OAKLEY m & f English
From an English surname that was from various place names meaning "oak clearing"
in Old English. A famous bearer of the surname was the American sharpshooter Annie Oakley (1860-1926).
OBADIAH m Biblical
Means "serving YAHWEH"
in Hebrew, derived from עָבַד ('avad)
meaning "to serve" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the twelve minor prophets, the author of the Book of Obadiah, which predicts the downfall of the nation of Edom.
OBERON m Literature
Variant of AUBERON
. Oberon was the king of the fairies in Shakespeare's comedy A Midsummer Night's Dream
(1595). A moon of Uranus bears this name in his honour.
OBRAD m Serbian
Possibly derived from Serbian obradovati
meaning "to make happy"
OCEAN m & f English (Rare)
Simply from the English word ocean
for a large body of water. It is ultimately derived from Greek Ὠκεανός (Okeanos)
, the name of the body of water thought to surround the Earth.
OCTAVIAN m History, Romanian
From the Roman name Octavianus
, which was derived from the name OCTAVIUS
. After Gaius Octavius (later the Roman emperor Augustus
) was adopted by Julius Caesar he took the name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus.
OCTAVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from Latin octavus
. This was the original family name of the emperor Augustus (born Gaius Octavius). It was also rarely used as a Roman praenomen, or given name.
ODALIS f & m Spanish (Latin American)
Possibly an elaboration of ODILIA
used in Latin America. In most countries it is a feminine name, but in the Dominican Republic it is commonly masculine.
ODDVAR m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Oddvarr
, derived from the elements oddr
"point of a sword" and varr
ODED m Biblical
Means "to restore"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a prophet from Samaria.
ODELL m & f English
From a surname that was originally from an English place name, itself derived from Old English wad
"woad" (a plant that produces a blue dye) and hyll
ODHRÁN m Irish
Means "little pale green one"
, derived from Irish odhra
"pale green, sallow" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a saint who travelled with Saint Columba through Scotland.
ODIN m Norse Mythology, English (Modern)
Anglicized form of Old Norse Óðinn
, which was derived from óðr
meaning "inspiration, rage, frenzy"
. It ultimately developed from the early Germanic *Woðanaz
. The name appears as Woden
in Anglo-Saxon sources (for example, as the founder of several royal lineages in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle) and in forms such as Wotan
in continental Europe. However, Odin is best known from Norse mythology, as the highest of the gods, presiding over art, war, wisdom and death. He resided in Valhalla, where warriors went after they were slain.
ODOVACAR m Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Audovacar
meaning "wealthy and vigilant"
, derived from the elements aud
"wealth" and wacar
"vigilant". Odovacar, also called Odoacer, was a 5th-century Gothic leader who overthrew the last Western Roman emperor and became the first barbarian king of Italy.
ODYSSEUS m Greek Mythology
Perhaps derived from Greek ὀδύσσομαι (odyssomai)
meaning "to hate"
. In Greek legend Odysseus was one of the Greek heroes who fought in the Trojan War. In the Odyssey Homer
relates Odysseus's misadventures on his way back to his kingdom and his wife Penelope
OEDIPUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Οἰδίπους (Oidipous)
, meaning "swollen foot"
from οἰδέω (oideo)
meaning "to swell" and πούς (pous)
meaning "foot". In Greek mythology Oedipus was the son of the Theban king Laius
and his wife Jocasta
. Laius received a prophesy that he would be killed by his son, so he left the newborn to die of exposure. Oedipus was however rescued and raised in the home of the Corinthian king Polybus. After he had grown and learned of the same prophesy, Oedipus left Corinth so that he would not be a danger to Polybus, who he assumed was his father. On the road to Delphi he chanced upon his real father Laius and slew him in a petty disagreement, thus fulfilling the prophecy. He then correctly answered the Sphinx's riddle, winning the now vacant throne of Thebes and marrying the widowed Queen Jocasta, his own mother. Years later they learned the truth of their relationship, prompting Jocasta to commit suicide and Oedipus to blind himself.
