks. Culhwch managed to complete them, and he returned to marry Olwen and kill the giant. This tale appears in the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth.
CUNOBELINUS m Brythonic
Possibly means "hound of Belenus"
from the old Celtic element koun
"hound" combined with the name of the god BELENUS
. This was the name of a 1st-century king of southeast Britain.
CUPID m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From the Latin Cupido
. This was the name of the Roman god of love, the son of Venus
. He was portrayed as a winged, blindfolded boy, armed with a bow and arrows, which caused the victim to fall in love. His Greek equivalent was Eros
CURTIS m English
From an English surname that originally meant "courteous"
in Old French.
CUSTODIO m Spanish
in Spanish, from Latin custodia
CUTHBERT m English (Rare)
Derived from the Old English elements cuþ
"famous" and beorht
"bright". Saint Cuthbert was a 6th-century hermit who became the bishop of Lindisfarne, an island off the coast of England. He was known as performer of healing miracles. Because of the saint, this name remained in use in England even after the Norman Conquest. It became rare after the Protestant Reformation, but it was (briefly) revived in the 19th century.
CYNWRIG m Ancient Welsh
Derived from Welsh cyn
meaning "chief" and gwr
meaning "hero, man", plus the suffix ig
indicating "has the quality of".
CYPRIAN m Polish, English (Rare)
From the Roman family name Cyprianus
, which meant "from Cyprus"
. Saint Cyprian was a 3rd-century bishop of Carthage and a martyr under the emperor Valerian.
CYRANO m Literature
Possibly derived from the name of the ancient Greek city of Cyrene, which was located in North Africa. Edmond Rostand used this name in his play Cyrano de Bergerac
(1897). He based his character upon a real person, Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac, a French satirist of the 17th century.
CYRIACUS m Late Roman
Latinized form of the Greek name Κυριακός (Kyriakos)
, which meant "of the lord"
(derived from Greek κύριος (kyrios)
meaning "lord"). This was the name of a few early saints.
CYRUS m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From Κῦρος (Kyros)
, the Greek form of the Persian name Kūrush
, which may mean "far sighted"
. The name is sometimes associated with Greek κύριος (kyrios)
meaning "lord". It was borne by several kings of Persia, including Cyrus the Great, who conquered Babylon. He is famous in the Old Testament for freeing the captive Jews and allowing them to return to Israel. As an English name, it first came into use among the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation.
DA m & f Chinese
From Chinese 达 (dá)
meaning "achieve, arrive at, intelligent" (which is usually only masculine), 大 (dà)
meaning "big, great, vast, high", or other characters with a similar pronunciation.
DACIAN m Romanian
Derived from Dacia
, the old Roman name for the region that is now Romania and Moldova.
DACRE m English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name in Cumbria, of Brythonic origin meaning "trickling stream"
DAEDALUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Δαίδαλος (Daidalos)
, which was derived from δαιδάλλω (daidallo)
meaning "to work cunningly"
. In Greek myth Daedalus was an Athenian inventor who was banished to Crete. There he designed the Labyrinth for King Minos
, but he and his son Icarus
were eventually imprisoned inside it because he had aided Theseus
in his quest against the Minotaur. Daelalus and Icarus escaped using wings fashioned from wax, but Icarus fell from the sky to his death.
DAE-JUNG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 大 (dae)
meaning "big, great, vast, large, high" combined with 中 (jung)
meaning "middle". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well. A notable bearer was South Korean president Kim Dae-jung (1924-2009).
DAE-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 大 (dae)
meaning "big, great, vast, large, high" combined with 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded". Other combinations of hanja characters can also form this name.
DAFYDD m Welsh
Welsh form of DAVID
. This name was borne by Dafydd ap Gruffydd, a 13th-century Welsh ruler, and Dafydd ap Gwilym, a 14th-century poet.
DAGDA m Irish Mythology
Means "good god"
in Celtic. In Irish myth Dagda (called also The Dagda) was the powerful god of the earth, knowledge, magic, abundance and treaties, a leader of the Tuatha De Danann. He was skilled in combat and healing and possessed a huge club, the handle of which could revive the dead.
DAGON m Semitic Mythology
Perhaps related to Ugaritic dgn
. This was the name of a Semitic god of agriculture, usually depicted with the body of a fish.
DAI m Welsh
Derived from the old Celtic word dei
meaning "to shine"
. This name is also used as a Welsh diminutive of DAVID
DAICHI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (dai)
meaning "big, great" combined with 地 (chi)
meaning "earth, land" or 智 (chi)
meaning "wisdom, intellect". Other kanji combinations are possible.
DAIKI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (dai)
meaning "big, great" combined with 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness", 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree" or 貴 (ki)
meaning "valuable". Other combinations of kanji can also form this name.
