JULES (1) m French
French form of JULIUS
. A notable bearer of this name was the French novelist Jules Verne (1828-1905), author of 'Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea' and other works of science fiction.
JULIA f English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Spanish, Polish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Ancient Roman, Biblical
Feminine form of the Roman family name JULIUS
. Among the notable women from this family were Julia Augusta (also known as Livia Drusilla), the wife of Emperor Augustus, and Julia the Elder, the daughter of Augustus and the wife of Tiberius. A person by this name has a brief mention in the New Testament. It was also borne by a few early saints and martyrs, including the patron saint of Corsica. Additionally, Shakespeare used it in his comedy 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594).... [more]
JULIAN m English, Polish, German
From the Roman name Iulianus
, which was derived from JULIUS
. This was the name of the last pagan Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (4th century). It was also borne by several early saints, including the legendary Saint Julian the Hospitaller. This name has been used in England since the Middle Ages, at which time it was also a feminine name (from Juliana
, eventually becoming Gillian
JULIANA f Dutch, German, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Iulianus
). This was the name of a 4th-century saint and martyr from Nicomedia, and also of the Blessed Juliana of Norwich, also called Julian, a 14th-century mystic and author. The name was also borne by a 20th-century queen of the Netherlands. In England, this form has been in use since the 18th century, alongside the older form Gillian
JULIE f French, Danish, Norwegian, Czech, English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Danish, Norwegian and Czech form of JULIA
. It has spread to many other regions as well. It has been common in the English-speaking world since the early 20th century.
JULITTA f History
Diminutive of JULIA
. This was the name of a 4th-century saint who was martyred in Tarsus with her young son Quiricus.
JULIUS m Ancient Roman, English, German
From a Roman family name which was possibly derived from Greek ιουλος (ioulos)
meaning "downy-bearded". Alternatively, it could be related to the name of the Roman god JUPITER
. This was a prominent patrician family of Rome, who claimed descent from the mythological Julus, son of Aeneas
. Its most notable member was Gaius Julius Caesar, who gained renown as a military leader for his clever conquest of Gaul. After a civil war he became the dictator of the Roman Republic, but was eventually stabbed to death in the senate.... [more]
JULY f English (Rare)
From the name of the month, which was originally named for Julius Caesar.
JUN (1) m & f Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 君 (jūn)
meaning "king, ruler", 俊 (jùn)
meaning "talented, handsome" (which is usually only masculine) or 军 (jūn)
meaning "army" (also usually only masculine). This is also a single-character Korean name, often from the hanja 俊
meaning "talented, handsome". This name can be formed by other characters besides those shown here.
JUN (2) m & f Japanese
From Japanese 淳 (jun)
meaning "pure", 潤 (jun)
meaning "moisture", 純 (jun)
meaning "pure, clean, simple", or other kanji which are pronounced the same way.
JUNAYD m Arabic
Means "small army", derived from Arabic جند (jund)
JUNE f English
From the name of the month, which was originally derived from the name of the Roman goddess Juno
. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.
JUN-HO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 俊 (jun)
meaning "talented, handsome" combined with 鎬 (ho)
meaning "stove, bright" or 昊 (ho)
meaning "summer, sky, heaven". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
JUNIA f Biblical, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of JUNIUS
. This was the name of an early Christian mentioned in the New Testament (there is some debate about whether the name belongs to a man or a woman).
JUN'ICHI m Japanese
From Japanese 順 (jun)
meaning "obey, submit" or 淳 (jun)
meaning "pure" combined with 一 (ichi)
meaning "one". Other kanji combinations are possible.
JUNIOR m English
From a nickname which was originally used for a boy who had the same name as his father.
JUNIPER f English (Rare)
From the English word for the type of tree, derived ultimately from Latin iuniperus
JUNÍPERO m Various
This was the name assumed by the 18th-century Spanish Franciscan monk Miguel José Serra, a missionary to California. He named himself after one of Saint Francis's companions, who was named from Latin iuniperus
JUNIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was possibly derived from the name of the Roman goddess JUNO
. It was borne by Lucius Junius Brutus, the founder of the Roman Republic in the 6th century BC. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Roman politician Marcus Junius Brutus, commonly known as Brutus, who was one of the assassins of Julius Caesar.
