TEODOR m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Romanian, Bulgarian, Slovak, Czech, Polish, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian
Form of THEODORE
used in various languages.
TERAH m Biblical
Possibly means "station"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Terah is the father of Abraham
. He led his people out of Ur and towards Canaan, but died along the way.
TERCERO m Spanish (Rare)
in Spanish. This name was traditionally given to the third child born.
TERENCE m English
From the Roman family name Terentius
, which is of unknown meaning. Famous bearers include Publius Terentius Afer, a Roman playwright, and Marcus Terentius Varro, a Roman scholar. It was also borne by several early saints. The name was used in Ireland as an Anglicized form of TOIRDHEALBHACH
, but it was not in use as an English name until the late 19th century.
TERRELL m English
From an English surname that was probably derived from the Norman French nickname tirel "to pull"
, referring to a stubborn person. It may sometimes be given in honour of civil rights activist Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954).
TERRY (1) m & f English
From an English surname that was derived from the medieval name Thierry
, a Norman French form of THEODORIC
TERRY (2) m & f English
Diminutive of TERENCE
. A famous bearer was Terry Fox (1958-1981), a young man with an artificial leg who attempted to run across Canada to raise money for cancer research. He died of the disease before crossing the country.
TEVYE m Yiddish (Rare)
Yiddish form of TOBIAH
. This is the name of the central character in stories written by the Yiddish author Sholem Aleichem in the late 19th century, as well as the later musical adaptation Fiddler on the Roof
TEX m English
From a nickname denoting a person who came from the state of Texas. A famous bearer was the American animator Tex Avery (1908-1980), real name Frederick, who was born in Texas.
TEZCATLIPOCA m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "smoking mirror"
in Nahuatl. In Aztec and other Mesoamerican mythology he was one of the chief gods, associated with the night sky, winds, war, and the north. Like his rival Quetzalcoatl
, he was a creator god.
THADDEUS m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From Θαδδαῖος (Thaddaios)
, the Greek form of the Aramaic name Thaddai
. It is possibly derived from a word meaning "heart"
, but it may in fact be an Aramaic form of a Greek name such as Θεόδωρος
). In the Gospel of Matthew, Thaddaeus is listed as one of the twelve apostles, though elsewhere in the New Testament his name is omitted and Jude
's appears instead. It is likely that the two names refer to the same person.
THALES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek θάλλω (thallo)
meaning "to blossom"
. This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician.
THANATOS m Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek god of death who resided with Hades in the underworld.
THANE m English (Rare)
From the Scottish and English noble title, which was originally from Old English thegn
THATCHER m English (Modern)
From an English surname that referred to a person who thatched roofs by attaching straw to them, derived from Old English þæc
"thatch". The surname was borne by British prime minister Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013).
THELONIUS m Various
Latinized form of Tielo
). A famous bearer was jazz musician Thelonious Monk (1917-1982).
THEOBALD m English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Means "bold people"
, derived from the Germanic elements theud
"people" and bald
"bold". The Normans brought the name to England, where it joined an existing Old English cognate. The medieval forms Tibald
were commonly Latinized as Theobaldus
. It was rare by the 20th century.
THEODORE m English
From the Greek name Θεόδωρος (Theodoros)
, which meant "gift of god"
from Greek θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and δῶρον (doron)
meaning "gift". The name Dorothea
is derived from the same roots in reverse order. This was the name of several saints, including Theodore of Amasea, a 4th-century Greek soldier; Theodore of Tarsus, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury; and Theodore the Studite, a 9th-century Byzantine monk. It was also borne by two popes.... [more]
THEODORIC m History
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the people"
, derived from the elements theud
"people" and ric
"ruler". It was notably borne by Theodoric the Great, a 6th-century king of the Ostrogoths who eventually became the ruler of Italy. By Theodoric's time the Ostrogoths were partially Romanized and his name was regularly recorded as Theodoricus
. The Gothic original may have been Þiudreiks
THEODOSIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοδόσιος (Theodosios)
meaning "giving to god"
, derived from θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and δόσις (dosis)
meaning "giving". Saint Theodosius of Palestine was a monk who founded a monastery near Bethlehem in the 5th century. This also was the name of emperors of the Eastern Roman and Byzantine Empires.
