Roxelana f History
From a Turkish nickname meaning "Ruthenian"
. This referred to the region of Ruthenia, covering Belarus, Ukraine and western Russia. Roxelana (1502-1558), also known by the name Hürrem, was a slave and then concubine of Süleyman the Magnificent, sultan of the Ottoman Empire. She eventually became his wife and produced his heir, Selim II.
Royal m & f English
From the English word royal
, derived (via Old French) from Latin regalis
, a derivative of rex
"king". It was first used as a given name in the 19th century.
Royalty f English (Modern)
From the English word royalty
, derived (via Old French) from Latin regalitas
, a derivative of rex
Ru m & f Chinese
From Chinese 儒 (rú)
meaning "scholar", 如 (rú)
meaning "like, as, if", or other characters with similar pronunciations.
Rubab f Arabic
From an Arabic word referring to a type of stringed musical instrument. This was the name of the wife of the Prophet Muhammad
's grandson Husayn
Rubena f Esperanto
From Esperanto rubeno
, ultimately from Latin ruber
Ruby f English
Simply from the name of the precious stone (which ultimately derives from Latin ruber
"red"), which is the birthstone of July. It came into use as a given name in the 16th century.
Rue f English
From the name of the bitter medicinal herb, ultimately deriving from Greek ῥυτή (rhyte)
. This is also sometimes used as a short form of Ruth 1
Rukmini f Hinduism
Means "adorned with gold"
in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this is the name of a princess who became the wife of Krishna
Rupinder m & f Indian (Sikh)
Means "greatest beauty"
from Sanskrit रूप (rupa)
meaning "beauty, form" combined with the name of the Hindu god Indra
, used here to mean "greatest".
Ruqayyah f Arabic
Derived either from Arabic رقى (ruqia)
meaning "rise, ascent"
or from رقية (ruqyah)
meaning "spell, charm, incantation"
. This was the name of one of the daughters of the Prophet Muhammad
. She became a wife of Uthman
, the third caliph of the Muslims.
Rusudan f Georgian
Possibly derived from Persian روز (ruz)
. This name was borne by a 13th-century ruling queen of Georgia.
Rūta f Lithuanian, Latvian
in Lithuanian, the rue plant being a bitter medicinal herb that is a national symbol of Lithuania. This is also the Lithuanian form of Ruth 1
Ruzha f Bulgarian, Macedonian
in Bulgarian and Macedonian (referring to flowering plants from the genera Alcea and Althaea).
Saana f Finnish
From the name of a mountain in northern Finland.
Sabeen f Urdu
Possibly from Arabic meaning "follower of another religion"
, a name given to the Prophet Muhammad
and other Muslims by non-Muslim Arabs.
Sabina f Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Swedish, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of Sabinus
, a Roman cognomen meaning "a Sabine"
in Latin. The Sabines were an ancient people who lived in central Italy, their lands eventually taken over by the Romans after several wars. According to legend, the Romans abducted several Sabine women during a raid, and when the men came to rescue them, the women were able to make peace between the two groups. This name was borne by several early saints.
Sable f English (Modern)
From the English word meaning "black"
, derived from the name of the black-furred mammal native to Northern Asia, ultimately of Slavic origin.
Sabrina f English, Italian, German, French
Latinized form of Habren
, the original Welsh name of the River Severn. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, Sabrina was the name of a princess who was drowned in the Severn. Supposedly the river was named for her, but it is more likely that her name was actually derived from that of the river, which is of unknown meaning. She appears as a water nymph in John Milton's masque Comus
(1634). It was popularized as a given name by Samuel A. Taylor's play Sabrina Fair
(1953) and the movie adaptation that followed it the next year.
Sacagawea f Indigenous American
Probably from Hidatsa tsakáka wía
meaning "bird woman"
. Alternatively it could originate from the Shoshone language and mean "boat puller". This name was borne by a Native American woman who guided the explorers Lewis and Clark. She was of Shoshone ancestry but had been abducted in her youth and raised by a Hidatsa tribe.
