HESTIA f Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ἑστία (hestia)
meaning "hearth, fireside"
. In Greek mythology Hestia was the goddess of the hearth and domestic activity.
HEZEKIAH m Biblical
From the Hebrew name חִזְקִיָהוּ (Chizqiyahu)
, which means "YAHWEH strengthens"
, from the roots חָזַק (chazaq)
meaning "to strength" and יָה (yah)
referring to the Hebrew God. This name was borne by a powerful king of Judah who reigned in the 8th and 7th centuries BC. Also in the Old Testament, this is the name of an ancestor of the prophet Zephaniah
HIAWATHA m History, Indigenous American, Iroquois
From the Iroquoian name Haio-went-ha
meaning "he who combs"
. This was the name of a Mohawk or Onondaga leader who founded the Iroquois Confederacy, possibly in the 15th century. He was later the subject of a fictionalized 1855 poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
HIDDE m Frisian
Frisian short form of names containing the Germanic element hild
HIDEAKI m Japanese
From Japanese 英 (hide)
meaning "excellent, fine" and 明 (aki)
meaning "bright", as well as other combinations of kanji.
HIDEKI m Japanese
From Japanese 秀 (hide)
meaning "excellent, outstanding" or 英 (hide)
meaning "excellent, fine" combined with 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
HIDEYOSHI m Japanese
From Japanese 秀 (hide)
meaning "excellent, outstanding" combined with 良 (yoshi)
meaning "good, virtuous, respectable" or 吉 (yoshi)
meaning "good luck". Other kanji combinations are possible. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (Hideyoshi 秀吉
being his given name) was a 16th-century daimyo who unified Japan and attempted to conquer Korea. He also banned the ownership of weapons by the peasantry, and banished Christian missionaries.
HIFUMI m & f Japanese
From Japanese 一 (hi)
meaning "one", 二 (fu)
meaning "two" and 三 (mi)
HIKARI f & m Japanese
From Japanese 光 (hikari)
meaning "light". Other kanji can also form this name. It is often written with the hiragana writing system.
HIKARU m & f Japanese
From Japanese 光 (hikaru)
meaning "light" or 輝 (hikaru)
meaning "brightness". Other kanji can also form this name.
HILA f Hebrew
Means "halo, aura"
in Hebrew, from the root הָלַל (halal)
meaning "to praise, to shine".
HILAL m & f Arabic, Turkish
Means "crescent moon"
in Arabic, also referring to the new moon on the Islamic calendar. As a given name it is typically masculine in Arabic and feminine in Turkish.
HILARIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman name derived from Latin hilaris
. Alternatively, it could be derived from the Greek name Ἱλαρός (Hilaros)
also meaning "cheerful" (the Greek word ἱλαρός
was the source of the Latin word hilaris
). Saint Hilarius was a 4th-century theologian and bishop of Poitiers. This was also the name of a 5th-century pope.
HILARY f & m English
Medieval English form of HILARIUS
. During the Middle Ages it was primarily a masculine name. It was revived in Britain at the beginning of the 20th century as a predominantly feminine name. In America, this name and the variant Hillary
seemed to drop in popularity after Hillary Clinton (1947-) became the first lady.
HILDRED f & m English
Possibly from the Old English masculine name Hildræd
, which was composed of the elements hild
"battle" and ræd
"counsel". This name was revived in the late 19th century, probably because of its similarity to the popular names Hilda
HILLA f Finnish
Short form of names beginning with Hil
. It also means "cloudberry" in Finnish.
HILLARY f English
Variant of HILARY
. A famous bearer of the surname was Sir Edmund Hillary (1919-2008), the first man to climb Mount Everest.
HILLEL m Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew הָלַל (halal)
. This name is mentioned briefly in the Old Testament as the father of the judge Abdon. It was also borne by the 1st-century BC Jewish scholar Hillel the Elder.
HILTRUD f German
Means "strength in battle"
, derived from the Germanic elements hild
"battle" and thrud
HINA f Japanese
From Japanese 陽 (hi)
meaning "light, sun, male" or 日 (hi)
meaning "sun, day" combined with 菜 (na)
meaning "vegetables, greens". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HINATA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 日向 (hinata)
meaning "sunny place", 陽向 (hinata)
meaning "toward the sun", or a non-standard reading of 向日葵 (himawari)
meaning "sunflower". Other kanji compounds are also possible. Because of the irregular readings, this name is often written using the hiragana writing system.
HIND f Arabic
Possibly means "group of camels"
in Arabic. Hind bint Abi Umayyah, also known as Umm Salama, was one of the wives of the Prophet Muhammad
. This is also the Arabic name for the country of India.
HIRAH m Biblical
in Hebrew. This was the name of a companion of Judah in the Old Testament.
