ABD AL-RAHMAN m Arabic
Means "servant of the merciful" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
"servant of the" combined with رحمن (rahman)
"merciful". This was the name of two early caliphs of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain.
AMANDA f English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Late Roman
In part this is a feminine form of AMANDUS
. However, it was not used during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century it was recreated by authors and poets who based it directly on Latin amanda
"lovable, worthy of love". Notably, the playwright Colley Cibber used it for a character in his play 'Love's Last Shift' (1696). It came into regular use during the 19th century.
AMANDUS m Late Roman
Derived from Latin amanda
meaning "lovable, worthy of love". Saint Amandus was a 5th-century bishop of Bordeaux. It was also borne by a 7th-century French saint who evangelized in Flanders.
AMANTIUS m Late Roman
Means "loving" in Latin. This was the name of several early saints. It has sometimes been confused with the name Amandus
ARMAN m Kazakh
Means "dream" in Kazakh, of Persian origin.
AYMAN m Arabic
Means "right-handed, blessed, lucky" in Arabic.
BAHMAN m Persian, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Vohu Manah
meaning "good mind". This was the name of a Zoroastrian god (one of the Amesha Spenta) associated with domestic animals. It is also the name of the eleventh month in the Iranian calendar.
COLMÁN m Irish
Diminutive of Colm
). This was the name of a large number of Irish saints.
DAUMANTAS m Lithuanian
From Lithuanian daug
"much" and mantus
"intelligent". This name was borne by a 13th-century Lithuanian ruler of Pskov who is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
EMMANUEL m Biblical, French, English
From the Hebrew name עִמָּנוּאֵל ('Immanu'el)
meaning "God is with us". This was the foretold name of the Messiah in the Old Testament. It has been used in England since the 16th century in the spellings Emmanuel
, though it has not been widespread. The name has been more common in continental Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal (in the spellings Manuel
ERDMANN m German
Variant of HARTMANN
. It can also be interpreted as meaning "earth man" from German Erde
"earth", and thus was sometimes used as a translation of Adam
FREEMAN m English
From an English surname meaning "free man". It originally denoted a person who was not a serf.
GERMANUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen which meant "brother" in Latin. This was the name of several early saints.
GETHSEMANE f Biblical
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani)
, the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning "oil vat". In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus
was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.
HARTMANN m German
Means "brave man", derived from the Germanic element hard
"brave, hardy" combined with man
HERMAN m English, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Slovene, Ancient Germanic
Means "army man", derived from the Germanic elements hari
"army" and man
"man". It was introduced to England by the Normans, died out, and was revived in the English-speaking world in the 19th century. It was borne by a 18th-century Russian missionary to Alaska who is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church. Another famous bearer was Herman Melville (1819-1891), the author of 'Moby-Dick'.
KAIMANA m & f Hawaiian
From Hawaiian kai
"ocean, sea" and mana
"power". It is also Hawaiian meaning "diamond", derived from the English word diamond
KÁLMÁN m Hungarian
Probably of Turkic origin, meaning "remainder". This was the name of a 12th-century king of Hungary. It was also borne in the 13th-century by the first king of Galicia-Volhynia, who was also a member of the Hungarian Árpád royal family. This name has been frequently confused with Koloman
KOLOMAN m German (Rare), Slovak
German and Slovak form of COLMÁN
. Saint Koloman (also called Coloman or Colman) was an Irish monk who was martyred in Stockerau in Austria.
KOMANG m & f Indonesian, Balinese
Meaning unknown. This name is traditionally given to the third-born child in Balinese families.
LAKSHMANA m Hinduism
Means "having lucky marks" in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the 'Ramayana' he is the trusted companion of the hero Rama
, accompanying him into exile.
LOMMÁN m Irish
Means "little bare one", derived from Irish Gaelic lomm
"bare" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 5th-century saint, a nephew of Saint Patrick
MANAIA f & m Maori
From the name of a stylized design common in Maori carvings. It represents a mythological creature with the head of a bird and the body of a human.
MANAMI f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (mana)
meaning "love, affection" combined with 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful" or 海 (mi)
meaning "sea, ocean". Other kanji combinations are possible.
MANASSEH m Biblical
Means "causing to forget" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the oldest son of Joseph
and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. It was also borne by a 7th-century BC king of Judah, condemned in the bible for allowing the worship of other gods.
MANFRED m German, Dutch, Polish
Derived from the Germanic elements magan
"strength" and frid
"peace". This is the name of the main character in Byron's drama 'Manfred' (1817). This name was also borne by Manfred von Richthofen (1892-1918), the German pilot in World War I who was known as the Red Baron.
