ADORACIÓN f Spanish
in Spanish. This name refers to the event that is known in Christian tradition as the Adoration of the Magi, which is when the three Magi presented gifts to the infant Jesus
and worshipped him.
AFËRDITA f Albanian
Means "daybreak, morning"
in Albanian, from afër
"nearby, close" and ditë
AGAPIOS m Greek, Ancient Greek
Masculine form of AGAPE
. This was the name of a saint from Caesarea who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century.
AGAPITO m Spanish, Italian
From the Late Latin name Agapitus
, which was derived from the Greek name Ἀγαπητός (Agapetos)
. The name Agapetus was borne by two popes.
AI (1) f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection", 藍 (ai)
meaning "indigo", or other kanji with the same pronunciation.
AI (2) f Chinese
From Chinese 爱 (ài)
meaning "love, affection", 蔼 (ǎi)
meaning "friendly, lush", or other characters that are pronounced similarly.
AIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other character combinations.
AIMÉ m French
From Old French Amé
, the masculine form of Amée
AIMI f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection" and 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful". Other combinations of kanji characters are possible.
AINA (3) f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection" and 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens", as well as other character combinations.
AIRI (1) f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection" combined with 莉 (ri)
meaning "white jasmine" or 梨 (ri)
meaning "pear". Other combinations of kanji characters are possible.
AMABILIS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "lovable"
. Saint Amabilis was a 5th-century priest in Riom, central France.
AMADEUS m Late Roman
Means "love of God"
, derived from Latin amare
"to love" and Deus
"God". A famous bearer was the Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), who was actually born Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart but preferred the Latin translation of his Greek middle name. This name was also assumed as a middle name by the German novelist E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822), who took it in honour of Mozart.
AMANDA f English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Late Roman
In part this is a feminine form of AMANDUS
. However, it was not used during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century it was recreated by authors and poets who based it directly on Latin amanda
meaning "lovable, worthy of love"
. Notably, the playwright Colley Cibber used it for a character in his play Love's Last Shift
(1696). It came into regular use during the 19th century.
AMANDUS m Late Roman
Derived from Latin amanda
meaning "lovable, worthy of love"
. Saint Amandus was a 5th-century bishop of Bordeaux. It was also borne by a 7th-century French saint who evangelized in Flanders.
AMANTIUS m Late Roman
in Latin. This was the name of several early saints. It has sometimes been confused with the name Amandus
AMATOR m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "lover (of God)"
. Saint Amator was a 5th-century bishop of Auxerre.
AMATUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "beloved"
. The 7th-century Saint Amatus was the first abbot of Remiremont Abbey.
AMY f English
English form of the Old French name Amée
(modern French aimée
), a vernacular form of the Latin Amata
. As an English name, it was in use in the Middle Ages (though not common) and was revived in the 19th century.
APHRODITE f Greek Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly of Phoenician origin. Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love and beauty, identified with the Roman goddess Venus
. She was the wife of Hephaestus
and the mother of Eros
, and she was often associated with the myrtle tree and doves. The Greeks connected her name with ἀφρός (aphros)
, resulting in the story that she was born from the foam of the sea. Many of her characteristics are based on the goddess known as Ashtoreth
to the Phoenicians and Ishtar
to the Mesopotamian Semitic peoples, and on the Sumerian goddess Inanna
ARMAS m Finnish
in Finnish (an archaic poetic word).
ASTROPHEL m Literature
Probably intended to mean "star lover", from Greek ἀστήρ (aster)
meaning "star" and φίλος (philos)
meaning "lover, friend". This name was first used by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney in his collection of sonnets Astrophel and Stella
AZIZ m Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Uzbek, Kyrgyz, Tajik
Means "powerful, respected, beloved"
, derived from Arabic عزّ ('azza)
meaning "to be powerful" or "to be cherished". In Islamic tradition العزيز (al-'Aziz)
is one of the 99 names of Allah. A notable bearer of the name was Al-'Aziz, a 10th-century Fatimid caliph.
BRADAMANTE f Literature
Used by Matteo Maria Boiardo for a female knight in his epic poem Orlando Innamorato
(1483). He possibly intended it to derive from Italian brado
"wild, untamed, natural" and amante
"loving" or perhaps Latin amantis
"lover, sweetheart, mistress", referring to her love for the Saracen Ruggiero
. Bradamante also appears in Ludovico Ariosto's poem Orlando Furioso
(1532) and Handel's opera Alcina
CARA f English
From an Italian word meaning "beloved"
. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century, though it did not become popular until after the 1950s.
