From a surname which was originally derived from a nickname meaning "round" in Old English.
From Welsh cad
"battle" and a diminutive suffix.
Sometimes explained as a derivative of the Irish surname Caden
, which is a reduced form of the Gaelic surname Mac Cadáin
meaning "son of Cadán". In actuality, its popularity in America beginning in the 1990s is due to its sound - it shares its fashionable aden
suffix sound with other popular names like Hayden
Means "battle king" from Welsh cad
"battle" and teyrn
"king, monarch". Cadeyrn (also known as Catigern) was a 5th-century king of Powys in Wales, the son of Vortigern.
Means "battle prince" from Welsh cad
"battle" and mael
Means "battle peak" from Welsh cad
"battle" and ban
"peak". Saint Cadfan, from Brittany, was a 6th-century missionary to Wales.
CADMUSmGreek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Καδμος (Kadmos)
, of uncertain meaning. In Greek mythology Cadmus was the son of the Phoenician king Agenor. He was sent by his father to rescue his sister Europa
, who had been abducted by Zeus
, although he did not succeed in retrieving her. According to legend, Cadmus founded the city of Thebes and introduced the alphabet to Greece.
Derived from Welsh cad
"battle". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who was martyred by the Saxons.
Means "leader of the battle" from Welsh cad
"battle" and gwaladr
"leader". This was the name of a Welsh saint of the 7th century.
Means "glory in battle" from Welsh cad
"battle" and gwogawn
"glory, honour". In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, this name is briefly mentioned as the son of Iddon.
Meaning unknown, though the first element is likely connected to Brythonic caed
meaning "battle". Saint Caedmon was a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon poet who supposedly received his poetic inspiration from a dream. Our only knowledge of him is through the historian Bede.
From Gaelic caol
"slender". In Irish legend Cáel was a warrior of the Fianna and the lover of Créd.
Derived from the Welsh elements caer
"fortress" and gwyn
From a Roman cognomen which possibly meant "hairy", from Latin caesaries
"hair". Julius Caesar and his adopted son Julius Caesar Octavianus (commonly known as Augustus) were both rulers of the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC. Caesar
was used as a title by the emperors that came after them.
From the Mongolian name Tsagadai
(of unknown meaning), which was borne by the second son of Genghis
Khan, known as Chagatai
Meaning unknown, probably of Aramaic origin. In the New Testament this is the name of the Jewish high priest who condemns Jesus
CAINmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Means "acquired" in Hebrew. In Genesis in the Old Testament Cain is the first son of Adam
. He killed his brother Abel
after God accepted Abel's offering of meat instead of his offering of plant-based foods. After this Cain was banished to be a wanderer.
Means "charioteer" in Irish. This was the name of two semi-legendary high kings of Ireland.
Most likely related to Hebrew כֶּלֶב (kelev)
meaning "dog". An alternate theory connects it to Hebrew כָּל (kal)
meaning "whole, all of" and לֵב (lev)
meaning "heart". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the twelve spies sent by Moses
into Canaan. Of the Israelites who left Egypt with Moses, Caleb and Joshua
were the only ones who lived to see the Promised Land.... [more]
Means "little boot" in Latin. This was a nickname for the Roman emperor Gaius Caesar Germanicus given to him in his youth by his father's soldiers.
Variant of CALLISTUS
, the spelling perhaps influenced by Latin calix
"wine cup". This was the name of three popes (also known as Callistus).
Late Latin name which was derived from the Greek name Καλλιστος (Kallistos)
"most beautiful". This was the name of three popes (also known as Callixtus), including the 3rd-century Callistus I who is regarded as a saint.
Variant of CALLISTUS
, the spelling perhaps influenced by Latin calix
"wine cup". This was the name of three popes (also known as Callistus).
From the Late Latin name Calogerus
which meant "beautiful elder" from Greek καλος (kalos)
"beautiful" and γερων (geron)
"old man, elder". This was the name of a 5th-century saint, a hermit of Sicily.
Derived from the French surname Cauvin
, which was derived from chauve
"bald". The surname was borne by Jean Cauvin (1509-1564), a theologian from France who was one of the leaders of the Protestant Reformation. His surname was Latinized as Calvinus
(based on Latin calvus
"bald") and he is known as John Calvin in English. It has been used as a given name in his honour since the 19th century.
