AAFJE f Dutch
Short form of names beginning with the Germanic element alf
AALI m Arabic
Means "high, lofty, sublime" in Arabic.
AALIYAH f Arabic, English (Modern)
Feminine form of AALI
. It was popularized in the English-speaking world by the singer Aaliyah Haughton (1979-2001), who was known simply as Aaliyah.
AARON m English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name אַהֲרֹן ('Aharon)
, which is most likely of unknown Egyptian origin. Other theories claim a Hebrew derivation, and suggest meanings such as "high mountain" or "exalted". In the Old Testament this name is borne by the older brother of Moses
. He acted as a spokesman for his brother when they appealed to the pharaoh to release the Israelites from slavery. Aaron's rod produced miracles and plagues to intimidate the pharaoh. After the departure from Egypt and arrival at Mount Sinai, God installed Aaron as the first high priest of the Israelites and promised that his descendants would form the priesthood.... [more]
AARTI f Indian, Hindi, Marathi
From the name of a Hindu ritual in which offerings of lamps or candles are made to various gods, derived from Sanskrit आरात्रिक (aratrika)
AATTO m Finnish
Finnish form of ADOLF
. It also means "eve, evening before" in Finnish, as the day before an important holiday.
ABADDON m Biblical
Means "ruin, destruction" in Hebrew. In Revelation in the New Testament this is another name of the angel of the abyss.
ABBÁN m Irish
Means "little abbot", derived from Irish abb
"abbot" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 6th-century Irish saint, the son of King Cormac of Leinster.
ABBE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element adal
ABD AL-AZIZ m Arabic
Means "servant of the powerful" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
meaning "servant of the" combined with عزيز ('aziz)
meaning "powerful". This was the name of the first king of modern Saudi Arabia.
ABD AL-HAMID m Arabic
Means "servant of the praiseworthy" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
meaning "servant of the" combined with حَمِيد (hamid)
meaning "praiseworthy". This was the name of two sultans of the Ottoman Empire.
ABD ALLAH m Arabic
Means "servant of ALLAH
" from Arabic عبد ('abd)
meaning "servant of" combined with الله (Allah)
. This was the name of the Prophet Muhammad
's father. He died before his son's birth.
ABD AL-MALIK m Arabic
Means "servant of the king" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
meaning "servant of the" combined with ملك (malik)
meaning "king". This was the name of the fifth Umayyad caliph, who made Arabic the official language of the empire.
ABD AL-QADIR m Arabic
Means "servant of the capable, powerful" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
meaning "servant of the" combined with قادر (qadir)
meaning "capable, powerful". This was the name of a 19th-century Algerian resistance leader.
ABD AL-RAHMAN m Arabic
Means "servant of the merciful" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
meaning "servant of the" combined with رحمن (rahman)
meaning "merciful". This was the name of two early caliphs of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain.
ABD AL-WALI m Arabic
Means "servant of the guardian" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
meaning "servant of the" combined with ولِي (wali)
meaning "guardian, friend".
ABEDNEGO m Biblical
Means "servant of Nebo" in Akkadian, Nebo
being the Babylonian god of wisdom. In the Old Testament Abednego is the Babylonian name given to Azariah
, one of the three men cast into a blazing furnace but saved from harm by God, as told in the Book of Daniel.
ABEL m English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From the Hebrew name הֶבֶל (Hevel)
meaning "breath". In the Old Testament he is the second son of Adam
, murdered out of envy by his brother Cain
. In England, this name came into use during the Middle Ages, and it was common during the Puritan era.
ABENE f Basque
Derived from Basque abe
meaning "pillar". It is a Basque equivalent of Pilar
ABIEL m Biblical
Means "God is my father" in Hebrew. This was the name of the grandfather of Saul in the Old Testament.
ABIHU m Biblical
Means "he is my father" in Hebrew. This is the name of a son of Aaron
in the Old Testament. He and his brother Nadab were killed by God because they presented him with unauthorized fire.
ABIJAH m & f Biblical
Means "my father is YAHWEH
" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of several characters, both male and female, including the second king of Judah.
ABILENE f English
From a place name mentioned briefly in the New Testament. It is probably from Hebrew אָבֵל ('avel)
meaning "meadow, grassy area". It has occasionally been used as a given name in modern times.
ABIMAEL m Biblical
Meaning uncertain, though the first element is likely Hebrew אָב ('av)
meaning "father". In the Old Testament he is listed as a descendant of Shem.
