JOANNA f English, Polish, Biblical
English and Polish form of Latin Iohanna
, which was derived from Greek Ιωαννα (Ioanna)
, the feminine form of Ioannes
). This is the spelling used in the English New Testament, where it belongs to a follower of Jesus
who is regarded as a saint. In the Middle Ages in England it was used as a Latinized form of Joan
(the usual feminine form of John
) and it became common as a given name in the 19th century.
JOCELYN f & m English, French
From a Germanic masculine name, variously written as Gaudelenus
, along with many other spellings. It was derived from the Germanic element Gaut
, which was from the name of the Germanic tribe the Goths, combined with a Latin diminutive suffix. The Normans brought this name to England in the form Goscelin
, and it was common until the 14th century. It was revived in the 20th century primarily as a feminine name, perhaps an adaptation of the surname Jocelyn
(a medieval derivative of the given name). In France this is a masculine name only.
JODY f & m English
Probably either a variant of JUDY
or a diminutive of JOSEPH
. It was popularized by the young hero in Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings' novel 'The Yearling' (1938) and the subsequent film adaptation (1946).
JOLÁNKA f Hungarian (Rare)
Created by the Hungarian writer András Dugonics for the main character in his novel 'Jólánka, Etelkának Leánya' (1803). He may have based it on Hungarian jóleán
meaning "good girl" or possibly on the name YOLANDA
JOLENE f English
Formed from JO
and the popular name suffix lene
. This name was created in the 20th century.
JOLIE f English
Means "pretty" in French. This name was popularized by American actress Angelina Jolie (1975-), whose surname was originally her middle name. It is not used as a given name in France.
JONQUIL f English (Rare)
From the English word for the type of flower, derived ultimately from Latin iuncus
JORDAN m & f English, French, Macedonian
From the name of the river which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden)
, and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad)
meaning "descend" or "flow down". In the New Testament John
the Baptist baptizes Jesus
Christ in its waters, and it was adopted as a personal name in Europe after crusaders brought water back from the river to baptize their children. There may have been some influence from the Germanic name JORDANES
, notably borne by a 6th-century Gothic historian.... [more]
JOSÉPHINE f French
French feminine form of JOSEPH
. A notable bearer of this name was the first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, Joséphine de Beauharnais (1763-1814).
JOVITA f Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese feminine form of the Roman name Iovita
(masculine), which was derived from the name of the god JOVE
. This was the name of an early saint and martyr, the brother of Faustinus.
JOY f English
Simply from the English word joy
, ultimately derived from Norman French joie
, Latin gaudia
. It has been regularly used as a given name since the late 19th century.
JOYCE f & m English
From the medieval masculine name Josse
, which was derived from the earlier Iudocus
, which was a Latinized form of the Breton name Judoc
meaning "lord". The name belonged to a 7th-century Breton saint, and Breton settlers introduced it to England after the Norman conquest. It became rare after the 14th century, but was later revived as a feminine name, perhaps because of similarity to the Middle English word joise
"to rejoice". This given name also formed the basis for a surname, as in the case of the Irish novelist James Joyce (1882-1941).
JU f & m Chinese
From Chinese 菊 (jú)
meaning "chrysanthemum" (which is usually only feminine) or 巨 (jù)
meaning "big, enormous" (usually only masculine), besides other characters which are pronounced similarly.
JUAN (2) f Chinese
From Chinese 娟 (juān)
meaning "beautiful, graceful" or other characters which are pronounced similarly.
JUANA f Spanish
Spanish form of Iohanna
), making it the feminine form of JUAN (1)
. This name was borne by Juana the Mad, a 16th-century queen of Castile.
JUDDA f Ancient Germanic
Probably derived from the name of the Germanic tribe the Jutes, who originated in Denmark and later invaded and settled in England. The name of the tribe, recorded in Latin as Iutae
and Old English as Eotas
, is of uncertain origin.
JUDITH f English, Jewish, French, German, Spanish, Biblical
From the Hebrew name יְהוּדִית (Yehudit)
meaning "Jewish woman", feminine of יְהוּדִי (yehudi)
, ultimately referring to a person from the tribe of Judah
. In the Old Testament Judith is one of the Hittite wives of Esau
. This is also the name of the main character of the apocryphal Book of Judith. She killed Holofernes, an invading Assyrian commander, by beheading him in his sleep.... [more]
JUDY f English
Diminutive of JUDITH
. A well-known bearer of this name was singer and actress Judy Garland (1922-1969).
JULIA f English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Spanish, Polish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Ancient Roman, Biblical
Feminine form of the Roman family name JULIUS
. Among the notable women from this family were Julia Augusta (also known as Livia Drusilla), the wife of Emperor Augustus, and Julia the Elder, the daughter of Augustus and the wife of Tiberius. A person by this name has a brief mention in the New Testament. It was also borne by a few early saints and martyrs, including the patron saint of Corsica. Additionally, Shakespeare used it in his comedy 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' (1594).... [more]
JULIANA f Dutch, German, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Iulianus
). This was the name of a 4th-century saint and martyr from Nicomedia, and also of the Blessed Juliana of Norwich, also called Julian, a 14th-century mystic and author. The name was also borne by a 20th-century queen of the Netherlands. In England, this form has been in use since the 18th century, alongside the older form Gillian
JULIE f French, Danish, Norwegian, Czech, English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Danish, Norwegian and Czech form of JULIA
. It has spread to many other regions as well. It has been common in the English-speaking world since the early 20th century.