From Καμβυσης (Kambyses)
, the Greek form of the Old Persian name Kambujiya
, which is of unknown meaning. Two Persian kings bore this name, including Cambyses II who conquered Egypt.
From a surname which was from a place name perhaps meaning "enclosed valley" in Old English. A famous bearer of the surname was the English historian William Camden (1551-1623).
CAMERONm & fEnglish
From a Scottish surname meaning "crooked nose" from Gaelic cam
"crooked" and sròn
CAMILLEf & mFrench, English
French feminine and masculine form of CAMILLA
. It is also used in the English-speaking world, where it is generally only feminine.
Roman cognomen, which is probably of Etruscan origin and unknown meaning. It is probably not related to Latin camillus
"a youth employed in religious services". This name was borne by the 16th-century Italian monk Saint Camillus de Lellis.
From a Scottish surname meaning "crooked mouth" from Gaelic cam
"crooked" and béul
Meaning unknown. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Ham
. He is said to be the ancestor of the Canaanite people.
From Gaelic caol
"slender" combined with the diminutive suffix án
Welsh form of CARATACOS
. This is the name of several figures in Welsh history and legend, including a 6th-century king of Gwent and a Knight of the Round Table in Arthurian romance.
Derived from the Celtic element car
meaning "love". This was the name of a 1st-century British chieftain who rebelled against Roman rule.
CARLmGerman, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English
German form of CHARLES
. Two noteworthy bearers of the name were the German mathematician Carl Gauss (1777-1855), who made contributions to number theory and algebra as well as physics and astronomy, and the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung (1875-1961), who founded analytical psychology. It was imported to America in the 19th century by German immigrants.
From a surname which was derived from the name of a city in northern England. The city was originally called by the Romans Luguvalium
meaning "stronghold of LUGUS
". Later the Brythonic element ker
"fort" was appended to the name of the city.
Means "vine" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Reuben in the Old Testament.
CAROL (1)f & mEnglish
Short form of CAROLINE
. It was formerly a masculine name, derived from CAROLUS
. The name can also be given in reference to the English vocabulary word, which means "song" or "hymn".
CARONf & mWelsh
Derived from Welsh caru
meaning "to love".
CARPUSmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Latin form of the Greek name Καρπος (Karpos)
, which meant "fruit, profits". The name is mentioned briefly in the New Testament in the second epistle of Timothy.
Anglicized form of CEARBHALL
. A famous bearer of the surname was Lewis Carroll (1832-1898), whose real name was Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, the author of 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland'.
CARSONm & fScottish, English
From a Scottish surname of uncertain meaning. A famous bearer of the surname was the American scout Kit Carson (1809-1868).
From an English surname which meant "one who uses a cart".
Means "loving" in Irish. This was the name of a 6th-century Irish saint.
Means "blessed love" from Welsh caru
"love" and gwyn
"white, fair, blessed".
CASEYm & fEnglish, Irish
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Cathasaigh
meaning "descendant of CATHASACH
". This name can be given in honour of Casey Jones (1863-1900), a train engineer who sacrificed his life to save his passengers. In his case, Casey
was a nickname acquired because he was raised in the town of Cayce, Kentucky.
From an English occupational surname for a box maker, derived from Norman French casse
meaning "case". A famous bearer of the surname was American musician Johnny Cash (1932-2003).
English form of the Polish name Kazimierz
, derived from the Slavic element kaziti
"to destroy" combined with miru
"peace, world". Four kings of Poland have borne this name, including Casimir III the Great, who greatly strengthened the Polish state in the 14th century. It was also borne Saint Casimir, a 15th-century Polish prince and a patron saint of Poland and Lithuania. The name was imported into Western Europe via Germany, where it was borne by some royalty.
Used by author C. S. Lewis for a character in his 'Chronicles of Narnia' series, first appearing in 1950. Prince Caspian first appears in the fourth book, where he is the rightful king of Narnia driven into exile by his evil uncle Miraz. Lewis probably based the name on the Caspian Sea, which was named for the city of Qazvin, which was itself named for the ancient Cas tribe.