ABIMELECH m Biblical
Means "my father is king" in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament including a king of Gerar who takes Abraham
's wife Sarah
, but is forced by God to give her back.
ABIRAM m Biblical
Means "my father is exalted" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Abiram is swallowed by an earthquake after rebelling against the leadership of Moses
ABISHAG f Biblical
Means "my father strays" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Abishag is a young woman who tends King David
in his old age.
ABISHAI m Biblical
Means "my father is a gift" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of King David
ABITAL f Biblical
Means "my father is the night dew" in Hebrew. She is the fifth wife of David
in the Old Testament.
'ABLA f Arabic
Means "full-figured" in Arabic. The 7th-century Arabic poet Antara dedicated much of his poetry to a woman named Abla.
ABNER m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Means "my father is a light" in Hebrew, from אָב ('av)
meaning "father" and נִיר (nir)
meaning "lamp, light". In the Old Testament, Abner was a cousin of Saul
and the commander of his army. After he killed Asahel he was himself slain by Asahel's brother Joab
. It has been used as an English Christian given name since the Protestant Reformation. It was popular with the Puritans, who brought it to America in the 17th century.
ABRAHAM m English, Hebrew, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
This name may be viewed either as meaning "father of many" in Hebrew or else as a contraction of ABRAM (1)
and הָמוֹן (hamon)
meaning "many, multitude". The biblical patriarch Abraham was originally named Abram but God changed his name (see Genesis 17:5). With his father Terah
, he led his wife Sarah
, his nephew Lot
and their other followers from Ur into Canaan. He is regarded by Jews as being the founder of the Hebrews through his son Isaac
and by Muslims as being the founder of the Arabs through his son Ishmael
ABSALOM m Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אַבְשָׁלוֹם ('Avshalom)
meaning "my father is peace", derived from אָב ('av)
meaning "father" and שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
meaning "peace". In the Old Testament he is a son of King David
. He avenged his sister Tamar
by arranging the murder of her rapist, their half-brother Amnon
. He later led a revolt against his father. While fleeing on the back of a mule he got his head caught in a tree and was killed by Joab
ABU m Arabic
Means "father of" in Arabic. This is commonly used as an element in a kunya, which is a type of Arabic nickname. The element is combined with the name of one of the bearer's children (usually the eldest son). In some cases the kunya is figurative, not referring to an actual child, as in the case of the Muslim caliph Abu Bakr
ABU BAKR m Arabic
Combination of ABU
. Abu Bakr was a companion and father-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad
and the first caliph of the Muslim world. His name was in fact a kunya (a nickname) formed using Abu
; his real name was Abd Allah
. Shia Muslims hold a more negative view of Abu Bakr, hence this name is more widely used among Sunnis.
ACE (1) m English
From the English word meaning "highest rank". More commonly a nickname, it is occasionally used as a given name.
ACHAICUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Αχαικος (Achaikos)
, which referred to the region in Greece called Αχαια (Achaia)
, situated on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. In the New Testament this is the name of a Corinthian Christian who aids Saint Paul
ACHAN m Biblical
Possibly a variation of the Hebrew word עֲכָר ('akhar)
meaning "trouble". In the Old Testament, Achan is stoned to death because he steals forbidden items during the assault on Jericho.
ACHILLES m Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek Αχιλλευς (Achilleus)
, which is of unknown meaning, perhaps derived from Greek αχος (achos)
"pain" or else from the name of the Achelous River. This was the name of a warrior in Greek legend, one of the central characters in Homer
's 'Iliad'. The bravest of the Greek heroes in the war against the Trojans, he was eventually killed by an arrow to his heel, the only vulnerable part of his body.... [more]
ACHIM (2) m Biblical
Possibly means "he will establish" in Hebrew. In the New Testament this name is listed as an ancestor of Jesus
ADA f English, German, Polish, Hungarian, Italian, Finnish, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names such as ADELAIDE
that begin with the element adal
meaning "noble". This name was borne by Augusta Ada King (1815-1852), the Countess of Lovelace (known as Ada Lovelace), a daughter of Lord Byron. She was an assistant to Charles Babbage, the inventor of an early mechanical computer.
ADAD-NIRARI m Ancient Assyrian
Means "Adad is my helper", from the god's name ADAD
combined with Akkadian nērāru
meaning "helper". This name was borne by three kings of the Assyrian Empire.
