Little-Beeps's Personal Name List

AARON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אַהֲרֹן (Hebrew), Ααρων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ER-ən (English), AR-ən (English)
From the Hebrew name אַהֲרֹן ('Aharon) which is most likely of unknown Egyptian origin. Other theories claim a Hebrew derivation, and suggest meanings such as "high mountain" or "exalted". In the Old Testament this name is borne by the older brother of Moses. He acted as a spokesman for his brother when they appealed to the pharaoh to release the Israelites from slavery. Aaron's rod produced miracles and plagues to intimidate the pharaoh. After the departure from Egypt and arrival at Mount Sinai, God installed Aaron as the first high priest of the Israelites and promised that his descendants would form the priesthood.

As an English name, Aaron has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. This name was borne by the American politician Aaron Burr (1756-1836), notable for killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

ABEDNEGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: עֲבֵד־נְגוֹ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ə-BED-ni-go (English)
Means "servant of Nebo" in Akkadian, Nebo being the Babylonian god of wisdom. In the Old Testament Abednego is the Babylonian name given to Azariah, one of the three men cast into a blazing furnace but saved from harm by God, as told in the Book of Daniel.

ABSALOM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: אַבְשָׁלוֹם (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: AB-sə-ləm (English)
From the Hebrew name אַבְשָׁלוֹם ('Avshalom) which meant "my father is peace". In the Old Testament he is a son of King David. He avenged his sister Tamar by arranging the murder of her rapist, their half-brother Amnon. He later led a revolt against his father. While fleeing on the back of a mule he got his head caught in a tree and was killed by Joab.

ADALIA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: אֲדַלְיָא (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: a-də-LIE-ə (English), ə-DAH-lee-ə (English)
Possibly means "YAHWEH is just" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a son of Haman.

ADELAIDE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Portuguese
Pronounced: A-də-layd (English), a-de-LIE-de (Italian), ə-də-LIED (Portuguese)
From the French form of the Germanic name Adalheidis, which was composed of the elements adal "noble" and heid "kind, sort, type". It was borne in the 10th century by Saint Adelaide, the wife of the Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great. The name became common in Britain in the 19th century due to the popularity of the German-born wife of King William IV, for whom the city of Adelaide in Australia was named in 1836.

ADONIJAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: אֲדֹנִיָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ad-ə-NIE-jə (English)
Means "my lord is YAHWEH" in Hebrew. This is the name of one of King David's sons in the Old Testament. Though he was the eldest surviving son of David, he was passed over as heir to the throne in favour of Solomon.

ADONIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Αδωνις (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: A-DAW-NEES (Classical Greek), ə-DAW-nis (English), ə-DO-nis (English)
From the Semitic Adonai, which means "lord". In Greek myth Adonis was a handsome young shepherd killed while hunting a wild boar. The anemone flower is said to have sprung from his blood. Because he was loved by Aphrodite, Zeus allowed him to be restored to life for part of each year. The Greeks borrowed this character from various Semitic traditions, hence the Semitic origins of the name.

ADORINDA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Esperanto
Pronounced: a-do-REEN-da
Means "adorable" in Esperanto.

AGATHANGELOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Greek
Other Scripts: Αγαθαγγελος (Ancient Greek)
Means "bearer of good news", derived from Greek αγαθος (agathos) "good" and αγγελος (angelos) "messenger, angel". Saint Agathangelus of Rome was a 4th-century deacon who was martyred during the persecutions of the emperor Diocletian.

AGNIESZKA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Polish
Pronounced: agy-NYE-shka
Polish form of AGNES.

AIDA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Arabic, Literature
Other Scripts: عائدة (Arabic)
Pronounced: ah-EE-də (English)
Variant of AYDA. This name was used in Verdi's opera 'Aida' (1871), where it belongs to an Ethiopian princess held captive in Egypt.

AIDAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, Scottish, English (Modern)
Pronounced: AY-dən (English)
Anglicized form of AODHÁN. In the latter part of the 20th century it became popular in America due to its sound, since it uses the same fashionable aden suffix sound found in such names as Braden and Hayden.

AINSLIE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: AYNZ-lee
Variant of AINSLEY.

ALAIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: A-LEN
French form of ALAN.

ALASDAIR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish
Scottish form of ALEXANDER.

ALESSA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: a-LES-sa
Short form of ALESSANDRA.

ALEXEI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian
Other Scripts: Алексей (Russian), Олексій (Ukrainian), Аляксей (Belarusian)
Pronounced: u-lyi-KSYAY (Russian)
Variant transcription of ALEKSEY.

ALGERNON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AL-jər-nahn
Originally a Norman French nickname, derived from aux gernons "having a moustache", which was applied to William de Percy, a companion of William the Conqueror. It was first used a given name in the 15th century (for a descendant of William de Percy).

ALICE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French, Portuguese, Italian
Pronounced: AL-is (English), A-LEES (French), a-LEE-che (Italian)
From the Old French name Aalis, a short form of Adelais, itself a short form of the Germanic name Adalheidis (see ADELAIDE). This name became popular in France and England in the 12th century. It was borne by the heroine of Lewis Carroll's 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' (1865) and 'Through the Looking Glass' (1871).

ALLEGRA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare), Italian (Rare)
Pronounced: ə-LEG-rə (English), al-LE-gra (Italian)
Means "cheerful, lively" in Italian. It is not a traditional Italian name. It was borne by a short-lived illegitimate daughter of Lord Byron.

ALLEN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Scottish
Pronounced: A-lən (English)
Variant of ALAN. A famous bearer of this name was Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997), an American beat poet. Another is the American film director and actor Woody Allen (1935-), who took the stage name Allen from his real first name.

ALOYSIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: al-ə-WISH-əs
Latinized form of Aloys, an old Occitan form of LOUIS. This was the name of a 16th-century Italian saint, Aloysius Gonzaga. The name has been in occasional use among Catholics since his time.

ALPHAEUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Αλφαιος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: al-FEE-əs (English)
From Αλφαιος (Alphaios), the Greek form of a Hebrew name that meant "changing". In the New Testament this is the name of the fathers of the apostles James and Levi.

ALTAIR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Astronomy, Portuguese (Brazilian)
Means "the flyer" in Arabic. This is the name of a star in the constellation Aquila.

AMADEUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Roman
Pronounced: ahm-ə-DAY-əs (English), ahm-ə-DEE-əs (English)
Means "love of God", derived from Latin amare "to love" and Deus "God". A famous bearer was the Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), who was actually born Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart but preferred the Latin translation of his Greek middle name. This name was also assumed as a middle name by the German novelist E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822), who took it in honour of Mozart.

AMARANTHA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Various
From the name of the amaranth flower, which is derived from Greek αμαραντος (amarantos) meaning "unfading". Αμαραντος (Amarantos) was also an Ancient Greek given name.

AMBROSE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AM-broz
From the Late Latin name Ambrosius, which was derived from the Greek name Αμβροσιος (Ambrosios) meaning "immortal". Saint Ambrose was a 4th-century theologian and bishop of Milan, who is considered a Doctor of the Church. Due to the saint, the name came into general use in Christian Europe, though it was never particularly common in England.

ANASTASIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, English, Spanish, Italian, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Αναστασια (Greek), Анастасия (Russian), Анастасія (Ukrainian, Belarusian)
Pronounced: u-nu-stu-SYEE-yə (Russian), a-nə-STAY-zhə (English), a-nə-STAS-yə (English), a-nas-TA-sya (Spanish), a-nas-TA-zya (Italian), A-NA-STA-SEE-A (Classical Greek)
Feminine form of ANASTASIUS. This was the name of a 4th-century Dalmatian saint who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian. Due to her, the name has been common in Eastern Orthodox Christianity (in various spellings). As an English name it has been in use since the Middle Ages. A famous bearer was the youngest daughter of the last Russian tsar Nicholas II, who was rumoured to have escaped the execution of her family in 1918.

ANASTASIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Αναστασιος (Ancient Greek)
Latinized form of the Greek name Αναστασιος (Anastasios) which meant "resurrection" from Greek αναστασις (anastasis) (composed of the elements ανα (ana) "up" and στασις (stasis) "standing"). This was the name of numerous early saints and martyrs, including a 7th-century monk and writer from Alexandria who is especially venerated in the Eastern Church.

ANATOLE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: A-NA-TAWL
French form of ANATOLIUS.

ANATOLIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Ανατολιος (Ancient Greek)
From the Greek Ανατολιος (Anatolios), derived from ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise". Saint Anatolius was a 3rd-century philosopher from Alexandria.

ANDREI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Romanian, Russian, Bulgarian, Old Church Slavic
Other Scripts: Андрей (Russian, Bulgarian), Андреи (Church Slavic)
Pronounced: un-DRYAY (Russian)
Romanian form of ANDREW, and a variant Russian and Bulgarian transcription of ANDREY.

ANDRONIKOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Ανδρονικος (Ancient Greek)
Greek form of ANDRONICUS.

ANICETUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Ανικητος (Ancient Greek)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ανικητος (Aniketos), meaning "unconquerable". This was the name of an early pope.

ANIKETOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Ανικητος (Greek)
Greek form of ANICETUS.

ANINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German
Pronounced: a-NEE-na
Diminutive of ANNA.

ANNABELLE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: AN-ə-bel (English)
Variant of ANNABEL. It can also be taken as a combination of ANNA and BELLE.

ANNELIESE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, Dutch
Pronounced: A-nə-lee-zə (German), ahn-nə-LEE-sə (Dutch)
Combination of ANNA and LIESE.

ARABELLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Medieval Scottish name, probably a variant of ANNABEL. It has long been associated with Latin orabilis meaning "invokable".

ARAM (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Kurdish
Means "calm" in Kurdish.

ARAMINTA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Meaning unknown. This name was (first?) used by William Congreve in his comedy 'The Old Bachelor' (1693) and later by Sir John Vanbrugh in his comedy 'The Confederacy' (1705). This was the real name of abolitionist Harriet Tubman (1820-1913), who was born Araminta Ross.

ARAMIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
The surname of one of the musketeers in 'The Three Musketeers' (1844) by Alexandre Dumas. Dumas based the character on Henri d'Aramitz, whose surname was derived from the French village of Aramits.

ARELI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: אַרְאֵלִי (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ay-REE-lie (English)
Means "lion of God, hero" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Gad in the Old Testament.

ARIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AHR-ee-ə
Means "song" or "melody" in Italian (literally means "air"). An aria is an elaborate vocal solo, the type usually performed in operas. As an English name, it has only been in use since the 20th century. It is not common in Italy.

ARIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, English, French, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אֲרִיאֵל (Hebrew), Αριηλ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: AR-ee-əl (English), ER-ee-əl (English), AY-ree-əl (English), A-RYEL (French)
Means "lion of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament it is used as another name for the city of Jerusalem. Shakespeare used it as the name of a spirit in his play 'The Tempest' (1611), and one of the moons of Uranus bears this name in his honour. As an English name, it became more common for females in the 1980s, especially after it was used for the title character in the Walt Disney film 'The Little Mermaid' (1989).

ARISTIDES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized), Spanish, Portuguese
Other Scripts: Αριστειδης (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: a-rees-TEE-des (Classical Latin), a-ree-STEE-dhes (Spanish), ə-reesh-TEE-dəsh (European Portuguese), ə-reesh-CHEE-jəsh (Brazilian Portuguese)
From the Greek name Αριστειδης (Aristeides), derived from αριστος (aristos) "best" and the patronymic suffix ιδης (ides). This name was borne by the 5th-century BC Athenian statesman Aristides the Just, who was renowned for his integrity. It was also the name of a 2nd-century saint.

ARKADIOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Αρκαδιος (Ancient Greek)
From an ancient Greek name meaning "of Arcadia". Arcadia was a region in Greece, its name deriving from αρκτος (arktos) "bear". This was the name of a 3rd-century saint and martyr.

ARTHUR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Welsh Mythology, Arthurian Romance
Pronounced: AHR-thər (English), AR-TUYR (French), AR-tuwr (German), AHR-tuyr (Dutch)
The meaning of this name is unknown. It could be derived from the Celtic elements artos "bear" combined with viros "man" or rigos "king". Alternatively it could be related to an obscure Roman family name Artorius. Arthur is the name of the central character in Arthurian legend, a 6th-century king of the Britons who resisted Saxon invaders. He may or may not have been a real person. He first appears in Welsh poems and chronicles (some possibly as early as the 7th century) but his character was not developed until the chronicles of the 12th-century Geoffrey of Monmouth.

The name came into general use in England in the Middle Ages due to the prevalence of Arthurian romances, and it enjoyed a surge of popularity in the 19th century. Famous bearers include German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), mystery author and Sherlock Holmes creator Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930), and science-fiction author Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008).

ASA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: אָסָא (Hebrew)
Pronounced: AY-sə (English)
Possibly means "healer" in Hebrew. This name was borne by the third king of Judah, as told in the Old Testament.

ASHER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: אָשֵׁר (Hebrew)
Pronounced: A-shər (English)
Means "happy, blessed" in Hebrew. Asher in the Old Testament is a son of Jacob by Leah's handmaid Zilpah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The meaning of his name is explained in Genesis 30:13.

ASHLEY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ASH-lee
From an English surname which was originally derived from place names meaning "ash tree clearing", from a combination of Old English æsc and leah. Until the 1960s it was more commonly given to boys in the United States, but it is now most often used on girls.

ASTRAEA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Αστραια (Ancient Greek)
Latinized form of the Greek Αστραια (Astraia), derived from Greek αστηρ (aster) meaning "star". Astraea was a Greek goddess of justice and innocence. After wickedness took root in the world she left the earth and became the constellation Virgo.

ASTRID
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, French
Pronounced: AH-strid (Swedish), AH-stree (Norwegian), AS-trit (German), AS-TREED (French)
Modern form of ÁSTRÍÐR. This name was borne by the Swedish writer Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002), the author of 'Pippi Longstocking'.

ASTROPHEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Probably intended to mean "star lover", from Greek αστηρ (aster) "star" and φιλος (philos) "lover, friend". This name was first used by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney in his collection of sonnets 'Astrophel and Stella'.

ATHANASIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Αθανασιος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ath-ə-NAY-shəs (English)
From the Greek name Αθανασιος (Athanasios) meaning "immortal", from Greek α (a), a negative prefix, combined with θανατος (thanatos) "death". Saint Athanasius was a 4th-century bishop of Alexandria who strongly opposed Arianism.

ATTICUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
From a Roman name meaning "from Attica" in Latin. Attica is the region surrounding Athens in Greece. The author Harper Lee used this name in her novel 'To Kill a Mockingbird' (1960).

AUBERON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: O-bər-ahn
Norman French derivative of a Germanic name, probably ALBERICH.

AUBREY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AW-bree
Norman French form of the Germanic name ALBERICH. As an English masculine name it was common in the Middle Ages, and was revived in the 19th century. Since the mid-1970s it has more frequently been given to girls, due to Bread's 1972 song 'Aubrey' along with its similarity to the established feminine name Audrey.

AUGUSTINE (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: AW-gə-steen, aw-GUS-tin
From the Roman name Augustinus, itself derived from the Roman name AUGUSTUS. Saint Augustine of Hippo was a 5th-century Christian theologian and author from North Africa. For his contributions to Christian philosophy he is known as a Doctor of the Church. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in the Christian world. It became popular in England in the Middle Ages partly because of a second saint by this name, Augustine of Canterbury, a 6th-century Italian monk sent to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons.

AURELIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Ancient Roman, Romanian, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Pronounced: ow-RE-lya (Italian, Polish)
Feminine form of AURELIUS.

AVELINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: AV-ə-lien, av-ə-LEEN
From the Norman French form of the Germanic name Avelina, a diminutive of AVILA. The Normans introduced this name to Britain. After the Middle Ages it became rare as an English name, though it persisted in America until the 19th century.

AVILA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element avi, of unknown meaning, possibly "desired". This name is also given in honour of the 16th-century mystic Saint Teresa of Ávila, Ávila being the name of the town in Spain where she was born.

AVRAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: אַבְרָם (Hebrew)
Hebrew form of ABRAHAM.

AXEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, German
Pronounced: A-ksəl (German)
Medieval Danish form of ABSALOM.

AYLA (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֵלָה (Hebrew)
Variant transcription of ELAH.

AZAREL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: עֲזַרְאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Means "God has helped" in Hebrew. This is the name of several minor Old Testament characters.

AZARIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: עֲזַרְיָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: az-ə-RIE-ə (English)
Means "YAHWEH has helped" in Hebrew. This is the name of many Old Testament characters including of one of the three men the Babylonian king ordered cast into a fiery furnace. His Babylonian name was Abednego.

AZRAEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Judeo-Christian Legend
Variant of AZRIEL. This was the name of an angel in Jewish and Muslim tradition who separated the soul from the body upon death. He is sometimes referred to as the Angel of Death.

AZRIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: עֲזְרִיאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Means "help of God", derived from Hebrew עָזַר ('azar) "help" and אֵל ('el) "God". This was the name of three minor characters in the Old Testament.

BABAR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Urdu
Other Scripts: بابر (Urdu)
Variant transcription of BABUR.

BALDASSARE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of BALTHAZAR.

BALTAZAR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Judeo-Christian Legend
Variant of BALTHAZAR.

BARAK (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, Biblical, Biblical Greek, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: בָּרָק (Hebrew), Βαρακ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: BER-ək (English), BAR-ək (English)
Means "lightning" in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament, Barak was a military commander under the guidance of the prophetess Deborah. They defeated the Canaanite army led by Sisera.

BARLAAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Judeo-Christian Legend
Meaning unknown. In Christian legends Barlaam (recorded as Greek Βαρλααμ) was a 3rd-century hermit who converted Josaphat, the son of an Indian king, to Christianity. The story is based on that of the Buddha. This name was also borne by two saints.

BARNABAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German (Rare), English (Rare), Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Βαρναβας (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: BAR-na-bas (German), BAHR-nə-bəs (English)
Greek form of an Aramaic name. In Acts in the New Testament the byname Barnabas was given to a man named Joseph, a Jew from Cyprus who was a companion of Paul on his missionary journeys. The original Aramaic form is unattested, but it may be from בּר נביא (bar naviya') meaning "son of the prophet", though in Acts 4:36 it is claimed that the name means "son of encouragement". As an English name, it came into occasional use after the 12th century.

BARNABY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Archaic)
Pronounced: BAHR-nə-bee
Medieval English form of BARNABAS.

BARTEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Dutch
Pronounced: BAHR-təl
Dutch diminutive of BARTHOLOMEW.

BARTHOLOMEW
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: bahr-THAHL-ə-myoo (English)
From Βαρθολομαιος (Bartholomaios), which was the Greek form of an Aramaic name meaning "son of TALMAI". In the New Testament Bartholomew is the byname of an apostle, possibly the same person as the apostle Nathanael. According to tradition he was a missionary to India before returning westward to Armenia, where he was martyred by flaying. Due to the popularity of this saint the name became common in England during the Middle Ages.

BASILIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian, Spanish
Pronounced: ba-ZEE-lyo (Italian), ba-SEE-lyo (Spanish)
Italian and Spanish form of BASIL (1).