CASSIANmAncient Roman (Anglicized)
From the Roman family name Cassianus
, which was derived from CASSIUS
. This was the name of several saints, including a 3rd-century martyr from Tangier who is the patron saint of stenographers and a 5th-century mystic who founded a monastery in Marseille.
Roman family name which was possibly derived from Latin cassus
"empty, vain". This name was borne by several early saints. In modern times, it was the original first name of boxer Muhammad Ali (1942-2016), who was named after his father Cassius Clay, who was himself named after the American abolitionist Cassius Clay (1810-1903).
CATf & mEnglish
Diminutive of CATHERINE
. It can also be a nickname from the English word for the animal.
Means "battle man" from Gaelic cath
"battle" and vir
Derived from the Gaelic elements cath
"battle" and val
"rule". This was the name of a 7th-century Irish saint. It has sometimes been Anglicized as Charles
Derived from Gaelic cath
"battle" combined with a diminutive suffix.
CATO (1)mAncient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "wise" in Latin. This name was bestowed upon Cato the Elder (Marcus Porcius Cato), a 2nd-century BC Roman statesman, author and censor, and was subsequently inherited by his descendants, including his great-grandson Cato the Younger (Marcus Porcius Cato Uticencis), a politician and philosopher who opposed Julius Caesar.
Either from the name of the Irish county, which is derived from Irish cabhán
"hollow", or else from the Irish surname CAVAN
Irish name of uncertain origin, traditionally said to mean "bright-headed". Alternatively it could be derived from Old Irish ceallach
"war, strife" or ceall
From the Roman name Caecilius
). This was the name of a 3rd-century saint, a companion of Saint Cyprian. Though it was in use during the Middle Ages in England, it did not become common until the 19th century when it was given in honour of the noble Cecil family, who had been prominent since the 16th century. Their surname was derived from the Welsh given name Seisyll
, which was derived from the Roman name Sextilius
, a derivative of SEXTUS
CEDARf & mEnglish (Rare)
From the English word for the coniferous tree, derived (via Old French and Latin) from Greek κεδρος (kedros)
Invented by Sir Walter Scott for a character in his novel 'Ivanhoe' (1819). Apparently he based it on the actual name Cerdic
, the name of the semi-legendary founder of the kingdom of Wessex in the 6th century. The meaning of Cerdic
is uncertain, but it does not appear to be Old English in origin. It could be connected to the Brythonic name CARATACOS
. The name was also used by Frances Hodgson Burnett for the main character in her novel 'Little Lord Fauntleroy' (1886).
CELESTINEf & mEnglish
English form of CAELESTINUS
. It is more commonly used as a feminine name, from the French feminine form Célestine
Roman family name which meant "tall" in Latin. This was the name of a 2nd-century philosopher who wrote against Christianity. It was also borne by an early saint martyred with Nazarius in Milan.
Means "battle, war" in Turkish, ultimately from Persian.
Old Irish byname meaning "armoured head" or "misshapen head". This was the name of an Irish king, the father of Brian
CEPHALUSmGreek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Κεφαλος (Kephalos)
, which was derived from κεφαλη (kephale)
meaning "head". In Greek legend he remained faithful to his wife Procris even though he was pursued by the goddess Eos.
CEPHASmBiblical, Biblical Latin
Means "rock" in Aramaic. The apostle Simon
was called Cephas by Jesus
because he was to be the rock upon which the Christian church was to be built. In most versions of the New Testament Cephas
is translated into Greek Πετρος (Petros)
(in English Peter
CEPHEUSmGreek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Κηφευς (Kepheus)
, which is of unknown meaning. In Greek legend he was a king of Ethiopia, the husband of Cassiopeia. After he died he was made into a constellation and placed in the sky.
Possibly derived from Welsh caru
meaning "to love".
CERNUNNOSmCeltic Mythology (Latinized)
Means "horned" in Celtic. This was the name of the Celtic god fertility, animals, wealth, and the underworld. He was usually depicted having antlers, and was identified with the Roman god Mercury
From the Old English name Ceadda
which is of unknown meaning, possibly based on Welsh cad
"battle". This was the name of a 7th-century English saint. Borne primarily by Catholics, it was a rare name until the 1960s when it started to become more common amongst the general population. This is also the name of a country in Africa, though it originates from a different source.
From a surname which was derived from the name of towns in England, meaning "settlement belonging to CHAD
" in Old English.