ADAH f Biblical
Means "adornment" in Hebrew. This was the name of the wives of both Lamech and Esau in the Old Testament.
ADALHARD m Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements adal
"noble" and hard
"brave, hardy". Saint Adalhard or Adalard was a cousin of Charlemagne who became an abbot of Corbie.
ADALIA m Biblical
Meaning unknown, possibly of Persian origin. In Book of Esther in the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Haman
ADAM m English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Catalan, Hebrew, Arabic, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
This is the Hebrew word for "man". It could be ultimately derived from Hebrew אדם ('adam)
meaning "to be red", referring to the ruddy colour of human skin, or from Akkadian adamu
meaning "to make".... [more]
ADDE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element adal
ADDISON f & m English
From an English surname meaning "son of ADAM
". Its recent popularity as a feminine name stems from its similarity in sound to Madison
ADELA f English, Spanish, Romanian, Polish, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element adal
meaning "noble". Saint Adela was a 7th-century Frankish princess who founded a monastery at Pfazel in France. This name was also borne by a daughter of William the Conqueror.
ADELAIDE f English, Italian, Portuguese
From the French form of the Germanic name Adalheidis
, which was composed of the elements adal
"noble" and heid
"kind, sort, type". It was borne in the 10th century by Saint Adelaide, the wife of the Holy Roman emperor Otto the Great. The name became common in Britain in the 19th century due to the popularity of the German-born wife of King William IV, for whom the city of Adelaide in Australia was named in 1836.
ADEODATUS m Late Roman
Latin name meaning "given by God". This was the name of a son of Saint Augustine and two popes (who are also known by the related name Deusdedit
ADERYN f Welsh
Means "bird" in Welsh. This is a modern Welsh name.
ADHARA f Astronomy
Derived from Arabic عذارى ('adhara)
meaning "maidens". This is the name of the second brightest star (after Sirius) in the constellation Canis Major.
ADIL m Arabic, Urdu, Uyghur
Means "fair, honest, just" in Arabic, from the root عَدَلَ ('adala)
meaning "to act justly". This name was borne by several sultans of Bijapur.
ADINO m Biblical
Means "ornament" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of King David
's mighty men.
ADIR m Hebrew
Means "strong, mighty" in Hebrew. This word is used in the Hebrew Bible to describe God.
ADITI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Kannada
Means "boundless, entire" or "freedom, security" in Sanskrit. This is the name of an ancient Hindu goddess of the sky and fertility. According to the Vedas she is the mother of the gods.
ADOLF m German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalwolf
, which meant "noble wolf" from the Germanic elements adal
"noble" and wulf
. It was borne by several Swedish kings as a first or second name, most notably by Gustav II Adolf in the 17th century. Association with Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), the leader of the Nazi party in Germany during World War II, has lessened the use of this name.
ADONAI m Theology
Means "my lord" in Hebrew. This was the title used to refer to the God of the Israelites, Yahweh
, whose name was forbidden to be spoken.
ADONIJAH m Biblical
Means "my lord is YAHWEH
" in Hebrew. This is the name of one of King David
's sons in the Old Testament. Though he was the eldest surviving son of David, he was passed over as heir to the throne in favour of Solomon
ADONIS m Greek Mythology
From Phoenician Adonai
meaning "lord". In Greek myth Adonis was a handsome young shepherd killed while hunting a wild boar. The anemone flower is said to have sprung from his blood. Because he was loved by Aphrodite
allowed him to be restored to life for part of each year. The Greeks borrowed this character from Semitic traditions, originally Sumerian (see DUMUZI
ADORACIÓN f Spanish
Means "adoration" in Spanish. This name refers to the event that is known in Christian tradition as the Adoration of the Magi, which is when the three Magi presented gifts to the infant Jesus
and worshipped him.
ADRASTOS m Greek Mythology
Means "not inclined to run away" in Greek. This was the name of a king of Argos in Greek legend.
ADRIAN m English, Romanian, Polish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Russian
Form of Hadrianus
) used in several languages. Several saints and six popes have borne this name, including the only English pope, Adrian IV, and the only Dutch pope, Adrian VI. As an English name, it has been in use since the Middle Ages, though it was not popular until modern times.
ADRIANUS m Dutch
Official Dutch form of ADRIAN
, used on birth certificates but not commonly in daily life.