ARISTOTLE m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Αριστοτελης (Aristoteles)
meaning "the best purpose", derived from αριστος (aristos)
"best" and τελος (telos)
"purpose, aim". This was the name of a Greek philosopher of the 4th century BC who made lasting contributions to Western thought, including the fields of logic, metaphysics, ethics and biology.
ARJA f Finnish
Variant of IRJA
. The Finnish poet Eino Leino used it in his poem 'Arja and Selinä' (1916), though belonging to a male character.
ARJUNA m Hinduism
Means "white, clear" in Sanskrit. This is the name of a hero in Hindu texts, the son of the god Indra
and the princess Kunti.
ARKADIOS m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name meaning "of Arcadia". Arcadia was a region in Greece, its name deriving from αρκτος (arktos)
"bear". This was the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr.
ARKADIY m Russian
Russian form of ARKADIOS
. This is the name of one of the main characters in Ivan Turgenev's 'Fathers and Sons' (1862).
ARKE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element arn
ARLINE f English
Meaning unknown, possibly invented by Michael William Balfe for the main character in his opera 'The Bohemian Girl' (1843).
ARLO m English
Meaning uncertain. It was perhaps inspired by the fictional place name Arlo Hill from the poem 'The Faerie Queene' (1590) by Edmund Spenser. Spenser probably got Arlo by altering the real Irish place name Aherlow, which is Gaelic meaning "between two highlands".
ARLOTTO m Medieval Italian
Medieval Italian name, recorded in Latin as Arlotus
. It is possibly from Old French herlot
meaning "vagabond, tramp".
ARMAS m Finnish
Means "beloved" in Finnish (an archaic poetic word).
ARMEL m Breton, French
Breton and French form of the Brythonic name Arthmael
, which was composed of the elements arth
"bear" and mael
"prince". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who founded abbeys in Brittany.
ARMIDA f Italian, Spanish
Probably created by the 16th-century Italian poet Torquato Tasso for his epic poem 'Jerusalem Delivered' (1580). In the poem Armida is a beautiful enchantress who bewitches many of the crusaders.
ARMIDE f Literature
French form of ARMIDA
. This is the name of operas by Jean-Baptiste Lully (in 1686) and Christoph Willibald Gluck (in 1777), both of which were based on 'Jerusalem Delivered' by Torquato Tasso.
ARMINIUS m Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Germanic name that was probably derived from the element ermen
meaning "whole, universal". Other theories claim that it is related to HERMAN
. Arminius was a 1st-century ruler of the Cherusci who led a rebellion against the Roman Empire.
ARNFINN m Norwegian
Norwegian form of Arnfinnr
, which was derived from the elements arn
"eagle" and finnr
"Sámi, person from Finland".
ARNOLD m English, German, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "eagle power", derived from the elements arn
"eagle" and wald
"power". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Earnweald
. It died out as an English name after the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century.... [more]
AROA f Basque
Derived from Basque aro
meaning "era, age, time".
ÁRPÁD m Hungarian
From Hungarian árpa
meaning "barley". This was the name of a 9th-century Magyar ruler who led his people into Hungary. He is considered a Hungarian national hero.
ARRAN m Scottish
From the name of an island off the west coast of Scotland in the Firth of Clyde.
ARSENIOS m Ancient Greek
Means "virile" in Greek. Saint Arsenius was a 5th-century deacon who was tutor to the two sons of the Roman emperor Theodosius. The two sons, Arcadius and Honorius, divided the empire into eastern and western halves upon their father's death.
ARTAXERXES m Ancient Persian (Hellenized), Biblical
Greek form of the Persian name Artakhshathra
meaning "righteous ruler". This was the name of several Achaemenid Persian rulers. It was also borne by the founder of the Sassanid Empire, usually known by the Middle Persian form Ardashir
ARTEMIDOROS m Ancient Greek
Means "gift of Artemis" from the name of the goddess ARTEMIS
combined with Greek δωρον (doron)
"gift". This was the name of a Greek author of the 2nd century who wrote about the interpretation of dreams.
ARTEMIOS m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name that was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS
. This was the name of a 4th-century general in the Roman army who is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church.
