AIRI (1) f Japanese
From Japanese 愛 (ai)
meaning "love, affection" combined with 莉 (ri)
meaning "white jasmine" or 梨 (ri)
meaning "pear". Other combinations of kanji characters are possible.
AIRI (2) f Finnish
From Finnish airut
meaning "messenger, herald"
, also influenced by place names beginning with the same sound.
AISHA f Arabic, Urdu, American
in Arabic. This was the name of Muhammad
's third wife, the daughter of Abu Bakr
. Some time after Muhammad's death she went to war against Ali
, the fourth caliph, but was defeated. This name is used more by Sunni Muslims and less by Shias.... [more]
AISLING f Irish
in Irish Gaelic. This name was created in the 20th century.
AISTĖ f Lithuanian
From the name of the Baltic tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus, called the Aisçiai
AITANA f Spanish
From the name of a mountain range in Valencia, eastern Spain. The Spanish poet Rafael Alberti used it for his daughter in 1941.
AITOR m Basque, Spanish
Possibly means "good fathers"
from Basque aita
"father" and on
"good". This was the name of a legendary ancestor of the Basques.
AIVARS m Latvian
Latvian form of IVAR
. The Latvian author Vilis Lācis used it for a character in his novel Uz Jauno Krastu
AIZA f Urdu
Meaning unknown, possibly of Arabic origin.
AJAX m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek name Αἴας (Aias)
, perhaps deriving from Greek αἰαστής (aiastes)
or αἶα (aia)
meaning "earth, land"
. In Greek mythology this was the name of two of the heroes who fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War, the son of Telamon and the son of Oileus. When the armour of the slain hero Achilles
was not given to Ajax Telamonian, he became mad with jealousy and killed himself.
AJAY m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil
, from Sanskrit अ (a)
meaning "not" and जय (jaya)
meaning "victory, conquest".
AKAKIOS m Greek, Ancient Greek
From a Greek word meaning "innocent, not evil"
, derived from ἀ (a)
, a negative prefix, combined with κάκη (kake)
meaning "evil". This was the name of three early saints, two of whom were martyred.
AKANE f Japanese
From Japanese 茜 (akane)
meaning "deep red, dye from the rubia plant". Other kanji or combinations of kanji can form this name as well.
AKARI f Japanese
From Japanese 明 (aka)
meaning "bright" or 朱 (aka)
meaning "vermilion red" combined with 里 (ri)
meaning "village" or 莉 (ri)
meaning "white jasmine". Other combinations of kanji characters can also form this name.
AKEMI f Japanese
From Japanese 明 (ake)
meaning "bright" and 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful". Other kanji combinations are possible.
AKHENATON m Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian ꜣḫ-n-jtn
meaning "effective for ATON"
. Akhenaton was a 14th-century BC Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom, who is best known for promoting the monotheistic worship of the sun god Aton
. He changed his name from Amenhotep IV
in order to honour the god. After his death, polytheism resumed.
AKI (2) f Japanese
From Japanese 晶 (aki)
meaning "clear, crystal", 明 (aki)
meaning "bright" or 秋 (aki)
meaning "autumn". It can also come from 亜 (a)
meaning "second, Asia" combined with 希 (ki)
meaning "hope". Other kanji or combinations of kanji can form this name too.
AKIHIKO m Japanese
From Japanese 明 (aki)
or 昭 (aki)
both meaning "bright" combined with 彦 (hiko)
meaning "boy, prince". Other combinations of kanji characters can also form this name.
AKIHITO m Japanese
From Japanese 明 (aki)
or 昭 (aki)
both meaning "bright" combined with 仁 (hito)
meaning "compassionate". Other kanji combinations are possible. Akihito (1933-), name written 明仁
, was the emperor of Japan from 1989 to 2019.
AKIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 晶 (aki)
meaning "clear, crystal", 明 (aki)
meaning "bright" or 秋 (aki)
meaning "autumn" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other combinations of kanji characters are possible.
AKIMITSU m Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (aki)
meaning "bright" and 光 (mitsu)
meaning "light". Other combinations of kanji can also form this name.
AKIO m Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (aki)
meaning "bright, luminous" combined with 夫 (o)
meaning "man, husband", 男 (o)
meaning "male" or 雄 (o)
meaning "hero, manly". Other kanji combinations are possible.
AKIRA m & f Japanese
From Japanese 昭 (akira)
meaning "bright", 明 (akira)
meaning "bright" or 亮 (akira)
meaning "clear". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name. A famous bearer was the Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), given name written 明
AKIVA m Hebrew
From an Aramaic form of YAAKOV
. Akiva (or Akiba) ben Joseph was a prominent 1st-century Jewish rabbi.
ÁKOS m Hungarian
Possibly of Turkic origin meaning "white falcon"
. This was the name of a medieval Hungarian clan.
AL m English
Short form of ALBERT
and other names beginning with Al
. A notable bearer is American actor Al Pacino (1940-).
ALA m Arabic
Means "excellence, elevation"
ALA AL-DIN m Arabic
Means "excellence of religion"
from Arabic عَلَاء ('ala)
meaning "excellence, elevation" combined with دين (din)
meaning "religion, faith". This was the name of several sultans of Delhi.
