HASSAN m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Means "beautifier, improver"
in Arabic. Hassan ibn Thabit was a 7th-century poet who was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad
. This name is sometimes transcribed as Hasan
, though the two names are spelled distinctly in Arabic.
HATHOR f Egyptian Mythology (Hellenized)
Greek form of Egyptian ḥwt-ḥrw
(reconstructed as Hut-Heru
) meaning "the house of Horus"
, derived from Egyptian ḥwt
"house" combined with the god HORUS
. In Egyptian mythology she was the goddess of love, often depicted with the head of a cow.
HATSHEPSUT f Ancient Egyptian
From Egyptian ḥꜣt-špswt
meaning "foremost of noble women"
. This was the name of a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. She may have been the first woman to take the title of Pharaoh.
HAUKE m Frisian, German
Frisian short form of Germanic given names containing the element hug
meaning "heart, mind, spirit"
HAUKEA f Hawaiian
Means "white snow"
from Hawaiian hau
"snow" and kea
HAUL m Welsh
in Welsh. This is a modern Welsh name.
HAUNANI f Hawaiian
Means "beautiful snow"
from Hawaiian hau
"snow" and nani
HAURVATAT f Persian Mythology
Means "health, perfection, wholeness"
in Avestan. This was the name of a Zoroastrian goddess (one of the Amesha Spenta) of health and water.
HAVEN f & m English
From the English word for a safe place, derived ultimately from Old English hæfen
HAVILAH m Biblical
Probably means "to dance, to circle, to twist"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is both a place name and a masculine personal name.
HAWISE f Medieval English
English form of a medieval French name appearing in various spellings such as Haueis
, which were derived from HADEWIDIS
. The name was borne by a number of Norman and Anglo-Norman noblewomen from the 11th to 13th centuries.
HAYA f Arabic
Means "hurry, come quickly"
HAYAT f & m Arabic, Persian, Urdu
in Arabic, from حيي (hayiya)
meaning "to live". In Arabic and Persian it is a feminine name, while in Urdu it is masculine.
HAYATE m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (hayate)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind". Other kanji with the same pronunciation can also form this name.
HAYATO m Japanese
From Japanese 隼 (haya)
meaning "falcon" and 人 (to)
meaning "person". Other kanji combinations can also make up this name.
HAYDÉE f Spanish, French (Rare)
Spanish and French form of HAIDEE
, from Lord Byron's Don Juan
(1819). It was later used by Alexander Dumas for a character in The Count of Monte Cristo
HAYDEN m & f English
From an English surname that was derived from place names meaning either "hay valley"
or "hay hill"
, derived from Old English heg
"hay" and denu
"valley" or dun
HAYDN m English (British)
From a German surname meaning "heathen"
. It is used in honour of the Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809).
HAYK m Armenian
Probably from the Armenian word հայ (hay)
, although some hold that the ethnic name is in fact derived from the given name. This was the name of the legendary forefather of the Armenian people, supposedly a great-great-grandson of Noah
HAYLEY f English (Modern)
From a surname that was originally derived from the name of an English town (meaning "hay clearing" from Old English heg
"hay" and leah
"clearing"). It was popularized by the British child actress Hayley Mills (1946-), though the name did not become common until over a decade after she first became famous.
HA-YUN f Korean
From Sino-Korean 昰 (ha)
meaning "summer, name" combined with 昀 (yun)
meaning "sunlight". Other hanja character combinations are possible.
HAYWOOD m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "fenced wood"
in Old English.
HAZAEL m Biblical
Means "God sees"
in Hebrew. This is the name of a king of Aram in the Old Testament.
HAZEL f English
From the English word hazel
for the tree or the light brown colour, derived ultimately from Old English hæsel
. It was coined as a given name in the 19th century.
HE f & m Chinese
From Chinese 河 (hé)
meaning "river, stream", 和 (hé)
meaning "harmony, peace", or 荷 (hé)
meaning "lotus, water lily" (which is usually only feminine). Other characters can form this name as well. A famous bearer was the 15th-century explorer Zheng He.
HEARD m Anglo-Saxon
Short form of various Old English names containing the element heard
meaning "brave, hardy"
HEATH m English
From an English surname that denoted one who lived on a heath. It was popularized as a given name by the character Heath Barkley from the 1960s television series The Big Valley
HEATHER f English
From the English word heather
for the variety of small shrubs with pink or white flowers, which commonly grow in rocky areas. It is derived from Middle English hather
. It was first used as a given name in the late 19th century, though it did not become popular until the last half of the 20th century.
