GODWINE m Anglo-Saxon
Means "friend of god"
, derived from Old English god
combined with wine
"friend". This was the name of the powerful 11th-century Earl of Wessex, the father of King Harold II of England.
GOEMON m History
Meaning unknown. His name is composed of the kanji 五 (go)
meaning "five", 右
(not pronounced) meaning "right-hand, west", 衛 (e)
meaning "guard, protect", and 門 (mon)
meaning "gate, door". This was the name of a semi-legendary 16th-century samurai who stole from the rich to give to the poor. After a failed assassination attempt on the daimyo Toyotomi Hideyoshi, he was boiled alive.
GOHAR f & m Persian, Armenian, Urdu
From Persian گوهر (gohar)
meaning "jewel, gemstone"
. This name is typically feminine in Iran and Armenia, but masculine in Pakistan.
GOIBNIU m Irish Mythology
Derived from Irish gobha
. This was the name of the Irish smith god, a provider of weapons for the Tuatha De Danann. He was also skilled at brewing beer.
GOIZEDER f Basque
Derived from Basque goiz
"morning" and eder
GÖKHAN m Turkish
From Turkish gök
meaning "sky" and han
, which is from the title khan
GOLDA f Yiddish
From Yiddish גאָלד (gold)
. This is the name of Tevye's wife in the musical Fiddler on the Roof
(1964). It was also borne by the Israeli prime minister Golda Meir (1898-1978).
GOLDIE (1) f English
From a nickname for a person with blond hair, from the English word gold
GOLNAR f Persian
Derived from Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose" and انار (anar)
GOLNAZ f Persian
Derived from Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose" and ناز (naz)
meaning "delight, comfort".
GONCA f Turkish
Means "flower bud"
in Turkish, of Persian origin.
GONXHE f Albanian
Means "flower bud"
in Albanian, of Persian origin. This was the middle name of Saint Teresa of Calcutta, better known as Mother Teresa (1910-1997).
GONZALO m Spanish
From the medieval name Gundisalvus
, which was the Latin form of a Germanic name composed of gund
meaning "war" and a second element of unknown meaning (with the spelling influenced by Latin salvus
"safe"). Saint Gonzalo was an 11th-century bishop of Mondoñedo in Galicia, Spain.
GOPALA m Hinduism
Means "cow protector"
from Sanskrit गो (go)
meaning "cow" and पाल (pala)
meaning "guard, protector". This is another name of the Hindu god Krishna
. This name was also borne by the 8th-century founder of the Pala Empire in Bengal.
GOPINATHA m Hinduism
Means "leader of the gopis"
in Sanskrit. This is another name of the Hindu god Krishna
, acquired because of his association with the gopis, who are cow-herding girls.
GORAN m Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Bulgarian (Rare)
Means "mountain man"
, derived from South Slavic gora
meaning "mountain". It was popularized by the Croatian poet Ivan Goran Kovačić (1913-1943), who got his middle name because of the mountain town where he was born.
GORDAN m Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian
Derived from South Slavic gord
. This name and the feminine form Gordana were popularized by the publication of Croatian author Marija Jurić Zagorka's novel Gordana
GORDIAN m History
From the Roman cognomen Gordianus
meaning "from Gordium"
, Gordium being the capital of Phrygia in Asia Minor. This is the name by which three Roman emperors are known.
GORDIE m English
Diminutive of GORDON
. A famous bearer was Canadian hockey star Gordie Howe (1928-2016).
GORDON m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname that was originally derived from a place name in Berwickshire meaning "spacious fort"
. It was originally used in honour of Charles George Gordon (1833-1885), a British general who died defending the city of Khartoum in Sudan.
GORE m English (Rare)
From an English surname meaning "triangular"
(from Old English gara
), originally referring to someone who lived on a triangular piece of land. A famous bearer is American writer Gore Vidal (1925-).
GORETTI f Various
From the surname of Maria Goretti, a 20th-century Italian saint who forgave her murderer on her deathbed. Her surname was derived from the given name GREGORIO
GORMLAITH f Irish, Scottish
Derived from Irish gorm
"blue" or "illustrious" and flaith
"princess, lady". This was the name of a wife of the 11th-century Irish ruler Brian
GORŌ m Japanese
From Japanese 五 (go)
meaning "five" and 郎 (rō)
meaning "son". This was traditionally a name for the fifth son. Different combinations of kanji are also possible.
GORONWY m Welsh, Welsh Mythology
Meaning unknown. In the Mabinogion, a collection of tales from Welsh myth, he was the lover of Blodeuwedd
. He attempted to murder her husband Lleu
Llaw Gyffes but was himself killed.