DÁIRE m Irish, Irish Mythology
Means "fruitful, fertile"
in Irish. This name is borne by many figures in Irish legend, including the Ulster chief who reneged on his promise to loan the Brown Bull of Cooley to Medb
, starting the war between Connacht and Ulster as told in the Irish epic The Cattle Raid of Cooley
DAISUKE m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (dai)
meaning "big, great" and 輔 (suke)
meaning "help". Other kanji combinations are possible.
DÁITHÍ m Irish
Possibly means "swift"
in Irish. It is sometimes used as an Irish form of David
DAKOTA m & f English (Modern)
From the name of the Native American people of the northern Mississippi valley, or from the two American states that were named for them: North and South Dakota (until 1889 unified as the Dakota Territory). The tribal name means "allies, friends"
in the Dakota language.
DÁLACH m Irish
Derived from Irish dál
DALE m & f English
From an English surname that originally belonged to a person who lived near a dale or valley.
DALER m Tajik
From Tajik далерӣ (daleri)
, ultimately from Persian دلاور (delaver)
meaning "brave, valiant".
DALEY m & f Irish, English (Rare)
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Dálaigh
meaning "descendant of Dálach"
. The name Dálach
means "assembly" in Gaelic.
DALLAS m & f English
From a surname that could either be of Old English origin meaning "valley house"
or of Scottish Gaelic origin meaning "meadow dwelling"
. A city in Texas bears this name, probably in honour of American Vice President George M. Dallas (1792-1864).
DALTON m English
From an English surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "valley town"
in Old English. A notable bearer of the surname was John Dalton (1766-1844), the English chemist and physicist who theorized about the existence of atoms.
DAMHÁN m Irish
from Gaelic damh
"stag, ox" combined with a diminutive suffix.
DAMIAN m English, Polish, Dutch
From the Greek name Δαμιανός (Damianos)
, which was derived from Greek δαμάζω (damazo)
meaning "to tame"
. Saint Damian was martyred with his twin brother Cosmas
in Syria early in the 4th century. They are the patron saints of physicians. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in Christian Europe. Another saint by this name was Peter Damian, an 11th-century cardinal and theologian from Italy.
DAMOCLES m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Δαμοκλῆς (Damokles)
, which was derived from δᾶμος (damos)
meaning "the people", a Doric Greek variant of δῆμος (demos)
, and κλέος (kleos)
meaning "glory". In Greek legend Damocles was a member of the court of Dionysius the Elder, the king of Syracuse. Damocles expressed envy of the king's station so Dionysius offered to switch roles with him for a day. To illustrate to Damocles the peril of a man in his position he suspended a sword over the throne.
DAMODARA m Hinduism
Means "rope around the belly"
, derived from Sanskrit दाम (dama)
meaning "rope" and उदर (udara)
meaning "belly". This is another name of the Hindu god Krishna
, given to him because his foster-mother tied him to a large urn.
DAMON m Greek Mythology, English
Derived from Greek δαμάζω (damazo)
meaning "to tame"
. According to Greek legend, Damon and Pythias were friends who lived on Syracuse in the 4th century BC. When Pythias was sentenced to death, he was allowed to temporarily go free on the condition that Damon take his place in prison. Pythias returned just before Damon was to be executed in his place, and the king was so impressed with their loyalty to one another that he pardoned Pythias. As an English given name, it has only been regularly used since the 20th century.
DANA (2) m & f English
From a surname that originally belonged to a person who was Danish. It was originally given in honour of American lawyer Richard Henry Dana (1815-1882), the author of Two Years Before the Mast
DANE m English
From an English surname that was either a variant of the surname DEAN
or else an ethnic name referring to a person from Denmark.
DANIEL m English, Hebrew, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Armenian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel)
meaning "God is my judge"
, from the roots דִּין (din)
meaning "to judge" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Daniel was a Hebrew prophet whose story is told in the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament. He lived during the Jewish captivity in Babylon, where he served in the court of the king, rising to prominence by interpreting the king's dreams. The book also presents Daniel's four visions of the end of the world.... [more]
DANISH m Urdu
From Persian دانش (danesh)
meaning "knowledge, learning"
DANTE m Italian
Medieval short form of DURANTE
. The most notable bearer of this name was Dante Alighieri, the 13th-century Italian poet who wrote the Divine Comedy
DAR f & m Hebrew
Means "mother-of-pearl, nacre"
DARA (1) m Irish
From the Irish Mac Dara
, which means "son of oak"
. This was the name of a 6th-century saint from Connemara. It is also used as an Anglicized form of DÁIRE
DARA (2) f & m Khmer
in Khmer, ultimately from Sanskrit.
