POLLUX m Roman Mythology
Roman form of Greek Πολυδεύκης (Polydeukes)
meaning "very sweet"
, from Greek πολύς (polys)
meaning "much" and δευκής (deukes)
meaning "sweet". In mythology he was the twin brother of Castor
and a son of Zeus
. The constellation Gemini, which represents the two brothers, contains a star by this name.
POLLY f English
Medieval variant of MOLLY
. The reason for the change in the initial consonant is unknown.
POLYMNIA f Greek Mythology
Means "abounding in song"
, derived from Greek πολύς (polys)
meaning "much" and ὕμνος (hymnos)
meaning "song, hymn". In Greek mythology she was the goddess of dance and sacred songs, one of the nine Muses.
POMARE m & f Tahitian
Means "night cough"
, from Tahitian po
"night" and mare
"cough". This name was borne by four kings and a queen of Tahiti. The first king adopted the name after his child died of a cough in the night.
POMONA f Roman Mythology
From Latin pomus "fruit tree"
. This was the name of the Roman goddess of fruit trees.
POMPEY m History
Modern form of the Roman family name Pompeius
, which was probably derived from a Sabellic word meaning "five"
. A notable bearer was the 1st-century BC Roman general Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, also known as Pompey the Great. Initially an ally of Julius Caesar, he later fought against him in the Roman civil war of 49-45 BC.
POMPILIU m Romanian
Romanian form of the Roman name Pompilius
, which is of unknown meaning, possibly a derivative of Pompeius
). Numa Pompilius was the legendary second king of Rome (after Romulus).
PONTIUS m Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman family name. The family had Samnite roots so the name probably originated from the Oscan language, likely meaning "fifth"
(a cognate of Latin Quintus
). Alternatively, it could be derived from the name of the ancient province of Pontus
in Asia Minor, itself probably from Greek πόντος (pontos)
. A notable bearer of this name was Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea who appears in the New Testament.
PONTUS (1) m Swedish
Possibly a form of PONTIUS
. It was brought to Sweden by the French general Pontus De la Gardie, who served under the Swedish king John III.
POOJA f Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Punjabi, Telugu, Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Nepali
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi/Nepali पूजा
, Gujarati પૂજા
, Bengali পূজা
, Gurmukhi ਪੂਜਾ
, Telugu పూజా
, Malayalam പൂജ
, Tamil பூஜா
or Kannada ಪೂಜಾ
PORCIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name meaning "pig"
, derived from Latin porcus
. Famous members of the family include the Roman statesmen Cato the Elder (Marcus Porcius Cato) and his great-grandson Cato the Younger (Marcus Porcius Cato Uticencis).
PORFIRIO m Italian, Spanish
Derived from the Greek name Πορφύριος (Porphyrios)
, which was derived from the word πορφύρα (porphyra)
meaning "purple dye"
. This was the name of several early saints.
PORNTIP f Thai
Means "divine blessing"
, derived from Thai พร (phon)
meaning "blessing" and ทิพย์ (thip)
PORSCHE f English (Modern)
From the name of the German car company, which was founded by Ferdinand Porsche (1875-1951). His surname is derived from the given name BORIS
PORTER m English
From an occupational English surname meaning "doorkeeper"
, ultimately from Old French porte
"door", from Latin porta
PORTIA f English
Variant of Porcia
, the feminine form of the Roman family name PORCIUS
, used by William Shakespeare for the heroine of his play The Merchant of Venice
(1596). In the play Portia is a woman who disguises herself as a man in order to defend Antonio
in court. It is also the name of a moon of Uranus, after the Shakespearean character.
POSEIDON m Greek Mythology
Possibly derived from Greek πόσις (posis)
meaning "husband, lord" and δᾶ (da)
meaning "earth". The name first appears in Mycenaean Greek inscriptions as po-se-da-o
. In Greek mythology Poseidon was the unruly god of the sea and earthquakes, the brother of Zeus
. He was often depicted carrying a trident and riding in a chariot drawn by white horses.
POSY f English
Diminutive of JOSEPHINE
. It can also be inspired by the English word posy
for a bunch of flowers.
PRABHAKARA m Hinduism
Means "light maker"
, derived from Sanskrit प्रभा (prabha)
meaning "light" and कर (kara)
meaning "maker". This is a name given to the sun in Hindu texts. It was also borne by a medieval Hindu scholar.
