AQIL m Arabic
Means "intelligent, wise"
in Arabic. This transcription represents two different Arabic spellings.
ARA m Armenian, Armenian Mythology
Meaning unknown, possibly of Sumerian origin. In Armenian legend this was the name of an Armenian king who was so handsome that the Assyrian queen Semiramis went to war to capture him. During the war Ara was slain.
ARABELLA f English
Medieval Scottish name, probably a variant of ANNABEL
. It has long been associated with Latin orabilis
meaning "invokable, yielding to prayer".
ARACELI f Spanish
Means "altar of the sky"
from Latin ara
"altar" and coeli
"sky". This is an epithet of the Virgin Mary
in her role as the patron saint of Lucena, Spain.
ARACHNE f Greek Mythology
in Greek. In Greek myth Arachne was a mortal woman who defeated Athena
in a weaving contest. After this Arachne hanged herself, but Athena brought her back to life in the form of a spider.
ARAGORN m Literature
Meaning unexplained, though the first element is presumably Sindarin ara
"noble, kingly". This is the name of a character in The Lord of the Rings
(1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien. In the book Aragorn is the heir of the Dúnedain kings of the north.
ARAMINTA f English (Rare)
Meaning unknown. This name was (first?) used by William Congreve in his comedy The Old Bachelor
(1693) and later by Sir John Vanbrugh in his comedy The Confederacy
(1705). This was the real name of abolitionist Harriet Tubman (1820-1913), who was born Araminta Ross.
ARAMIS m Literature
The surname of one of the musketeers in The Three Musketeers
(1844) by Alexandre Dumas. Dumas based the character on the 17th-century Henri d'Aramitz, whose surname was derived from the French village of Aramits (itself from Basque aran
ARAN (1) f & m Irish
From the name of the Aran Islands off the west coast of Ireland.
ARANTZAZU f Basque
From the name of a place near the Spanish town of Oñati where there is a sanctuary dedicated to the Virgin Mary
. Its name is derived from Basque arantza
ARARAT m Armenian
From the name of a mountain in eastern Turkey (formerly part of Armenia), the place where Noah
's Ark came to rest according to the Old Testament.
ARASH m Persian, Persian Mythology
Possibly means either "truthfulness"
in Persian. In Persian legend Arash was a Persian archer who was ordered by the Turans to shoot an arrow, the landing place of which would determine the new location of the Persian-Turan border. Arash climbed a mountain and fired his arrow with such strength that it flew for several hours and landed on the banks of the far-away Oxus River.
ARATA m Japanese
From Japanese 新 (arata)
meaning "fresh, new". Other kanji or kanji combinations can also form this name.
ARAWN m Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. This was the name of the god of the underworld, called Annwfn, in Welsh mythology.
ARAX f Armenian
From the name of an Armenian river, also called the Aras.
ARCADIA f Various
Feminine form of ARCADIUS
. This is the name of a region on the Greek Peloponnese, long idealized for its natural beauty.
ARCHER m English
From an English surname meaning "bowman, archer"
, of Old French origin.
ARCHIBALD m Scottish, English
Derived from the Germanic elements ercan
"genuine" and bald
"bold". The first element was altered due to the influence of Greek names beginning with the element ἀρχός (archos)
meaning "master". The Normans brought this name to England. It first became common in Scotland in the Middle Ages.
ARCHIL m Georgian
Meaning unknown, of Persian origin. This was the name of an 8th-century Georgian noble who was executed for refusing to convert to Islam.
ARDA m Turkish
Possibly means "marker, stake"
ARDASHIR m Persian
From the Middle Persian form of Artakhshathra
). This was the name of a 3rd-century king of Persia who defeated the Parthians and founded the Sassanid Empire. He also established Zoroastrianism as the state religion.
ARDATH f English
From the name of a plain that appears in the apocryphal book of 2 Esdras (verse 9:26) in some versions of the Old Testament. This place name was used by Marie Corelli for the title of an 1889 novel, which is probably the reason it gained some currency as a given name just after this time.
ARDEN m & f English
From an English surname, originally taken from various place names, which were derived from a Celtic word meaning "high"
ARDGHAL m Irish
Means "high valour"
, derived from the Irish elements ard
"high" and gal
ARDIT m Albanian
Means "golden day"
in Albanian, from ar
"gold" and ditë
ARELI m Biblical
Means "lion of God, hero"
in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Gad
in the Old Testament.
ARES m Greek Mythology
Perhaps from either Greek ἀρή (are)
meaning "bane, ruin"
or ἄρσην (arsen)
. The name first appears as a-re
in Mycenaean Greek writing. Ares was the bloodthirsty god of war in Greek mythology, a son of Zeus
ARETAS m Biblical
Greek form of an Aramaic name, of unknown meaning. This was the name of four Nabataean kings of Petra
in Jordan, including the first king (2nd century BC). King Aretas IV is mentioned briefly in the New Testament.