DARBY m & f English
From an English surname, which was derived from the name of the town of Derby
, meaning "deer town" in Old Norse.
DARCY f & m English
From an English surname that was derived from Norman French d'Arcy
, originally denoting one who came from Arcy in France. This was the surname of a character in Jane Austen's novel Pride and Prejudice
DARDAN m Albanian
From the name of the Dardani, an Illyrian tribe who lived on the Balkan Peninsula. Their name may derive from an Illyrian word meaning "pear". They were unrelated to the ancient people who were also called the Dardans who lived near Troy.
DARIN m English
Variant of DARREN
. This was the adopted surname of the singer Bobby Darin (1936-1973), who was born Robert Cassotto and chose his stage name from a street sign.
DARIUS m English, Lithuanian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman form of Δαρεῖος (Dareios)
, which was the Greek form of the Persian name Dārayavahush
meaning "possessing goodness"
, composed of the elements dâraya
"to possess" and vahu
"good". Three ancient kings of Persia bore this name, including Darius the Great who expanded the Achaemenid Empire to its greatest extent. His forces invaded Greece but were defeated in the Battle of Marathon.... [more]
DARNELL m English
From a surname, possibly derived from Old French darnel
, a type of grass. Alternatively it may be derived from Old English derne
"hidden" and halh
DARRELL m English
From an English surname that was derived from Norman French d'Airelle
, originally denoting one who came from Airelle in France.
DARREN m English
The meaning of this name is not known for certain. It could be from a rare Irish surname or it could be an altered form of DARRELL
. It was first brought to public attention in the late 1950s by the American actor Darren McGavin (1922-2006). It was further popularized in the 1960s by the character Darrin Stephens from the television show Bewitched
D'ARTAGNAN m Literature
Means "from Artagnan"
in French, Artagnan being a town in southwest France. This was the name of a character in the novel The Three Musketeers
(1884) by Alexandre Dumas. In the novel D'Artagnan is an aspiring musketeer who first duels with the three title characters and then becomes their friend.
DARWIN m English
From a surname that was derived from the Old English given name DEORWINE
. The surname was borne by the English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882), the man who first proposed the theory of natural selection and subsequently revolutionized biology.
DASHIELL m English (Rare)
In the case of American author Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961) it was from his mother's surname, which was possibly an Anglicized form of French de Chiel
, of unknown meaning.
DATHAN m Biblical
Possibly means "fountain"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the conspirators against Moses
DAUID m Biblical Greek
Form of DAVID
used in the Greek Old Testament. Some versions of the Greek New Testament also use this form, while others (the Textus Receptus) use Δαβίδ (Dabid)
DAUMANTAS m Lithuanian
From Lithuanian daug
"much" and mantus
"intelligent". This name was borne by a 13th-century Lithuanian ruler of Pskov who is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
DAVID m English, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid)
, which was derived from Hebrew דּוֹד (dod)
. David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath
, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus
was descended from him.... [more]
DAVIS m English
From a surname that was derived from the given name DAVID
. A famous bearer of the surname was Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), the only president of the Confederate States of America.
DAVITI m Georgian
Form of DAVIT
with the nominative suffix, used in Georgian when the name is written stand-alone.
DAWSON m English
From a surname meaning "son of DAVID"
. This name was popularized in the late 1990s by the television drama Dawson's Creek
DAX m English
From an English surname that was derived either from the town of Dax in France or else from the Old English given name Dæcca
(of unknown meaning).
DAYTON m English
From an English surname that was derived from a place name, which possibly meant either "dairy town"
or "ditch town"
in Old English.
DAZHDBOG m Slavic Mythology
Possibly means "the giving god"
in Slavic. He was a Slavic god of the sun and light, a son of Svarog. In some myths he is the ancestor of the Russian people.
DEACON m English (Modern)
Either from the occupational surname Deacon
or directly from the vocabulary word deacon
, which refers to a cleric in the Christian church (ultimately from Greek διάκονος (diakonos)
DEBDAS m Bengali
Bengali form of DEVADAS
. This is the name of a 1917 novel by the Bengali author Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay.
DECEBAL m Romanian
Means "powerful, brave"
in Dacian. This was the name adopted by Diurpaneus, a 1st-century king of Dacia. For many years he successfully resisted Roman expansion into his territory but was finally defeated by the forces of Emperor Trajan in 106.
DECLAN m Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Deaglán
, which is of unknown meaning. Saint Declan was a 5th-century missionary to Ireland.
DEE f & m English
Short form of names beginning with D
. It may also be given in reference to the Dee
River in Scotland.
DEEMER m English (Rare)
From an English and Scottish surname meaning "judge"
, from Old English demere