JAALA m Biblical
Means "wild goat"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a servant of Solomon.
JAASAU m Biblical
Means "they will do"
in Hebrew. This was the name of a descendant of Bani in the Old Testament.
JABBAR m Arabic
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الجبّار (al-Jabbar)
is one of the 99 names of Allah.
JABEZ m Biblical
in Hebrew. This is the name of a character in the Old Testament who is blessed by God.
JABIN m Biblical
in Hebrew. This name was borne by two kings of Hazor in the Old Testament.
JABR m Arabic
Means "consolation, assistance"
JACENTY m Polish (Rare)
Polish form of HYACINTHUS
. Saint Jacenty was a 13th-century Dominican monk from Krakow who was said to have taken missionary journeys throughout northern Europe and Asia.
JACHIN m Biblical
Means "he establishes"
in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Simeon
in the Old Testament. It was also the name of one of the two pillars that stood outside Solomon's Temple, Boaz
being the other.
JACK m English
Derived from Jackin
), a medieval diminutive of JOHN
. There could be some early influence from the unrelated French name JACQUES
. It is often regarded as an independent name. During the Middle Ages it was very common, and it became a slang word meaning "man". It was frequently used in fairy tales and nursery rhymes, such as Jack and the Beanstalk
, Little Jack Horner
, and Jack Sprat
JACKIE m & f English
Diminutive of JACK
. A notable bearer was baseball player Jackie Robinson (1919-1972), the first African American to play in Major League Baseball.
JACKSON m English
From an English surname meaning "son of JACK"
. A famous bearer of the surname was American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845).
JACOB m English, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Latin Iacob
, which was from the Greek Ἰακώβ (Iakob)
, which was from the Hebrew name יַעֲקֹב (Ya'aqov)
. In the Old Testament Jacob (later called Israel
) is the son of Isaac
and the father of the twelve founders of the twelve tribes of Israel. He was born holding his twin brother Esau
's heel, and his name is explained as meaning "holder of the heel"
, because he twice deprived his brother of his rights as the firstborn son (see Genesis 27:36
). Other theories claim that it is in fact derived from a hypothetical name like יַעֲקֹבְאֵל (Ya'aqov'el)
meaning "may God protect"
JACOBO m Spanish
Spanish form of Iacobus
, the New Testament Latin form of JAMES
. The apostles are also commonly denoted Santiago
JAD m Arabic
in Arabic. This name is most common in Lebanon.
JADA (1) f English
Possibly an elaborated form of JADE
. This name came into general use in the 1960s, and was popularized in the 1990s by actress Jada Pinkett Smith (1971-).
JADA (2) m Biblical
Means "he knows"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament, Jada is a son of Onam.
JADE f & m English, French
From the name of the precious stone that is often used in carvings. It is derived from Spanish (piedra de la) ijada
meaning "(stone of the) flank", relating to the belief that jade could cure renal colic. As a given name, it came into general use during the 1970s. It was initially unisex, though it is now mostly feminine.
JADEN m & f English (Modern)
An invented name, using the popular den
suffix sound found in such names as Braden
. This name first became common in American in the 1990s when similar-sounding names were increasing in popularity. It is sometimes considered a variant of JADON
JADON m Biblical
Possibly means either "thankful"
or "he will judge"
in Hebrew. This name is borne by a minor character in the Old Testament.
JADWIGA f Polish
Polish form of HEDWIG
. This was the name of a 14th-century ruling queen of Poland who has recently been canonized as a saint.
JAE (1) m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 才 (jae)
meaning "talent, ability" or 財 (jae)
meaning "wealth, riches", as well as other hanja characters with the same pronunciation. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
JAEL f Biblical
From the Hebrew name יָעֵל (Ya'el)
meaning "ibex, mountain goat"
. This name appears in the Old Testament belonging to the wife of Heber
the Kenite. After Sisera, the captain of the Canaanite army, was defeated in battle by Deborah
he took refuge in Heber's tent. When he fell asleep Jael killed him by hammering a tent peg into his head.
JAE-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 在 (jae)
meaning "located at, exist" or 宰 (jae)
meaning "kill, rule" combined with 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" or 誠 (seong)
meaning "sincere, honest, true". Other hanja combinations are possible.
JAFAR m Arabic, Persian
in Arabic. Jafar ibn Abi Talib was a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad
who was killed fighting against Byzantium in the 7th century. Another notable bearer was Jafar al-Sadiq, the sixth Shia imam.
JAHAN m Persian
in Persian. This name was borne by Shah Jahan, a 17th-century Mughal emperor who is best known as the builder of the Taj Mahal.
JAHANGIR m Persian, Urdu
Means "world conqueror"
in Persian. This was the name of a 17th-century Mughal emperor.
JAHLEEL m Biblical
Means "God waits"
in Hebrew. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament.
JAIME (2) f English
Variant of JAMIE
. The character Jaime Sommers from the television series The Bionic Woman
(1976-1978) helped to popularize the name. It can sometimes be given in reference to the French phrase j'aime
meaning "I love", though it is pronounced differently.
JAIRUS m Biblical
From Ἰάϊρος (Iairos)
, the Greek form of JAIR
used in the New Testament, where it belongs to the father of a young girl brought back to life by Jesus
JAKUB m Polish, Czech, Slovak
Polish, Czech and Slovak form of JACOB
). In Polish and Slovak this refers to both the Old Testament patriarch and the New Testament apostles, while in Czech this is used only for the apostles (with Jákob
for the patriarch).
