Aladdin m Literature
Anglicized form of Ala al-Din
. This is the name of a mischievous boy in one of the tales of The 1001 Nights
. A magician traps him in a cave, but he escapes with the help of a genie.
Alpin m Scottish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Ailpein
, possibly derived from a Pictish word meaning "white"
. This was the name of two kings of Dál Riata and two kings of the Picts in the 8th and 9th centuries.
Aristotle m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Ἀριστοτέλης (Aristoteles)
meaning "the best purpose"
, derived from ἄριστος (aristos)
meaning "best" and τέλος (telos)
meaning "purpose, aim". This was the name of a Greek philosopher of the 4th century BC who made lasting contributions to Western thought, including the fields of logic, metaphysics, ethics and biology.
Belshazzar m Babylonian (Anglicized), Biblical
From בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר (Belshatzzar)
, the Hebrew form of the Akkadian name Bel-sharra-usur
protect the king". This was the name of the son of Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire before the Persians conquered it in the 6th century BC. In the Old Testament Book of Daniel Belshazzar is the last king of Babylon who sees the mystical handwriting on the wall, which is interpreted by Daniel to portend the end of the empire.
Bridget f Irish, English, Irish Mythology
Anglicized form of the Irish name Brighid
meaning "exalted one"
. In Irish mythology this was the name of the goddess of fire, poetry and wisdom, the daughter of the god Dagda. In the 5th century it was borne by Saint Brigid, the founder of a monastery at Kildare and a patron saint of Ireland. Because of the saint, the name was considered sacred in Ireland, and it did not come into general use there until the 17th century. In the form Birgitta
this name has been common in Scandinavia, made popular by the 14th-century Saint Birgitta of Sweden, patron saint of Europe.
Bronte m & f English (Rare)
From a surname, an Anglicized form of Irish Ó Proinntigh
meaning "descendant of Proinnteach"
. The given name Proinnteach
meant "bestower" in Gaelic. The Brontë sisters - Charlotte, Emily, and Anne - were 19th-century English novelists. Their father changed the spelling of the family surname from Brunty
, possibly to make it coincide with Greek βροντή
Carroll m Irish
Anglicized form of Cearbhall
. A famous bearer of the surname was Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), whose real name was Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, the author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
Casey m & f English, Irish
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Cathasaigh
meaning "descendant of Cathasach"
. This name can be given in honour of Casey Jones (1863-1900), a train engineer who sacrificed his life to save his passengers. In his case, Casey
was a nickname acquired because he was raised in the town of Cayce, Kentucky.
Cletus m English
Short form of Anacletus
. This name is sometimes used to refer to the third pope, Saint Anacletus. It can also function as an Anglicized form of Kleitos
Confucius m History
Anglicized form of the Chinese name Kong Fuzi
. The surname 孔 (Kong)
means "hole, opening" and the title 夫子 (Fuzi)
means "master". This was the name of a 6th-century BC Chinese philosopher. His given name was Qiu
Cupid m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From the Latin Cupido
. This was the name of the Roman god of love, the son of Venus
. He was portrayed as a winged, blindfolded boy, armed with a bow and arrows, which caused the victim to fall in love. His Greek equivalent was Eros
Dashiell m English (Rare)
In the case of American author Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961) it was from his mother's surname, which was possibly an Anglicized form of French de Chiel
, of unknown meaning.
Declan m Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Deaglán
, which is of unknown meaning. Saint Declan was a 5th-century missionary to Ireland.
Dougal m Scottish, Irish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Dubhghall
, which meant "dark stranger"
"dark" and gall
Duane m English, Irish
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of the Gaelic surname Ó Dubhán
meaning "descendant of Dubhán"
Eileen f Irish, English
Anglicized form of Eibhlín
. It is also sometimes considered an Irish form of Helen
. It first became popular in the English-speaking world outside of Ireland near the end of the 19th century.
Elfleda f English (Archaic)
Middle English form of both the Old English names Æðelflæd
. These names became rare after the Norman Conquest, but Elfleda
was briefly revived in the 19th century.
Jupiter m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From Latin Iuppiter
, which was ultimately derived from the Indo-European *Dyeu-pater
, composed of the elements Dyeus
) and pater
"father". Jupiter was the supreme god in Roman mythology. He presided over the heavens and light, and was responsible for the protection and laws of the Roman state. This is also the name of the fifth and largest planet in the solar system.
Keegan m Irish, English
From an Irish surname, the Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac Aodhagáin
, which means "descendant of Aodhagán"
. The given name Aodhagán
is a double diminutive of Aodh
Keely f English
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Caolaidhe
meaning "descendant of Caoladhe"
. The given name Caoladhe
is derived from the Gaelic word caol
Kelly m & f Irish, English
Anglicized form of the Irish given name Ceallach
or the surname derived from it Ó Ceallaigh
. As a surname, it has been borne by actor and dancer Gene Kelly (1912-1996) and actress and princess Grace Kelly (1929-1982).
