RUDOLF m German, Dutch, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Russian, Armenian
From the Germanic name Hrodulf
, which was derived from the elements hrod
"fame" and wulf
"wolf". It was borne by three kings of Burgundy, as well as several Habsburg rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria. Anthony Hope used this name for the hero in his popular novel The Prisoner of Zenda
RUDOLPH m English
English form of RUDOLF
, imported from Germany in the 19th century. Robert L. May used it in 1939 for his Christmas character Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer.
RUDYARD m English (Rare)
From a place name meaning "red yard"
in Old English. This name was borne by Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), the author of The Jungle Book
and other works, who was named after Rudyard Lake in Staffordshire.
RUFUS m Ancient Roman, English, Biblical
Roman cognomen meaning "red-haired"
in Latin. Several early saints had this name, including one mentioned in one of Paul
's epistles in the New Testament. As a nickname it was used by William II Rufus, a king of England, because of his red hair. It came into general use in the English-speaking world after the Protestant Reformation.
RUGGIERO m Italian
Italian form of ROGER
. This is the name of a Saracen knight in the epic poems Orlando Innamorato
(1483) by Matteo Maria Boiardo and Orlando Furioso
(1532) by Ludovico Ariosto, as well as several operas based on the poems.
RUMPELSTILTSKIN m Literature
From German Rumpelstilzchen
, possibly from German rumpeln
meaning "make noise" and Stelze
meaning "stilt", combined with the diminutive suffix -chen
. It has been suggested that it was inspired by a children's game Rumpele stilt oder der Poppart
mentioned in Johann Fischart's 1577 book Geschichtklitterung
. This name was used by the Brothers Grimm in an 1812 fairy tale about a magical little man (Rumpelstiltskin) who saves a miller's daughter in exchange for her firstborn child. In order to undo the deal, she must guess the man's name. The Grimm's story was based upon earlier European folk tales (which have various names for the little man).
RUNAR m Norwegian
Derived from the Old Norse elements rún
"secret lore" and arr
"warrior". This name did not exist in Old Norse, but was created in the modern era.
RUPERT m German, Dutch, English
German variant form of ROBERT
. The military commander Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a nephew of Charles I, introduced this name to England in the 17th century.
RUPINDER m & f Indian (Sikh)
Means "greatest beauty"
from Sanskrit रूप (rupa)
meaning "beauty, form" combined with the name of the Hindu god INDRA
, used here to mean "greatest".
RUSLAN m Russian, Tatar, Bashkir, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Turkmen, Azerbaijani, Ossetian, Chechen, Ingush, Avar, Circassian, Indonesian, Malay
Form of YERUSLAN
used by Aleksandr Pushkin in his poem Ruslan and Ludmila
(1820), which was loosely based on Russian and Tatar folktales of Yeruslan Lazarevich.
RUSSELL m English
From a surname meaning "little red one"
in French. A notable bearer of the surname was the agnostic British philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), who wrote on many subjects including logic, epistemology and mathematics. He was also a political activist for causes such as pacifism and women's rights.
RUSTY m English
From a nickname that was originally given to someone with a rusty, or reddish-brown, hair colour.
RUY m Portuguese, Spanish
Medieval Portuguese and Spanish short form of RODRIGO
. It is another name of the 11th-century Spanish military commander Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, also known as El Cid.
RYAN m Irish, English
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Riain
meaning "descendant of Rían"
. The given name Rían
probably means "little king"
(from Irish rí
"king" combined with a diminutive suffix).
RYDER m English (Modern)
From an English occupational surname derived from Old English ridere
meaning "mounted warrior"
RYKER m English (Modern)
Possibly a variant of the German surname Riker
, a derivative of Low German rike "rich"
. It may have been altered by association with the popular name prefix Ry
RYLAN m English (Modern)
Possibly a variant of the English surname Ryland
, which was originally derived from a place name meaning "rye land"
in Old English.