CARAMIA f Various
From the Italian phrase cara mia
meaning "my beloved"
CARATACOS m Brythonic
Derived from the Celtic element car
. This was the name of a 1st-century British chieftain who rebelled against Roman rule.
CARINA (1) f English, Portuguese, Spanish, German, Late Roman
Late Latin name derived from cara
meaning "dear, beloved"
. This was the name of a 4th-century saint and martyr. It is also the name of a constellation in the southern sky, though in this case it means "keel" in Latin, referring to a part of Jason
's ship the Argo.
CARITA f Swedish
Derived from Latin caritas
meaning "dearness, esteem, love"
CARON f & m Welsh
Derived from Welsh caru
meaning "to love"
CARWYN m Welsh
Means "blessed love"
from Welsh caru
"to love" and gwyn
"white, fair, blessed".
CARYS f Welsh
Derived from Welsh caru
. This is a relatively modern Welsh name, in common use only since the middle of the 20th century.
CEINWEN f Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements cain
"good, lovely" and gwen
"white, fair, blessed".
CERI m & f Welsh
Meaning uncertain. It could come from the name of the Ceri River in Ceredigion, Wales; it could be a short form of CERIDWEN
; it could be derived from Welsh caru
meaning "to love".
CHARITY f English
From the English word charity
, ultimately derived from Late Latin caritas
meaning "generous love", from Latin carus
"dear, beloved". Caritas
was in use as a Roman Christian name. The English name Charity
came into use among the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation.
CLÍODHNA f Irish, Irish Mythology
Possibly means "shapely"
in Irish Gaelic. In Irish legend this was the name of a beautiful goddess. She fell in love with a mortal named Ciabhan and left the Land of Promise with him, but when she arrived on the other shore she was swept to sea by a great wave.
CORDULA f German
Late Latin name meaning "heart"
from Latin cor
. Saint Cordula was one of the 4th-century companions of Saint Ursula.
CUPID m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From the Latin Cupido
. This was the name of the Roman god of love, the son of Venus
. He was portrayed as a winged, blindfolded boy, armed with a bow and arrows, which caused the victim to fall in love. His Greek equivalent was Eros
DAFYDD m Welsh
Welsh form of DAVID
. This name was borne by Dafydd ap Gruffydd, a 13th-century Welsh ruler, and Dafydd ap Gwilym, a 14th-century poet.
DARLENE f English
From the English word darling
combined with the popular name suffix lene
. This name has been in use since the beginning of the 20th century.
DAUID m Biblical Greek
Form of DAVID
used in the Greek Old Testament. Some versions of the Greek New Testament also use this form, while others (the Textus Receptus) use Δαβίδ (Dabid)
DAVID m English, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid)
, which was derived from Hebrew דּוֹד (dod)
. David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath
, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus
was descended from him.... [more]
DAVIS m English
From a surname that was derived from the given name DAVID
. A famous bearer of the surname was Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), the only president of the Confederate States of America.
DAVITI m Georgian
Form of DAVIT
with the nominative suffix, used in Georgian when the name is written stand-alone.
DELARA f Persian
Means "adorning the heart"
, from Persian دل (del)
meaning "heart" and آرا (ara)
meaning "decorate, adorn".
DEWI (1) m Welsh
, an old Welsh form of DAVID
. Saint Dewi, the patron saint of Wales, was a 6th-century Welsh bishop.
ELDAD m Biblical
Means "God has loved"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is one of the two elders who prophesizes in the Israelite camp.
ELMO m English, German, Italian
Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element helm
meaning "helmet, protection"
. It is also a derivative of ERASMUS
, via the old Italian diminutive Ermo
. Saint Elmo, also known as Saint Erasmus, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron of sailors. Saint Elmo's fire is said to be a sign of his protection.
ERASMUS m Late Greek (Latinized)
Derived from Greek ἐράσμιος (erasmios)
. Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron saint of sailors. Erasmus was also the name of a Dutch scholar of the Renaissance period.
ERASTUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἔραστος (Erastos)
. This was the name of an assistant of Paul
mentioned in Acts and two epistles in the New Testament.
EROS m Greek Mythology
in Greek. In Greek mythology he was a young god, the son of Aphrodite
, who was armed with arrows that caused the victim to fall in love.
ESMÉ m & f English (British)
in Old French. It was first recorded in Scotland, being borne by the first Duke of Lennox in the 16th century. It is now more common as a feminine name.
