ESPERANZA f Spanish
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Sperantia
which was derived from sperare
ESSENCE f English (Modern)
From the English word essence
which means either "odour, scent" or else "fundamental quality". Ultimately it derives from Latin esse
ESTEE f Jewish
Diminutive of ESTHER
. A famous bearer was the American businesswoman Estée Lauder (1908-2004), founder of the cosmetics company that bears her name. Her birth name was Josephine Esther Mentzer. Apparently she added the accent to her name Estee
in order to make it appear French.
ESTELLA f English
Latinate form of ESTELLE
. This was the name of the heroine, Estella Havisham, in Charles Dickens' novel 'Great Expectations' (1860).
ESTELLE f English, French
From an Old French name which was derived from Latin stella
, meaning "star". It was rare in the English-speaking world in the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, perhaps due to the character Estella Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel 'Great Expectations' (1860).
ESTHER f English, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly means "star" in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR
. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia. The king's advisor Haman persuaded the king to exterminate all the Jews in the realm. Warned of this plot by her cousin Mordecai
, Esther revealed her Jewish ancestry and convinced the king to execute Haman instead. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah
ÉTAÍN f Irish, Irish Mythology
Possibly derived from Old Irish ét
"jealousy". In Irish mythology she was a sun and horse goddess who was the lover of Midir.
ETELKA f Hungarian
Feminine form of ETELE
created by the Hungarian writer András Dugonics for the main character in his novel 'Etelka' (1788).
ETERI f Georgian
Means "ether, air" in Georgian. This name features in the Georgian opera 'Abesalom and Eteri' (1918).
ETHAN m English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name אֵיתָן ('Eitan)
meaning "solid, enduring, firm". In the Old Testament this name is borne by a few minor characters, including the wise man Ethan the Ezrahite, supposedly the author of Psalm 89.... [more]
ETHEL f English
Short form of names beginning with the Old English element æðel
meaning "noble". It was coined in the 19th century, when many Old English names were revived. It was popularized by the novels 'The Newcomes' (1855) by William Makepeace Thackeray and 'The Daisy Chain' (1856) by C. M. Yonge. A famous bearer was American actress and singer Ethel Merman (1908-1984).
ETHELBERT m English
Middle English form of ÆÐELBERHT
. The name was very rare after the Norman conquest, but it was revived briefly in the 19th century.
ETHELINDA f English (Archaic)
Middle English form of the Old English name Æðelind
, derived from the elements æðel
"noble" and lindi
"snake". The name was very rare after the Norman conquest, but it was revived in the early 19th century.
ETSUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 悦 (etsu)
meaning "joy, pleased" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other kanji combinations.
ETTA f English
Short form of HENRIETTA
and other names that end with etta
. A famous bearer was the American singer Etta James (1938-2012), who took her stage name from her real given name Jamesetta.
EUA f Biblical Greek
Form of Chawwah
) used in the Greek translation of Old Testament. Chawwah
is also translated as Zoe
in the Greek Old Testament.
EUDES m Medieval French
Old French form of Audo
). This was the name of an 8th-century French saint. It was also borne by a 9th-century French king.
EUDORA f Greek Mythology
Means "good gift" in Greek, from the elements ευ (eu)
"good" and δωρον (doron)
"gift". This was the name of a nymph, one of the Hyades, in Greek mythology.
EUGENE m English
English form of Eugenius
, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευγενιος (Eugenios)
which was derived from the Greek word ευγενης (eugenes)
meaning "well born". It is composed of the elements ευ (eu)
"good" and γενης (genes)
"born". This was the name of several saints and four popes.... [more]
EUN m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" or 銀 (eun)
meaning "silver, money", as well as other hanja characters which are pronounced in the same way. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
EUN-JEONG f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" or 慇 (eun)
meaning "careful, anxious, attentive" combined with 廷 (jeong)
meaning "court" or 婷 (jeong)
meaning "pretty, graceful". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
EUN-JI f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" combined with 智 (ji)
meaning "wisdom, intellect" or 地 (ji)
meaning "earth, soil, ground". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
EUN-YEONG f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" and 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
EURIPIDES m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek Ευριπος (Euripos)
, referring to the strait between Euboea and Boeotia, combined with the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides)
. This was the name of a 5th-century BC Greek tragic poet.
EUROPA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ευρωπη (Europe)
, which meant "wide face" from ευρυς (eurys)
"wide" and ωψ (ops)
"face, eye". In Greek mythology Europa was a Phoenician princess who was abducted and taken to Crete by Zeus
in the guise of a bull. She became the first queen of Crete, and later fathered Minos
by Zeus. The continent of Europe is named for her. This is also the name of a moon of Jupiter.
EURWEN f Welsh
Derived from Welsh aur
"gold" and gwen
"white, fair, blessed".