RYO m Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 涼
RYŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 涼 (ryō)
meaning "cool, refreshing", 遼 (ryō)
meaning "distant" or 諒 (ryō)
meaning "reality", as well as other kanji that have the same pronunciation.
RYŌICHI m Japanese
From Japanese 良 (ryō)
meaning "good" or 亮 (ryō)
meaning "clear" combined with 一 (ichi)
meaning "one". Other kanji combinations are possible.
RYŌTA m Japanese
From Japanese 涼 (ryō)
meaning "cool, refreshing", 亮 (ryō)
meaning "clear" or 良 (ryō)
meaning "good" combined with 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big". This name can also be formed of other kanji combinations.
RYOU m Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 涼
RYŪ m Japanese
From Japanese 竜, 龍 (ryū)
meaning "dragon", as well as other kanji with the same pronunciation.
RYŪJI m Japanese
From Japanese 竜, 龍 (ryū)
meaning "dragon" or 隆 (ryū)
meaning "noble, prosperous" combined with 二 (ji)
meaning "two" or 司 (ji)
meaning "officer, boss". This name can also be formed using other kanji combinations.
RYŪNOSUKE m Japanese
From Japanese 竜, 龍 (ryū)
meaning "dragon" or 隆 (ryū)
meaning "noble, prosperous" combined with 之 (no)
, a possessive marker, and 介 (suke)
meaning "forerunner, herald". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
RYUUJI m Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 竜二
SABAS m Spanish
From the Greek name Σάββας (Sabbas)
, which was derived from Hebrew סַבָא (sava')
meaning "old man"
. Saints bearing this name include a 4th-century Gothic martyr, a 5th-century Cappadocian hermit, and a 12th-century archbishop of Serbia who is the patron saint of that country.
SABURŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 三 (sabu)
meaning "three" and 郎 (rō)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the third son. Other kanji combinations are possible as well.
SACHEVERELL m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a Norman place name. It was occasionally given in honour of preacher Henry Sacheverell (1674-1724).
SA'D m Arabic
Means "fortune, good luck"
in Arabic. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas was a military commander during the early years of Islam, serving under the Prophet Muhammad
and his successor Umar
SAFAA f & m Arabic
, from Arabic صفا (safa)
. As-Safaa is the name of one of the two sacred hills near Mecca. This can also be an alternate transcription of Arabic صفاء
SAGE f & m English (Modern)
From the English word sage
, which denotes either a type of spice or else a wise person.
SAHAK m Armenian
Armenian form of ISAAC
. This was the name of a 5th-century patriarch of the Armenian Church.
SA'ID m Arabic
Means "happy, lucky"
in Arabic. This was the name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
SAJJAD m Arabic
Means "kneeling in prayer, prostration"
SAKCHAI m Thai
Derived from Thai ศักดิ์ (sak)
meaning "power, honour" and ชัย (chai)
SAKHR m Arabic
Means "solid rock"
in Arabic. This name appears in the poems of the 7th-century poetess Al-Khansa.
SALAH AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "righteousness of religion"
from Arabic صلاح (salah)
meaning "righteousness" combined with دين (din)
meaning "religion, faith". A famous bearer of this name was the sultan Salah al-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub, known in the western world as Saladin, the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt in the 12th century. He recaptured Jerusalem from the crusaders and repelled the invaders of the Third Crusade. Salah al-Din was an honourific; his birth name was Yusuf.
SALIH m Arabic, Bosnian
in Arabic. According to the Quran this was the name of an early Arabian prophet.
SALIM m Arabic
Means "safe, sound, intact"
in Arabic, derived from the root سَلِمَ (salima)
meaning "to be safe". This transcription represents two different Arabic names.
SALVADOR m Spanish
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Salvator
, which meant "saviour"
. A famous bearer of this name was the Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dalí (1904-1989).
SALVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name derived from Latin salvus
. This was the family name of the short-lived Roman emperor Otho. It was also borne by several early saints.