GOTAMA m Hinduism
Means "the best ox"
from Sanskrit गो (go)
meaning "ox, cow" and तम (tama)
meaning "best". In Hindu texts this is the name of one of the Saptarshis, or seven sages. This name was also borne by an early Indian philosopher who wrote the Nyaya Sutras.
GÖTE m Swedish
Swedish form of the Old Norse name Gauti
, derived from gautr
meaning "Geat, Goth"
GOTTFRIED m German
German form of GODFREY
. This name was borne by the 13th-century German poet Gottfried von Strassburg and the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716), one of the inventors of calculus.
GOTTHILF m German (Rare)
Derived from German Gott
"God" and hilf
"help". This name was created in the 17th century.
GOTTHOLD m German (Rare)
Derived from German Gott
"God" and hold
"lovely". This name was created in the 17th century.
GOTTLOB m German (Rare)
Derived from German Gott
"God" and lob
"praise". This name was created in the 17th century.
GOTTSCHALK m German (Archaic)
Derived from the Germanic elements god
"god" and scalc
"servant". Saint Gottschalk was a (perhaps spurious) 11th-century prince of the Wends who was martyred by his brother-in-law.
GOVAD m Persian Mythology
in Persian. This was the name of a Yazata (or angel) associated with the wind in Zoroastrianism.
GOYATHLAY m Native American, Apache
Means "one who yawns"
in Apache. This was the real name of the Apache leader Geronimo
(1829-1909), who fought against Mexican and American expansion into his territory.
GOZZO m Ancient Germanic
Originally a diminutive of Germanic names beginning with the element gaut
, which was from the name of the Germanic tribe the Geats or Goths.
GRACE f English
From the English word grace
, which ultimately derives from Latin gratia
. This was one of the virtue names created in the 17th century by the Puritans. The actress Grace Kelly (1929-1982) was a famous bearer.
GRADY m Irish, English
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Grádaigh
meaning "descendant of Grádaigh"
. The name Grádaigh
means "noble" in Gaelic.
GRAHAM m Scottish, English
From a Scottish surname, originally derived from the English place name Grantham
, which probably meant "gravelly homestead"
in Old English. The surname was first taken to Scotland in the 12th century by the Norman baron William de Graham. A famous bearer was Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), the Scottish-Canadian-American inventor who devised the telephone.
GRÁINNE f Irish, Irish Mythology
Possibly derived from Gaelic grán
. This was the name of an ancient Irish grain goddess. The name also belonged to the fiancée of Fionn
mac Cumhail and the lover of Diarmaid
in later Irish legend, and it is often associated with gráidh
GRANIT m Albanian
in Albanian, from Italian granito
, ultimately derived from Latin granum
GRANT m English, Scottish
From an English and Scottish surname that was derived from Norman French grand
meaning "great, large"
. A famous bearer of the surname was Ulysses Grant (1822-1885), the commander of the Union forces during the American Civil War who later served as president. In America the name has often been given in his honour.
GRATIAN m History
From the Roman name Gratianus
, which meant "grace"
from Latin gratus
. Saint Gratian was the first bishop of Tours (4th century). This was also the name of a Roman emperor.
GRAY m & f English
From an English surname meaning "grey"
, originally given to a person who had grey hair or clothing.
GRAYSON m English (Modern)
From an English surname meaning "son of the steward"
, derived from Middle English greyve
GRAŻYNA f Polish
in Lithuanian. This name was created by Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz for his poem Grażyna
GREGOR m German, Scottish, Slovak, Slovene
German, Scottish, Slovak and Slovene form of Gregorius
). A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
GREGORY m English
English form of Latin Gregorius
, which was from the Late Greek name Γρηγόριος (Gregorios)
, derived from γρήγορος (gregoros)
meaning "watchful, alert"
. This name was popular among early Christians, being borne by a number of important saints including Saint Gregory Thaumaturgus (3rd century), Saint Gregory the Illuminator (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nyssa (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nazianzus (4th century), and Saint Gregory of Tours (6th century). It was also borne by the 6th-century pope Saint Gregory I the Great, a reformer and Doctor of the Church, as well as 15 subsequent popes.... [more]
GRESHAM m English (Rare)
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "grazing homestead"
in Old English.
GRETEL f German
Diminutive of GRETE
. It is well-known as a character from an 1812 Brothers Grimm fairy tale who is captured, with her brother Hansel, by a witch. The Grimm's story was based on earlier European folk tales.
GRID f Norse Mythology
in Old Norse. In Norse myth she was a frost giantess, the mother of Víðarr by Odin
. She also aided Thor
in his fight against the giant Geirrod.
