IACOB m Romanian, Biblical Latin
Romanian form of JACOB
). This is also the form of Jacob
found in the Latin Old Testament (and the New Testament when referring to the patriarch).
IAGO m Welsh, Galician, Portuguese
Welsh and Galician form of Iacobus
). This was the name of two early Welsh kings of Gwynedd. It is also the name of the villain in Shakespeare's tragedy Othello
IAH m Egyptian Mythology
From Egyptian jꜥḥ
. In Egyptian mythology this was the name of a god of the moon, later identified with Thoth
IAKOB m Biblical Greek, Georgian
Form of JACOB
used in the Greek Old Testament, as well as in the Greek New Testament when referring to the patriarch. This is also the Georgian form of the name (referring to the two apostles named James as well as the patriarch).
IARA f Indigenous American, Tupi
Means "lady of the water"
, from Tupi y
"water" and îara
"lady, mistress". In Brazilian folklore this is the name of a beautiful river nymph who would lure men into the water. She may have been based upon earlier Tupi legends.
IARFHLAITH m Irish
Composed of the Irish elements ior
, of unknown meaning, and flaith
"lord". Saint Iarfhlaith was a 6th-century bishop from Galway, Ireland.
IBEN f Danish, Norwegian
Possibly a feminine form of IB
. It is associated with Danish ibenholt
IBOLYA f Hungarian
in Hungarian, ultimately from Latin viola
ICARUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Ἴκαρος (Ikaros)
, of unknown meaning. In Greek myth Icarus was the son of Daedalus
, locked with his father inside the Labyrinth by Minos
. They escaped from the maze using wings devised from wax, but Icarus flew too close to the sun and the wax melted, plunging him to his death.
ICHABOD m Biblical
Means "no glory"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the grandson of Eli
and the son of Phinehas
. This name was also used by Washington Irving for Ichabod Crane, the main character in his short story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
ICHIRŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 一 (ichi)
meaning "one" and 郎 (rō)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name given to the first son. Other combinations of kanji characters are also possible.
IDA f English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Italian, Polish, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element id
meaning "work, labour"
. The Normans brought this name to England, though it eventually died out there in the Middle Ages. It was strongly revived in the 19th century, in part due to the heroine in Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem The Princess
(1847), which was later adapted into the play Princess Ida
(1884) by Gilbert and Sullivan.... [more]
IDDO m Biblical
From the Hebrew name עִדּוֹ ('Iddo)
, possibly derived from עָדָה ('adah)
meaning "to pass, to continue". This is the name of a few characters in the Old Testament, including an obscure prophet who lived during the reign of Solomon
and the grandfather of the prophet Zechariah
ÍDE f Irish
Possibly derived from Old Irish ítu
. This was the name of a 6th-century Irish saint.
IDOIA f Basque
From the name of a sanctuary in Isaba, Navarre, possibly meaning "pond"
in Basque, an important place of worship of the Virgin Mary
IDONEA f English (Archaic)
Medieval English name, probably a Latinized form of IÐUNN
. The spelling may have been influenced by Latin idonea
"suitable". It was common in England from the 12th century.
IDRIL f Literature
Means "sparkle brilliance"
in Sindarin. In the Silmarillion
(1977) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Idril was the daughter of Turgon, the king of Gondolin. She escaped the destruction of that place with her husband Tuor
and sailed with him into the west.
IDRIS (1) m Arabic, Malay, Indonesian
Possibly means "interpreter"
in Arabic. In the Quran this is the name of an ancient prophet. He is traditionally equated with the Hebrew prophet Enoch
IDRIS (2) m Welsh
Means "ardent lord"
from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" combined with ris
"ardent, enthusiastic, impulsive".
IDWAL m Welsh
Means "lord of the wall"
, derived from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" combined with gwal
IEVA f Lithuanian, Latvian
Lithuanian and Latvian form of EVE
. This is also the Lithuanian and Latvian word for a type of cherry tree (species Prunus padus).
IGNATIUS m Late Roman
From the Roman family name Egnatius
, meaning unknown, of Etruscan origin. The spelling was later altered to resemble Latin ignis "fire"
. This was the name of several saints, including the third bishop of Antioch who was thrown to wild beasts by Emperor Trajan, and by Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), founder of the Jesuits, whose real birth name was in fact Íñigo
IGOR m Russian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Slovak, Czech, Italian, Portuguese
Russian form of Yngvarr
). The Varangians brought it to Russia in the 10th century. It was borne by two grand princes of Kiev. Famous bearers include Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971), a Russian composer whose most famous work is The Rite of Spring
, and Igor Sikorsky (1889-1972), the Russian-American designer of the first successful helicopter.
IGRAINE f Arthurian Romance
Meaning unknown, from Igerna
, the Latinized form of Welsh Eigyr
. In Arthurian legend she is the mother of King Arthur
by Uther Pendragon and the mother of Morgan
le Fay by Gorlois. The Welsh form Eigyr
was rendered into Latin as Igerna
by the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth.