OFER m Hebrew
in Hebrew. This makes it a modern variant of the Classical Hebrew name Ophrah
OFRA m & f Hebrew
Modern Hebrew form of OPHRAH
. Originally it was a masculine name, but it is now used for females too.
OGDEN m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "oak valley"
in Old English. A famous bearer was the humorous American poet Ogden Nash (1902-1971).
OĞUZHAN m Turkish
, the name of an ancient Turkic people, combined with Turkish han
meaning "khan, ruler, leader".
OHAD m Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the third son of Simeon
OISÍN m Irish, Irish Mythology
Means "little deer"
, derived from Irish os
"deer" combined with a diminutive suffix. In Irish legend Oisín was a warrior hero and a poet, the son of Fionn
OKEANOS m Greek Mythology
From the name of the river or body of water thought by the ancient Greeks to surround the Earth. In Greek mythology Okeanos was the Titan who personified this body of water.
OLAF m Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Polish
From the Old Norse name Áleifr
meaning "ancestor's descendant"
, derived from the elements anu
"ancestor" and leifr
"descendant". This was the name of five kings of Norway, including Saint Olaf (Olaf II).
OLEG m Russian
Russian form of HELGE
. The Varangians brought this name from Scandinavia to Russia. It was borne by an important 10th-century grand prince of Kiev.
OLEGARIO m Spanish
Spanish form of a Germanic name, possibly Aldegar
, derived from the elements ald
"old" and ger
"spear". This was the name of a 12th-century saint, a bishop of Barcelona.
OLINDO m Literature, Italian
Used by the 16th-century Italian poet Torquato Tasso for the lover of Sophronia in his epic poem Jerusalem Delivered
(1580). It might be a variant of Olinto
, the Italian form of the ancient Greek city Ὄλυνθος (Olynthos)
meaning "wild fig".
OLIVER m English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Catalan, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak
, a Norman French form of a Germanic name such as ALFHER
or an Old Norse name such as Áleifr
). The spelling was altered by association with Latin oliva
"olive tree". In the Middle Ages the name became well-known in Western Europe because of the French epic La Chanson de Roland
, in which Olivier was a friend and advisor of the hero Roland.... [more]
OLVE m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Ǫlvir
, possibly derived from ala
"all" or alu
"defense, protection, luck" combined with vér
"holy man" or "warrior".
OLYMPOS m Ancient Greek
From a Greek personal name that was derived from the place name OLYMPOS
, the name of the mountain home of the Greek gods.
OM m Indian, Hindi, Marathi
From the Sanskrit ओम् (om)
, considered to be a sacred syllable because it represents the range of sounds that can be made by the human voice.
OMAR (1) m Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian
Alternate transcription of Arabic عمر
). This is the usual English spelling of the 12th-century poet Umar Khayyam's name. In his honour it has sometimes been used in the English-speaking world, notably for the American general Omar Bradley (1893-1981).
OMAR (2) m Biblical
in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Eliphaz in the Old Testament.
OMEGA m & f Various
From the name of the last letter in the Greek alphabet, Ω
. It is often seen as a symbol of completion.
OMER m & f Hebrew
Means "sheaf of wheat"
OMRI m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Possibly means "life"
in Hebrew (or a related Semitic language). This was the name of a 9th-century BC military commander who became king of Israel. He appears in the Old Testament, where he is denounced as being wicked.
ONESIMUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ὀνήσιμος (Onesimos)
, which meant "beneficial, profitable"
. Saint Onesimus was an escaped slave of Philemon
who met Saint Paul
while in prison and was converted by him. Paul sent him back to Philemon carrying the epistle that appears in the New Testament.
ONESIPHORUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ὀνησίφορος (Onesiphoros)
, which meant "bringing advantage, beneficial"
. This name is mentioned briefly in Paul
's second epistle to Timothy
in the New Testament. According to tradition he was martyred by being tied to horses and then torn apart.
OPHIR m Biblical
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a son of Joktan in the Old Testament (where it is also used as a place name).