ARETHA f English
Possibly derived from Greek ἀρετή (arete)
. This name was popularized in the 1960s by American singer Aretha Franklin (1942-).
ARETHUSA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From Greek Ἀρέθουσα (Arethousa)
meaning "quick water"
, which is possibly derived from ἄρδω (ardo)
meaning "water" and θοός (thoos)
meaning "quick, nimble". This was the name of a nymph in Greek mythology who was transformed into a fountain.
ARGIDER m Basque
Derived from Basque argi
"light" and eder
ARGUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Ἄργος (Argos)
, derived from ἀργός (argos)
meaning "glistening, shining"
. This name was borne by several characters from Greek myth, including the man who built the Argo and a giant with one hundred eyes.
ARIA (1) f English (Modern)
Means "song, melody"
in Italian (literally means "air"). An aria is an elaborate vocal solo, the type usually performed in operas. As an English name, it has only been in use since the 20th century. It is not common in Italy.
ARIADNE f Greek Mythology
Means "most holy"
, composed of the Cretan Greek elements ἀρι (ari)
meaning "most" and ἀδνός (adnos)
meaning "holy". In Greek mythology, Ariadne was the daughter of King Minos
. She fell in love with Theseus
and helped him to escape the Labyrinth and the Minotaur, but was later abandoned by him. Eventually she married the god Dionysus
ARIANRHOD f Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Possibly means "silver wheel"
or "round wheel"
in Welsh. In Welsh myth Arianrhod was the mother of the brothers Dylan
Llaw Gyffes. In earlier myths she was a goddess of the moon.
ARIDAI m Biblical
Meaning unknown, possibly of Persian origin. In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the ten sons of Haman
killed by the Jews.
ARIEL m & f Hebrew, English, French, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Means "lion of God"
in Hebrew, from אֲרִי ('ari)
meaning "lion" and אֵל ('el)
meaning "God". In the Old Testament it is used as another name for the city of Jerusalem. Shakespeare used it as the name of a spirit in his play The Tempest
(1611), and one of the moons of Uranus bears this name in his honour. As an English name, it became more common for females in the 1980s, especially after it was used for the title character in the Disney film The Little Mermaid
ARIES m Roman Mythology
in Latin. This is the name of a constellation and the first sign of the zodiac. Some Roman legends state that the ram in the constellation was the one who supplied the Golden Fleece sought by Jason
ARISTA f Astronomy
Means "ear of corn"
in Latin. This is the name of a star, also known as Spica, in the constellation Virgo.
ARISTOTLE m Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Ἀριστοτέλης (Aristoteles)
meaning "the best purpose"
, derived from ἄριστος (aristos)
meaning "best" and τέλος (telos)
meaning "purpose, aim". This was the name of a Greek philosopher of the 4th century BC who made lasting contributions to Western thought, including the fields of logic, metaphysics, ethics and biology.
ARJA f Finnish
Variant of IRJA
. The Finnish poet Eino Leino used it in his poem Arja and Selinä
(1916), though belonging to a male character.
ARJUNA m Hinduism
Means "white, clear"
in Sanskrit. This is the name of a hero in Hindu texts, the son of the god Indra
and the princess Kunti.
ARKADIOS m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name meaning "of Arcadia"
. Arcadia was a region in Greece, its name deriving from ἄρκτος (arktos)
meaning "bear". This was the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr.
ARKADIY m Russian
Russian form of ARKADIOS
. This is the name of one of the main characters in Ivan Turgenev's Fathers and Sons
ARKE m Frisian
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element arn
ARLINE f English
Meaning unknown, possibly invented by Michael William Balfe for the main character in his opera The Bohemian Girl
ARLO m English
Meaning uncertain. It was perhaps inspired by the fictional place name Arlo Hill from the poem The Faerie Queene
(1590) by Edmund Spenser. Spenser probably got Arlo by altering the real Irish place name Aherlow, which is Gaelic meaning "between two highlands".
ARLOTTO m Medieval Italian
Medieval Italian name, recorded in Latin as Arlotus
. It is possibly from Old French herlot
meaning "vagabond, tramp"
ARMAS m Finnish
in Finnish (an archaic poetic word).
ARMEL m Breton, French
Breton and French form of the Brythonic name Arthmael
, which was composed of the elements arth
"bear" and mael
"prince, chieftain". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who founded abbeys in Brittany.
