LUCINA f Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin lucus
, but later associated with lux "light"
. This was the name of a Roman goddess of childbirth.
LUCINDA f English, Portuguese, Literature
An elaboration of LUCIA
created by Cervantes for his novel Don Quixote
(1605). It was subsequently used by Molière in his play The Doctor in Spite of Himself
LUCRETIA f Ancient Roman, Roman Mythology
Feminine form of the Roman family name Lucretius
, possibly from Latin lucrum
meaning "profit, wealth"
. In Roman legend Lucretia was a maiden who was raped by the son of the king of Rome. This caused a great uproar among the Roman citizens, and the monarchy was overthrown. This name was also borne by a saint and martyr from Spain.
LUDIVINE f French
Possibly from a feminine form of LEUTWIN
. It was popularized in the 1970s by a character from the television miniseries Les Gens de Mogador
LUDMILA f Czech, Latvian, Russian
Means "favour of the people"
from the Slavic elements lyudu
"people" and milu
"gracious, dear". Saint Ludmila was a 10th-century duchess of Bohemia, the grandmother of Saint Václav. She was murdered on the orders of her daughter-in-law Drahomíra.... [more]
LUITGARD f German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Leutgard
, which was derived from the elements leud
"people" and gard
"enclosure". This was the name of a 13th-century Flemish nun, the patron saint of easy deliveries.
LULJETA f Albanian
Means "flower of life"
in Albanian, from lule
"flower" and jetë
LUMINIȚA f Romanian
Means "little light"
, derived from Romanian lumina
"light" combined with a diminutive suffix.
LUX f & m Various
Derived from Latin lux
LUZ f Spanish
in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de la Luz
, meaning "Our Lady of Light".
LYKKE f Danish
Means "good fortune, happiness"
LYNETTE f English
Form of LUNED
used by Alfred Lord Tennyson in his 1872 poem Gareth and Lynette
. In modern times it is also regarded as a diminutive of LYNN
LYNN f & m English
From an English surname that was derived from Welsh llyn
. Before the start of the 20th century it was primarily used for boys, but it has since come to be more common for girls. In some cases it may be thought of as a short form of LINDA
or names that end in lyn
LYRA f Astronomy
The name of the constellation in the northern sky containing the star Vega. It is said to be shaped after the lyre of Orpheus.
LYS f Frisian
Frisian diminutive of ELISABETH
. It also coincides with the French word for "lily".
LYSSA (2) f Greek Mythology
Means "rage, fury, anger"
in Greek. In Greek mythology Lyssa is a goddess associated with uncontrolled rage.
MAACAH f & m Biblical
From Hebrew מָעַך (ma'akh)
meaning "to press, to crush"
. This name is borne by both male and female characters in the Old Testament.
MABEL f English
Medieval feminine form of AMABILIS
. This spelling and Amabel
were common during the Middle Ages, though they became rare after the 15th century. It was revived in the 19th century after the publication of C. M. Yonge's 1854 novel The Heir of Redclyffe
, which featured a character named Mabel (as well as one named Amabel).
MABELLE f English
Variant of MABEL
. It also coincides with the French phrase ma belle
meaning "my beautiful".
MABYN f Welsh
in Welsh. This was the name of an obscure 6th-century Welsh saint. She was one of the daughters of Saint Brychan.
MACARENA f Spanish
From the name of a barrio (district) in Seville, which got its name from a temple that may have been named for a person named Macarius
). The Virgin of Macarena, that is Mary
, is widely venerated in Seville.
MACKENZIE f & m English
From the Gaelic surname Mac Coinnich
, which means "son of COINNEACH"
. A famous bearer of the surname was William Lyon MacKenzie (1795-1861), a Canadian journalist and political rebel. As a feminine given name, it was popularized by the American actress Mackenzie Phillips (1959-). In the United Kingdom it is more common as a masculine name.
MACY f English
From an English surname that was from various towns named Massy
in France. The towns themselves were originally named from a Gallo-Roman personal name that was Latinized as Maccius
. This is the name of a chain of American department stores founded by Rowland Hussey Macy (1822-1877).
MADARA f Latvian
From the Latvian name for a type of flowering plant, known as cleavers or bedstraw in English.
MÄDCHEN f Various
in German. It is not used as a name in Germany itself.
MADE m & f Balinese
From Sanskrit मध्य (madhya)
. This name is traditionally given to the family's second-born child.
MADELINE f English, French
English form of MAGDALENE
. This is the name of the heroine in a series of children's books by Ludwig Bemelmans, first published 1939.
MADINA f Kazakh, Avar, Chechen
From the name of the city of Medina, Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah)
, which means "the city". The Saudi city is considered an Islamic holy site because the Prophet Muhammad
was based there for a period.
