SIGMUND m German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English
Derived from the Germanic elements sigu
"victory" and mund
"protector" (or in the case of the Scandinavian cognate, from the Old Norse elements sigr
"victory" and mundr
"protector"). In Norse mythology this was the name of the hero Sigurd
's father, the bearer of the powerful sword Gram. A notable bearer was the Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), the creator of the revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis.
SIGURD m Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Norse Mythology
From the Old Norse name Sigurðr
, which was derived from the elements sigr
"victory" and varðr
"guardian". Sigurd was the hero of the Norse legend the 'Volsungasaga', which tells how his foster-father Regin sent him to recover a hoard of gold guarded by the dragon Fafnir. After slaying the dragon Sigurd tasted some of its blood, enabling him to understand the language of birds, who told him that Regin was planning to betray him. In a later adventure, Sigurd disguised himself as Gunnar
(his wife Gudrun
's brother) and rescued the maiden Brynhildr
from a ring of fire, with the result that Gunnar and Brynhildr were married. When the truth eventually came out, Brynhildr took revenge upon Sigurd. The stories of the German hero Siegfried
were in part based on him.
SIKKE m Frisian
Frisian diminutive of Germanic names beginning with the element sigu
which means "victory".
SILVER m English
From the English word for the precious metal or the colour, ultimately derived from Old English seolfor
SILVESTER m Dutch, English, Slovene, Slovak, German, Late Roman
From a Roman name meaning "of the forest" from Latin silva
"wood, forest". This was the name of three popes, including Saint Silvester I who supposedly baptized the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine
the Great. As an English name, Silvester
) has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it became less common after the Protestant Reformation.
SILVIA f Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, English, German, Late Roman, Roman Mythology
Feminine form of SILVIUS
Silvia was the mother of Romulus
, the founders of Rome. This was also the name of a 6th-century saint, the mother of the pope Gregory the Great. It has been a common name in Italy since the Middle Ages. It was introduced to England by Shakespeare, who used it for a character in his play 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594). It is now more commonly spelled Sylvia
in the English-speaking world.
SILVIUS m Late Roman, Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin silva
"wood, forest". This was the family name of several of the legendary kings of Alba Longa. It was also the name of an early saint martyred in Alexandria.
SIMBA (2) m Eastern African, Swahili
Means "lion" in Swahili. This is the name of the main character in the Disney movie 'The Lion King' (1994), about a lion cub who exiles himself after his father is murdered.
SIMEON m Biblical, Bulgarian, Serbian
From Συμεων (Symeon)
, the Old Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name Shim'on
(see SIMON (1)
). In the Old Testament this is the name of the second son of Jacob
and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. In the New Testament the Greek rendering Σιμων (Simon)
is more common, though Συμεων
occurs belonging to a man who blessed the newborn Jesus
. He is recognized as a saint in most Christian traditions.... [more]
SIMÓN m Spanish
Spanish form of SIMON (1)
. This name was borne by the South American revolutionary Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
SIMON (1) m English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Slovene, Romanian, Macedonian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From Σιμων (Simon)
, the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name שִׁמְעוֹן (Shim'on)
which meant "he has heard". This name is spelled Simeon
, based on Greek Συμεων
, in many translations of the Old Testament, where it is borne by the second son of Jacob
. The New Testament spelling may show influence from the otherwise unrelated Greek name SIMON (2)
SIMON (2) m Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek σιμος (simos)
meaning "flat-nosed". In Greek mythology this was the name of one of the Telchines, demigods who were the original inhabitants of Rhodes.
SIMONIDES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek σιμος (simos)
"flat-nosed" and the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides)
. This name was borne by the 7th-century BC iambic poet Simonides of Amorgos and the 6th-century BC lyric poet Simonides of Ceos.
SINCLAIR m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a Norman French town called "Saint CLAIR
". A notable bearer was the American author Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951).
SINGH m Indian (Sikh)
From Sanskrit सिंह (sinha)
meaning "lion". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his male Sikh followers the surname Singh
, and it is now a very common surname or a middle name. The female equivalent is Kaur
SINI f Finnish
Means "blue" in Finnish. More specifically, sini
is a poetic term for the colour blue.