GRIFFIN m English
Latinized form of GRUFFUDD
. This name can also be inspired by the English word griffin
, a creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle, ultimately from Greek γρύψ (grups)
GRIGORIY m Russian
Russian form of GREGORY
. This name was borne by the Russian mystic Grigoriy Rasputin (1869-1916), more commonly known by only his surname.
GRISELDA f English, Spanish, Literature
Possibly derived from the Germanic elements gris
"grey" and hild
"battle". It is not attested as a Germanic name. This was the name of a patient wife in medieval tales by Boccaccio and Chaucer.
GROVER m English
From a surname meaning "grove of trees"
from Old English graf
. A famous bearer was the American president Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), who popularized the name in the United States at the end of the 19th century. The name is now associated with a muppet character from the children's television program Sesame Street
GRUFFUDD m Welsh
From the Old Welsh name Grippiud
, the second element deriving from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" but the first element being of uncertain meaning (possibly cryf
"strong"). This was a common name among medieval Welsh royalty. Gruffudd (or Gruffydd) ap Llywelyn was an 11th-century Welsh ruler who fought against England.
GRWN m Welsh
in Welsh. This is a Welsh name of recent origin.
GUADALUPE f & m Spanish
From a Spanish title of the Virgin Mary
, Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
, meaning "Our Lady of Guadalupe". Guadalupe is a Spanish place name, the site of a famous convent, derived from Arabic وادي (wadi)
meaning "valley, river" possibly combined with Latin lupus
meaning "wolf". In the 16th century Our Lady of Guadalupe supposedly appeared in a vision to a native Mexican man, and she is now regarded as a patron saint of the Americas.
GUANTING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 廷 (tíng)
meaning "court". This name can also be formed from other character combinations.
GUANYU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 宇 (yǔ)
meaning "house, eaves, universe". Other character combinations are possible.
GÜÇİN f Turkish
Means "rose picking, rose growing"
GUDRUN f Norse Mythology, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German
From the Old Norse name Guðrún
meaning "god's secret lore"
, derived from the elements guð
"god" and rún
"secret lore". In Norse legend Gudrun was the wife of Sigurd
. After his death she married Atli, but when he murdered her brothers, she killed her sons by him, fed him their hearts, and then slew him.
GUIDO m Italian, German
Latinized form of WIDO
. This was the name of two 11th-century saints. Other notable bearers include 11th-century music theorist Guido d'Arezzo, 13th-century poet Guido Cavalcanti, and 17th-century painter Guido Reni.
GUINEVERE f Arthurian Romance
From the Norman French form of the Welsh name Gwenhwyfar
meaning "white phantom"
, ultimately from the Old Celtic roots *windos
meaning "fair, white, blessed" (modern Welsh gwen
) and *sebros
meaning "phantom, magical being". In Arthurian legend she was the beautiful wife of King Arthur
. According to the 12th-century chronicler Geoffrey of Monmouth, she was seduced by Mordred
before the battle of Camlann, which led to the deaths of both Mordred and Arthur. According to the 12th-century French poet Chrétien de Troyes, she engaged in an adulterous affair with Sir Lancelot
GUIOMAR f & m Portuguese, Spanish, Arthurian Romance
Possibly derived from the Germanic name Wigmar
, which is formed of the elements wig
"war, battle" and mari
"famous". In the medieval Lancelot-Grail
cycle he plays a minor role as a cousin of Guinevere, who banishes him after he becomes a lover of Morgan le Fey. In modern Portugal and Spain it is a feminine name.
GUIYING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 桂 (guì)
meaning "laurel, cassia, cinnamon" combined with 英 (yīng)
meaning "flower, petal, brave, hero". This name can be formed from other character combinations as well.
GÜL f Turkish
in Turkish, ultimately from Persian.
GUL m & f Urdu, Pashto
Means "flower, rose"
in Urdu and Pashto, ultimately from Persian.
GULBADAN f Urdu (Rare)
Means "having a body like a rose"
in Persian. This was the name of a daughter of the Mughal emperor Babur.
GULISA f Georgian
Means "little heart"
in Georgian, derived from გული (guli)
meaning "heart" combined with a diminutive suffix.
GÜLNUR f Turkish
Means "rose light"
in Turkish, ultimately from Persian گل (gol)
meaning "flower, rose" and Arabic نور (nur)
GULRUKH f Urdu
Means "rose faced"
in Persian. This was the name of a wife of the Mughal emperor Babur.
GUNBORG f Swedish
From the Old Norse name Gunnbjǫrg
, derived from the elements gunnr
"war" and bjǫrg
"help, save, rescue".