JALEN m African American (Modern)
An invented name. In America it was popularized in the 1990s by basketball player Jalen Rose (1973-), whose name was a combination of those of his father James
and maternal uncle Leonard
JAM m Persian Mythology
Persian form of Avestan Yima
(related to Sanskrit Yama
). This was the name of a mythological king, more commonly called Jamshid
JAMAL AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "beauty of the faith"
from Arabic جمال (jamal)
meaning "beauty" and دين (din)
meaning "religion, faith". Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1839-1897) was a political activist who promoted pan-Islamism.
JAMES m English, Biblical
English form of the Late Latin name Iacomus
, a variant of the Biblical Latin form Iacobus
, from the Hebrew name Ya'aqov
). This was the name of two apostles in the New Testament. The first was Saint James the Greater, the apostle John
's brother, who was beheaded under Herod Agrippa in the Book of Acts. The second was James the Lesser, son of Alphaeus. Another James (known as James the Just) is also mentioned in the Bible as being the brother of Jesus
JAMIE m & f Scottish, English
Originally a Lowland Scots diminutive of JAMES
. Since the late 19th century it has also been used as a feminine form.
JAMIN m Biblical
Means "right hand"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Simeon
JAMSHID m Persian, Uzbek, Persian Mythology
Modern Persian form of Avestan Yima Kshaeta
, which meant "shining JAM"
. This was the name of a mythological king of Persia. He is known as either Jamshid
, where Jamshid
is a combination of his original name and an honourific.
JANE f English
Medieval English form of Jehanne
, an Old French feminine form of Iohannes
). This became the most common feminine form of John
in the 17th century, surpassing Joan
. In the first half of the 20th century Joan
once again overtook Jane
for a few decades in both the United States and the United Kingdom.... [more]
JANICE f English
Elaborated form of JANE
, created by Paul Leicester Ford for his novel Janice Meredith
JANUARIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "January"
in Latin. The name of the month derives from the name of the Roman god Janus
. Saint Januarius, the patron saint of Naples, was a bishop who was beheaded during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century.
JANUS m Roman Mythology
in Latin. Janus was the Roman god of gateways and beginnings, often depicted as having two faces looking in opposite directions. The month of January is named for him.
JANUSZ m Polish
Polish variant of JAN (1)
, originally a medieval diminutive but now used independently.
JANVIER m French
French form of JANUARIUS
. Though now rare in France, it is more common in French-speaking parts of Africa.
JAPHETH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name יֶפֶת (Yefet)
. In the Old Testament he is one of the three sons of Noah
, along with Shem
. He was the ancestor of the peoples of Europe and Northern Asia.
JARAH m Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a descendant of Saul
JARED m English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יָרֶד (Yared)
or יֶרֶד (Yered)
. This is the name of a close descendant of Adam
in the Old Testament. It has been used as an English name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popularized in the 1960s by the character Jarrod Barkley on the television series The Big Valley
JARMIL m Czech
Derived from the Slavic elements yaru
meaning "fierce, energetic" and milu
meaning "gracious, dear".
JAROSŁAW m Polish
Means "fierce and glorious"
, derived from the Slavic elements yaru
meaning "fierce, energetic" and slava
JASMINE f English, French
From the English word for the climbing plant with fragrant flowers that is used for making perfumes. It is derived via Arabic from Persian یاسمین (yasamin)
, which is also a Persian name.
JASON m English, French, Greek Mythology (Anglicized), Biblical
From the Greek name Ἰάσων (Iason)
, derived from Greek ἰάομαι (iaomai)
meaning "to heal". In Greek mythology Jason was the leader of the Argonauts. After his uncle Pelias overthrew his father Aeson
as king of Iolcos, Jason went in search of the Golden Fleece in order to win back the throne. During his journeys he married the sorceress Medea
, who helped him gain the fleece and kill his uncle, but who later turned against him when he fell in love with another woman.... [more]
JASPER m English, Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
From Latin Gaspar
, perhaps from the biblical Hebrew word גִּזְבָּר (gizbar)
, derived from Persian ganzabara
. This name was traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus
. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since the Middle Ages. The name can also be given in reference to the English word for the gemstone.
JAVAN m Biblical
in Hebrew, possibly related to ION (2)
. In the Old Testament this is the name of a grandson of Noah
and the ancestor of the Greek peoples.
JAVOHIR m Uzbek
in Uzbek, ultimately from Persian.
JAWAHIR f Arabic
in Arabic, ultimately from Persian گوهر (gohar)
meaning "jewel, essence".
JAWDAT m & f Arabic
Means "goodness, excellence"
, derived from Arabic جاد (jada)
meaning "to be excellent".
JAY (1) m English
Short form of names beginning with the sound J
, such as JAMES
. It was originally used in America in honour of founding father John Jay (1749-1825), whose surname was derived from the jaybird.
JAYA f & m Hinduism, Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Hindi, Marathi
Derived from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
. This is a transcription of both the feminine form जया
(an epithet of the Hindu goddess Durga
) and the masculine form जय
(borne by several characters in Hindu texts). As a modern personal name, this transcription is both feminine and masculine in southern India, but typically only feminine in the north.
JAYADEVA m Sanskrit
Means "divine victory"
from Sanskrit जय (jaya)
meaning "victory" and देव (deva)
meaning "god". This was the name of a 13th-century Indian poet.