MADISON f & m English
From an English surname meaning "son of MAUD"
. It was not commonly used as a feminine name until after the movie Splash
(1984), in which the main character adopted it as her name after seeing a street sign for Madison Avenue in New York City. It was ranked second for girls in the United States by 2001. This rise from obscurity to prominence in only 18 years represents an unprecedented 550,000 percent increase in usage.... [more]
MADONNA f English
From a title of the Virgin Mary
meaning "my lady" in Italian. A famous bearer of the name is American singer Madonna Ciccone (1958-), known simply as Madonna.
MAE f English
Variant of MAY
. A famous bearer was the American actress Mae West (1893-1980), whose birth name was Mary.
MAEVA f Tahitian, French
in Tahitian. It gained popularity in France during the 1980s.
MAEVE f Irish, Irish Mythology
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Medb
. In Irish legend this was the name of a warrior queen of Connacht. Her fight against Ulster and the hero Cúchulainn
is told in the Irish epic The Cattle Raid of Cooley
MAGDA f German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Romanian, Portuguese, Greek
Short form of MAGDALENA
MAGDALENA f Polish, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Spanish, Catalan, Occitan, Slovene, Czech, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Serbian, Romanian, English
Latinate form of MAGDALENE
MAGDALENE f German, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From a title meaning "of Magdala"
Magdalene, a character in the New Testament, was named thus because she was from Magdala - a village on the Sea of Galilee whose name meant "tower" in Hebrew. She was cleaned of evil spirits by Jesus
and then remained with him during his ministry, witnessing the crucifixion and the resurrection. She was a popular saint in the Middle Ages, and the name became common then. In England it is traditionally rendered Madeline
, while Magdalene
is the learned form.
MAGNHILD f Norwegian
Derived from Old Norse magn
"mighty, strong" and hildr
"battle". This was the name of a novel by the Norwegian author Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson.
MAGNOLIA f English
From the English word magnolia
for the flower, which was named for the French botanist Pierre Magnol.
MAHA f Arabic
in Arabic. The oryx is a variety of antelope that is said to represent beauty.
MAHALA f English
Variant of MAHALAH
. It has occasionally been used as an English Christian name since the Protestant Reformation.
MAHLAH f & m Biblical
From the Hebrew name מַחְלָה (Machlah)
, possibly from חָלָה (chalah)
meaning "weak, sick"
. This name is used in the Old Testament as both a feminine and masculine name. In some versions of the Bible the masculine name is spelled Mahalah
MAHULENA f Czech
Possibly inspired by MAGDALENA
. The Czech author Julius Zeyer created it for a character in his play Radúz and Mahulena
MAI (1) f Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 梅 (mai)
meaning "plum, apricot"
(refers specifically to the species Prunus mume).
MAI (2) f Japanese
From Japanese 舞 (mai)
meaning "dance" or 麻衣 (mai)
meaning "linen robe". It can also come from 真 (ma)
meaning "real, genuine" combined with 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection". Other kanji or kanji combinations can also form this name.
MAIA (2) f Roman Mythology
Probably from Latin maior
. This was the name of a Roman goddess of spring, a companion (sometimes wife) of Vulcan
. She was later conflated with the Greek goddess Maia
. The month of May is named for her.
MAILE f Hawaiian
From the name of a type of vine that grows in Hawaii and is used in making leis.
MAIMU f Estonian
in Estonian. This is the name of a girl in the story Maimu
(1889) by the Estonian writer August Kitzberg.
MAIRWEN f Welsh
Combination of MAIR
and Welsh gwen
meaning "white, fair, blessed".
MAITLAND m & f English (Rare)
From an English surname that was from a Norman French place name possibly meaning "inhospitable"
MAJA (2) f Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Polish, Czech, Slovak
Diminutive of MARIA
MAKEDA f History
Possibly means "greatness"
in Ethiopic. This was the name of an Ethiopian queen of the 10th-century BC. She is probably the same person as the Queen of Sheba, who visited Solomon in the Old Testament.
MAKOTO m & f Japanese
From Japanese 誠 (makoto)
meaning "sincerity", as well as other kanji or kanji combinations.
MALAI f Thai
Means "garland of flowers"
MALALAI f Pashto
Means "sad, grieved"
in Pashto. This was the name of a Pashtun woman who encouraged the Afghan forces during the 1880 Battle of Maiwand against the British.
MALLORY f English (Modern)
From an English surname that meant "unfortunate"
in Norman French. It first became common in the 1980s due to the television comedy Family Ties
, which featured a character by this name.
MALONE m & f English (Rare)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Maoil Eoin
meaning "descendant of a disciple of Saint JOHN"
MALVINA f Scottish, English, Literature
Created by the poet James MacPherson in the 18th century for a character in his Ossian poems. He probably intended it to mean "smooth brow"