EUSTORGIO m Italian
, the Latin form of the Greek name Εὐστόργιος (Eustorgios)
, which was from the word εὔστοργος (eustorgos)
, a derivative of εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and στέργω (stergo)
meaning "to love, to be content". Saint Eustorgius was a 6th-century bishop of Milan.
FANCY f English (Rare)
From the English word fancy
, which means either "like, love, inclination"
. It is derived from Middle English fantasie
, which comes (via Norman French and Latin) from Greek φαίνω (phaino)
meaning "to show, to appear".
FREYA f Norse Mythology, English (Modern), German
From Old Norse Freyja
. This was the name of the goddess of love, beauty, war and death in Norse mythology. She claimed half of the heroes who were slain in battle and brought them to her realm of Fólkvangr. Along with her brother Freyr
and father Njord
, she was one of the Vanir (as opposed to the Æsir). Some scholars connect her with the goddess Frigg
FRIGG f Norse Mythology
in Old Norse, ultimately derived from Indo-European *pri
"to love". In Norse mythology she was the goddess of the earth, air and fertility, and the wife of Odin
. Some scholars believe that she and the goddess Freya
share a common origin.
GRÁINNE f Irish, Irish Mythology
Possibly derived from Gaelic grán
. This was the name of an ancient Irish grain goddess. The name also belonged to the fiancée of Fionn
mac Cumhail and the lover of Diarmaid
in later Irish legend, and it is often associated with gráidh
IDONEA f English (Archaic)
Medieval English name, probably a Latinized form of IÐUNN
. The spelling may have been influenced by Latin idonea
"suitable". It was common in England from the 12th century.
INANNA f Sumerian Mythology
Possibly derived from Sumerian nin-an-a(k)
meaning "lady of the heavens"
, from 𒊩𒌆 (nin)
meaning "lady" and the genitive form of 𒀭 (an)
meaning "heaven, sky". Inanna was the Sumerian goddess of love, fertility and war. She descended into the underworld where the ruler of that place, her sister Ereshkigal, had her killed. The god Enki
interceded, and Inanna was allowed to leave the underworld as long as her husband Dumuzi
took her place.... [more]
ISHTAR f Semitic Mythology
Meaning unknown. Ishtar was an Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian goddess who presided over love, war and fertility. She was cognate with the Canaanite and Phoenician Ashtoreth
, and she was also identified with the Sumerian goddess Inanna
IÐUNN f Norse Mythology, Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Probably derived from Old Norse ið
"again" and unna
"to love". In Norse mythology Iðunn was the goddess of spring and immortality whose responsibility it was to guard the gods' apples of youth.
JAIME (2) f English
Variant of JAMIE
. The character Jaime Sommers from the television series The Bionic Woman
(1976-1978) helped to popularize the name. It can sometimes be given in reference to the French phrase j'aime
meaning "I love", though it is pronounced differently.
JEDIDAH f Biblical
From Hebrew יָדִיד (yadid)
meaning "beloved, friend"
. In the Old Testament this is the name of the wife of King Amon of Judah and the mother of Josiah
KAIPO m & f Hawaiian
Means "the sweetheart"
from Hawaiian ka
, a definite article, and ipo
KALYANI f Hinduism, Indian, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Bengali, Marathi, Hindi
Means "beautiful, lovely, auspicious"
in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
this is the name of one of the Krittikas, or Pleiades. It is also another name of the Hindu goddess Parvati
KAMA m Hinduism
Means "love, desire"
in Sanskrit. Kama is the winged Hindu god of love, the son of Lakshmi.
KEALOHA f & m Hawaiian
Means "the loved one"
from Hawaiian ke
, a definite article, and aloha
KLYTIË f Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek κλυτός (klytos)
meaning "famous, noble"
. In Greek myth Klytië was an ocean nymph who loved the sun god Helios. Her love was not returned, and she pined away staring at him until she was transformed into a heliotrope flower, whose head moves to follow the sun.
KOKORO f Japanese
From Japanese 心 (kokoro)
meaning "heart, mind, soul" or other kanji and kanji combinations having the same pronunciation. It is often written using the hiragana writing system.
LAKSHMI f & m Hinduism, Indian, Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, Hindi, Odia
Means "sign, mark"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of the Hindu goddess of prosperity, good luck, and beauty. She is the wife of Vishnu
and her symbol is the lotus flower, with which she is often depicted.
LEMMINKÄINEN m Finnish Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly related to Finnish lempi "love"
. In the Finnish epic the Kalevala
this is the name of an arrogant hero. After he was killed his mother fetched his body from the River of Death and restored him to life. He is sometimes identified with the god Ahti
LENNON m & f English (Modern)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Leannáin
, which means "descendant of Leannán"
. The name Leannán
means "lover" in Irish. This surname was borne by musician John Lennon (1940-1980), a member of the Beatles.
LEOFWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Means "dear friend"
, derived from the Old English elements leof
"dear, agreeable, beloved" and wine
"friend". This was the name of an 8th-century English saint, also known as Lebuin, who did missionary work in Frisia.
LIBĚNA f Czech
Derived from Czech libý
meaning "pleasant, nice"
, from the Slavic element lyuby
LIBUŠE f Czech
Derived from Czech libý
meaning "pleasant, nice"
, from the Slavic element lyuby
meaning "love". In Czech legend Libuše was the founder of Prague.
LOVE (2) f English
Simply from the English word love
, derived from Old English lufu
MAI (2) f Japanese
From Japanese 舞 (mai)
meaning "dance" or 麻衣 (mai)
meaning "linen robe". It can also come from 真 (ma)
meaning "real, genuine" combined with 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection". Other kanji or kanji combinations can also form this name.
MAIRWEN f Welsh
Combination of MAIR
and Welsh gwen
meaning "white, fair, blessed".
MANAMI f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (mana)
meaning "love, affection" combined with 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful" or 海 (mi)
meaning "sea, ocean". Other kanji combinations are possible.
MARY f English, Biblical
Usual English form of Maria
, the Latin form of the New Testament Greek names Μαριάμ (Mariam)
and Μαρία (Maria)
- the spellings are interchangeable - which were from Hebrew מִרְיָם (Miryam)
, a name borne by the sister of Moses
in the Old Testament. The meaning is not known for certain, but there are several theories including "sea of bitterness"
, and "wished for child"
. However it was most likely originally an Egyptian name, perhaps derived in part from mry "beloved"
or mr "love"
MAVOURNEEN f Irish
Derived from the Irish phrase mo mhúirnín
meaning "my darling"
MEDAD m Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament Medad is one of the elders who prophesizes in the camp of the Israelites after the flight from Egypt.
MEGUMI f Japanese
From Japanese 恵 (megumi)
meaning "favour, benefit" or 愛 (megumi)
meaning "love, affection", as well as other kanji or kanji combinations that have the same reading. It is often written using the hiragana writing system.
MERESANKH f Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian mrs-ꜥnḫ
meaning "she loves life"
. This name was borne by several Egyptian royals during the 4th-dynasty period.
MERITITES f Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian mryt-jts
meaning "loved by her father"
. This name was borne by several Egyptian royals, including a wife and a daughter of the pharaoh Khufu
MILAN m Czech, Slovak, Russian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian
From the Slavic element milu
meaning "gracious, dear"
, originally a short form of names that began with that element. A city in Italy bears this name, though it originates from a different source.
MINNA f German (Archaic), Finnish, Swedish
in Old German, specifically medieval courtly love. It is also used as a short form of WILHELMINA
. This is the name of the title character in the play Minna von Barnhelm
(1767) by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.
MIREILLE f French
From the Occitan name Mirèio
, which was first used by the poet Frédéric Mistral for the main character in his poem Mirèio
(1859). He probably derived it from the Occitan word mirar
meaning "to admire"
NAJI m Arabic
Means "intimate friend"
in Arabic. This can also be another way of transcribing the name ناجي
NOA (3) f Japanese
From Japanese 乃 (no)
, a possessive particle, and 愛 (a)
meaning "love, affection". This name can also be constructed from other kanji or kanji combinations.
PHIL m English
Short form of PHILIP
and various other names beginning with Phil
, often a Greek element meaning "friend, dear, beloved".
PHILADELPHIA f English (Rare)
From the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. The name of the city meant "brotherly love" from Greek φιλέω (phileo)
meaning "to love" and ἀδελφός (adelphos)
meaning "brother". It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PHILIBERT m French
Early variant of FILIBERT
altered by association with Greek φίλος (philos)
meaning "friend, lover". This was the name of a 7th-century Frankish saint. Another famous bearer was Philibert de l'Orme (1510-1570), a French Renaissance architect.
PHILIP m English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Biblical
From the Greek name Φίλιππος (Philippos)
meaning "friend of horses"
, composed of the elements φίλος (philos)
meaning "friend, lover" and ἵππος (hippos)
meaning "horse". This was the name of five kings of Macedon, including Philip II the father of Alexander the Great. The name appears in the New Testament belonging to two people who are regarded as saints. First, one of the twelve apostles, and second, an early figure in the Christian church known as Philip the Deacon.... [more]
PHILOMEL f Literature
From an English word meaning "nightingale"
(ultimately from PHILOMELA
). It has been used frequently in poetry to denote the bird.
