ALBA (1) f Italian, Spanish, Catalan
This name is derived from two distinct names, ALBA (2)
and ALBA (3)
, with distinct origins, Latin and Germanic. Over time these names have become confused with one another. To further complicate the matter, alba
means "dawn" in Italian, Spanish and Catalan. This may be the main inspiration behind its use in Italy and Spain.
ANNAGÜL f Turkmen
Derived from Turkmen anna
"Friday" and gül
APRIL f English
From the name of the month, probably originally derived from Latin aperire
"to open", referring to the opening of flowers. It has only been commonly used as a given name since the 1940s.
ARUSHI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अरुष (arusha)
meaning "reddish, dawn", a word used in the Rigveda to describe the red horses of Agni
. This name also appears in the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' belonging to a daughter of Manu
and the wife of Chyavana, though in this case it might derive from Sanskrit आरुषी (arushi)
meaning "hitting, killing".
ASUKA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 明日 (asu)
meaning "tomorrow" and 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance", or from 飛 (asu)
meaning "to fly" and 鳥 (ka)
meaning "bird". Other kanji combinations can be possible as well.
ATHANARIC m Ancient Germanic
From the Gothic name Athanareiks
, derived from the Germanic element athana
meaning "year" combined with ric
meaning "power, ruler". Athanaric was a 4th-century ruler of the Visigoths.
AUTUMN f English
From the name of the season, ultimately from Latin autumnus
. This name has been in general use since the 1960s.
BAHARGÜL f Turkmen
Derived from Turkmen bahar
meaning "spring" and gül
meaning "flower, rose" (both roots ultimately of Persian origin).
BAHMAN m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Vohu Manah
meaning "good mind". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with domestic animals. It is also the name of the eleventh month in the Iranian calendar.
BEHAR m Albanian
From the archaic Albanian word behar
CHEN (1) m & f Chinese
From Chinese 晨 (chén)
or 辰 (chén)
, both meaning "morning". The character 辰
also refers to the fifth Earthly Branch (7 AM to 9 AM), which is itself associated with the dragon of the Chinese zodiac. This name can be formed from other characters as well.
CHUN f & m Chinese
From Chinese 春 (chūn)
meaning "spring (the season)" or other characters with a similar pronunciation.
DAGRUN f Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Dagrún
, which was derived from the Old Norse elements dagr
"day" and rún
DAWN f English
From the English word dawn
, ultimately derived from Old English dagung
EOS f Greek Mythology
Means "dawn" in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the dawn.
ESTELLE f English, French
From an Old French name that was derived from Latin stella
meaning "star". It was rare in the English-speaking world in the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, perhaps due to the character Estella Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel 'Great Expectations' (1860).
FUYUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 冬 (fuyu)
meaning "winter" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other combinations of kanji.
GWALCHMEI m Welsh Mythology
Derived from Welsh gwalch
"hawk", possibly combined with mei
"May (the month)". This is the name of a character in Welsh legend. He is probably the antecedent of Gawain
from Arthurian romance.
HAJNA f Hungarian
Shortened form of HAJNAL
. The Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty used it in his epic poem 'Zalán Futása' (1825).
HARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male", 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather". Other kanji or kanji combinations can form this name as well.
HARUKA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 遥 (haruka)
meaning "distant, remote". It can also come from 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather" combined with 花 (ka)
meaning "flower, blossom" or 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance". Additionally, other kanji combinations can form this name.
HARUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" or 陽 (haru)
meaning "light, sun, male" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other kanji combinations.
HARUNA f Japanese
From Japanese 晴 (haru)
meaning "clear weather", 遥 (haru)
meaning "distant, remote" or 春 (haru)
meaning "spring" combined with 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HEMERA f Greek Mythology
Means "day" in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess who personified the daytime. According to Hesiod she was the daughter of Nyx
, the personification of the night.
HESPEROS m Ancient Greek
Means "evening" in Greek. This was the name of the personification of the Evening Star (the planet Venus) in Greek mythology.
HINA f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (hi)
meaning "light, sun, male" or 日 (hi)
meaning "sun, day" combined with 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HORATIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was possibly derived from Latin hora
"hour, time, season", though the name may actually be of Etruscan origin. A famous bearer was Quintus Horatius Flaccus, a Roman lyric poet of the 1st century BC who is better known as Horace in the English-speaking world.
İLKAY f & m Turkish
Means "new moon" in Turkish, derived from ilk
"first" and ay
IL-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 日 (il)
meaning "sun, day" and 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded". Other hanja character combinations are possible. A notable bearer was Kim Il-sung (1912-1994), the first leader of North Korea.
JANVIER m French
French form of JANUARIUS
. Though now rare in France, it is more common in French-speaking parts of Africa.