OPHIUCHUS m Astronomy
Latinized form of Greek Ὀφιοῦχος (Ophiouchos)
meaning "serpent bearer"
. This is the name of an equatorial constellation that depicts the god Asklepios holding a snake.
OPHRAH m Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of both a man mentioned in genealogies and a city in Manasseh.
ORA (1) f & m English
Perhaps based on Latin oro
"to pray". It was first used in America in the 19th century.
ORAL m English
Meaning uncertain. This name was borne by the influential American evangelist Oral Roberts (1918-2009), who was apparently named by his cousin.
ORHAN m Turkish
Derived from Turkish or
"great" and the title khan
meaning "leader". This was the name of a 14th-century sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
ORIGEN m History
From the Greek name Ὠριγένης (Origenes)
, which was possibly derived from the name of the Egyptian god HORUS
combined with γενής (genes)
meaning "born". Origen was a 3rd-century theologian from Alexandria. Long after his death some of his writings were declared heretical, hence he is not regarded as a saint.
ORIOL m Catalan
From a Catalan surname meaning "golden"
. It has been used in honour of Joseph Oriol, a 17th-century saint.
ORION m Greek Mythology
Meaning uncertain, but possibly related to Greek ὅριον (horion)
meaning "boundary, limit"
. Alternatively it may be derived from Akkadian Uru-anna
meaning "light of the heavens"
. This is the name of a constellation, which gets its name from a legendary Greek hunter who was killed by a scorpion sent by the earth goddess Gaia
ORLANDO m Italian
Italian form of ROLAND
, as used in the epic poems Orlando Innamorato
(1483) by Matteo Maria Boiardo and Orlando Furioso
(1532) by Ludovico Ariosto. A character in Shakespeare's play As You like It
(1599) also bears this name, as does a city in Florida.
ORPHEUS m Greek Mythology
Perhaps related to Greek ὄρφνη (orphne)
meaning "the darkness of night"
. In Greek mythology Orpheus was a poet and musician who went to the underworld to retrieve his dead wife Eurydice. He succeeded in charming Hades with his lyre, and he was allowed to lead his wife out of the underworld on the condition that he not look back at her until they reached the surface. Unfortunately, just before they arrived his love for her overcame his will and he glanced back at her, causing her to be drawn back to Hades.
ORRELL m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "ore hill"
in Old English.
ORSINO m Italian
Italian form of the Roman name Ursinus
, itself derived from Ursus
). This is the name of a character in Shakespeare's play Twelfth Night
ORSON m English
From a Norman nickname derived from a diminutive of Norman French ors "bear"
, ultimately from Latin ursus
. American actor and director Orson Welles (1915-1985) was a famous bearer of this name.
ORVAR m Swedish, Norse Mythology
in Old Norse. Orvar Odd is a legendary Norse hero who is the subject of a 13th-century Icelandic saga.
ORVILLE m English
This name was invented by the 18th-century writer Fanny Burney, who perhaps intended it to mean "golden city" in French. Orville Wright (1871-1948), together with his brother Wilbur, invented the first successful airplane.
OSAMU m Japanese
From Japanese 修 (osamu)
meaning "discipline, study", as well as other kanji that have the same pronunciation.
OSBERT m English (Rare)
Derived from the Old English elements os
"god" and beorht
"bright". After the Norman Conquest, this Old English name was merged with its Norman cognate. It was rare in the Middle Ages, and eventually died out. It was briefly revived in the 19th century.
OSBORN m English
Derived from the Old English elements os
"god" and beorn
"bear". During the Anglo-Saxon period there was also a Norse cognate Ásbjǫrn
used in England, and after the Norman Conquest the Norman cognate Osbern
was introduced. It was occasionally revived in the 19th century, in part from a surname that was derived from the given name.