ALADDIN m Literature
Anglicized form of ALA AL-DIN
. This is the name of a mischievous boy in one of the tales of The 1001 Nights
. A magician traps him in a cave, but he escapes with the help of a genie.
AL-AMIR m Arabic (Rare)
Means "the commander, the prince"
in Arabic. This was the name of a 10th-century Fatimid imam.
ALAN m English, Scottish, Breton, French
The meaning of this name is not known for certain. It was used in Brittany at least as early as the 6th century, and it possibly means either "little rock"
in Breton. Alternatively, it may derive from the tribal name of the Alans, an Iranian people who migrated into Europe in the 4th and 5th centuries.... [more]
ALANIS f English (Rare)
Feminine form of ALAN
. Canadian musician Alanis Morissette (1974-) was named after her father Alan. Her parents apparently decided to use this particular spelling after seeing this word in a Greek newspaper.
ALANNAH f English (Modern), Irish
Variant of ALANA
. It has been influenced by the affectionate Anglo-Irish word alannah
, from the Irish Gaelic phrase a leanbh
meaning "O child".
ALARIC m Ancient Germanic
From the Gothic name Alareiks
, which meant "ruler of all"
, derived from the Germanic element ala
"all" combined with ric
"ruler". This was the name of a king of the Visigoths who sacked Rome in the 5th century.
ALBA (1) f Italian, Spanish, Catalan
This name is derived from two distinct names, ALBA (2)
and ALBA (3)
, with distinct origins, Latin and Germanic. Over time these names have become confused with one another. To further complicate the matter, alba
means "dawn" in Italian, Spanish and Catalan. This may be the main inspiration behind its use in Italy and Spain.
ALBAER m Limburgish
Limburgish form of ALBERT
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Albert.
ALBAN m German, French, Albanian, English (Rare)
From the Roman cognomen Albanus
, which meant "from Alba"
. Alba (from Latin albus
"white") was the name of various places within the Roman Empire, including the city Alba Longa. This name was borne by Saint Alban, the first British martyr (4th century). According to tradition, he sheltered a fugitive priest in his house. When his house was searched, he disguised himself as the priest, was arrested in his stead, and was beheaded. As an English name, Alban
was occasionally used in the Middle Ages and was revived in the 18th century, though it is now uncommon.
ALBENA f Bulgarian
Created by Bulgarian writer Yordan Yovkov for the heroine in his drama Albena
(1930). He may have based it on ablen
, the name of a type of peony (a flowering plant).
ALBERICH m Ancient Germanic, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic elements alf
"elf" and ric
"ruler, mighty". Alberich was the name of the sorcerer king of the dwarfs in Germanic mythology. He also appears in the Nibelungenlied
as a dwarf who guards the treasure of the Nibelungen.
ALBERT m English, French, Catalan, German, Polish, Russian, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Romanian, Hungarian, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Adalbert
meaning "noble and bright"
, composed of the elements adal
"noble" and beraht
"bright". This name was common among medieval German royalty. The Normans introduced it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Æðelberht
. Though it became rare in England by the 17th century, it was repopularized in the 19th century by the German-born Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.... [more]
ALBINA f Russian, Ukrainian, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Slovene, Polish, German, Lithuanian, Belarusian, Ancient Roman
Feminine form of ALBINUS
. This was the name of a few early saints, including a 3rd-century martyr from Caesarea.
ALBINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen that was a derivative of ALBUS
. Saint Albinus (also called Aubin) was a 6th-century bishop of Angers in Brittany.
ALBORZ m Persian
From the name of a mountain range (of unknown etymology) in northern Iran.
ALCIBIADES m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλκιβιάδης (Alkibiades)
, derived from ἀλκή (alke)
meaning "strength" and βία (bia)
meaning "force" with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides)
. This was the name of a notable Greek statesman and general during the Peloponnesian War. He changed allegiance from Athens to Sparta and back again during the course of the war.
ALCYONE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ἀλκυόνη (Alkyone)
, derived from the word ἀλκυών (alkyon)
. In Greek myth this name belonged to a daughter of Aeolus and the wife of Ceyx. After her husband was killed in a shipwreck she threw herself into the water, but the gods saved her and turned them both into kingfishers. This is also the name of the brightest of the Pleiades, the seven stars in the constellation Taurus.
ALDARA f Galician
Galician form of the Visigothic name Hildiwara
, which was composed of the Germanic elements hild
"battle" and war
"vigilant, cautious". This was the name of the mother of Saint Rosendo
ALDEBRAND m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements ald
meaning "old" and brand
meaning "sword" or "fire". Saint Aldebrand was a 12th-century bishop of Fossombrone in Italy.
ALDEGUND f Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, derived from the elements ald
"old" and gund
"war". Saint Aldegund (or Aldegundis) was a 7th-century Frankish abbess.
ALDONA f Lithuanian, Polish
Meaning unknown. This was the name of a 14th-century Polish queen, the daughter of a Grand Duke of Lithuania.