Sachie f Japanese
From Japanese 幸 (sachi)
meaning "happiness, good luck" and 枝 (e)
meaning "branch" or 恵 (e)
meaning "favour, benefit". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
Sachiko f Japanese
From Japanese 幸 (sachi)
meaning "happiness, good luck" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are possible.
Sadaf f Arabic
Means "seashell, mother-of-pearl"
Safaa f & m Arabic
, from Arabic صفا (safa)
. As-Safaa is the name of one of the two sacred hills near Mecca. This can also be an alternate transcription of Arabic صفاء
Saffron f English (Rare)
From the English word that refers either to a spice, the crocus flower from which it is harvested, or the yellow-orange colour of the spice. It is derived via Old French from Arabic زعفران (za'faran)
, itself probably from Persian meaning "gold leaves".
Saga f Norse Mythology, Swedish, Icelandic
From Old Norse Sága
, possibly meaning "seeing one"
, derived from sjá
"to see". This is the name of a Norse goddess, possibly connected to Frigg
. As a Swedish and Icelandic name, it is also derived from the unrelated word saga
meaning "story, fairy tale, saga"
Sage f & m English (Modern)
From the English word sage
, which denotes either a type of spice or else a wise person.
Saima 2 f Finnish, Estonian
, the name of the largest lake in Finland. The etymology of the lake's name is unknown.
Saira f Urdu
Possibly means "traveller"
Saki f Japanese
From Japanese 咲 (sa)
meaning "blossom" and 希 (ki)
meaning "hope", besides other combinations of kanji characters.
Sakiko f Japanese
From Japanese 咲 (saki)
meaning "blossom" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other combinations of kanji characters.
Sakura f Japanese
From Japanese 桜 (sakura)
meaning "cherry blossom", though it is often written using the hiragana writing system. It can also come from 咲 (saku)
meaning "blossom" and 良 (ra)
meaning "good, virtuous, respectable" as well as other kanji combinations.
Sakurako f Japanese
From Japanese 桜 (sakura)
meaning "cherry blossom" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
Salacia f Roman Mythology
Derived from Latin sal
. This was the name of the Roman goddess of salt water.
Salme f Estonian
From Estonian salm
meaning "poem, verse"
. This name appears in the Estonian national epic Kalevipoeg
(1857) by Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald.
Salome f English (Rare), German (Rare), Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
From an Aramaic name that was related to the Hebrew word שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
. According to the historian Josephus this was the name of the daughter of Herodias
(the consort of Herod Antipas, the tetrarch of Galilee). In the New Testament, though a specific name is not given, it was a daughter of Herodias who danced for Herod and was rewarded with the head of John
the Baptist, and thus Salome and the dancer have traditionally been equated.... [more]
Samantha f English, Italian, Dutch
Perhaps intended to be a feminine form of Samuel
, using the name suffix antha
(possibly inspired by Greek ἄνθος (anthos)
meaning "flower"). It originated in America in the 18th century but was fairly uncommon until 1964, when it was popularized by the main character on the television show Bewitched
Samara f English (Modern), Portuguese (Brazilian)
Possibly derived from the name of the city of Samarra (in Iraq) or Samara (in Russia). The former appears in the title of the novel Appointment in Samarra
(1934) by John O'Hara, which refers to an ancient Babylonian legend about a man trying to evade death. Alternatively, this name could be derived from the word for the winged seeds that grow on trees such as maples and elms.... [more]
Sanaa 1 f Arabic
Means "brilliance, radiance, splendour"
Sandra f Italian, English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Czech, Romanian
Short form of Alessandra
. It was introduced to the English-speaking world by author George Meredith, who used it for the heroine in his novel Emilia in England
(1864) and the reissued version Sandra Belloni
(1887). A famous bearer is the American actress Sandra Bullock (1964-).
Sang m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 常 (sang)
meaning "common, frequent, regular" or other characters that are pronounced similarly.