ARTEMISIA f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of ARTEMISIOS
. This was the name of the 4th-century BC builder of the Mausoleum, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. She built it in memory of her husband, the Carian prince Mausolus.
ARTHIT m Thai
Means "sun" in Thai, derived from the name of the Hindu god ADITYA
ARTHUR m English, French, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance
The meaning of this name is unknown. It could be derived from the Celtic elements artos
"bear" combined with viros
"man" or rigos
"king". Alternatively it could be related to an obscure Roman family name Artorius
. Arthur is the name of the central character in Arthurian legend, a 6th-century king of the Britons who resisted Saxon invaders. He may or may not have been a real person. He first appears in Welsh poems and chronicles (some possibly as early as the 7th century) but his character was not developed until the chronicles of the 12th-century Geoffrey of Monmouth.... [more]
ARUNDHATI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
The name of a star (also called Alcor), which was named after a type of climbing plant, possibly meaning "not restrained" in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief it is the name of the sage Vasishtha's wife, who is identified with the star.
ARUSHI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अरुष (arusha)
meaning "reddish, dawn", a word used in the Rigveda to describe the red horses of Agni
. This name also appears in the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' belonging to a daughter of Manu
and the wife of Chyavana, though in this case it might derive from Sanskrit आरुषी (arushi)
meaning "hitting, killing".
ARWA f Arabic
Possibly means "mountain goats" in Arabic. This name was borne by some relatives of the Prophet Muhammad
. It was also the name of a 12th-century queen of Yemen.
ARWEN f Literature
Means "noble maiden" in Sindarin. In 'The Lord of the Rings' (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Arwen was the daughter of Elrond
and the lover of Aragorn
ARWYN m Welsh
From the Welsh intensifying prefix ar-
meaning "white, fair".
ARYA (1) m & f Persian, Indian, Hindi, Malayalam
From an old Indo-Iranian root meaning "Aryan, noble". In India, this is a transcription of both the masculine form आर्य
and the feminine form आर्या
. In Iran it is only a masculine name.
ARYA (2) f Literature
Created by author George R. R. Martin for a popular character in his series 'A Song of Ice and Fire', published beginning 1996, and the television adaptation 'Game of Thrones' (2011-2019). In the story Arya is the second daughter of Ned Stark, the lord of Winterfell.
ÅSA f Swedish
Short form of Old Norse feminine names beginning with the element áss
ASAPH m Biblical
Means "collector" in Hebrew. This name belongs to several minor characters in the Old Testament.
ASCENSIÓN f Spanish
Means "ascension" in Spanish. This name is given in reference to the Ascension of Jesus
ÅSE f Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Danish and Norwegian form of ÅSA
, as well as a Swedish variant. It was used by the Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen in his play 'Peer Gynt' (1867), where it belongs to the mother of the title character.
ASEN m Bulgarian
Meaning unknown, probably of Turkic origin. This was the name of a 12th-century Bulgarian emperor (Ivan Asen I) and several of his successors.
ASGER m Danish
From the Old Norse name Ásgeirr
, derived from the elements áss
meaning "god" and geirr
ASH m & f English
Short form of ASHLEY
. It can also come directly from the English word denoting either the tree or the residue of fire.
ASHANTI f & m Various
From the name of an African people who reside in southern Ghana. It possibly means "warlike" in the Twi language.
ASHERAH f Semitic Mythology
Perhaps derived from Semitic roots meaning "she who walks in the sea". This was the name of a Semitic mother goddess. She was worshipped by the Israelites before the advent of monotheism.
ASHLEY f & m English
From an English surname that was originally derived from place names meaning "ash tree clearing", from a combination of Old English æsc
. Until the 1960s it was more commonly given to boys in the United States, but it is now most often used on girls.
ASHOKA m Sanskrit
Means "without sorrow" in Sanskrit. This name was borne by Ashoka the Great, a 3rd-century BC emperor of India.
ASHTON m & f English
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name that meant "ash tree town" in Old English.
ASHUR m Semitic Mythology
From the name of the city of ASHUR
, the capital of the Assyrian Empire, which is of unknown meaning. Ashur was the patron deity of the city and the chief god of Assyria.