JULY f English (Rare)
From the name of the month, which was originally named for Julius Caesar.
JUNE f English
From the name of the month, which was originally derived from the name of the Roman goddess Juno
. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.
LI (1) f & m Chinese
From Chinese 理 (lǐ)
meaning "reason, logic", 立 (lì)
meaning "stand, establish", 黎 (lí)
meaning "black, dawn", 力 (lì)
meaning "power, capability, influence" (which is usually only masculine) or 丽 (lì)
meaning "beautiful" (usually only feminine). Other Chinese characters are also possible.
MADHAVA m Sanskrit, Hinduism
Means "vernal, of the springtime" in Sanskrit. This is an epithet of several Hindu gods. It was also the name of a 14th-century Hindu scholar.
MAY f English
Derived from the name of the month of May, which derives from Maia
, the name of a Roman goddess. May is also another name of the hawthorn flower. It is also used as a diminutive of MARY
MİRAY f Turkish
Meaning unknown, possibly from an uncertain Persian element combined with Turkish ay
meaning "moon, month".
MIYAKO f Japanese
From Japanese 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful", 夜 (ya)
meaning "night" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". This name can be formed from other combinations of kanji as well.
MONDAY f English (Rare)
From the English word for the day of the week, which was derived from Old English mona
"moon" and dæg
"day". This was formerly given to girls born on Monday.
NATSUKI f Japanese
From Japanese 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens" and 月 (tsuki)
meaning "moon". Alternatively, it can come from 夏 (natsu)
meaning "summer" and 希 (ki)
meaning "hope". Other kanji combinations can form this name as well.
NATSUMI f Japanese
From Japanese 夏 (natsu)
meaning "summer" and 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful". It can also come from 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens" and 摘 (tsumi)
meaning "pick, pluck". Other kanji combinations are possible.
NONA (1) f Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin nonus
meaning "ninth", referring to the nine months of pregnancy. This was the name of a Roman goddess of pregnancy. She was also one of the three Fates (or Parcae).
NYX f Greek Mythology
Means "night" in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the night, the daughter of Khaos and the wife of Erebos.
PRANVERA f Albanian
Derived from Albanian pranverë
meaning "spring", itself from pranë
"nearby, close" and verë
QIU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 秋 (qiū)
meaning "autumn", 丘 (qiū)
meaning "hill, mound", or other characters with a similar pronunciation. The given name of the philosopher Confucius
RATREE f Thai
From the name of a variety of jasmine flower, the night jasmine, ultimately from a poetic word meaning "night".
ROXANA f English, Spanish, Romanian, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latin form of Ρωξανη (Roxane)
, the Greek form of the Persian or Bactrian name روشنک (Roshanak)
, which meant "bright" or "dawn". This was the name of Alexander the Great's first wife, a daughter of the Bactrian nobleman Oxyartes. In the modern era it came into use during the 17th century. In the English-speaking world it was popularized by Daniel Defoe, who used it in his novel 'Roxana' (1724).
SEPTEMBER f & m English (Rare)
From the name of the ninth month (though it means "seventh month" in Latin, since it was originally the seventh month of the Roman year), which is sometimes used as a given name for someone born in September.
SHAHRIVAR m Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Kshathra Vairya
meaning "desirable power". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a god of metal and a protector of the weak. This is also the name of the sixth month of the Iranian calendar.
SHIZUKA f Japanese
From Japanese 静 (shizu)
meaning "quiet" combined with 夏 (ka)
meaning "summer" or 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance". Other kanji combinations are possible.
SOSIGENES m Ancient Greek
Means "born safely" from Greek σως (sos)
"safe, whole, unwounded" and γενης (genes)
"born". This was the name of an astronomer from Alexandria employed by Julius Caesar to correct the Roman calendar.
SPRING f English
From the name of the season, ultimately from Old English springan
"to leap, to burst forth".
SUMMER f English
From the name of the season, ultimately from Old English sumor
. It has been in use as a given name since the 1970s.
SUNDAY f English
From the name of the day of the week, which ultimately derives from Old English sunnandæg
, which was composed of the elements sunne
"sun" and dæg
USHAS f Hinduism
Means "dawn" in Sanskrit. This is the name of the Hindu goddess of the dawn, considered the daughter of heaven.
VERNA f English
Feminine form of VERNON
, sometimes associated with the Latin word vernus
"spring". It has been in use since the 19th century.
VESPASIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Vespasianus
, derived either from Latin vesper
meaning "west" or "evening" or vespa
meaning "wasp". This was the name of a 1st-century Roman emperor, Titus Flavius Vespasianus, the founder of the Flavian dynasty.