EMMA f English, French, Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Dutch, German, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element ermen
. It was introduced to England by Emma of Normandy, who was the wife both of King Ethelred II (and by him the mother of Edward the Confessor) and later of King Canute. It was also borne by an 11th-century Austrian saint, who is sometimes called Hemma
EMMELINE f English
From an Old French form of the Germanic name Amelina
, originally a diminutive of Germanic names beginning with the element amal
. The Normans introduced this name to England.
ENCARNACIÓN f Spanish
in Spanish. This is given in reference to the Incarnation of Jesus
in the womb of the Virgin Mary
ENIKŐ f Hungarian
Created by the Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty in the 19th century. He based it on the name of the legendary mother of the Hungarian people, Enéh
, which may mean "cow" or "deer".
ENOLA f English
Meaning unknown. This name first appeared in the late 19th century. It is the name of the main character in the novel Enola; or, her Fatal Mistake
(1886) by Mary Young Ridenbaugh. The aircraft that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima was named Enola Gay
after the mother of the pilot, who was herself named for the book character.
ENORA f Breton, French
Breton form of HONORIA
, or directly from Breton enor
"honour" (a word of Latin origin). This was the name of a 6th-century saint, the wife of Saint Efflamm.
EOFORHILD f Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements eofor
"boar" and hild
"battle". This name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest.
EOS f Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess of the dawn.
ÉOWYN f Literature
Means "horse joy"
in Old English. This name was invented by J. R. R. Tolkien who used Old English to represent the Rohirric language. In his novel The Lord of the Rings
(1954) Eowyn is the niece of King Theoden of Rohan. She slays the Lord of the Nazgul in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
EPHRATH f Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Means "fruitful place"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name was borne by one of the wives of Caleb. Also in the Bible, it is the name of the place where Rachel was buried.
EPIPHANY f English (Rare)
From the name of the Christian festival (January 6) that commemorates the visit of the Magi to the infant Jesus
. It is also an English word meaning "sudden appearance" or "sudden perception", ultimately deriving from Greek ἐπιφάνεια (epiphaneia)
EPONA f Celtic Mythology
Derived from Gaulish epos
. This was the name of the Celtic goddess of horses.
EPONINE f Literature
Meaning unknown. Victor Hugo used this name in his novel Les Misérables
(1862) for a daughter of the Thénardiers. Her mother got her name from a romance novel.
ERA f Albanian
Derived from Albanian erë
ERATO f Greek Mythology
in Greek. In Greek mythology she was one of the nine Muses, the muse of lyric poetry.
ERIKA f Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, English, Italian
Feminine form of ERIK
. It also coincides with the word for "heather" in some languages.
ERIN f English, Irish
Anglicized form of EIREANN
. It has been used as a given name since the middle of the 20th century.
ERIS f Greek Mythology
in Greek. In Greek mythology Eris was the goddess of discord. She was the sister and companion of Ares
ÉRIU f Irish Mythology
From the name of an Irish goddess, who according to legend gave her name to Ireland (which is called Éire
in Irish). In reality, the goddess probably got her name from that of the island, which may mean something like "abundant land" in Old Irish.
ERMA f English
Variant of IRMA
. It began to be used in the English-speaking world in the 19th century, along with Irma
ERZSÉBET f Hungarian
Hungarian form of ELIZABETH
. This is the native name of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary. It was also borne by the infamous Erzsébet Báthory, a 16th-century countess and murderer.
ESER f & m Turkish
Means "product, achievement"
ESMÉ m & f English (British)
in Old French. It was first recorded in Scotland, being borne by the first Duke of Lennox in the 16th century. It is now more common as a feminine name.
ESMERALDA f Spanish, Portuguese, English, Literature
in Spanish and Portuguese. Victor Hugo used this name in his novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame
(1831), in which Esmeralda is the Gypsy girl who is loved by Quasimodo. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since that time.