SAM (3) m Literature
The name of a hobbit in J. R. R. Tolkien's novel The Lord of the Rings
(1954). His full given name was Samwise
meaning "half wise"
in Old English (the language used by Tolkien to represent the old hobbit speech).
SAMAEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "severity of God"
in Hebrew. This is the name of an archangel in Jewish tradition, described as a destructive angel of death.
SAMO m Slovene, Medieval Slavic
Meaning uncertain. This was the name of a 7th-century ruler of the Slavs, who established a kingdom including parts of modern Slovenia, Austria, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. He was possibly of Frankish origin.
SAMSON m Biblical, English, French, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שִׁמְשׁוֹן (Shimshon)
, derived from שֶׁמֶשׁ (shemesh)
meaning "sun". Samson was an Old Testament hero granted exceptional strength by God. His mistress Delilah
betrayed him and cut his hair, stripping him of his power. Thus he was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and brought to their temple. However, in a final act of strength, he pulled down the pillars of the temple upon himself and his captors.... [more]
SAMUEL m English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name שְׁמוּאֵל (Shemu'el)
, which could mean either "name of God"
or "God has heard"
. As told in the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament, Samuel was the last of the ruling judges. He led the Israelites during a period of domination by the Philistines, who were ultimately defeated in battle at Mizpah. Later he anointed Saul
to be the first king of Israel, and even later anointed his successor David
ŞAN m & f Turkish
Means "fame, reputation"
SANCHO m Spanish, Portuguese
Possibly a Spanish and Portuguese form of the Late Latin name Sanctius
, which was derived from the word sanctus
meaning "saintly, holy"
. Alternatively, Sancho
may be derived from an older Iberian name. This was the name of a 9th-century saint who was martyred by the Moors at Cordoba. It was also borne by several Spanish and Portuguese kings. Miguel de Cervantes used it in his novel Don Quixote
(1605), where it belongs to the squire of Don Quixote.
SANDALIO m Spanish
Spanish form of Sandalius
, a Latinized form of the Gothic name Sandulf
meaning "true wolf"
, derived from sand
"true" and ulf
"wolf". This was the name of a 9th-century Spanish saint martyred by the Moors.
SANDEEP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi संदीप
, Bengali সন্দীপ
, Gurmukhi ਸੰਦੀਪ
, Gujarati સંદિપ
, Kannada ಸಂದೀಪ್
, Malayalam സന്ദീപ്
, Telugu సందీప్
, Tamil சந்தீப்
or Nepali सन्दीप
SANDIP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
SANFORD m English
From an English surname, originally from a place name, which meant "sand ford"
in Old English.
SANG m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 常 (sang)
meaning "common, frequent, regular" or other characters that are pronounced similarly.
SANG-HUN m Korean
From Sino-Korean 尚 (sang)
meaning "still, yet" combined with 勛 (hun)
meaning "meritorious deed, rank". Other hanja characters can form this name as well.
SANI m Arabic
Means "brilliant, splendid"
SANJAY m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Odia, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Modern form of SANJAYA
SANJAYA m Hinduism
Means "completely victorious, triumphant"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a royal official in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
SANTIAGO m Spanish, Portuguese
Means "Saint James"
, derived from Spanish santo
"saint" combined with Yago
, an old Spanish form of JAMES
, the patron saint of Spain. This is the name of the capital city of Chile, as well as several other cities in the Spanish-speaking world.
SANTO m Italian
in Italian, ultimately from Latin sanctus
SARAVA m Various
From a phrase used by members of the Candomblé religion (an African religion that was taken to Brazil by African slaves), which means "good luck"
SARDAR m Persian, Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "chief, leader"
, derived from Persian سر (sar)
meaning "head, authority" and the suffix دار (dar)
SARGON m Akkadian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew form סַרְגּוֹן (Sargon)
of the Akkadian name Sharru-ukin
, from šarru
meaning "king" and kīnu
meaning "legitimate, true". This was the name of the first king of the Akkadian Empire, beginning in the 24th century BC. It was also borne by the 8th-century BC Assyrian king Sargon II, who appears briefly in the Old Testament. The usual English spelling of the name is based on this biblical mention, applied retroactively to the earlier king.