IKE m English
Diminutive of ISAAC
. This was the nickname of the American president Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), based on the initial sound of his surname.
ILARGI f Basque
in Basque, a compound of hil
"month" and argi
İLAYDA f Turkish
Possibly derived from the name of a Turkish water sprite.
ILDEFONSO m Spanish
Spanish form of the Visigothic name Hildefons
, which meant "battle ready"
, derived from the Germanic elements hild
"battle" and funs
"ready". This was the name of a 7th-century saint, an archbishop of Toledo.
ILEANA f Romanian, Spanish, Italian
Possibly a Romanian variant of ELENA
. In Romanian folklore this is the name of a princess kidnapped by monsters and rescued by a heroic knight.
İLHAN m Turkish
From the Mongolian title il-Khan
meaning "subordinate Khan"
, which was first adopted by Genghis Khan's grandson Hulagu, who ruled a kingdom called the Ilkhanate that stretched from modern Iran to eastern Turkey.
ILIR m Albanian
in Albanian, referring to an ancient people who inhabited the Balkans.
İLKAY f & m Turkish
Means "new moon"
in Turkish, derived from ilk
"first" and ay
İLKER m Turkish
Means "first man"
in Turkish, derived from ilk
"first" and er
ILLTYD m Welsh
Means "multitude of land"
from Welsh il
"multitude" and tud
"land, people". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who founded the abbey of Llanilltud in Glamorgan.
ILLUMINATA f Late Roman
Means "illuminated, brightened, filled with light"
in Latin. This name was borne by a 4th-century saint from Todi, Italy.
ILMARINEN m Finnish Mythology
Derived from Finnish ilma
. Ilmarinen is an immortal smith in Finnish mythology, the creator of the sky and the magic mill known as the Sampo. He is one of the main characters in the Finnish epic the Kalevala
IL-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 日 (il)
meaning "sun, day" and 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded". Other hanja character combinations are possible. A notable bearer was Kim Il-sung (1912-1994), the first leader of North Korea.
IMAD m Arabic
IME (2) m & f Frisian
Short form of names beginning with the Germanic element ermen
meaning "whole, universal"
IMHOTEP m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian jj-m-ḥtp
meaning "he comes in peace"
. This was the name of the architect, priest, physician and chief minister to the pharaoh Djoser. Imhotep apparently designed the step pyramid at Saqqara, near Memphis.
IMOGEN f English (British)
The name of a princess in the play Cymbeline
(1609) by Shakespeare. He based her on a legendary character named Innogen
, but the name was printed incorrectly and never corrected. The name Innogen
is probably derived from Gaelic inghean
IMRE m Hungarian
Hungarian form of EMMERICH
. This was the name of an 11th-century Hungarian saint, the son of Saint Istvan. He is also known as Emeric.
INANNA f Sumerian Mythology
Possibly derived from Sumerian nin-an-a(k)
meaning "lady of the heavens"
, from 𒊩𒌆 (nin)
meaning "lady" and the genitive form of 𒀭 (an)
meaning "heaven, sky". Inanna was the Sumerian goddess of love, fertility and war. She descended into the underworld where the ruler of that place, her sister Ereshkigal, had her killed. The god Enki
interceded, and Inanna was allowed to leave the underworld as long as her husband Dumuzi
took her place.... [more]
INDIA f English
From the name of the country, which is itself derived from the name of the Indus River. The river's name is ultimately from Sanskrit सिन्धु (Sindhu)
meaning "body of trembling water, river".
INDIANA f & m English
From the name of the American state, which means "land of the Indians". This is the name of the hero in the Indiana Jones
series of movies, starring Harrison Ford.
INDIE f English (Modern)
Possibly a diminutive of INDIA
, but also likely inspired by the term indie
, short for independent
, which is typically used to refer to media produced outside of the mainstream.
INDIGO f & m English (Rare)
From the English word indigo
for the purplish-blue dye or the colour. It is ultimately derived from Greek Ἰνδικὸν (Indikon)
meaning "Indic, from India".
INDRA m Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Nepali
Means "possessing drops of rain"
from Sanskrit इन्दु (indu)
meaning "a drop" and र (ra)
meaning "acquiring, possessing". Indra is the name of the ancient Hindu warrior god of the sky and rain. He is the chief god in the Rigveda.
INDRAJIT m Hinduism, Bengali, Indian, Hindi
Means "conqueror of Indra"
from the name of the god INDRA
combined with Sanskrit जिति (jiti)
meaning "victory, conquering". In Hindu legend this is another name of Meghanada, the son of Ravana, the king of Sri Lanka. He was given this name by Brahma
after he defeated Indra
INDU f Indian, Hindi
Means "bright drop"
in Sanskrit. This is a name for the moon.