HIRAKU m Japanese
From Japanese 拓 (hiraku)
meaning "expand, open, support". Other kanji can also form this name.
HIRAM m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Probably of Phoenician origin, though it could be from Hebrew meaning "exalted brother"
. This was the name of a king of Tyre in the Old Testament. As an English given name, Hiram
came into use after the Protestant Reformation. In the 17th century the Puritans brought it to America, where it gained some currency.
HİRANUR f Turkish
, from Arabic حراء (Hira)
, the name of the cave where the Prophet Muhammad
received his first revelation, combined with Arabic نور (nur)
HIROHITO m Japanese
From Japanese 裕 (hiro)
meaning "abundant" and 人 (hito)
meaning "person" or 仁 (hito)
meaning "compassionate". Hirohito (1901-1989), name written 裕仁
, was the emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989. Different combinations of kanji can also form this name.
HIROKI m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (hiro)
meaning "big, great" and 輝 (ki)
meaning "brightness" or 樹 (ki)
meaning "tree". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
HIROKO f Japanese
From Japanese 寛 (hiro)
meaning "tolerant, generous", 裕 (hiro)
meaning "abundant" or 浩 (hiro)
meaning "prosperous" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HIROSHI m Japanese
From Japanese 寛 (hiroshi)
meaning "tolerant, generous", 浩 (hiroshi)
meaning "prosperous", or other kanji and kanji combinations that are read the same way.
HIROTO m Japanese
From Japanese 大 (hiro)
meaning "big, great" or 博 (hiro)
meaning "command, esteem" combined with 人 (to)
meaning "person", 翔 (to)
meaning "soar, glide" or 斗 (to)
, which refers to a Chinese constellation. Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
HISHAM m Arabic
in Arabic, ultimately from hashama
"to crush". The meaning derives from the traditional Arab act of crushing bread into crumbs in order to share it. This was the name of an 8th-century caliph of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain.
HITOMI f Japanese
From Japanese 瞳 (hitomi)
meaning "pupil of the eye". It can also come from 史 (hito)
meaning "history" and 美 (mi)
meaning "beautiful", as well as other kanji combinations. This name is often written with the hiragana writing system.
HJÖRDIS f Swedish
Swedish form of the Old Norse name Hjǫrdís
meaning "sword goddess"
, derived from the elements hjǫrr
"sword" and dís
HLA m & f Burmese
Means "pretty, favourable"
HODEL f Yiddish (Rare)
Diminutive of HODE
. This is the name of Tevye's second daughter in the musical Fiddler on the Roof
(1964), based on late 19th-century stories by Sholem Aleichem.
HOEBAER m Limburgish
Limburgish form of HUBERT
. Its spelling has been influenced by the French pronunciation of Hubert.
HŌKŪLANI f Hawaiian
Means "heavenly star"
from Hawaiian hōkū
"star" and lani
"heaven, sky, royal, majesty".
HOLDEN m English (Modern)
From a surname that was originally derived from a place name meaning "deep valley"
in Old English. This is the name of the main character in J. D. Salinger's novel The Catcher in the Rye
(1951), Holden Caufield.
HOLLIS m & f English
From an English surname that was derived from Middle English holis "holly trees"
. It was originally given to a person who lived near a group of those trees.
HOLLY f English
From the English word for the holly tree, ultimately derived from Old English holen
HOMER m English, Ancient Greek (Anglicized)
From the Greek name Ὅμηρος (Homeros)
, derived from ὅμηρος (homeros)
meaning "hostage, pledge"
. Homer was the Greek epic poet who wrote the Iliad
, about the Trojan War, and the Odyssey
, about Odysseus
's journey home after the war. There is some debate about when he lived, or if he was even a real person, though most scholars place him in the 8th century BC. In the modern era, Homer
has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world (chiefly in America) since the 18th century. This name is borne by the cartoon father on the television series The Simpsons
HONEY f English (Rare)
Simply from the English word honey
, ultimately from Old English hunig
. This was originally a nickname for a sweet person.
HONG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 虹 (hóng)
meaning "rainbow", 弘 (hóng)
meaning "enlarge, expand, great" (which is usually only masculine) or 鸿 (hóng)
meaning "wild swan, great, vast" (also usually only masculine). Other characters can also form this name.
HONOKA f Japanese
From Japanese 和 (hono)
meaning "harmony" (using an obscure nanori reading) and 花 (ka)
meaning "flower", as well as other combinations of kanji that have the same pronunciation. Very often it is written using the hiragana writing system.
HONORATUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "esteemed, distinguished"
. This was the name of at least seven saints, including a 5th-century archbishop of Arles and a 6th-century bishop of Amiens who is the patron saint of bakers.