PHILOMELA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Φιλομήλη (Philomele)
, derived from φίλος (philos)
meaning "lover, friend" and μῆλον (melon)
meaning "fruit". The second element has also been interpreted as Greek μέλος (melos)
meaning "song". In Greek myth Philomela was the sister-in-law of Tereus, who raped her and cut out her tongue. Prokne avenged her sister by killing her son by Tereus, after which Tereus attempted to kill Philomela. However, the gods intervened and transformed her into a nightingale.
PHILOMENA f English, German, Late Greek
From Greek φίλος (philos)
meaning "friend, lover" and μένος (menos)
meaning "mind, strength, force". This was the name of an obscure early saint and martyr. The name came to public attention in 1802 after a tomb seemingly marked with the name Filumena
was found in Rome, supposedly belonging to another martyr named Philomena. This may have in fact been a representation of the Greek word φιλομήνη (philomene)
PSYCHE f Greek Mythology
Means "the soul"
, derived from Greek ψύχω (psycho)
meaning "to breathe". The Greeks thought that the breath was the soul. In Greek mythology Psyche was a beautiful maiden who was beloved by Eros (or Cupid in Roman mythology). She is the subject of Keats's poem Ode to Psyche
REN m & f Japanese
From Japanese 蓮 (ren)
meaning "lotus", 恋 (ren)
meaning "love", or other kanji that are pronounced the same way.
SHERRY f English
Before the 20th century this was probably from the Irish surname Ó Searraigh
meaning "descendant of Searrach"
(a name meaning "foal" in Gaelic). Later it may have been reinforced by the French word chérie
, or the English word sherry
, a type of fortified wine named from the Spanish town of Jerez. This name came into popular use during the 1920s, inspired by other similar-sounding names and by Collette's novels Chéri
(1920, English translation 1929) and The Last of Chéri
(1926, English translation 1932), in which it is a masculine name.
TAFFY m Welsh
Anglicized form of DAFYDD
. It has been used as a slang term for a Welshman.
THADDEUS m English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From Θαδδαῖος (Thaddaios)
, the Greek form of the Aramaic name Thaddai
. It is possibly derived from a word meaning "heart"
, but it may in fact be an Aramaic form of a Greek name such as Θεόδωρος
). In the Gospel of Matthew, Thaddaeus is listed as one of the twelve apostles, though elsewhere in the New Testament his name is omitted and Jude
's appears instead. It is likely that the two names refer to the same person.
TRISTAN m Welsh, English, French, Arthurian Romance
Old French form of the Pictish name Drustan
, a diminutive of DRUST
. The spelling was altered by association with Latin tristis
"sad". Tristan is a character in medieval French tales, probably inspired by older Celtic legends, and ultimately merged into Arthurian legend. According to the story Tristan was sent to Ireland in order to fetch Isolde
, who was to be the bride of King Mark of Cornwall. On the way back, Tristan and Isolde accidentally drink a potion that makes them fall in love. Their tragic story was very popular in the Middle Ages, and the name has occasionally been used since that time.
VALENTIN m French, Romanian, German, Czech, Russian, Bulgarian, Slovene, Croatian, Danish (Rare), Swedish (Rare), Norwegian (Rare)
Form of Valentinus
(see VALENTINE (1)
) in several languages.
VALENTINE (1) m English
From the Roman cognomen Valentinus
, which was itself a derivative of the cognomen Valens
meaning "strong, vigorous, healthy"
in Latin. Saint Valentine was a 3rd-century martyr. His feast day was the same as the Roman fertility festival of Lupercalia, which resulted in the association between Valentine's day and love. As an English name, it has been used occasionally since the 12th century.
VENUS f Roman Mythology
Means "love, sexual desire"
in Latin. This was the name of the Roman goddess of love and sex. Her character was assimilated with that of the Greek goddess Aphrodite
. As the mother of Aeneas
she was considered an ancestor of the Roman people. The second planet from the sun is named after her.
WADUD m Arabic
Means "lover, affectionate"
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الودود (al-Wadud)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
XINYI m & f Chinese
From Chinese 欣 (xīn)
meaning "happy, joyous, delighted" or 心 (xīn)
meaning "heart, mind, soul" combined with 怡 (yí)
meaning "joy, harmony". This name can also be formed from other character combinations.
YUA f Japanese
From Japanese 結 (yu)
meaning "tie, bind" and 愛 (a)
meaning "love, affection". Other kanji combinations are possible.