ESPERANZA f Spanish
Spanish form of the Late Latin name Sperantia
, which was derived from sperare "to hope"
ESSENCE f English (Modern)
From the English word essence
, which means either "odour, scent"
or else "fundamental quality"
. Ultimately it derives from Latin esse
ESTEE f Jewish
Diminutive of ESTHER
. A famous bearer was the American businesswoman Estée Lauder (1908-2004), founder of the cosmetics company that bears her name. Her birth name was Josephine Esther Mentzer. Apparently she added the accent to her name Estee
in order to make it appear French.
ESTELLA f English
Latinate form of ESTELLE
. This was the name of the heroine, Estella Havisham, in Charles Dickens' novel Great Expectations
ESTELLE f English, French
From an Old French name meaning "star"
, ultimately derived from Latin stella
. It was rare in the English-speaking world in the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century, perhaps due to the character Estella Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel Great Expectations
ESTER f Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, Italian, Czech, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hebrew
Form of ESTHER
used in several languages.
ESTHER f English, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Possibly means "star"
in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR
. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia. The king's advisor Haman
persuaded the king to exterminate all the Jews in the realm. Warned of this plot by her cousin Mordecai
, Esther revealed her Jewish ancestry and convinced the king to execute Haman instead. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah
ÉTAÍN f Irish, Irish Mythology
Possibly derived from Old Irish ét
. In Irish mythology she is the subject of the 9th-century tale The Wooing of Étaín
. She was the wife of Midir, but his jealous first wife Fuamnach transformed her into a fly. She was accidentally swallowed, and then reborn to the woman who swallowed her. After she grew again to adulthood she married the Irish high king Eochaid Airem, having no memory of Midir. Midir and Étaín were eventually reunited after Midir defeated Eochaid in a game of chess.
ETELKA f Hungarian
Feminine form of ETELE
created by the Hungarian writer András Dugonics for the main character in his novel Etelka
ETERI f Georgian
Means "ether, air"
in Georgian. This name features in the Georgian opera Abesalom and Eteri
ETHEL f English
Short form of names beginning with the Old English element æðel
. It was coined in the 19th century, when many Old English names were revived. It was popularized by the novels The Newcomes
(1855) by William Makepeace Thackeray and The Daisy Chain
(1856) by C. M. Yonge. A famous bearer was American actress and singer Ethel Merman (1908-1984).
ETSUKO f Japanese
From Japanese 悦 (etsu)
meaning "joy, pleased" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child", as well as other kanji combinations.
ETTA f English
Short form of HENRIETTA
and other names that end with etta
. A famous bearer was the American singer Etta James (1938-2012), who took her stage name from her real given name Jamesetta.
EUA f Biblical Greek
Form of Chawwah
) used in the Greek translation of Old Testament. Chawwah
is also translated as Zoe
in the Greek Old Testament.
EUDOCIA f Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐδοκία (Eudokia)
, derived from the word εὐδοκέω (eudokeo)
meaning "to be well pleased, to be satisfied"
, itself derived from εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and δοκέω (dokeo)
meaning "to think, to imagine, to suppose". This name was common among Byzantine royalty. Saint Eudocia was the wife of the 5th-century emperor Theodosius II.
EUDORA f Greek Mythology
Means "good gift"
in Greek, from the elements εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and δῶρον (doron)
meaning "gift". This was the name of a nymph, one of the Hyades, in Greek mythology.
EUN m & f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" or 銀 (eun)
meaning "silver, money", as well as other hanja characters that are pronounced in the same way. It usually occurs in combination with another character, though it is sometimes used as a stand-alone name.
EUNICE f Biblical, English, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Εὐνίκη (Eunike)
meaning "good victory"
, derived from εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and νίκη (nike)
meaning "victory". The New Testament mentions her as the mother of Timothy
. As an English name, it was first used after the Protestant Reformation.
EUN-JEONG f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" or 慇 (eun)
meaning "careful, anxious, attentive" combined with 廷 (jeong)
meaning "court" or 婷 (jeong)
meaning "pretty, graceful". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
EUN-JI f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" combined with 智 (ji)
meaning "wisdom, intellect" or 地 (ji)
meaning "earth, soil, ground". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
EUNOMIA f Greek Mythology
Means "good order"
in Greek, ultimately from εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and νόμος (nomos)
meaning "law, custom". Eunomia was a Greek goddess, one of the Ὥραι
(Horai), presiding over law.