JUNKO f Japanese
From Japanese 順 (jun)
meaning "obedience" or 純 (jun)
meaning "pure" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other combinations of kanji characters are also possible.
JUNO f Roman Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly related to an Indo-European root meaning "youth", or possibly of Etruscan origin. In Roman mythology Juno was the wife of Jupiter
and the queen of the heavens. She was the protectress of marriage and women, and was also the goddess of finance.
JUN-SEO m Korean
From Sino-Korean 俊 (jun)
meaning "talented, handsome" combined with 舒 (seo)
meaning "open up, unfold, comfortable, easy" or 瑞 (seo)
meaning "felicitous omen, auspicious". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
JUPITER m Roman Mythology (Anglicized)
From Latin Iuppiter
, which was ultimately derived from the Indo-European *Dyeu-pater
, composed of the elements Dyeus
) and pater
"father". Jupiter was the supreme god in Roman mythology. He presided over the heavens and light, and was responsible for the protection and laws of the Roman state. This is also the name of the fifth and largest planet in the solar system.
JUSTICE m & f English
From an occupational surname which meant "judge, officer of justice" in Old French. This name can also be given in direct reference to the English word justice
JUSTIN m English, French, Slovene
From the Latin name Iustinus
, which was derived from JUSTUS
. This was the name of several early saints including Justin Martyr, a Christian philosopher of the 2nd century who was beheaded in Rome. It was also borne by two Byzantine emperors. As an English name, it has occasionally been used since the late Middle Ages, though it did not become common until the 20th century. Famous modern bearers include pop stars Justin Timberlake (1981-) and Justin Bieber (1994-).
JUSTINIAN m History
From the Latin name Iustinianus
, which was derived from Iustinus
). This was the name of a 6th-century Byzantine emperor who attempted to restore the borders of the Roman Empire.
JUTTA f German
Probably a medieval Low German form of JUDITH
. It might also derive from a Germanic name such as JUDDA
JUUROU m Japanese
From Japanese 十 (juu)
meaning "ten" and 郎 (rou)
meaning "son". Traditionally this name was given to the tenth son. Other combinations of kanji characters are possible as well.
JUVENAL m History, Portuguese
From the Roman cognomen Iuvenalis
which meant "youthful" in Latin. Juvenal was a Roman satirist of the 1st century.
JU-WON m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 周 (ju)
meaning "circumference" combined with 元 (won)
meaning "first, origin" or 媛 (won)
meaning "beautiful woman". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
KADEK m & f Indonesian, Balinese
Possibly from Balinese adik
meaning "younger sibling". This name is traditionally given to the second-born child.
KAEDE f & m Japanese
From Japanese 楓 (kaede)
meaning "maple" or other kanji which are pronounced the same way.
KAĞAN m Turkish
From a Turkish title meaning "king, ruler", ultimately of Mongolian origin. The title is usually translated into English as Khan
KAHINA f Northern African, Berber
Derived from Arabic الكاهِنة (al-Kahinah)
meaning "the diviner, the fortuneteller". This was a title applied to the 7th-century Berber queen Dihya, who resisted the Arab expansion into North Africa.
KAHURANGI f & m Maori
From the name of a type of green gemstone found in New Zealand, meaning "sky blue" in Maori.
KAILASH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi
From the name of a mountain in the Himalayas which is believed to be the paradise of the Hindu god Shiva
. It possibly means "crystal" in Sanskrit.
KAIMANA m & f Hawaiian
From Hawaiian kai
"ocean, sea" and mana
"power". It is also Hawaiian meaning "diamond", derived from the English word diamond
KAIPO m & f Hawaiian
Means "the sweetheart" from Hawaiian ka
, a definite article, and ipo
KAISER m Various
German form of the Roman title Caesar
). It is not used as a given name in Germany itself.
KAITO m Japanese
From Japanese 海 (kai)
meaning "sea, ocean" combined with 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation, or 翔 (to)
meaning "soar, fly". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
KALANI m & f Hawaiian
Means "the heavens" from Hawaiian ka
"the" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
KALEO m Hawaiian
Means "sound, voice" from Hawaiian ka
"the" and leo
KALEVA m Finnish
From the name of the mythological ancestor of the Finns, which is of unknown meaning. The name of the Finnish epic the 'Kalevala' means "the land of Kalevi".