PRADEEP m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Nepali
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi प्रदीप
, Bengali প্রদিপ
, Malayalam പ്രദീപ്
, Kannada ಪ್ರದೀಪ್
, Telugu ప్రదీప్
, Tamil பிரதீப்
or Nepali प्रदिप
PRAISE f English (Rare)
From the English word praise
, which is ultimately derived (via Old French) from Late Latin preciare
, a derivative of Latin pretium
PRAKASH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Gujarati, Bengali, Odia, Nepali
Derived from Sanskrit प्रकाश (prakasha)
meaning "light, bright, shining"
PRANEE f Thai
Means "living being, one that breathes"
in Thai, of Sanskrit origin.
PRANVERA f Albanian
Derived from Albanian pranverë
, itself from pranë
"nearby, close" and verë
PRASAD m Indian, Telugu, Marathi, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Odia, Bengali, Nepali
Means "brightness, clearness, graciousness, offering"
in Sanskrit. This is a word referring to an offering of food made to a deity.
PRAVEEN m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam
Alternate transcription of Hindi/Marathi प्रवीण
, Gujarati પ્રવીણ
, Kannada ಪ್ರವೀಣ್
, Telugu ప్రవీణ్
, Tamil பிரவீண்
or Malayalam പ്രവീൺ
PREBEN m Danish, Norwegian
Modern Danish form of the name Pridbjørn
, which was a medieval Scandinavian form of the Slavic (Wendish) name Pridbor
, which was derived from Slavic prid
meaning "first" and borti
meaning "battle". It was imported into Danish via the medieval Putbus family, who were Slavic nobles from Rügen in Pomerania.
PRECIOUS f English (Modern)
From the English word precious
, ultimately derived from Latin pretiosus
, a derivative of Latin pretium
PŘEMYSL m Czech
From an old Slavic name that meant "trick, stratagem"
, from pre
"over" and mysli
"thought, idea". This was the name of the founder of the Přemyslid dynasty, which ruled Bohemia from the 9th to the 14th century.
PRESLEY f & m English
From an English surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "priest clearing"
(Old English preost
). This surname was borne by musician Elvis Presley (1935-1977).
PRESTON m English
From an English surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "priest town"
(Old English preost
PRICE m Welsh
From a Welsh surname that was derived from ap Rhys
meaning "son of RHYS"
PRIDON m Georgian
Georgian form of FEREYDOUN
. It appears in the 12th-century Georgian epic poem The Knight in the Panther's Skin
, in which Pridon (fully Nuradin-Pridon) is a friend of Avtandil
PRIMITIVUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "first formed"
. Saint Primitivus was a 3rd-century Spanish martyr.
PRIMO m Italian
Italian form of the Late Latin name Primus
, which meant "first"
. This was the name of three early saints, each of whom was martyred.
PRIMROSE f English (Rare)
From the English word for the flower, ultimately deriving from Latin prima rosa
PRIMULA f English (Rare)
From the name of a genus of several species of flowers, including the primrose. It is derived from the Latin word primulus
meaning "very first".
PRINCE m English
From the English word prince
, a royal title, which comes ultimately from Latin princeps
. This name was borne by the American musician Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016), who is known simply as Prince.
PRISCILLA f English, Italian, French, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Biblical
Roman name, a diminutive of PRISCA
. In Acts in the New Testament Paul
lived with Priscilla (also known as Prisca) and her husband Aquila
in Corinth for a while. It has been used as an English given name since the Protestant Reformation, being popular with the Puritans. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow used it in his 1858 poem The Courtship of Miles Standish
PROCHORUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Πρόχορος (Prochoros)
meaning "leader of the dance"
. Saint Prochorus was one of the original seven deacons, as told in Acts in the New Testament.
PROKOPIOS m Greek, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek προκοπή (prokope)
meaning "progress, advance"
. Saint Prokopios was an early Christian martyr who was beheaded in Palestine during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
PROMETHEUS m Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek προμήθεια (prometheia)
meaning "foresight, forethought"
. In Greek myth he was the Titan who gave the knowledge of fire to mankind. For doing this he was punished by Zeus
, who had him chained to a rock and caused an eagle to feast daily on his liver, which regenerated itself each night. Herakles
eventually freed him.