HONORINE f French
French form of Honorina
, a feminine form of the Roman name Honorinus
, a derivative of HONORIUS
. Saint Honorina was a 4th-century martyr from the Normandy region in France.
HONORIUS m Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "honour"
. This was the name of an emperor of the Western Roman Empire. It was also borne by a few early saints and four popes.
HONOUR f English (Rare)
From the English word honour
, which is of Latin origin. This was one of the virtue names adopted by the Puritans in the 17th century. It can also be viewed as a form of HONORIA
, which are ultimately derived from the same source.
HOPE f English
From the English word hope
, ultimately from Old English hopian
. This name was first used by the Puritans in the 17th century.
HORACE m English, French
English and French form of HORATIUS
, and the name by which the Roman poet Quintus Horatius Flaccus is commonly known those languages. In the modern era it has been used as a given name since the Renaissance, in honour of the poet.
HORATIO m English
Variant of HORATIUS
. It was borne by the British admiral Horatio Nelson (1758-1805), famous for his defeat of Napoleon's forces in the Battle of Trafalgar, in which he was himself killed. Since his time the name has been occasionally used in his honour.
HORATIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name that was possibly derived from Latin hora
meaning "hour, time, season"
, though the name may actually be of Etruscan origin. A famous bearer was Quintus Horatius Flaccus, a Roman lyric poet of the 1st century BC who is better known as Horace in the English-speaking world.
HOREA m Romanian
From Romanian horă
, a type of circle dance. This was the nickname of Vasile Ursu Nicola (1731-1785), a leader of a peasant rebellion in Romania. He was eventually captured, tortured and executed.
HORSA m Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic element hros
. According to medieval chronicles, Horsa and his brother Hengist
were the leaders of the first Saxon settlers to arrive in Britain. Horsa died in battle with the Britons.
HORST m German
Means "wood, thicket"
in German. Alternatively, it may derive from the Germanic element hros
HORUS m Egyptian Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Ὧρος (Horos)
, the Greek form of Egyptian ḥrw
(reconstructed as Heru
and other forms) possibly from ḥr "above, over"
or ḥrj "distant"
. In Egyptian mythology Horus was the god of light, often depicted as a man with the head of a falcon. The son Osiris
, he avenged his father's murder by killing Seth
HOSANNA f Biblical
From the Aramaic religious expression הושע נא (Hosha' na')
meaning "deliver us"
in Hebrew. In the New Testament this is exclaimed by those around Jesus
when he first enters Jerusalem.
HOSEA m Biblical
Variant English form of HOSHEA
, though the name is spelled the same in the Hebrew text. Hosea is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Hosea. Written in the northern kingdom, it draws parallels between his relationship with his unfaithful wife and the relationship between God and his people.
HOSHEA m Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew name הוֹשֵׁעַ (Hoshe'a)
, from the root יָשַׁע (yasha')
. In the Old Testament at Numbers 13:16
gives the spy Hoshea the new name Yehoshu'a
), which has a related origin. This name was also borne by an 8th-century BC king of Israel, who was the last ruler of that state before it was conquered by Assyria.
HOSHI f Japanese
From Japanese 星 (hoshi)
meaning "star" or other kanji with the same pronunciation.
HOSHIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 星 (hoshi)
meaning "star" and 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are possible.
HOUSTON m English
From a Scottish surname meaning "HUGH
's town". The original Houston is in Scotland near Glasgow, but this is also the name of a city in Texas, named after the Texas president Sam Houston (1793-1863).
HOWARD m English
From an English surname that can derive from several different sources: the Anglo-Norman given name Huard
, which was from the Germanic name HUGHARD
; the Anglo-Scandinavian given name Haward
, from the Old Norse name HÁVARÐR
; or the Middle English term ewehirde
meaning "ewe herder". This is the surname of a British noble family, members of which have held the title Duke of Norfolk from the 15th century to the present. A famous bearer of the given name was the American industrialist Howard Hughes (1905-1976).
HOYT m English
From an English surname that was derived from Middle English hoit "stick"
, originally a nickname for a thin person.
HRÓARR m Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name, derived from the element hróðr
"fame" combined with either geirr
"spear" (making it a relation of HRÓÐGEIRR
"warrior" or varr
"vigilant, cautious". This is the name of a legendary Danish king, the same one who is featured in the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf
with the name Hroðgar
HROÐGAR m Anglo-Saxon
Old English cognate of Hrodger
). The name became unused after the Normans introduced Hrodger
after their invasion. In the Old English poem Beowulf
this is the name of the Danish king.
HUA f & m Chinese
From Chinese 华 (huá)
meaning "splendid, illustrious, Chinese" or 花 (huā)
meaning "flower, blossom" (which is usually only feminine). Other Chinese characters can form this name as well.