HEBE f Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ἥβη (hebe)
. In Greek mythology Hebe was the daughter of Zeus
. She was a goddess of youth who acted as the cupbearer to the gods.
HEBER (2) m Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is borne by a great-grandson of Jacob
and also by the husband of Jael
HECATE f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Ἑκάτη (Hekate)
, possibly derived from ἑκάς (hekas)
meaning "far off"
. In Greek mythology Hecate was a goddess associated with witchcraft, crossroads, tombs, demons and the underworld.
HECTOR m English, French, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Arthurian Romance
Latinized form of Greek Ἕκτωρ (Hektor)
, which was derived from ἕκτωρ (hektor)
meaning "holding fast"
, ultimately from ἔχω (echo)
meaning "to hold, to possess". In Greek legend Hector was one of the Trojan champions who fought against the Greeks. After he killed Achilles
' friend Patroclus
in battle, he was himself brutally slain by Achilles, who proceeded to tie his dead body to a chariot and drag it about. This name also appears in Arthurian legends where it belongs to King Arthur
's foster father.... [more]
HEDDA f Norwegian, Swedish
Diminutive of HEDVIG
. This is the name of the heroine of the play Hedda Gabler
(1890) by the Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen.
HEDDWYN m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements hedd
"peace" and gwyn
"white, fair, blessed".
HEDLEY m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "heather clearing"
in Old English.
HEDWIG f German
From the Germanic name Hadewig
, derived from the Germanic elements hadu
"battle, combat" and wig
"war". This was the name of a 13th-century German saint, the wife of the Polish duke Henry the Bearded. It was subsequently borne by a 14th-century Polish queen (usually known by her Polish name Jadwiga
) who is now also regarded as a saint.
HEIDE f German
German diminutive of ADELHEID
. It also coincides with the German word meaning "heath".
HEIDI f German, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, English
German diminutive of ADELHEID
. This is the name of the title character in the children's novel Heidi
(1880) by the Swiss author Johanna Spyri. The name began to be used in the English-speaking world shortly after the 1937 release of the movie adaptation, which starred Shirley Temple.
HEIDRUN f Norse Mythology, German
Derived from Old Norse heiðr
meaning "bright, clear" and rún
meaning "secret". In Norse mythology this was the name of a goat that would eat the leaves from the tree of life and produce mead in her udder.
HEIRANI f Tahitian
From Tahitian hei
"crown, garland" and rani
HEKLA f Icelandic
From the name of an active Icelandic volcano, derived from Old Norse hekla
HEL f Norse Mythology
In Norse mythology this was the name of the daughter of Loki. She got her name from the underworld, also called Hel, where she ruled, which meant "to conceal, to cover" in Old Norse (related to the English word hell
HELAH f Biblical
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this name is mentioned as one of the wives of Asher.
HÉLDER m Portuguese
Meaning uncertain. It was borne by the Brazilian archbishop Dom Hélder Câmara (1909-1999) who was noted for his charity. It could be from the name of the Dutch town of Den Helder (possibly meaning "hell's door" in Dutch). Alternatively, it might be derived from the Germanic given name HULDERIC
HELEDD f Welsh
Meaning unknown. This was the name of a semi-legendary 7th-century Welsh princess.
HELEN f English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Greek Mythology (Anglicized)
English form of the Greek Ἑλένη (Helene)
, probably from Greek ἑλένη (helene)
, or possibly related to σελήνη (selene)
. In Greek mythology Helen was the daughter of Zeus
, whose kidnapping by Paris
was the cause of the Trojan War. The name was also borne by the 4th-century Saint Helena, mother of the Roman emperor Constantine
, who supposedly found the True Cross during a trip to Jerusalem.... [more]
HELENA f German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Portuguese, Catalan, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene, Croatian, Sorbian, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinate form of HELEN
HELI (1) m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latin form of ELI (1)
used in the Old and New Testament. This form of the name is used in most English versions of the New Testament to refer to the father of Joseph
(husband of Mary
) in the genealogy in the Gospel of Luke.