CHANm & fKhmer
Means "moon" in Khmer, ultimately from Sanskrit.
Originally a diminutive of CHAUNCEY
. It is now usually given in reference to the English word chance
meaning "luck, fortune" (ultimately derived from Latin cadens
CHANDAm & fHinduism, Indian, Hindi
Means "fierce, hot, passionate" in Sanskrit. This is a transcription of both the masculine form चण्ड
and the feminine form चण्डा
(an epithet of the Hindu goddess Durga
From an occupational surname which meant "candle seller" in Middle English, ultimately from Old French.
CHANDRAm & fHinduism, Bengali, Indian, Assamese, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Nepali
Means "moon" in Sanskrit, derived from चन्द (chand)
meaning "to shine". This is a transcription of the masculine form चण्ड
(a name of the moon in Hindu texts which is often personified as a deity) as well as the feminine form चण्डा
CHANGm & fChinese
From Chinese 昌 (chāng)
meaning "flourish, prosper, good, sunlight" (which is usually only masculine), 畅 (chàng)
meaning "smooth, free, unrestrained" or 长 (cháng)
meaning "long". Other Chinese characters are also possible.
CHAOm & fChinese
From Chinese 超 (chāo)
meaning "surpass, leap over" (which is usually only masculine), 潮 (cháo)
meaning "tide, flow, damp", or other characters which are pronounced similarly.
Derived from Greek χαρις (charis)
meaning "grace, kindness". This was the name of a 4th-century BC Athenian general. It was also borne by the sculptor who crafted the Colossus of Rhodes.
From Old French Charles le Magne
the Great". This is the name by which the Frankish king Charles the Great (742-814) is commonly known.
From the Germanic name Karl
, which was derived from a Germanic word meaning "man". However, an alternative theory states that it is derived from the common Germanic name element hari
meaning "army, warrior".... [more]
CHARLIEm & fEnglish
Diminutive or feminine form of CHARLES
. A famous bearer is Charlie Brown, the main character in the comic strip 'Peanuts' by Charles Schulz.
From a surname which was originally from a place name meaning "settlement of free men" in Old English.
Possibly means "fierce brightness" in Greek. In Greek mythology Charon was the operator of the ferry that brought the newly dead over the River Acheron into Hades.
From a surname meaning "chase, hunt" in Middle English, originally a nickname for a huntsman.
From a Norman surname of unknown meaning. It was used as a given name in American in honour of Harvard president Charles Chauncey (1592-1672).
Derived from the Hebrew word חַיִּים (chayyim)
meaning "life". It has been used since medieval times.
From an Argentine expression meaning "hey!". This nickname was acquired by the Argentine revolutionary Ernesto Guevara while he was in Cuba.
CHEN (1)m & fChinese
From Chinese 晨 (chén)
or 辰 (chén)
which both mean "morning". The character 辰
also refers to the fifth Earthly Branch (7 AM to 9 AM) which is itself associated with the dragon of the Chinese zodiac. This name can be formed from other characters as well.
CHENGm & fChinese
From Chinese 成 (chéng)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" or 诚 (chéng)
meaning "sincere, honest, true", as well as other characters which are pronounced similarly.
Means "the black god" from Slavic cherno
"black" and bogu
"god". Chernobog was the Slavic god of darkness, evil and grief.
CHEROKEEf & mEnglish (Rare)
Probably derived from the Creek word tciloki
meaning "people of a different speech". This is the name of a Native American people who live in the east of North America.
From a surname that was originally from a place name meaning "camp meadow" in Old English.
From a surname which originally belonged to a person who came from Chester, an old Roman settlement in Britain. The name of the settlement came from Latin castrum
CHEYENNEf & mEnglish
Derived from the Dakota word shahiyena
meaning "red speakers". This is the name of a Native American people of the Great Plains. The name was supposedly given to the Cheyenne by the Dakota because their language was unrelated to their own. As a given name, it has been in use since the 1950s.
CHI (2)m & fMythology, Western African, Igbo
Means "god, spirtual being" in Igbo, referring to the personal spiritual guardian that each person is believed to have. Christian Igbo people use it as a name for the personal Christian god. This can also be a short form of the many Igbo names that begin with this element.