HUAN f & m Chinese
From Chinese 欢 (huān)
meaning "happy, pleased", as well as other characters pronounced in a similar way.
HUANG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 煌 (huáng)
meaning "bright, shining, luminous" (which is usually only masculine) or 凰 (huáng)
meaning "phoenix" (usually only feminine). Other Chinese characters are also possible.
HUANGDI m Chinese Mythology
From Chinese 黄 (huáng)
meaning "yellow" and 帝 (dì)
meaning "god, emperor". This is the Chinese name for the Yellow Emperor, a mythical ruler and deity who is said to have reigned in the 3rd millennium BC. He is regarded as the ancestor of the Chinese people.
HUANGLONG m Chinese Mythology
From Chinese 黄 (huáng)
meaning "yellow" and 龙 (lóng)
meaning "dragon". This is the Chinese name for the Yellow Dragon, who is considered the animal form of the mythical Yellow Emperor Huangdi
HUBERT m English, German, Dutch, French, Polish, Ancient Germanic
Means "bright heart"
, derived from the Germanic elements hug
"heart, mind" and beraht
"bright". Saint Hubert was an 8th-century bishop of Maastricht who is considered the patron saint of hunters. The Normans brought the name to England, where it replaced an Old English cognate Hygebeorht
. It died out during the Middle Ages but was revived in the 19th century.
HUCKLEBERRY m Literature
From the name of the variety of shrubs (genus Vaccinium) or the berries that grow on them. It was used by author Mark Twain for the character of Huckleberry Finn in his novels The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
(1876) and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
HUDSON m English
From an English surname meaning "son of HUDDE"
. A famous bearer of the surname was the English explorer Henry Hudson (1570-1611).
HUỆ f Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 慧 (huệ)
meaning "bright, intelligent"
or 蕙 (huệ)
meaning "tuberose (flower)"
HUGH m English
From the Germanic element hug
meaning "heart, mind, spirit"
. It was common among Frankish and French nobility, being borne by Hugh Capet, a 10th-century king of France who founded the Capetian dynasty. The Normans brought the name to England and it became common there, even more so after the time of the 12th-century bishop Saint Hugh of Lincoln, who was known for his charity. This was also the name of kings of Cyprus and the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem. The name is used in Ireland and Scotland as the Anglicized form of Aodh
HUGO m Spanish, Portuguese, English, Dutch, German, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Ancient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized form of HUGH
. As a surname it has belonged to the French author Victor Hugo (1802-1885), the writer of The Hunchback of Notre Dame
and Les Misérables
HUI f & m Chinese
From Chinese 慧 (huì)
meaning "intelligent, wise" (which is usually only feminine), 辉 (huī)
meaning "brightness", besides other characters that are pronounced similarly.
HUITZILOPOCHTLI m Aztec and Toltec Mythology
Means "southern hummingbird"
or "left-handed hummingbird"
in Nahuatl. In Aztec mythology he was the god of the sun and war. He was a patron deity of the city of Tenochtitlan (at the site of modern Mexico City).
HULDAH f Biblical
Means "weasel, mole"
in Hebrew. This name appears in the Old Testament belonging to a prophetess.
HUMBERT m French, German (Rare), English (Rare), Ancient Germanic
Means "bright warrior"
, derived from the Germanic elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, though it has always been uncommon there. It was borne by two kings of Italy (called Umberto in Italian), who ruled in the 19th and 20th centuries.
HUMPHREY m English
Means "peaceful warrior"
from the Germanic elements hun
"warrior, bear cub" and frid
"peace". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Hunfrith
, and it was regularly used through the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the American actor Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957), who starred in The Maltese Falcon
HUNOR m Hungarian
Derived from the ethnic term Hun
, which refers to the nomadic people from Central Asia who expanded into Europe in the 4th century. The word Hun
is from Latin Hunnus
, which is possibly of Turkic origin. According to medieval Hungarian legend, the brothers Hunor and Magor were the ancestors of the Huns and the Magyars (Hungarians) respectively.
HUNTER m & f English
From an occupational English surname for a hunter, derived from Old English hunta
. A famous bearer was the eccentric American journalist Hunter S. Thompson (1937-2005).
HURI m Biblical
Means "linen weaver"
in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Abihail in the Old Testament.
HUSAM m Arabic
in Arabic, a derivative of the verb حسم (hasama)
meaning "to sever, to finish, to decide".
HUSAYN m Arabic
Diminutive of HASAN
. Husayn ibn Ali (also commonly transliterated Hussein
) was the son of Ali
and the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad
. His older brother was named Hasan
. The massacre of Husayn and his family was a major event in the split between Shia and Sunni Muslims, which continues to this day. In more recent times this was the name of a king of Jordan (1935-1999).