JULITTA f History
Diminutive of JULIA
. This was the name of a 4th-century saint who was martyred in Tarsus with her young son Quiricus.
JULY f English (Rare)
From the name of the month, which was originally named for Julius Caesar.
JUN (1) m & f Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 君 (jūn)
meaning "king, ruler", 俊 (jùn)
meaning "talented, handsome" (which is usually only masculine) or 军 (jūn)
meaning "army" (also usually only masculine). This is also a single-character Korean name, often from the hanja 俊
meaning "talented, handsome". This name can be formed by other characters besides those shown here.
JUN (2) m & f Japanese
From Japanese 淳 (jun)
meaning "pure", 潤 (jun)
meaning "moisture", 純 (jun)
meaning "pure, clean, simple", or other kanji which are pronounced the same way.
JUNE f English
From the name of the month, which was originally derived from the name of the Roman goddess Juno
. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.
JUNIA f Biblical, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of JUNIUS
. This was the name of an early Christian mentioned in the New Testament (there is some debate about whether the name belongs to a man or a woman).
JUNKO f Japanese
From Japanese 順 (jun)
meaning "obedience" or 純 (jun)
meaning "pure" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other combinations of kanji characters are also possible.
JUNO f Roman Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly related to an Indo-European root meaning "youth", or possibly of Etruscan origin. In Roman mythology Juno was the wife of Jupiter
and the queen of the heavens. She was the protectress of marriage and women, and was also the goddess of finance.
JUSTICE m & f English
From an occupational surname which meant "judge, officer of justice" in Old French. This name can also be given in direct reference to the English word justice
JUTTA f German
Probably a medieval Low German form of JUDITH
. It might also derive from a Germanic name such as JUDDA
JU-WON m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 周 (ju)
meaning "circumference" combined with 元 (won)
meaning "first, origin" or 媛 (won)
meaning "beautiful woman". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
KADEK m & f Indonesian, Balinese
Possibly from Balinese adik
meaning "younger sibling". This name is traditionally given to the second-born child.
KAEDE f & m Japanese
From Japanese 楓 (kaede)
meaning "maple" or other kanji which are pronounced the same way.
KAHINA f Northern African, Berber
Derived from Arabic الكاهِنة (al-Kahinah)
meaning "the diviner, the fortuneteller". This was a title applied to the 7th-century Berber queen Dihya, who resisted the Arab expansion into North Africa.
KAHURANGI f & m Maori
From the name of a type of green gemstone found in New Zealand, meaning "sky blue" in Maori.
KAIMANA m & f Hawaiian
From Hawaiian kai
"ocean, sea" and mana
"power". It is also Hawaiian meaning "diamond", derived from the English word diamond
KAIPO m & f Hawaiian
Means "the sweetheart" from Hawaiian ka
, a definite article, and ipo
KALANI m & f Hawaiian
Means "the heavens" from Hawaiian ka
"the" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
KALI f & m Hinduism, Bengali, Tamil
Means "the black one" in Sanskrit. The Hindu goddess Kali is the fierce destructive form of the wife of Shiva
. She is usually depicted with black skin and four arms, holding a severed head and brandishing a sword. As a personal name, it is generally masculine in India.
KALLIOPE f Greek Mythology
Means "beautiful voice" from Greek καλλος (kallos)
meaning "beauty" and οψ (ops)
meaning "voice". In Greek mythology she was a goddess of epic poetry and eloquence, one of the nine Muses.
KALLISTO f Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek καλλιστος (kallistos)
meaning "most beautiful", a derivative of καλος (kalos)
meaning "beautiful". In Greek mythology Kallisto was a nymph who was loved by Zeus
. She was changed into a she-bear by Hera
, and subsequently became the Great Bear constellation. This was also an ancient Greek personal name.
KALYANI f Hinduism, Indian, Telugu, Marathi, Hindi
Means "beautiful, lovely, auspicious" in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' this is the name of one of the Krittikas, or Pleiades. It is also another name of the Hindu goddess Parvati
KAMALA f & m Hinduism, Tamil, Indian, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Nepali
Means "lotus" or "pale red" in Sanskrit. This is a transcription of both the feminine form कमला
and the masculine form कमल
. This is the name of one of the Krittikas, or Pleiades, in Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata'. It is also another name of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi
KAMALANI f & m Hawaiian
Means "heavenly child" or "royal child" from Hawaiian kama
"child" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
KANON f Japanese
From Japanese 花 (ka)
meaning "flower, blossom" and 音 (non)
meaning "sound". Other kanji combinations are possible as well.
KAORI f Japanese
From Japanese 香 (kaori)
meaning "fragrance". It can also come from an alternate reading of 香 (ka)
combined with 織 (ori)
meaning "weaving". Other kanji combinations are possible. It is often written using the hiragana writing system.
KAORU f & m Japanese
From Japanese 薫 (kaoru)
, 香 (kaoru)
, 馨 (kaoru)
all meaning "fragrance, fragrant", as well as other kanji having the same reading.
KAPUA f & m Hawaiian
Means "the flower" or "the child" from Hawaiian ka
, a definite article, and pua
KÁRA f Norse Mythology
Probably from Old Norse kárr
meaning "curly, curved". In Norse legend this is the name of a valkyrie.
KAREN (3) f Japanese
From Japanese 華 (ka)
meaning "flower" and 蓮 (ren)
meaning "lotus, water lily". Other combinations of kanji can also form this name.