EUN-YEONG f Korean
From Sino-Korean 恩 (eun)
meaning "kindness, mercy, charity" and 英 (yeong)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed by other hanja character combinations as well.
EUROPA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Εὐρώπη (Europe)
, which meant "wide face"
from εὐρύς (eurys)
meaning "wide" and ὄψ (ops)
meaning "face, eye". In Greek mythology Europa was a Phoenician princess who was abducted and taken to Crete by Zeus
in the guise of a bull. She became the first queen of Crete, and later fathered Minos
by Zeus. The continent of Europe is named for her. This is also the name of a moon of Jupiter.
EURWEN f Welsh
Derived from Welsh aur
"gold" and gwen
"white, fair, blessed".
EURYDICE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Εὐρυδίκη (Eurydike)
meaning "wide justice"
, derived from εὐρύς (eurys)
meaning "wide" and δίκη (dike)
meaning "justice". In Greek myth she was the wife of Orpheus. Her husband tried to rescue her from Hades, but he failed when he disobeyed the condition that he not look back upon her on their way out.
EUTERPE f Greek Mythology
in Greek, ultimately from εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and τέρπω (terpo)
meaning "to satisfy, to cheer". In Greek mythology she was one of the nine Muses, the muse of music and joy. She was said to have invented the double flute.
EVA f Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, English, Czech, Slovak, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Faroese, Greek, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin
Form of EVE
used in various languages. This form is used in the Latin translation of the New Testament, while Hava
is used in the Latin Old Testament. The name appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin
(1852) belonging to the character Little Eva, whose real name is in fact Evangeline.... [more]
EVADNE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Εὐάδνη (Euadne)
, from εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" possibly combined with Cretan Greek ἀδνός (adnos)
meaning "holy". In Greek legend Evadne was the wife of Capaneus. After Capaneus was killed by a lightning bolt sent from Zeus
she committed suicide by throwing herself onto his burning body.
EVANGELINE f English
Means "good news"
from Greek εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and ἄγγελμα (angelma)
meaning "news, message". It was (first?) used by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his 1847 epic poem Evangeline
. It also appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin
(1852) as the full name of the character Eva.
EVE f English, Biblical
From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah)
, which was derived from the Hebrew word חָוָה (chawah)
meaning "to breathe"
or the related word חָיָה (chayah)
meaning "to live"
. According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam
were the first humans. God created her from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion. At the urging of a serpent she ate the forbidden fruit and shared some with Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden
EVELYN f & m English, German
From an English surname that was derived from the given name AVELINE
. In the 17th century when it was first used as a given name it was more common for boys, but it is now regarded as mainly feminine due to association with the related name Evelina
EVREN m & f Turkish
Means "cosmos, the universe"
in Turkish. In Turkic mythology the Evren is a gigantic snake-like dragon.
FAITH f English
Simply from the English word faith
, ultimately from Latin fidere
"to trust". This was one of the virtue names adopted by the Puritans in the 17th century.
FAJRA f Esperanto
in Esperanto, from fajro
FALLON f English (Modern)
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Fallamhain
meaning "descendant of Fallamhan"
. The given name Fallamhan
meant "leader". It was popularized in the 1980s by a character on the soap opera Dynasty
FANCY f English (Rare)
From the English word fancy
, which means either "like, love, inclination"
. It is derived from Middle English fantasie
, which comes (via Norman French and Latin) from Greek φαίνω (phaino)
meaning "to show, to appear".
FANG f & m Chinese
From Chinese 芳 (fāng)
meaning "fragrant, virtuous, beautiful" or other characters with a similar pronunciation.
FANTINE f Literature
This name was used by Victor Hugo for the mother of Cosette in his novel Les Misérables
(1862). The name was given to her by a passerby who found the young orphan on the street. Hugo may have intended it to be a derivative of the French word enfant