PROSPER m French, English
From the Latin name Prosperus
, which meant "fortunate, successful"
. This was the name of a 5th-century saint, a supporter of Saint Augustine. It has never been common as an English name, though the Puritans used it, partly because it is identical to the English word prosper
PROSPERO m Italian
Italian form of PROSPER
. This was the name of the shipwrecked magician in The Tempest
(1611) by Shakespeare.
PRUDENCE f & m English, French
Medieval English form of Prudentia
, the feminine form of PRUDENTIUS
. In France it is both the feminine form and a rare masculine form. In England it was used during the Middle Ages and was revived in the 17th century by the Puritans, in part from the English word prudence
, ultimately of the same source.
PRUDENTIUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name derived from prudens "prudent, wise, skilled"
. This was the name of a 9th-century bishop of Troyes. He is considered a local saint there.
PRUNELLA f English (Rare)
From the English word for the type of flower, also called self-heal, ultimately a derivative of the Latin word pruna
PRYDERI m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
in Welsh. According to Welsh legend this was the name of the son of Pwyll
. A central character in the Mabinogion, he succeeds his father as king of Dyfed, but is ultimately killed in single combat with Gwydion
PSYCHE f Greek Mythology
Means "the soul"
, derived from Greek ψύχω (psycho)
meaning "to breathe". The Greeks thought that the breath was the soul. In Greek mythology Psyche was a beautiful maiden who was beloved by Eros (or Cupid in Roman mythology). She is the subject of Keats's poem Ode to Psyche
PTAH m Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian ptḥ
meaning "opener, creator"
. Ptah was an Egyptian god associated with creation and the arts.
PTOLEMY m History
From the Greek name Πτολεμαῖος (Ptolemaios)
, derived from Greek πολεμήϊος (polemeios)
meaning "aggressive, warlike"
. Ptolemy was the name of several Greco-Egyptian rulers of Egypt, all descendants of Ptolemy I Soter, one of the generals of Alexander the Great. This was also the name of a Greek astronomer.
PUABI f Akkadian
Means "word of my father"
, from Akkadian pû
meaning "mouth" and abu
meaning "father". Puabi was a 26th-century BC Akkadian noblewoman who was buried in the Sumerian city of Ur.
PUALANI f Hawaiian
Means "heavenly flower"
or "royal offspring"
from Hawaiian pua
"flower, offspring" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
PUANANI f Hawaiian
Means "beautiful flower"
or "beautiful offspring"
from Hawaiian pua
"flower, offspring" and nani
PUBLIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, meaning "public"
in Latin. This was among the more common of the Roman praenomina, being borne by (among others) the emperor Hadrian and the poet Virgil.
PUCK m & f Anglo-Saxon Mythology, Dutch
Meaning unknown, from Old English puca
. It could ultimately be of either Germanic or Celtic origin. In English legend this was the name of a mischievous spirit, also known as Robin Goodfellow. He appears in Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream
(1600). It is used in the Netherlands as mainly a feminine name.
PUJA f Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Punjabi, Telugu, Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Nepali
Means "honour, worship"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a Hindu ritual of reverence.
PURDIE m & f English (Rare)
From an English surname that was derived from the Norman French expression pur die "by God"
. It was perhaps originally a nickname for a person who used the oath frequently.
PURIFICACIÓN f Spanish
in Spanish. This name is given in reference to the ritual purification of the Virgin Mary
after her childbirth.
PUTERI f Malay
Means "daughter, princess"
in Malay, ultimately from Sanskrit पुत्री (putri)
PUTU m & f Balinese
in Balinese. Traditionally, this name is given to the first-born child.
PWYLL m Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh mythology, Pwyll is a king of Dyfed who pursues and finally marries Rhiannon
PYOTR m Russian
Russian form of PETER
. A famous bearer was the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893).
PYTHAGORAS m Ancient Greek
Derived from PYTHIOS
, a name of Apollo
, combined with Greek ἀγορά (agora)
meaning "assembly, marketplace". This was the name of a 6th-century BC Greek philosopher and mathematician from Samos. He was the founder of a school of philosophy whose members believed that numbers described the universe.
PYTHIOS m Greek Mythology
From the Greek place name Πυθώ (Pytho)
, an older name of the city of Delphi, which was probably derived from Greek πύθω (pytho)
meaning "to rot". This was an epithet of Apollo