OSMOND m English (Rare)
From the Old English elements os
"god" and mund
"protection". During the Anglo-Saxon period a Norse cognate Ásmundr
was also used in England, and another version was imported by the Normans. Saint Osmund was an 11th-century Norman nobleman who became an English bishop. Though it eventually became rare, it was revived in the 19th century, in part from a surname that was derived from the given name.
OSWALD m English, German, Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements os
"god" and weald
"power, ruler". Saint Oswald was a king of Northumbria who introduced Christianity to northeast England in the 7th century before being killed in battle. There was also an Old Norse cognate Ásvaldr
in use in England, being borne by the 10th-century Saint Oswald of Worcester, who was of Danish ancestry. Though the name had died out by the end of the Middle Ages, it was revived in the 19th century.
OSWIN m English (Rare)
From the Old English elements os
"god" and wine
"friend". Saint Oswin was a 7th-century king of Northumbria. After the Norman Conquest this name was used less, and it died out after the 14th century. It was briefly revived in the 19th century.
OTHNIEL m Biblical
Meaning uncertain, possibly "lion of God"
or "strength of God"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a nephew of Caleb
who becomes the first of the ruling judges of the Israelites.
PAISLEY f English (Modern)
From a Scottish surname, originally from the name of a town, which may ultimately be derived from Latin basilica "church"
. This is also a word (derived from the name of that same town) for a type of pattern commonly found on fabrics.
PAPHNUTIUS m Ancient Egyptian (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Παφνούτιος (Paphnoutios)
, derived from Egyptian pꜣj-pꜣ-nṯr
meaning "the one of God"
. This was the name of several saints, including the 4th-century bishop Paphnutius of Thebes.
POSEIDON m Greek Mythology
Possibly derived from Greek πόσις (posis)
meaning "husband, lord" and δᾶ (da)
meaning "earth". The name first appears in Mycenaean Greek inscriptions as po-se-da-o
. In Greek mythology Poseidon was the unruly god of the sea and earthquakes, the brother of Zeus
. He was often depicted carrying a trident and riding in a chariot drawn by white horses.
PURDIE m & f English (Rare)
From an English surname that was derived from the Norman French expression pur die "by God"
. It was perhaps originally a nickname for a person who used the oath frequently.
RAIJIN m Japanese Mythology
From Japanese 雷 (rai)
meaning "thunder" and 神 (jin)
meaning "god, spirit". This is the name of the god (or gods) of thunder and storms in the mythology of Japan.
RAJESH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Means "ruler of kings"
from Sanskrit राज (raja)
meaning "king" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord, ruler".
RAJNISH m Indian, Hindi
Means "lord of the night"
from Sanskrit रजनि (rajani)
meaning "night" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord, ruler". This is another name for the moon in Hindu texts.
RAPHAEL m German, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the Hebrew name רָפָאֵל (Rafa'el)
meaning "God heals"
, from the roots רָפָא (rafa')
meaning "to heal" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". In Hebrew tradition Raphael is the name of an archangel. He appears in the Book of Tobit, in which he disguises himself as a man named Azarias
and accompanies Tobias
on his journey to Media, aiding him along the way. In the end he cures Tobias's father Tobit
of his blindness. He is not mentioned in the New Testament, though tradition identifies him with the angel troubling the water in John 5:4
REUEL m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "friend of God"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is another name for Jethro
. The fantasy author John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) was a famous bearer.
SAJJAD m Arabic
Means "kneeling in prayer, prostration"
SAMAEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "severity of God"
in Hebrew. This is the name of an archangel in Jewish tradition, described as a destructive angel of death.
SAMUEL m English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Jewish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name שְׁמוּאֵל (Shemu'el)
, which could mean either "name of God"
or "God has heard"
. As told in the Books of Samuel in the Old Testament, Samuel was the last of the ruling judges. He led the Israelites during a period of domination by the Philistines, who were ultimately defeated in battle at Mizpah. Later he anointed Saul
to be the first king of Israel, and even later anointed his successor David
SATISHA m Hinduism
Means "lord of Sati"
from the name of the Hindu goddess SATI
combined with ईश (isha)
meaning "ruler". This is another name for the Hindu god Shiva
SAYYID m Arabic
Means "lord, master"
in Arabic. A famous bearer was the Egyptian musician Sayyid Darwish (1892-1923).
SHEALTIEL m Biblical
Means "I have asked of God"
in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Zerubbabel in the Old Testament.
SHEKINAH f Various
From the Hebrew word שׁכִינה (shekhinah)
meaning "God's manifested glory"
or "God's presence"
. This word does not appear in the Bible, but later Jewish scholars used it to refer to the dwelling place of God, especially the Temple in Jerusalem.
SHEMAIAH m Biblical
Means "heard by YAHWEH"
in Hebrew. This name is borne by many characters in the Old Testament including a prophet in the reign of Rehoboam
SHRIPATI m Hinduism
Means "husband of Shri"
from the name of the Hindu goddess SHRI
combined with Sanskrit पति (pati)
meaning "husband, lord". This is another name of the Hindu god Vishnu
STRIBOG m Slavic Mythology
Possibly means "flowing god"
in Slavic. Stribog was the Slavic god of the wind, cold, ice and frost.
SUIJIN m Japanese Mythology
From Japanese 水 (sui)
meaning "water" and 神 (jin)
meaning "god, spirit". This is the name of the god (or gods) of water, lakes and pools in Japanese mythology.
SUMANTRA m Bengali
Means "following good advice"
, from the Sanskrit prefix सु (su)
meaning "good" combined with मन्त्र (mantra)
meaning "instrument of thought, prayer, advice".