ASHURBANIPAL m Ancient Assyrian (Anglicized)
From Akkadian Ashur-bani-apli
is creator of a son". This was the name of one of the final kings of the Assyrian Empire, reigning late in the 7th century BC. He appears in the Old Testament under the name Asnappar
ASIF m Arabic
Possibly means "forgiveness" in Arabic.
ASİL m Turkish
Means "noble" in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic أصيل (asil)
ASK m Norse Mythology
Derived from Old Norse askr
"ash tree". In Norse mythology Ask and his wife Embla
were the first humans created by the gods.
ASKLEPIOS m Greek Mythology
Possibly means "cut up" in Greek. Asklepios (Aesculapius to the Romans) was the god of healing and medicine in Greek mythology.
ASLAN m Turkish, Kazakh, Azerbaijani, Chechen, Ossetian, Circassian
From Turkic arslan
meaning "lion". This was a byname or title borne by several medieval Turkic rulers, including the Seljuk sultan Alp Arslan (a byname meaning "brave lion") who drove the Byzantines from Anatolia in the 11th century. The author C. S. Lewis later used the name Aslan
for the main protagonist (a lion) in his 'Chronicles of Narnia' series of books, first appearing in 1950.
ASLAUG f Norwegian
Derived from the Old Norse elements áss
meaning "god" and laug
possibly meaning "betrothed woman".
ASMAA f Arabic
Means "appellations, names" in Arabic. This was the name of a daughter of Abu Bakr
, the first caliph of the Muslims.
ASPASIA f Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ασπασιος (aspasios)
meaning "welcome, embrace". This was the name of the lover of Pericles (5th century BC).
ASPEN f English (Modern)
From the English word for the tree, derived from Old English æspe
. It is also the name of a ski resort in Colorado.
ASRA f Arabic
Means "travel at night" in Arabic. It is related to Isra
ASSE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element asc
meaning "ash tree" or ans
ASTAROTH m Literature
, the plural form of ASHTORETH
used in the bible to refer to Phoenician idols. This spelling was used in late medieval demonology texts to refer to a type of (masculine) demon.
AŞTÎ f & m Kurdish
Means "peace, tranquility" in Kurdish.
ASTON m & f English (Rare)
From a surname that was originally derived from either a place name meaning "east town" in Old English or from the given name ÆÐELSTAN
ASTRAEA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek Αστραια (Astraia)
, derived from Greek αστηρ (aster)
meaning "star". Astraea was a Greek goddess of justice and innocence. After wickedness took root in the world she left the earth and became the constellation Virgo.
ASTROPHEL m Literature
Probably intended to mean "star lover", from Greek αστηρ (aster)
"star" and φιλος (philos)
"lover, friend". This name was first used by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney in his collection of sonnets 'Astrophel and Stella'.
ASUKA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 明日 (asu)
meaning "tomorrow" and 香 (ka)
meaning "fragrance", or from 飛 (asu)
meaning "to fly" and 鳥 (ka)
meaning "bird". Other kanji combinations can be possible as well.
ASUNCIÓN f Spanish
Means "assumption" in Spanish. This name is given in reference to the assumption of the Virgin Mary
ATALANTA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Αταλαντη (Atalante)
meaning "equal in weight", derived from αταλαντος (atalantos)
, a word related to ταλαντον (talanton)
meaning "a scale, a balance". In Greek legend she was a fast-footed maiden who refused to marry anyone who could not beat her in a race. She was eventually defeated by Hippomenes, who dropped three golden apples during the race causing her to stop to pick them up.
ATHALIAH f & m Biblical
Possibly means "YAHWEH
is exalted" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a feminine and masculine name. It was borne by the daughter of Ahab
, who later came to rule Judah as a queen.
ATHANARIC m Ancient Germanic
From the Gothic name Athanareiks
, derived from the Germanic element athana
meaning "year" combined with ric
meaning "power, ruler". Athanaric was a 4th-century ruler of the Visigoths.
ATHENA f Greek Mythology, English
Meaning unknown. Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom and warfare and the patron goddess of the city of Athens in Greece. It is likely that her name is derived from that of the city, not vice versa. The earliest mention of her seems to be a 15th-century BC Mycenaean Greek inscription from Knossos on Crete.... [more]