KALI f & m Hinduism, Bengali, Tamil
Means "the black one" in Sanskrit. The Hindu goddess Kali is the fierce destructive form of the wife of Shiva
. She is usually depicted with black skin and four arms, holding a severed head and brandishing a sword. As a personal name, it is generally masculine in India.
KALIDASA m Sanskrit
Means "servant of Kali" from the name of the Hindu goddess KALI
combined with Sanskrit दास (dasa)
meaning "servant". This was the name of a 4th-century Indian poet and dramatist, the author of the 'Abhijnanashakuntalam'.
KALLIAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek καλλος (kallos)
meaning "beauty". This was the name of an Athenian who fought at Marathon who later became an ambassador to the Persians.
KALLISTO f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek καλλιστος (kallistos)
meaning "most beautiful", a derivative of καλος (kalos)
"beautiful". In Greek mythology Kallisto was a nymph who was loved by Zeus
. She was changed into a she-bear by Hera
, and subsequently became the Great Bear constellation. This was also an ancient Greek personal name.
KÁLMÁN m Hungarian
Probably of Turkic origin, meaning "remainder". This was the name of a 12th-century king of Hungary. It was also borne in the 13th-century by the first king of Galicia-Volhynia, who was also a member of the Hungarian Árpád royal family. This name has been frequently confused with Koloman
KALOYAN m Bulgarian
From Greek καλος Ιωαννης (kalos Ioannes)
meaning "handsome JOHN
", the nickname of a 13th-century emperor of Bulgaria. He successfully defended the empire from the Fourth Crusade.
KALYANI f Hinduism, Indian, Telugu, Marathi, Hindi
Means "beautiful, lovely, auspicious" in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' this is the name of one of the Krittikas, or Pleiades. It is also another name of the Hindu goddess Parvati
KAMA m Hinduism
Means "love, desire" in Sanskrit. Kama is the winged Hindu god of love, the son of Lakshmi.
KAMAL (2) m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Modern masculine form of KAMALA
KAMALA f & m Hinduism, Tamil, Indian, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Nepali
Means "lotus" or "pale red" in Sanskrit. This is a transcription of both the feminine form कमला
and the masculine form कमल
. This is the name of one of the Krittikas, or Pleiades, in Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata'. It is also another name of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi
KAMALANI f & m Hawaiian
Means "heavenly child" or "royal child" from Hawaiian kama
"child" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
KAMEN m Bulgarian
Means "stone" in Bulgarian. This is a translation of the Greek name Petros
KANON f Japanese
From Japanese 花 (ka)
meaning "flower, blossom" and 音 (non)
meaning "sound". Other kanji combinations are possible as well.
KAORI f Japanese
From Japanese 香 (kaori)
meaning "fragrance". It can also come from an alternate reading of 香 (ka)
combined with 織 (ori)
meaning "weaving". Other kanji combinations are possible. It is often written かおり
using the hiragana writing system.
KAORU f & m Japanese
From Japanese 薫 (kaoru)
meaning "fragrant", as well as other kanji having the same reading.
KAPILA m Hinduism
Means "reddish brown" in Sanskrit, derived from कपि (kapi)
"monkey". In the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' this is the name of a sage who founded Samkhya philosophy and is identified with the god Vishnu
KAPONO m Hawaiian
Means "the good one" from Hawaiian ka
, a definite article, and pono
KAPUA f & m Hawaiian
Means "the flower" or "the child" from Hawaiian ka
, a definite article, and pua
KAREEM m Arabic
Variant transcription of KARIM
. A famous bearer of this name is basketball player Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (1947-).
KARIM m Arabic, Persian
Means "generous, noble" in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الكريم (al-Karim)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
KARL m German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Finnish, Ancient Germanic
German and Scandinavian form of CHARLES
. This was the name of seven emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and an emperor of Austria, as well as kings of Sweden and Norway. Other famous bearers include Karl Marx (1818-1883), the German philosopher and revolutionary who laid the foundations for communism, and Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), a German existentialist philosopher.
KARNA m Hinduism
Derived from Sanskrit कर्ण (karna)
meaning "ear". This is the name of the son of the Hindu sun god Surya and the goddess Kunti, who gave birth to him through her ear. He was a great warrior who joined the Kauravas to fight against his half-brothers the Pandavas, eventually becoming the king of Anga.