HELIER m History (Ecclesiastical)
Meaning uncertain. This is the name of the patron saint of the island of Jersey in the English Channel. He was a 6th-century hermit whose name was recorded in Latin as Helerius
HELIOS m Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the young Greek sun god, a Titan, who rode across the sky each day in a chariot pulled by four horses. His sister was the moon goddess Selene
HELLE (2) f Greek Mythology
Meaning unknown. In Greek mythology Helle was the daughter of Athamus and Nephele. She and her brother Phrixus escaped sacrifice by fleeing on the back of a golden ram, but during their flight she fell off and drowned in the strait that connects the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara, which was thereafter called the Hellespont ("the sea of Helle").
HELVIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen derived from either Latin helvus
meaning "honey-yellow, blond"
or from the name of the Helvii, a Celtic tribe who lived west of the Rhône river. Gaius Helvius Cinna was a Roman poet of the 1st century BC.
HEMERA f Greek Mythology
in Greek. This was the name of the Greek goddess who personified the daytime. According to Hesiod she was the daughter of Nyx
, the personification of the night.
HEMMING m Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Perhaps derived from Old Norse hamr "shape"
, and possibly originally a nickname for a person believed to be a shape changer.
HENDRIX m English (Modern)
From a Dutch surname that was derived from the given name HENDRIK
. A famous bearer of the surname was the American rock musician Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970).
HENG m & f Chinese
From Chinese 恒 (héng)
meaning "constant, persistent", as well as other characters with a similar pronunciation.
HENGIST m Ancient Germanic
Of Germanic origin, meaning "stallion"
. According to medieval histories, Hengist and his brother Horsa
were the leaders of the first Saxon settlers in Britain. Hengist established a kingdom in Kent in the 5th century.
HENRIQUE m Portuguese
Portuguese form of Heinrich
). This was the name of a 15th-century Portuguese naval explorer (known as Henry the Navigator in English).
HENRY m English
From the Germanic name Heimirich
meaning "home ruler"
, composed of the elements heim
"home" and ric
"ruler". It was later commonly spelled Heinrich
, with the spelling altered due to the influence of other Germanic names like Haganrich
, in which the first element is hagan
HEPHAESTUS m Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Greek Ἥφαιστος (Hephaistos)
, meaning unknown. It probably shares its origin with the Minoan city of Φαιστός (Phaistos)
, which is of Pre-Greek origin. In Greek mythology Hephaestus was the god of fire and forging, the husband of the unfaithful Aphrodite
. It was said that when he was born Hera
, his mother, was so displeased with his physical deformities that she hurled him off the top of Mount Olympus.
HERA f Greek Mythology
Uncertain meaning, possibly from Greek ἥρως (heros)
meaning "hero, warrior"
; ὥρα (hora)
meaning "period of time"
; or αἱρέω (haireo)
meaning "to be chosen"
. In Greek mythology Hera was the queen of the gods, the sister and wife of Zeus
. She presided over marriage and childbirth.
HERACLIUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek personal name Ἡράκλειος (Herakleios)
, which was derived from the name of the Greek hero HERAKLES
. This was the name of a 7th-century Byzantine emperor, known for his victories over the Sassanid Persian Empire. This name was also borne by two early saints.
HERAIS f Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek personal name that was probably derived from the name of the Greek goddess HERA
HERAKLES m Greek Mythology
Means "glory of Hera"
from the name of the goddess HERA
combined with Greek κλέος (kleos)
meaning "glory". This was the name of a hero in Greek and Roman mythology, the son of Zeus
and the mortal woman Alcmene
. After being driven insane by Hera
and killing his own children, Herakles completed twelve labours in order to atone for his crime and become immortal.
HERBERT m English, German, Dutch, Czech, Swedish, French
Derived from the Germanic elements hari
"army" and beraht
"bright". The Normans introduced this name to England, where it replaced an Old English cognate Herebeorht
. In the course of the Middle Ages it became rare, but it was revived in the 19th century.
HEREWARD m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements here
"army" and weard
"guard". This was the name of an 11th-century Anglo-Saxon leader who rebelled against Norman rule.
HERLEVA f Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, possibly a derivative of hari
"honour", or erla
"noble" (or their Old Norse cognates). This was the name of the mother of William the Conqueror, who, according to tradition, was a commoner.