SARPEDON m Greek Mythology
Meaning unknown. In Greek legend Sarpedon was the son of Zeus
and Laodamia, and the king of the Lycians. He was one of the chief warriors who fought against the Greeks in defense of Troy, but he was killed by Patroclus
. Another Sarpedon was the son of Zeus and Europa
SATAN m Theology, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew שָׂטָן (satan)
. This is the Hebrew name of the enemy of the Judeo-Christian god. In the New Testament he is also known by the title Devil
SATCHEL m English (Rare)
From a surname derived from Old English sacc
meaning "sack, bag"
, referring to a person who was a bag maker.
SATISHA m Hinduism
Means "lord of Sati"
from the name of the Hindu goddess SATI
combined with ईश (isha)
meaning "ruler". This is another name for the Hindu god Shiva
SATURN m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From the Latin Saturnus
, which is of unknown meaning. In Roman mythology he was the father of Jupiter
and others, and was also the god of agriculture. This is also the name of the ringed sixth planet in the solar system.
SATURNINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from the name of the Roman god Saturnus
). This was the name of several early saints.
SAUL m Biblical, Jewish, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name שָׁאוּל (Sha'ul)
meaning "asked for, prayed for"
. This was the name of the first king of Israel, as told in the Old Testament. Before the end of his reign he lost favour with God, and after a defeat by the Philistines he was succeeded by David
as king. In the New Testament, Saul was the original Hebrew name of the apostle Paul
SAVELIY m Russian
Russian form of the Latin name Sabellius
meaning "a Sabine"
. The Sabines were an ancient people who lived in central Italy.
SAVITR m Hinduism
Means "rouser, stimulator"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a Hindu sun god, sometimes identified with Surya
SAWYER m English (Modern)
From a surname meaning "sawer of wood"
in Middle English. Mark Twain used it for the hero in his novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
SAXON m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from the name of the Germanic tribe the Saxons, ultimately deriving from the Germanic word sahs
meaning "knife". This name can also be given in direct reference to the tribe.
SAYYID m Arabic
Means "lord, master"
in Arabic. A famous bearer was the Egyptian musician Sayyid Darwish (1892-1923).
SCEVOLA m Italian
Italian form of the Roman cognomen Scaevola
, which was derived from Latin scaevus "left-handed"
. The first bearer of this name was Gaius Mucius Scaevola, who acquired it, according to legend, after he thrust his right hand into a blazing fire in order to intimidate the Etruscan king Porsenna, who was blockading the city of Rome.
SCHUYLER m & f English
From a Dutch surname meaning "scholar"
. Dutch settlers brought the surname to America, where it was subsequently adopted as a given name in honour of the American general and senator Philip Schuyler (1733-1804).
SCOTT m English, Scottish
From an English and Scottish surname that referred to a person from Scotland or a person who spoke Scottish Gaelic. It is derived from Latin Scoti
meaning "Gaelic speaker", with the ultimate origin uncertain.
SEACHNALL m Irish
Possibly an Irish form of SECUNDINUS
. This was the name of a 5th-century Irish saint, also known as Secundinus.
SEBASTIAN m German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Finnish, Romanian, Czech
From the Latin name Sebastianus
, which meant "from Sebaste"
. Sebaste was the name a town in Asia Minor, its name deriving from Greek σεβαστός (sebastos)
meaning "venerable" (a translation of Latin Augustus
, the title of the Roman emperors). According to Christian tradition, Saint Sebastian was a 3rd-century Roman soldier martyred during the persecutions of the emperor Diocletian. After he was discovered to be a Christian, he was tied to a stake and shot with arrows. This however did not kill him. Saint Irene of Rome healed him and he returned to personally admonish Diocletian, whereupon the emperor had him beaten to death.... [more]