THEOPHANES m Ancient Greek
Means "manifestation of God"
from Greek θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and φανής (phanes)
meaning "appearing". This name was borne by a few saints, including an 8th-century chronicler from Constantinople and a 19th-century Russian Orthodox saint, Theophanes the Recluse, who is Феофан (Feofan)
in Russian. Another famous bearer was a 14th-century Byzantine icon painter active in Moscow.
THESEUS m Greek Mythology
Possibly derived from Greek τίθημι (tithemi)
meaning "to set, to place"
. Theseus was a heroic king of Athens in Greek mythology. He was the son of Aethra, either by Aegeus or by the god Poseidon
. According to legend, every seven years the Cretan king Minos
demanded that Athens supply Crete with seven boys and seven girls to be devoured by the Minotaur, a half-bull creature that was the son of Minos's wife Pasiphaë. Theseus volunteered to go in place of one of these youths in order to slay the Minotaur in the Labyrinth where it lived. He succeeded with the help of Minos's daughter Ariadne
, who provided him with a sword and a roll of string so he could find his way out of the maze.
THOMAS m English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek form of the Aramaic name תָּאוֹמָא (Ta'oma')
. In the New Testament this is the name of an apostle. When he heard that Jesus
had risen from the dead he initially doubted the story, until Jesus appeared before him and he examined his wounds himself. According to tradition he was martyred in India. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world.... [more]
THOR m Norse Mythology, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish
From the Old Norse Þórr
, ultimately from the early Germanic *Þunraz
. Thor was the Norse god of strength, thunder, war and storms, the son of Odin
. He was armed with a hammer called Mjolnir, and wore an enchanted belt that doubled his strength.
THORLEY m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "thorn clearing"
in Old English.
THORNTON m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "thorn town"
in Old English.
THOTH m Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)
Greek form of Egyptian ḏḥwtj
(reconstructed as Djehuti
), which is of uncertain meaning. In Egyptian mythology Thoth was the god of the moon, science, magic, speech and writing. He was often depicted as a man with the head of an ibis.
THRACIUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman name meaning "of Thracia"
. Thracia was a region in southeast Europe, now divided between Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey.
THUTMOSE m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Τούθμωσις (Touthmosis)
, the Greek form of Egyptian ḏḥwtj-ms
meaning "born of Thoth", itself composed of the name of the Egyptian god THOTH
combined with msj
"be born". Thutmose was the name of four Egyptian pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Thutmose III who conquered Syria and Nubia.
TIBERIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "of the Tiber"
in Latin. The Tiber is the river that runs through Rome. Tiberius was the second Roman emperor, the stepson of Emperor Augustus.
TIBURCIO m Spanish
Spanish form of the Roman cognomen Tiburtius
meaning "of Tibur"
. Tibur (now called Tivoli) was a resort town near Rome. Saint Tiburtius was a 3rd-century martyr from Rome.
TIES m Dutch
Diminutive of MATTHIJS
as well as Dutch names beginning with the Germanic element theud
TIGER m English (Rare)
From the name of the large striped cat, derived (via Old French and Latin) from Greek τίγρις (tigris)
, ultimately of Iranian origin. A famous bearer is American golfer Tiger Woods (1975-).
TIGHEARNACH m Irish
Derived from Old Irish tigerna
. This was the name of an Irish saint of the 6th century. In his youth he was kidnapped by Welsh pirates and brought to Wales, but he escaped to Scotland. Eventually he returned to Ireland where he was a bishop of Clogher.
TIGHEARNÁN m Irish
Means "little lord"
from Old Irish tigerna
"lord" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 12th-century king of Breifne in Ireland.