Sango f Popular Culture
in Japanese. This name is used in the Japanese comic book and television show InuYasha
Saori f Japanese
From Japanese 沙 (sa)
meaning "sand" or 早 (sa)
meaning "already, now" combined with 織 (ori)
meaning "weaving". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
Sapphira f Biblical
From the Greek name Σαπφείρη (Sappheire)
, which was from Greek σάπφειρος (sappheiros)
or "lapis lazuli"
(ultimately derived from the Hebrew word סַפִּיר (sappir)
). Sapphira is a character in Acts in the New Testament who is killed by God for lying.
Sara f Greek, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, German, French, Dutch, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Polish, English, Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Bosnian, Biblical Greek
Form of Sarah
used in various languages.
Sarah f English, French, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lady, princess, noblewoman"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham
's wife, considered the matriarch of the Jewish people. She was barren until she unexpectedly became pregnant with Isaac
at the age of 90. Her name was originally Sarai
, but God changed it at the same time Abraham's name was changed (see Genesis 17:15
Sariah f Mormon
Possibly from an alternate reading of Hebrew שׂריה
). In the Book of Mormon this is the name of Lehi's wife.
Sarika f Indian, Hindi, Marathi
From a Sanskrit word referring to a type of thrush (species Turdus salica) or myna bird (species Gracula religiosa).
Šárka f Czech
Meaning unknown. In Czech legend Šárka was a maiden who joined other women in declaring war upon men. She tricked the men by having herself tied to a tree, and, after they came to her rescue, offering them mead laced with a sleeping potion. After the men fell asleep the other women slew them.
Sarolt f Hungarian (Rare)
From the Old Hungarian name Saroldu
, probably of Turkic origin meaning "white weasel, ermine"
. This was the wife of the 10th-century Hungarian grand prince Géza
Saskia f Dutch, German
From the Germanic element sahs "Saxon"
. The Saxons were a Germanic tribe, their name ultimately deriving from the Germanic word sahs
meaning "knife". Saskia van Uylenburgh (1612-1642) was the wife of the Dutch painter Rembrandt.
Sati f Hinduism
in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief this was the name of a goddess, a wife of Shiva
. After her death she was reborn as the goddess Parvati
Satomi f Japanese
From Japanese 里 (sato)
meaning "village" or 聡 (sato)
meaning "intelligent, clever, bright" combined with 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful". Other kanji combinations are possible.
Savannah f English
From the English word for the large grassy plain, ultimately deriving from the Taino (Native American) word zabana
. It came into use as a given name in America in the 19th century. It was revived in the 1980s by the movie Savannah Smiles
Savitri f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi, Marathi
Means "relating to the sun"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a hymn dedicated to Savitr, a Hindu sun god, and it is also the name of his daughter. It is borne by several other characters in Hindu epics, including a wife of Brahma
, a wife of Shiva
, and a daughter of Daksha. In the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
it is borne by King Satyavan's wife, who successfully pleas with Yama, the god of death, to restore her husband to life.
Sawda f Arabic
Possibly means "palm-tree garden"
in Arabic. This was the name of a wife of the Prophet Muhammad
Sawyer m & f English (Modern)
From a surname meaning "sawer of wood"
in Middle English. Mark Twain used it for the hero in his novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Sayaka f Japanese
From Japanese 沙 (sa)
meaning "sand" or 紗 (sa)
meaning "thread, silk" with 也 (ya)
meaning "also" or 耶 (ya)
, an interjection, combined with 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance" or 加 (ka)
meaning "increase". This name can also be composed of other kanji combinations. It is often written using the hiragana writing system.
Saylor f English (Modern)
From an English surname that was derived from Old French sailleor
meaning "acrobat, dancer"
. As a modern English given name it could also come from the homophone vocabulary word sailor
Sayuri f Japanese
From Japanese 小 (sa)
meaning "small" and 百合 (yuri)
meaning "lily". This name can also be composed of other kanji combinations.
Scarlett f English
From a surname that denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet (a kind of cloth, possibly derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrelat)
). Margaret Mitchell used this name for Scarlett O'Hara, the main character in her novel Gone with the Wind
(1936). Scarlett's name came from her grandmother's maiden name.