Kenneth m Scottish, English, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
Anglicized form of both Coinneach
. This name was borne by the Scottish king Kenneth (Cináed) mac Alpin, who united the Scots and Picts in the 9th century. It was popularized outside of Scotland by Sir Walter Scott, who used it for the hero in his 1825 novel The Talisman
. A famous bearer was the British novelist Kenneth Grahame (1859-1932), who wrote The Wind in the Willows
Kevin m English, Irish, French (Modern), Spanish (Modern), German (Modern), Dutch (Modern), Swedish (Modern), Norwegian (Modern), Danish (Modern)
Anglicized form of the Irish name Caoimhín
meaning "handsome birth"
, derived from the older Cóemgein
, composed of the Old Irish elements cóem
"kind, gentle, handsome" and gein
"birth". Saint Caoimhín established a monastery in Glendalough, Ireland in the 6th century and is the patron saint of Dublin. It became popular in the English-speaking world outside of Ireland in the middle of the 20th century, and elsewhere in Europe in the late 20th century.
Macbeth m History
Anglicized form of the Gaelic given name Mac Beatha
meaning "son of life"
, implying holiness. This was the name of an 11th-century Scottish king. Shakespeare based his play Macbeth
loosely on this king's life.
Maeve f Irish, Irish Mythology
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Medb
. In Irish legend this was the name of a warrior queen of Connacht. Her fight against Ulster and the hero Cúchulainn
is told in the Irish epic The Cattle Raid of Cooley
Maura 2 f Irish, Scottish, English
Anglicized form of Máire
. It has also been associated with Gaelic mór
meaning "great". This was the name of an obscure 5th-century Irish or Scottish martyr.
Mavourneen f Irish
Derived from the Irish phrase mo mhúirnín
meaning "my darling"
Rafferty m English
From an Irish surname that was an Anglicized form of Ó Rabhartaigh
meaning "descendant of Rabhartach"
. The given name Rabhartach
means "flood tide".
Rameses m Ancient Egyptian (Anglicized)
From Ῥαμέσσης (Rhamesses)
, the Greek form of Egyptian rꜥ-ms-sw
meaning "born of Ra"
, composed of the name of the supreme god Ra
combined with the root msj
"be born". Rameses was the name of eleven Egyptian kings of the New Kingdom. The most important of these were Rameses II the Great who campaigned against the Hittites and also built several great monuments, and Rameses III who defended Egypt from the Libyans and Sea Peoples.
Rhett m English
From a surname, an Anglicized form of the Dutch de Raedt
, derived from raet
"advice, counsel". Margaret Mitchell used this name for the character Rhett Butler in her novel Gone with the Wind
Rowan m & f Irish, English (Modern)
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ruadhán
. As an English name, it can also be derived from the surname Rowan, itself derived from the Irish given name. It could also be given in reference to the rowan tree, a word of Old Norse origin (coincidentally sharing the same Indo-European root meaning "red" with the Irish name).
Roy m Scottish, English, Dutch
Anglicized form of Ruadh
. A notable bearer was the Scottish outlaw and folk hero Rob Roy (1671-1734). It is often associated with French roi
Shane m Irish, English
Anglicized form of Seán
. It came into general use in America after the release of the western movie Shane
Shaw 2 m Scottish
From a Scottish surname that was itself derived from the Gaelic byname Sithech
Sheena f Scottish, English
Anglicized form of Sìne
. This name was popularized outside of Scotland in the 1980s by the singer Sheena Easton (1959-).
Shona f Scottish
Anglicized form of Seonag
. Though unconnected, this is also the name of an ethnic group who live in southern Africa, mainly Zimbabwe.
Somerled m Scottish
Anglicized form of the Old Norse name Sumarliði
meaning "summer traveller"
. This was the name of a 12th-century Scottish warlord who created a kingdom on the Scottish islands.
Tara 1 f English
Anglicized form of the Irish place name Teamhair
, which possibly means "elevated place"
in Gaelic. This was the name of the sacred hill near Dublin where the Irish high kings resided. It was popularized as a given name by the novel Gone with the Wind
(1936) and the subsequent movie adaptation (1939), in which it is the name of the O'Hara plantation.
Tavish m Scottish
Anglicized form of Thàmhais
, vocative case of Tàmhas
. Alternatively it could be taken from the Scottish surname MacTavish
, Anglicized form of Mac Tàmhais
, meaning "son of Thomas".
Teagan m & f English (Modern)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Tadhgáin
meaning "descendant of Tadhgán"
. The given name Tadhgán
is a diminutive of Tadhg
Teague m Irish
Anglicized form of Tadhg
. This name is also used as a slang term for an Irishman.
Turin m Literature
Means "victory mood"
in the fictional language Sindarin. In the Silmarillion
(1977) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Turin was a cursed hero, the slayer of the dragon Glaurung. He was also called Turambar, Mormegil, and other names. This is also the Anglicized name of the city of Torino in Italy.
Zara 1 f Literature, English
Used by William Congreve for a character in his tragedy The Mourning Bride
(1697), where it belongs to a captive North African queen. Congreve may have based it on the Arabic name Zahra
. In 1736 the English writer Aaron Hill used it to translate Zaïre
for his popular adaptation of Voltaire's French play Zaïre