SIONANN f Irish Mythology
The name of an Irish goddess, a granddaughter of Lir
, who was the personification of the River Shannon. Her name is derived from the name of the river (see SHANNON
SIRIUS m Astronomy
The name of a bright star in the constellation Canis Major, derived via Latin from Greek σειριος (seirios)
SIRPA f Finnish
Derived from Finnish sirpale
"small piece, fragment".
SISU m Finnish
Means "willpower, determination, strength" in Finnish.
SITA f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Nepali
Means "furrow" in Sanskrit. Sita is the name of the Hindu goddess of the harvest in the 'Rigveda'. This is also the name of the wife of Rama
(and an avatar of Lakshmi
) in the Hindu epic the 'Ramayana'. In this story Sita is rescued by her husband from the demon king Ravana.
SITARA f Urdu
Means "star" in Urdu, ultimately from Persian.
SÍTHMAITH f Irish
Means "good peace" from Irish síth
"peace" and maith
SI-U m Korean
From Sino-Korean 始 (si)
meaning "begin, start" combined with 祐 (u)
meaning "divine intervention, protection" or 雨 (u)
meaning "rain". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well.
SIXTEN m Swedish
From the Old Norse name Sigsteinn
, which was derived from the elements sigr
"victory" and steinn
SIXTUS m Late Roman
Latin form of the Greek name Ξυστος (Xystos)
meaning "scraped, polished". This name was borne by five popes. The first pope by this name was the sixth to serve after Saint Peter, so there is a possibility that this name is in fact derived from Latin sextus
SJRA m Limburgish
Limburgish form of GERARD
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Gérard.
SKANDA m Hinduism
Means "hopping, spurting, spilling" in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this is the name of the god of war, also known as Kartikeya
. He is worshipped especially by the Tamils in southern India.
SKAÐI f Norse Mythology
Means "damage, harm" in Old Norse. In Norse mythology she was a mountain giantess associated with the winter and skiing, the wife of Njord
and later Odin
SKULD f Norse Mythology
Means "future" in Old Norse. She was one of the three Norns, or goddesses of destiny, in Norse mythology. She was also one of the Valkyries.
SKY f English (Modern)
Simply from the English word sky
, which was ultimately derived from Old Norse sky
SKYE f English (Modern)
From the name of the Isle of Skye off the west coast of Scotland. It is sometimes considered a variant of SKY
SŁAWOMIR m Polish
Derived from the Slavic element slava
meaning "glory" combined with meru
meaning "great, famous" or miru
meaning "peace, world".
SLY m English
Short form of SYLVESTER
. The actor Sylvester Stallone (1946-) is a well-known bearer of this nickname.
SMILJANA f Croatian, Serbian
From Serbo-Croatian word smilje
, a type of plant, known as catsfoot or everlasting in English (genus Antennaria).
SMILTĖ f Lithuanian
Means "sandwort" in Lithuanian, referring to flowering plants from the genus Arenaria
SMITH m English
From an English surname meaning "metal worker, blacksmith", derived from Old English smitan
"to smite, to hit". It is the most common surname in most of the English-speaking world.
SNORRI m Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Derived from Old Norse snerra
"attack, onslaught". This name was borne by Snorri Sturluson, a 13th-century Icelandic historian and poet, the author of the Prose Edda.
SOBIESŁAW m Polish (Rare)
Derived from Slavic elements, possibly sebe
meaning "for oneself", combined with slava
"glory". This name (in the Czech form Soběslav
) was borne by two 12th-century dukes of Bohemia.
SOCORRO f Spanish
Means "succour, help, relief" in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary María del Socorro
meaning "Mary of Perpetual Succour".
SOCRATES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek name Σωκρατης (Sokrates)
, which was derived from σως (sos)
"whole, unwounded, safe" and κρατος (kratos)
"power". This was the name of an important Greek philosopher. He left no writings of his own; virtually everything that we know of his beliefs comes from his pupil Plato
. He was sentenced to death for impiety.