MANI (2) m Iranian
Meaning unknown, presumably of Persian origin. Mani was a 3rd-century prophet who founded the religion of Manichaeism (which is now extinct).
MANIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which was possibly derived from Old Latin manus
MANLEY m English
From an English surname, originally a place name, meaning "common clearing" in Old English.
MANLIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was possibly derived from Latin mane
"morning". Marcus Manlius Capitolinus was a Roman consul who saved Rome from the Gauls in the 4th century BC.
MANOJ m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Odia, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada
Modern form of MANOJA
MANOJA m Hinduism
Means "born of the mind", from Sanskrit मनस् (manas)
meaning "mind, intellect, spirit" and ज (ja)
meaning "born". This is another name of the Hindu god Kama
MANSEL m English (Rare)
From an English surname which originally referred to a person who came from the French city of Le Mans.
MANSUR m Arabic, Turkish, Indonesian
Means "victorious" in Arabic. Abu Jafar al-Mansur was an 8th-century Abbasid caliph and the founder of the city of Baghdad.
MANU (1) m Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Kannada
Means "thinking, wise" in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this is a title of Svayambhuva, the progenitor of the human race, as well as several of his descendants.
MANUEL m Spanish, Portuguese, German, English, Italian, French, Romanian, Late Greek (Latinized)
Spanish and Portuguese form of EMMANUEL
. In the spelling Μανουηλ (Manouel)
it was also used in the Byzantine Empire, notably by two emperors. It is possible this form of the name was transmitted to Spain and Portugal from Byzantium, since there were connections between the royal families (king Ferdinand III of Castile married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen, who had Byzantine roots, and had a son named Manuel). The name has been used in Iberia since at least the 13th century and was borne by two kings of Portugal.
NEMANJA m Serbian
Possibly from Slavic ne maniti
"not deceiving". Alternatively it may mean "without possessions", derived from Serbo-Croatian nemati
"have not". This was the name of a 12th-century Serbian king, and the name of the dynasty he began.
NORMAN m English, Ancient Germanic
From an old Germanic byname meaning "northman", referring to a Viking. The Normans were Vikings who settled on the coast of France, in the region that became known as Normandy. In England the name Norman
was used before the Norman conquest, first as a nickname for Scandinavian settlers and later as a given name. After the Conquest it became more common, but died out around the 14th century. It was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to a character by this name in C. M. Yonge's novel 'The Daisy Chain' (1856).
NYOMAN m & f Indonesian, Balinese
Possibly from a Balinese word meaning "end, remainder". This name is traditionally bestowed upon the third-born child.
OSMAN m Turkish
Turkish form of UTHMAN
. This was the name of the founder of the Ottoman Empire (14th century).
SALMAN m Arabic
Means "safe", derived from Arabic سلم (salima)
"to be safe".
SAMANTHA f English, Italian, Dutch
Perhaps intended to be a feminine form of SAMUEL
, using the name suffix antha
(possibly inspired by Greek ανθος (anthos)
"flower"). It originated in America in the 18th century but was fairly uncommon until 1964, when it was popularized by the main character on the television show 'Bewitched'.
SHERMAN m English
From a surname meaning "shear man" in Old English, originally denoting a person who cut cloth. Famous bearers of the surname include American politician Roger Sherman (1721-1793) and American Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891).
SÜLEYMAN m Turkish
Turkish form of SOLOMON
. Süleyman the Magnificent was a sultan of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. He expanded Ottoman territory into Europe and Persia, reformed the government, and completed several great building projects.
SUMANTRA m Bengali
Means "following good advice", from the Sanskrit prefix सु (su)
meaning "good" combined with मन्त्र (mantra)
meaning "instrument of thought, prayer, advice".
SUMMANUS m Roman Mythology
Means "before the morning", derived from Latin sub
"under, before" and mane
"morning". Summanus was the Roman god of the night sky and night lightning, a nocturnal counterpart to Jupiter
TEMAN m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "right hand" or "south" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Esau for whom the town of Teman in Edom was named.
TRUMAN m English
From a surname which meant "trusty man" in Middle English. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Harry S. Truman (1884-1972). It was also borne by American writer Truman Capote (1924-1984).
UTHMAN m Arabic
Means "baby bustard" in Arabic (a bustard is a type of large bird). Uthman was a companion of Muhammad
who married two of his daughters. He was the third caliph of the Muslims.