THEIA f Greek Mythology
Possibly derived from Greek θεά (thea)
. In Greek myth this was the name of a Titan goddess of light, glittering and glory. She was the wife of Hyperion
and the mother of the sun god Helios
, the moon goddess Selene
, and the dawn goddess Eos
THEKLA f German (Rare), Greek (Rare), Late Greek
From the ancient Greek name Θεόκλεια (Theokleia)
, which meant "glory of God"
from the Greek elements θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and κλέος (kleos)
meaning "glory". This was the name of a 1st-century saint, appearing (as Θέκλα
) in the apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla
. The story tells how Thecla listens to Paul speak about the virtues of chastity and decides to remain a virgin, angering both her mother and her suitor.
THEODORE m English
From the Greek name Θεόδωρος (Theodoros)
, which meant "gift of god"
from Greek θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and δῶρον (doron)
meaning "gift". The name Dorothea
is derived from the same roots in reverse order. This was the name of several saints, including Theodore of Amasea, a 4th-century Greek soldier; Theodore of Tarsus, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury; and Theodore the Studite, a 9th-century Byzantine monk. It was also borne by two popes.... [more]
THEODOSIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Θεοδόσιος (Theodosios)
meaning "giving to god"
, derived from θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and δόσις (dosis)
meaning "giving". Saint Theodosius of Palestine was a monk who founded a monastery near Bethlehem in the 5th century. This also was the name of emperors of the Eastern Roman and Byzantine Empires.
THEOPHANES m Ancient Greek
Means "manifestation of God"
from Greek θεός (theos)
meaning "god" and φανής (phanes)
meaning "appearing". This name was borne by a few saints, including an 8th-century chronicler from Constantinople and a 19th-century Russian Orthodox saint, Theophanes the Recluse, who is Феофан (Feofan)
in Russian. Another famous bearer was a 14th-century Byzantine icon painter active in Moscow.
TIGHEARNACH m Irish
Derived from Old Irish tigerna
. This was the name of an Irish saint of the 6th century. In his youth he was kidnapped by Welsh pirates and brought to Wales, but he escaped to Scotland. Eventually he returned to Ireland where he was a bishop of Clogher.
TIGHEARNÁN m Irish
Means "little lord"
from Old Irish tigerna
"lord" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 12th-century king of Breifne in Ireland.
TIMOTHY m English, Biblical
English form of the Greek name Τιμόθεος (Timotheos)
meaning "honouring God"
, derived from τιμάω (timao)
meaning "to honour" and θεός (theos)
meaning "god". Saint Timothy was a companion of Paul
on his missionary journeys and was the recipient of two of Paul's epistles that appear in the New Testament. He was of both Jewish and Greek ancestry. According to tradition, he was martyred at Ephesus after protesting the worship of Artemis
. As an English name, Timothy
was not used until after the Protestant Reformation.
TOBIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name טוֹבִיָּה (Toviyyah)
meaning "YAHWEH is good"
, from the elements טוֹב (tov)
meaning "good" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This was the name of an Ammonite in the Book of Nehemiah in the Old Testament.
TRAUGOTT m German (Rare)
Derived from German trau
"trust" and Gott
"God". This name was created in the 17th century.
URIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name אוּרִיָה ('Uriyah)
meaning "YAHWEH is my light"
, from the roots אוּר ('ur)
meaning "light, flame" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. In the Old Testament this is the name of a Hittite warrior in King David
's army, the first husband of Bathsheba
. David desired Bathsheba so he placed Uriah in the forefront of battle so he would be killed.
URIEL m Biblical, Hebrew
From the Hebrew name אוּרִיאֵל ('Uri'el)
meaning "God is my light"
, from אוּר ('ur)
meaning "light, flame" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". Uriel is an archangel in Hebrew tradition. He is mentioned only in the Apocrypha, for example in the Book of Enoch where he warns Noah
of the coming flood.
UROŠ m Serbian, Slovene
Serbian form of an old Hungarian name, possibly from úr
meaning "man, lord"
combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of five Serbian kings.
UZZIAH m Biblical
Means "my power is YAHWEH"
in Hebrew, from the roots עֹז ('oz)
meaning "strength, power" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This is the name of several Old Testament characters including a king of Judah.
UZZIEL m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "my power is God"
in Hebrew, from the roots עֹז ('oz)
meaning "strength, power" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". This is the name of several minor characters in the Old Testament.
ZEBADIAH m Biblical
Means "YAHWEH has bestowed"
in Hebrew. This was the name of several Old Testament characters.
ZECHARIAH m Biblical, English
From the Hebrew name זְכַרְיָה (Zekharyah)
meaning "YAHWEH remembers"
, from זָכַר (zakhar)
meaning "to remember" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This is the name of many characters in the Old Testament, including the prophet Zechariah, the author of the Book of Zechariah. The name also appears in the New Testament belonging to the father of John
the Baptist, who was temporarily made dumb because of his disbelief. He is regarded as a saint by Christians. In some versions of the New Testament his name is spelled in the Greek form Zacharias
or the English form Zachary
. As an English given name, Zechariah
has been in occasional use since the Protestant Reformation.
ZEPHANIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name צְפַנְיָה (Tzefanyah)
meaning "YAHWEH has hidden"
, derived from צָפַן (tzafan)
meaning "to hide" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This is the name of one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Zephaniah.
ZERACHIEL m Judeo-Christian Legend
Possibly means "command of God"
in Hebrew. The Book of Enoch names him as one of the seven archangels. His name is sometimes rendered as Sarakiel
ZIEMOWIT m Polish
From an old Slavic name derived from the elements sem
"family" and vit
"lord, master". This was the name of a legendary Piast prince of Poland. It was also borne by several other Piast rulers.
ZURIEL m Biblical
Means "my rock is God"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is borne by a chief of the Merarite Levites at the time of the Exodus.