HERMAGORAS m Ancient Greek
From the name of the messenger god HERMES
combined with Greek ἀγορά (agora)
meaning "assembly, marketplace". Saint Hermagoras (3rd century) was the first bishop of Aquileia in Italy.
HERMAN m English, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Slovene, Ancient Germanic
Means "army man"
, derived from the Germanic elements hari
"army" and man
"man". It was introduced to England by the Normans, died out, and was revived in the English-speaking world in the 19th century. It was borne by an 18th-century Russian missionary to Alaska who is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church, though in his case the name is an alternate transcription of GERMAN
. Another famous bearer was the American writer Herman Melville (1819-1891), the author of Moby-Dick
HERMENEGILDO m Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of a Visigothic name meaning "complete sacrifice"
, from the Germanic elements ermen
"whole, entire" and gild
"sacrifice, value". It was borne by a 6th-century saint, the son of Liuvigild the Visigothic king of Hispania.
HERMES m Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek
Probably from Greek ἕρμα (herma)
meaning "cairn, pile of stones, boundary marker"
. Hermes was a Greek god associated with speed and good luck, who served as a messenger to Zeus
and the other gods. He was also the patron of travellers, writers, athletes, merchants, thieves and orators.... [more]
HERMIA f Literature
Feminine form of HERMES
. Shakespeare used this name in his comedy A Midsummer Night's Dream
HERMINIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman name that was possibly of unknown Etruscan origin, but could also be derived from the name of the god HERMES
. In Roman legend this was the name of a companion of Aeneas.
HERMIONE f Greek Mythology
Derived from the name of the Greek messenger god HERMES
. In Greek myth Hermione was the daughter of Menelaus and Helen. This is also the name of the wife of Leontes in Shakespeare's play The Winter's Tale
(1610). It is now closely associated with the character Hermione Granger from the Harry Potter series of books, first released in 1997.
HERNANDO m Spanish
Medieval Spanish form of FERDINAND
. A famous bearer of this name was Hernando Cortés (1485-1547), a Spanish conquistador.
HERO (1) f Greek Mythology
Derived from Greek ἥρως (heros)
. In Greek legend she was the lover of Leander, who would swim across the Hellespont each night to meet her. He was killed on one such occasion when he got caught in a storm while in the water, and when Hero saw his dead body she drowned herself. This is also the name of a character in Shakespeare's play Much Ado About Nothing
HEROD m Biblical
From the Greek name Ἡρῴδης (Herodes)
, which probably means "song of the hero"
from ἥρως (heros)
meaning "hero, warrior" combined with ᾠδή (ode)
meaning "song, ode". This was the name of several rulers of Judea during the period when it was part of the Roman Empire. This includes two who appear in the New Testament: Herod the Great, the king who ordered the slaughter of the children, and his son Herod Antipas, who had John
the Baptist beheaded.
HERODIAS f Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Feminine form of HEROD
. This was the name of a member of the Herodian ruling family of Judea, a sister of Herod Agrippa and the wife of Herod Antipas. She appears in the New Testament, where she contrives to have her husband Antipas imprison and execute John the Baptist.
HERODOTUS m Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ἡρόδοτος (Herodotos)
, derived from the name of the goddess HERA
combined with δοτός (dotos)
meaning "given, granted". Herodotus was a Greek historian of the 5th century BC who wrote the Histories
, a detailed account of the Greco-Persian Wars. He is known as the Father of History.
HERON m Ancient Greek
Derived from Greek ἥρως (heros)
. This was the name of a 1st-century Greek inventor (also known as Hero
) from Alexandria.
HERSHEL m American, Yiddish
Yiddish diminutive of HIRSH
. As a non-Jewish American name (somewhat common around the end of the 19th century), it was likely inspired by the German surname HERSCHEL
, borne for instance by the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822).
HERTHA f German
Form of NERTHUS
. The spelling change from N
resulted from a misreading of Tacitus's text.
HESPEROS m Ancient Greek
in Greek. This was the name of the personification of the Evening Star (the planet Venus) in Greek mythology.
HESTER f English, Biblical Latin
Latin form of ESTHER
. Like Esther
, it has been used in England since the Protestant Reformation. Nathaniel Hawthorne used it for the heroine of his novel The Scarlet Letter
(1850), Hester Prynne, a Puritan woman forced to wear a red letter A
on her chest after giving birth to a child out of wedlock.