TILL m German
, a Medieval Low German diminutive of names that began with Diet
(for example DIETRICH
), originally from Germanic theud
TILO m German
, a Low German diminutive of names that began with Diet
(for example DIETRICH
), from the Germanic element theud
meaning "people". Saint Tillo was a 7th-century man of Saxony who was kidnapped and brought to the Low Countries by raiders. After his release he became a Benedictine monk and did missionary work in France.
TIMOTHY m English, Biblical
English form of the Greek name Τιμόθεος (Timotheos)
meaning "honouring God"
, derived from τιμάω (timao)
meaning "to honour" and θεός (theos)
meaning "god". Saint Timothy was a companion of Paul
on his missionary journeys and was the recipient of two of Paul's epistles that appear in the New Testament. He was of both Jewish and Greek ancestry. According to tradition, he was martyred at Ephesus after protesting the worship of Artemis
. As an English name, Timothy
was not used until after the Protestant Reformation.
TIMUR m Tatar, Chechen, Kazakh, Uzbek, Russian, History
From the Turkic and Mongol name Temür
. This was the name of several Mongol, Turkic and Yuan leaders. A notable bearer was Timur, also known as Tamerlane
(from Persian تیمور لنگ (Timur e Lang)
meaning "Timur the lame"), a 14th-century Turkic leader who conquered large areas of Western Asia.
TIRAS m Biblical
Possibly means "desire"
in Hebrew. Tiras is a grandson of Noah
in the Old Testament.
TIRTA m & f Indonesian
Means "sacred water, place of pilgrimage"
in Indonesian, ultimately from Sanskrit तीर्थ (tirtha)
TITUS m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of unknown meaning, possibly related to Latin titulus "title of honour"
. It is more likely of Oscan origin, since it was borne by the legendary Sabine king Titus Tatius.... [more]
TIVOLI m & f Various
From the name of a picturesque Italian town, used as a summer resort by the ancient Romans.
TIZIANO m Italian
Italian form of the Roman cognomen Titianus
, which was derived from the Roman praenomen TITUS
. A famous bearer was the Venetian Renaissance painter Tiziano Vecellio (1488-1576), known in English as Titian.
TOBIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name טוֹבִיָּה (Toviyyah)
meaning "YAHWEH is good"
, from the elements טוֹב (tov)
meaning "good" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This was the name of an Ammonite in the Book of Nehemiah in the Old Testament.
TOBIAS m Biblical, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, English, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Greek form of TOBIAH
. This is the name of the hero of the apocryphal Book of Tobit, which appears in many English versions of the Old Testament. It relates how Tobit
's son Tobias, with the help of the angel Raphael
, is able to drive away a demon who has plagued Sarah, who subsequently becomes his wife. This story was popular in the Middle Ages, and the name came into occasional use in parts of Europe at that time. In England it became common after the Protestant Reformation.
TOBIN m English
From an English surname that was itself derived from the given name TOBIAS
TOBIT m Biblical, Biblical Latin
From Greek Τωβίθ (Tobith)
, from the Hebrew name טוֹבִיה (Tovih)
meaning "my good". The apocryphal Book of Tobit, which is canonical in many Christian traditions but not in Judaism, tells the story of Tobit's son Tobias
. He is sent by his father to collect money in Media, aided by the angel Raphael
in the guise of a man. At the end of the story Tobit's blindness is cured.
TOBY m & f English
Medieval form of TOBIAS
. It was sometimes used as a feminine name in the 1930s and 40s due to the influence of American actress Toby Wing (1915-2001).
TODD m English
From a surname meaning "fox"
, derived from Middle English todde
TOLLAK m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Þórleikr
, which meant "Thor's play"
from the name of the Norse god Þórr
) combined with leikr
"play, game (involving weapons)".
TOM (1) m English, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish
Short form of THOMAS
. Tom Sawyer was the main character in several of Mark Twain's novels, first appearing in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
(1876). Other famous bearers include American actors Tom Hanks (1956-) and Tom Cruise (1962-).
TOM (2) m & f Hebrew
Means "the end, innocence, simplicity"
from Hebrew תּוֹם (tom)
. It can also be an alternate transcription of תָּם
(see TAM (2)