ARMIDA f Italian, Spanish (Latin American)
Probably created by the 16th-century Italian poet Torquato Tasso for his epic poem Jerusalem Delivered
(1580). In the poem Armida is a beautiful enchantress who bewitches many of the crusaders.
ARMIDE f Literature
French form of ARMIDA
. This is the name of operas by Jean-Baptiste Lully (in 1686) and Christoph Willibald Gluck (in 1777), both of which were based on Jerusalem Delivered
by Torquato Tasso.
ARMINIUS m Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Germanic name that was probably derived from the element ermen
meaning "whole, universal"
. Other theories claim that it is related to HERMAN
. Arminius was a 1st-century chief of the Germanic tribe of the Cherusci. Raised in Rome as a hostage, he eventually became a citizen and joined the army. However, he turned against the Empire, leading the Germans in a surprise attack in the Teutoburg Forest and driving the Romans from Germania.
ARNFINN m Norwegian
Norwegian form of Arnfinnr
, which was derived from the elements arn
"eagle" and finnr
"Sámi, person from Finland".
ARNOLD m English, German, Dutch, Polish, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "eagle power"
, derived from the elements arn
"eagle" and wald
"power". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Earnweald
. It died out as an English name after the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century.... [more]
ÁRPÁD m Hungarian
From Hungarian árpa
. This was the name of a 9th-century Magyar ruler who led his people into Hungary. He is considered a Hungarian national hero.
ARRAN m Scottish
From the name of an island off the west coast of Scotland in the Firth of Clyde.
ARSENIOS m Ancient Greek
in Greek. Saint Arsenius was a 5th-century deacon who was tutor to the two sons of the Roman emperor Theodosius. The two sons, Arcadius and Honorius, divided the empire into eastern and western halves upon their father's death.
ARTAXERXES m Ancient Persian (Hellenized), Biblical
Greek form of the Persian name Artakhshathra
meaning "righteous ruler"
. This was the name of several Achaemenid Persian rulers. It was also borne by the founder of the Sassanid Empire, usually known by the Middle Persian form Ardashir
ARTEMIDOROS m Ancient Greek
Means "gift of Artemis"
from the name of the goddess ARTEMIS
combined with Greek δῶρον (doron)
meaning "gift". This was the name of a Greek author of the 2nd century who wrote about the interpretation of dreams.
ARTEMIOS m Ancient Greek
From an ancient Greek name that was derived from the name of the Greek goddess ARTEMIS
. This was the name of a 4th-century general in the Roman army who is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church.
ARTEMIS f Greek Mythology, Greek
Meaning unknown, possibly related either to Greek ἀρτεμής (artemes)
or ἄρταμος (artamos)
meaning "a butcher"
. Artemis was the Greek goddess of the moon and hunting, the twin of Apollo
and the daughter of Zeus
. She was known as Diana
to the Romans.
ARTEMISIA f Ancient Greek
Feminine form of ARTEMISIOS
. This was the name of the 4th-century BC builder of the Mausoleum, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. She built it in memory of her husband, the Carian prince Mausolus.
ARTHIT m Thai
in Thai, derived from the name of the Hindu god ADITYA
ARTUR m Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Polish, Czech, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, German, Estonian, Swedish, Armenian
Form of ARTHUR
in several languages.
ARŪNAS m Lithuanian
Derived from poetic Lithuanian aras
meaning "eagle" combined with the patronymic suffix ūnas
ARUNDHATI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
The name of a star (also called Alcor), which was named after a type of climbing plant, possibly meaning "not restrained" in Sanskrit. In Hindu belief it is the name of the sage Vasishtha's wife, who is identified with the star.
ARUSHI f Hinduism, Indian, Hindi
From Sanskrit अरुष (arusha)
meaning "reddish, dawn"
, a word used in the Rigveda to describe the red horses of Agni
. This name also appears in the Hindu epic the Mahabharata
belonging to a daughter of Manu
and the wife of Chyavana, though in this case it might derive from Sanskrit आरुषी (arushi)
meaning "hitting, killing"
ARWA f Arabic
Possibly means "mountain goats"
in Arabic. This name was borne by some relatives of the Prophet Muhammad
. It was also the name of a 12th-century queen of Yemen.
ARWEN f Literature
Means "noble maiden"
in Sindarin. In The Lord of the Rings
(1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Arwen was the daughter of Elrond
and the lover of Aragorn
ARWYN m Welsh
From the Welsh intensifying prefix ar-
meaning "white, fair".
ARYA (1) m & f Persian, Indian, Hindi, Malayalam
From an old Indo-Iranian root meaning "Aryan, noble". In India, this is a transcription of both the masculine form आर्य
and the feminine form आर्या
. In Iran it is only a masculine name.