ALDOUS m English (Rare)
Probably a diminutive of names beginning with the Old English element eald
"old". It has been in use as an English given name since the Middle Ages, mainly in East Anglia. The British author Aldous Huxley (1894-1963) was a famous bearer of this name.
ALE (2) m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element adal
ALED m Welsh
From the name of a Welsh river, of uncertain meaning.
ALEJANDRO m Spanish
Spanish form of ALEXANDER
. This was the most popular name for boys in Spain from the 1990s until 2006 (and again in 2011).
ALEKSANDRA f Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Serbian, Bulgarian, Slovene, Croatian, Macedonian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Form of ALEXANDRA
in several languages.
ALESSANDRO m Italian
Italian form of ALEXANDER
. A famous bearer was Alessandro Volta (1745-1827), the Italian physicist who invented the battery.
ALETA f English
Possibly a variant of ALETHEA
. This was the name of the wife of the title character in the comic strip Prince Valiant
, which first appeared in 1937.
ALETHEA f English
Derived from Greek ἀλήθεια (aletheia)
. This name was coined in the 16th century.
ALEX m & f English, Dutch, German, French, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Czech, Russian
Short form of ALEXANDER
, and other names beginning with Alex
ALEXANDER m English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovak, Biblical, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλέξανδρος (Alexandros)
, which meant "defending men"
from Greek ἀλέξω (alexo)
meaning "to defend, help" and ἀνήρ (aner)
meaning "man" (genitive ἀνδρός
). In Greek mythology this was another name of the hero Paris
, and it also belongs to several characters in the New Testament. However, the most famous bearer was Alexander the Great, king of Macedon. In the 4th century BC he built a huge empire out of Greece, Egypt, Persia, and parts of India. Due to his fame, and later medieval tales involving him, use of his name spread throughout Europe.... [more]
ALEXANDRA f English, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Catalan, Spanish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Feminine form of ALEXANDER
. In Greek mythology this was a Mycenaean epithet of the goddess Hera
, and an alternate name of Cassandra
. It was borne by several early Christian saints, and also by the wife of Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia. She was from Germany and had the birth name Alix
, but was renamed Александра (Aleksandra)
upon joining the Russian Church.
ALEXANDRIA f English
Feminine form of ALEXANDER
. Alexander the Great founded several cities by this name (or renamed them) as he extended his empire eastward. The most notable of these is Alexandria in Egypt, founded by Alexander in 331 BC.
ALEXIS m & f German, French, English, Greek, Ancient Greek
From the Greek name Ἄλεξις (Alexis)
, derived from Greek ἀλέξω (alexo)
meaning "to defend, to help". This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Greek comic poet, and also of several saints. It is used somewhat interchangeably with the related name Ἀλέξιος
, borne by five Byzantine emperors. In the English-speaking world it is more commonly used as a feminine name.
ALEXIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλέξιος (Alexios)
, a derivative of Ἄλεξις
). This was the name of five Byzantine emperors. It was also borne by a 5th-century Syrian saint who is especially venerated in the Eastern Church.
ALF (1) m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Norse Mythology
Derived from Old Norse alfr
. In Norse legend this was the name of king, the suitor of a reluctant maiden named Alfhild. She avoided marrying him by disguising herself as a warrior, but when they fought she was so impressed by his strength that she changed her mind.
ALFHILD f Norwegian, Swedish
From the Old Norse name Alfhildr
, which was composed of the elements alfr
"elf" and hildr
"battle". In Scandinavian legend Alfhild was a maiden who disguised herself as a warrior in order to avoid marriage to King Alf. Her life was perhaps based on that of a 9th-century Viking pirate.
ALFIA f Bashkir, Tatar
Possibly derived from Arabic ألْف (alf)
. Alternatively, it may be of Turkic origin.
ALFONSO m Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of a Visigothic Germanic name, probably meaning "noble and ready"
, from the element adal
"noble" combined with funs
"ready". Other theories claim the first element is hadu
), both of which mean "battle". It is possible that two or more names merged into a single form. This was the name of six kings of Portugal and kings of several ancient regions of Spain.
ALFRED m English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Polish, Dutch
Means "elf counsel"
, derived from the Old English name Ælfræd
, composed of the elements ælf
"elf" and ræd
"counsel". Alfred the Great was a 9th-century king of Wessex who fought unceasingly against the Danes living in northeast England. He was also a scholar, and he translated many Latin books into Old English. His fame helped to ensure the usage of this name even after the Norman Conquest, when most Old English names were replaced by Norman ones. It became rare by the end of the Middle Ages, but was revived in the 18th century.... [more]
ALGAR m English (Rare)
Means "elf spear"
from Old English ælf
"elf" and gar
"spear". This Old English name was rarely used after the Norman Conquest, being absorbed by similar-sounding names and Norman and Scandinavian cognates. It was briefly revived in the 19th century.
ALGERNON m English
Originally a Norman French nickname, derived from aux gernons "having a moustache"
, which was applied to William de Percy, a companion of William the Conqueror. It was first used a given name in the 15th century (for a descendant of William de Percy).