OSCAR m English, Irish, Portuguese (Brazilian), Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, French, Irish Mythology
Possibly means "deer friend"
, derived from Gaelic os
"deer" and cara
"friend". Alternatively, it may derive from the Old English name OSGAR
or its Old Norse cognate ÁSGEIRR
, which may have been brought to Ireland by Viking invaders and settlers. In Irish legend Oscar was the son of the poet Oisín
and the grandson of the hero Fionn
mac Cumhail.... [more]
OSIRIS m Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)
Greek form of the Egyptian wsjr
(reconstructed as Asar
and other forms), which is of unknown meaning, possibly related to wsr "mighty"
or jrt "eye"
. In Egyptian mythology Osiris was the god of the dead and the judge of the underworld. He was slain by his brother Seth
, but revived by his wife Isis
OSKAR m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Polish
Scandinavian, German, Polish and Slovene form of OSCAR
. A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who is credited for saved over 1,000 Polish Jews during World War II.
OSMAN m Turkish, Kurdish
Turkish and Kurdish form of UTHMAN
. This was the name of the founder of the Ottoman Empire (14th century).
OSMOND m English (Rare)
From the Old English elements os
"god" and mund
"protection". During the Anglo-Saxon period a Norse cognate Ásmundr
was also used in England, and another version was imported by the Normans. Saint Osmund was an 11th-century Norman nobleman who became an English bishop. Though it eventually became rare, it was revived in the 19th century, in part from a surname that was derived from the given name.
OSSIAN m Literature
Variant of OISÍN
used by James Macpherson in his epic poems, which he claimed to have based on early Irish legends.
OSWALD m English, German, Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements os
"god" and weald
"power, ruler". Saint Oswald was a king of Northumbria who introduced Christianity to northeast England in the 7th century before being killed in battle. There was also an Old Norse cognate Ásvaldr
in use in England, being borne by the 10th-century Saint Oswald of Worcester, who was of Danish ancestry. Though the name had died out by the end of the Middle Ages, it was revived in the 19th century.
OSWIN m English (Rare)
From the Old English elements os
"god" and wine
"friend". Saint Oswin was a 7th-century king of Northumbria. After the Norman Conquest this name was used less, and it died out after the 14th century. It was briefly revived in the 19th century.
OTAR m Georgian
Derived from Turkic otar
meaning "pasture, meadow"
OTELLO m Italian
Italian form of OTHELLO
. This was the name of an 1887 opera by Giuseppe Verdi, based on Shakespeare's play.
OTHELLO m Literature
Perhaps an Italian diminutive of OTHO
. Shakespeare used this name in his tragedy Othello
(1603), where it belongs to a Moor who is manipulated by Iago
into killing his wife Desdemona
OTHNIEL m Biblical
Meaning uncertain, possibly "lion of God"
or "strength of God"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a nephew of Caleb
who becomes the first of the ruling judges of the Israelites.
OTHO m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen of unknown meaning. This was the name of a short-lived 1st-century Roman emperor.
OTIS m English
From an English surname that was derived from the medieval given name Ode
, a cognate of OTTO
. In America it has been used in honour of the revolutionary James Otis (1725-1783).
OTMAR m German, Czech, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Audamar
, which was derived from the elements aud
"wealth, fortune" and mari
"famous". This was the name of an 8th-century Swiss saint, an abbot of Saint Gall.
OTT m Estonian
Possibly an Estonian form of OTTO
. It may also be inspired by an archaic Estonian word meaning "bear"
OTTO m German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Ancient Germanic
Later German form of Audo
, originally a short form of various names beginning with the Germanic element aud
meaning "wealth, fortune"
. This was the name of four kings of Germany, starting in the 10th century with Otto I, the first Holy Roman emperor, who was known as Otto the Great. This name was also borne by a 19th-century king of Greece who was originally from Bavaria. Another notable bearer was the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898).
OVE m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Probably a modern form of the Old Danish name Aghi
, originally a short form of names that contain the Old Norse element egg "edge of a sword"
or agi "terror"
OVID m History
From the Roman family name Ovidius
, which was possibly derived from Latin ovis "a sheep"
. Alternatively, it could have a Sabellic origin. Publius Ovidius Naso, better known as Ovid, was a 1st-century BC Roman poet who often wrote on the subjects of love and mythology. He was sent into exile by Emperor Augustus for no apparent reason.