EURYDICE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Ευρυδικη (Eurydike)
which meant "wide justice", derived from ευρυς (eurys)
"wide" and δικη (dike)
"justice". In Greek myth she was the wife of Orpheus. Her husband tried to rescue her from Hades, but he failed when he disobeyed the condition that he not look back upon her on their way out.
EUSTACE m English
English form of EUSTACHIUS
, two names of Greek origin which have been conflated in the post-classical period. Saint Eustace, whose is known under both spellings, was a 2nd-century Roman general who became a Christian after seeing a vision of a cross between the antlers of a stag he was hunting. He was burned to death for refusing to worship the Roman gods and is now regarded as the patron saint of hunters. Due to him, this name was common in England during the Middle Ages, though it is presently rare.
EUSTORGIO m Italian
, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευστοργιος (Eustorgios)
, which was from the word ευστοργος (eustorgos)
meaning "content", a derivative of ευ (eu)
"good" and στεργω (stergo)
"to love, to be content". Saint Eustorgius was a 6th-century bishop of Milan.
EUTERPE f Greek Mythology
Means "delight" in Greek, ultimately from ευ (eu)
"good" and τερπω (terpo)
"to satisfy, to cheer". In Greek mythology she was one of the nine Muses, the muse of music and joy. She was said to have invented the double flute.
EUTYCHUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ευτυχος (Eutychos)
, which was derived from Greek ευτυχης (eutyches)
"fortunate". The word was formed of the elements ευ (eu)
"good" and τυχη (tyche)
"chance, luck, fortune". In the New Testament this is the name of a young man who went to sleep while Paul
was preaching and fell from the third story of the building. He was believed to be dead, but later turned out to be alive.
EVA f Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, English, Czech, Slovak, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin
Latinate form of EVE
. This form is used in the Latin translation of the New Testament, while Hava
is used in the Latin Old Testament. It is also a variant transcription of Russian YEVA
. This name appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' (1852) belonging to the character Little Eva, whose real name is in fact Evangeline.
EVADNE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Ευαδνη (Euadne)
, from ευ (eu)
meaning "good" possibly combined with Cretan Greek αδνος (adnos)
meaning "holy". In Greek legend Evadne was the wife of Capaneus. After Capaneus was killed by a lightning bolt sent from Zeus
she committed suicide by throwing herself onto his burning body.
EVANGELINE f English
Means "good news" from Greek ευ (eu)
"good" and αγγελμα (angelma)
"news, message". It was (first?) used by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his epic poem 'Evangeline' (1847). It also appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' (1852) as the full name of the character Eva.
EVE f English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah)
, which was derived from the Hebrew word חוה (chawah)
"to breathe" or the related word חיה (chayah)
"to live". According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam
were the first humans. God created her from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion. At the urging of a serpent she ate the forbidden fruit and shared some with Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden
EVELINA f English, Italian, Swedish
Latinate form of AVELINE
. It was revived by the author Fanny Burney for the heroine of her first novel 'Evelina' (1778). It is often regarded as a variant of the related name EVELYN
or an elaboration of EVE
EVELYN f & m English, German
From an English surname which was derived from the given name AVELINE
. In the 17th century when it was first used as a given name it was more common for boys, but it is now regarded as mainly feminine due to association with the related name Evelina
EVERARD m English (Rare)
Means "brave boar", derived from the Germanic elements ebur
"wild boar" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans introduced it to England, where it joined the Old English cognate Eoforheard
. It has only been rarely used since the Middle Ages. Modern use of the name may be inspired by the surname Everard
, itself derived from the medieval name.
EVREN m & f Turkish
Means "cosmos, the universe" in Turkish. In Turkic mythology the Evren is a gigantic snake-like dragon.
EWART m English
From an English and Scottish surname which was either based on a Norman form of EDWARD
, or else derived from a place name of unknown meaning.
EZEKIEL m Biblical, English
From the Hebrew name יְחֶזְקֵאל (Yechezqel)
meaning "God strengthens". Ezekiel is a major prophet of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Ezekiel. He lived in Jerusalem until the Babylonian conquest and captivity of Israel, at which time he was taken to Babylon. The Book of Ezekiel describes his vivid symbolic visions that predict the restoration of the kingdom of Israel. As an English given name, Ezekiel
has been used since the Protestant Reformation.
EZER m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "help" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Seir, as well as several other minor characters.
EZRA m Biblical, English, Hebrew
Means "help" in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.
FABIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from Latin faba
"bean". Quintus Fabius Maximus was the Roman general who used delaying tactics to halt the invasion of Hannibal in the 3rd century BC.
FABRICE m French
French form of the Roman family name Fabricius
, which was derived from Latin faber
"craftsman". Gaius Fabricius Luscinus was a 3rd-century BC Roman general and statesman.
FADL m Arabic
Means "grace, generosity" in Arabic. This was a name of both a cousin of Muhammad
and a son of Abbas
(the son of the fourth caliph Ali
FAITH f English
Simply from the English word faith
, ultimately from Latin fidere
"to trust". This was one of the virtue names adopted by the Puritans in the 17th century.