SOFIA f Norwegian, Swedish, German, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Greek, Finnish, Estonian, Slovak, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian
Form of SOPHIA
SOHRAB m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "illustrious, shining" or "red water" in Persian. In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of the son of the hero Rostam
SOILE f Finnish
Possibly from Finnish soilu
meaning "glimmer, blaze".
SOLANGE f French
French form of the Late Latin name Sollemnia
, which was derived from Latin sollemnis
"religious". This was the name of a French shepherdess who became a saint after she was killed by her master.
SOLEDAD f Spanish
Means "solitude" in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary
, María de Soledad
, meaning "Mary of Solitude".
SOLEIL f Various
Means "sun" in French. It is not commonly used as a name in France itself.
SOLFRID f Norwegian
From the Old Norse elements sól
"sun" and fríðr
"beautiful". This name was apparently coined in the 19th century.
SOLOMON m Biblical, English, Jewish
From the Hebrew name שְׁלֹמֹה (Shelomoh)
which was derived from Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
"peace". As told in the Old Testament, Solomon was a king of Israel, the son of David
. He was renowned for his wisdom and wealth. Towards the end of his reign he angered God by turning to idolatry. Supposedly, he was the author of the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon.... [more]
SOLON m Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σολος (solos)
meaning "lump of iron". This was the name of an Athenian statesman who reformed the laws and government of the city.
SOLVEIG f Norwegian, Swedish
From an Old Norse name which was derived from the elements sól
"sun" and veig
"strength". This is the name of the heroine in Henrik Ibsen's play 'Peer Gynt' (1876).
SOMA m Hungarian
From Hungarian som
meaning "dogwood, cornel tree".
SOMERLED m Scottish
Anglicized form of the Old Norse name Somarliðr
meaning "summer traveller". This was the name of a 12th-century Scottish warlord who created a kingdom on the Scottish islands.
SOMPORN m Thai
Derived from Thai สม (som)
"worthy" and พร (phon)
SONA f Indian, Hindi
Means "gold" in Hindi, derived from Sanskrit सुवर्ण (suvarna)
meaning literally "good colour".
SONDRA f English
Variant of SAUNDRA
. It was popularized in the English-speaking world by a character in Theodore Dreiser's novel 'An American Tragedy' (1925) and the subsequent movie adaptation (1931).
SONGÜL f Turkish
From Turkish son
meaning "last, final" and gül
SONJA f German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian
Form of SONYA
SONNY m English
From a nickname which is commonly used to denote a young boy, derived from the English word son
SONYA f Russian, English
Russian diminutive of SOPHIA
. This is the name of a character in Leo Tolstoy's novel 'War and Peace' (1869, English translation 1886).
SOPHIA f English, Greek, German, Ancient Greek
Means "wisdom" in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred during the reign of the emperor Hadrian. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia
"Holy Wisdom", which is the name of a large basilica in Constantinople.... [more]
SORA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 空 (sora)
or 昊 (sora)
which both mean "sky". Other kanji with the same pronunciations can also form this name.
SORAYA f Persian, Spanish, French
Persian form of THURAYYA
. It became popular in some parts of Europe because of the fame of Princess Soraya, wife of the last Shah of Iran, who became a European socialite.
SØREN m Danish, Norwegian
Danish form of SEVERINUS
. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) was a Danish philosopher who is regarded as a precursor of existentialism.
SORIN m Romanian
Possibly derived from Romanian soare
SOROUSH m Persian Mythology, Persian
Modern Persian form of Avestan Sraosha
meaning "obedience". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel), later equated with the angel Gabriel
SORREL f English (Rare)
From the name of the sour tasting plant, which may ultimately derive from Germanic sur
SOSIGENES m Ancient Greek
Means "born safely" from Greek σως (sos)
"safe, whole, unwounded" and γενης (genes)
"born". This was the name of an astronomer from Alexandria employed by Julius Caesar to correct the Roman calendar.
SOSRUKO m Caucasian Mythology
Derived from Turkic suslä
"menacing". This is the name of a trickster god in Caucasian mythology. He is the hero of the Nart sagas.
SOUMA m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (sou)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind" and 真 (ma)
meaning "real, genuine". Other kanji combinations are possible.
SOUTA m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (sou)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind" and 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big". This name can also be formed of other kanji combinations.