BEATRICE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, English, Swedish
Pronounced: be-a-TREE-che (Italian), BEE-ə-tris (English), BEET-ris (English), BE-ah-trees (Swedish), be-ah-TREES (Swedish)
Italian form of BEATRIX. Beatrice Portinari (1266-1290) was the woman who was loved by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. She serves as Dante's guide through paradise in his epic poem the 'Divine Comedy' (1321). This is also the name of a character in Shakespeare's comedy 'Much Ado About Nothing' (1599), in which Beatrice and Benedick are fooled into confessing their love for one another.

BEDROS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Armenian
Other Scripts: Պետրոս (Armenian)
Western Armenian transcription of PETROS.

BÉLA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hungarian
Pronounced: BE-law
The meaning of this name is not known for certain. It could be derived from Hungarian bél meaning "guts, bowel" or Slavic бѣлъ (belu) meaning "white". This was the name of four Hungarian kings.

BENAIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: בְּנָיָהוּ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: bi-NIE-ə (English), bi-NAY-ə (English)
From the Hebrew name בְּנָיָהוּ (Benayahu) meaning "YAHWEH has built". This was the name of numerous Old Testament characters.

BENEDETTA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian
Italian feminine form of BENEDICT.

BENEDICT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: BEN-ə-dikt
From the Late Latin name Benedictus which meant "blessed". Saint Benedict was an Italian monk who founded the Benedictines in the 6th century. After his time the name was common among Christians, being used by 16 popes. In England it did not come into use until the 12th century, at which point it became very popular. This name was also borne by the American general Benedict Arnold (1741-1801), who defected to Britain during the American Revolution.

BENEDICTA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Late Roman
Feminine form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).

BENSON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: BEN-sən
From a surname which originally meant "son of BENEDICT".

BERTALAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hungarian
Pronounced: BER-taw-lawn
Hungarian form of BARTHOLOMEW.

BERTRANDO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of BERTRAND.

BIANCA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Romanian
Pronounced: BYANG-ka (Italian), BYAN-ka (Romanian)
Italian cognate of BLANCHE. Shakespeare used characters named Bianca in 'Taming of the Shrew' (1593) and 'Othello' (1603).

BLAISE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: BLEZ
From the Roman name Blasius which meant "lisping" from Latin blaesus. A famous bearer was the French mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal (1623-1662).

BONAVENTURA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: bo-na-ven-TOO-ra
Means "good fortune" in Italian. Saint Bonaventura was a 13th-century Franciscan monk who is considered a Doctor of the Church.

BONIFACE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French, English (Rare)
Pronounced: BAW-NEE-FAS (French), BAWN-ə-fays (English), BAWN-ə-fəs (English)
From the Late Latin name Bonifatius, which meant "good fate" from bonum "good" and fatum "fate". This was the name of nine popes and also several saints, including an 8th-century Anglo-Saxon missionary to Germany (originally named Winfrid) who is now regarded as the patron saint of that country. It came into use in England during the Middle Ages, but became rare after the Protestant Reformation.

BRIGITA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Slovene, Croatian, Latvian
Slovene, Croatian and Latvian form of BRIDGET.

CADOC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh
Derived from Welsh cad "battle". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who was martyred by the Saxons.

CAELESTIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Roman
Late Latin name which meant "of the sky, heavenly".

CAMERON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: KAM-rən
From a Scottish surname meaning "crooked nose" from Gaelic cam "crooked" and sròn "nose".

CASPIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Pronounced: KAS-pee-ən (English)
Used by author C. S. Lewis for a character in his 'Chronicles of Narnia' series, first appearing in 1950. Prince Caspian first appears in the fourth book, where he is the rightful king of Narnia driven into exile by his evil uncle Miraz. Lewis probably based the name on the Caspian Sea, which was named for the city of Qazvin, which was itself named for the ancient Cas tribe.

CASSIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Pronounced: KAS-see-oos (Classical Latin), KASH-əs (English), KAS-ee-əs (English)
Roman family name which was possibly derived from Latin cassus "empty, vain". This name was borne by several early saints. In modern times, it was the original first name of boxer Muhammad Ali (1942-2016), who was named after his father Cassius Clay, who was himself named after the American abolitionist Cassius Clay (1810-1903).

CATO (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "wise" in Latin. This name was bestowed upon Cato the Elder (Marcus Porcius Cato), a 2nd-century BC Roman statesman, author and censor, and was subsequently inherited by his descendants, including his great-grandson Cato the Younger (Marcus Porcius Cato Uticencis), a politician and philosopher who opposed Julius Caesar.

CECIL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: SEE-səl, SES-əl
From the Roman name Caecilius (see CECILIA). This was the name of a 3rd-century saint, a companion of Saint Cyprian. Though it was in use during the Middle Ages in England, it did not become common until the 19th century when it was given in honour of the noble Cecil family, who had been prominent since the 16th century. Their surname was derived from the Welsh given name Seisyll, which was derived from the Roman name Sextilius, a derivative of SEXTUS.

CÉCILE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, Dutch
Pronounced: SE-SEEL (French)
French form of CECILIA.

CECILIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Spanish, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Dutch, Romanian, Finnish, German
Pronounced: se-SEE-lee-ə (English), se-SEEL-yə (English), che-CHEE-lya (Italian), the-THEE-lya (European Spanish), se-SEE-lya (Latin American Spanish), se-SEEL-yah (Danish, Norwegian)
Latinate feminine form of the Roman family name Caecilius, which was derived from Latin caecus "blind". Saint Cecilia was a semi-legendary 2nd- or 3rd-century martyr who was sentenced to die because she refused to worship the Roman gods. After attempts to suffocate her failed, she was beheaded. She was later regarded as the patron saint of music and musicians.

Due to the popularity of the saint, the name became common in the Christian world during the Middle Ages. The Normans brought it to England, where it was commonly spelled Cecily - the Latinate form Cecilia came into use in the 18th century.

CEDRIC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: SED-rik
Invented by Sir Walter Scott for a character in his novel 'Ivanhoe' (1819). Apparently he based it on the actual name Cerdic, the name of the semi-legendary founder of the kingdom of Wessex in the 6th century. The meaning of Cerdic is uncertain, but it does not appear to be Old English in origin. It could be connected to the Brythonic name CARATACOS. The name was also used by Frances Hodgson Burnett for the main character in her novel 'Little Lord Fauntleroy' (1886).

CELIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Spanish
Pronounced: SEEL-yə (English), SEE-lee-ə (English), THE-lya (European Spanish), SE-lya (Latin American Spanish)
Feminine form of the Roman family name CAELIUS. Shakespeare used it in his play 'As You Like It' (1599), which introduced the name to the English-speaking public at large. It is sometimes used as a short form of CECILIA.

CELIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian (Rare), Spanish (Rare)
Pronounced: CHE-lyo (Italian), THE-lyo (European Spanish), SE-lyo (Latin American Spanish)
Italian and Spanish form of CAELIUS.

CESARINO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: che-sa-REE-no
Diminutive of CESARE.

CHARITON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Χαριτων (Ancient Greek)
Derived from Greek χαρις (charis) meaning "grace, kindness". This was the name of a 1st-century Greek novelist.

CHARLOTTE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
Pronounced: SHAR-LAWT (French), SHAHR-lət (English), shar-LAW-tə (German), shah-LOT (Swedish), shahr-LAWT-tə (Dutch)
French feminine diminutive of CHARLES. It was introduced to Britain in the 17th century. A notable bearer was Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855), the eldest of the three Brontë sisters and the author of 'Jane Eyre' and 'Villette'.

CHRYSANTHOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Χρυσανθος (Greek)
Means "golden flower" from Greek χρυσεος (chryseos) "golden" combined with ανθος (anthos) "flower". This name was borne by a semi-legendary 3rd-century Egyptian saint.

CICERO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Pronounced: KEE-ke-ro (Classical Latin), SIS-ə-ro (English)
Roman cognomen which meant "chickpea" from Latin cicer. Marcus Tullius Cicero (known simply as Cicero) was a statesman, orator and author of the 1st century BC.

CIRINO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian, Spanish
Pronounced: chee-REE-no (Italian), thee-REE-no (European Spanish), see-REE-no (Latin American Spanish)
Diminutive of CIRO.

CIRO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian, Spanish
Pronounced: CHEE-ro (Italian), THEE-ro (European Spanish), SEE-ro (Latin American Spanish)
Italian and Spanish form of CYRUS.

CLEMENT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: KLE-mənt
English form of the Late Latin name Clemens (or sometimes of its derivative Clementius) which meant "merciful, gentle". This was the name of 14 popes, including Saint Clement I, the third pope, one of the Apostolic Fathers. Another saint by this name was Clement of Alexandria, a 3rd-century theologian and church father who attempted to reconcile Christian and Platonic philosophies. It has been in general as a given name in Christian Europe (in various spellings) since early times. In England it became rare after the Protestant Reformation, though it was revived in the 19th century.

COLM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Variant of COLUM.

CONCETTA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: kon-CHET-ta
Italian cognate of CONCEPCIÓN.

CONCORDIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Roman Mythology
Pronounced: kon-KOR-dee-a (Classical Latin), kən-KAWR-dee-ə (English)
Means "harmony" in Latin. This was the name of the Roman goddess of harmony and peace.

CONRAD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: KAHN-rad (English), KAWN-rat (German)
Derived from the Germanic elements kuoni "brave" and rad "counsel". This was the name of a 10th-century saint and bishop of Konstanz, in southern Germany. It was also borne by several medieval German kings and dukes. In England it was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, but has only been common since the 19th century when it was reintroduced from Germany.

CONSTANTIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Late Roman
Feminine form of the Late Latin name Constantius, which was itself derived from CONSTANS.

CORALIE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: KAW-RA-LEE
Either a French form of KORALIA, or a derivative of Latin corallium "coral" (see CORAL).

CORBIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: KAWR-bin
From a French surname which was derived from corbeau "raven", originally denoting a person who had dark hair. The name was probably popularized in America by actor Corbin Bernsen (1954-).

CORENTIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Breton, French
Pronounced: KAW-RAHN-TEN (French)
Possibly means "hurricane" in Breton. This was the name of a 5th-century bishop of Quimper in Brittany.

CORMAC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Possibly derived from Irish Gaelic corb "raven" or "wheel" and mac "son". This was the name of a 3rd-century king of Ireland.

CORNELIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman, English, Dutch, German, Biblical
Pronounced: kər-NEE-lee-əs (English), kawr-NAY-lee-us (Dutch), kawr-NE-lyuws (German)
Roman family name which possibly derives from the Latin element cornu "horn". In Acts in the New Testament Cornelius is a centurion who is directed by an angel to seek Peter. After speaking with Peter he converts to Christianity, and he is traditionally deemed the first gentile convert. The name was also borne by a few early saints, including a 3rd-century pope. In England it came into use in the 16th century, partly due to Dutch influence.

CORWIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: KAWR-win
From an English surname, derived from Old French cordoan "leather", ultimately from the name of the Spanish city of Cordova.

COSIMO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: KAW-zee-mo, KO-zee-mo
Italian variant of COSMAS. A famous bearer was Cosimo de' Medici, the 15th-century founder of Medici rule in Florence, who was a patron of the Renaissance and a successful merchant. Other members of the Medici family have also borne this name.

COSTANZO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of CONSTANS.

COURTNEY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: KAWRT-nee
From an aristocratic English surname which was derived either from the French place name Courtenay (originally a derivative of the personal name Curtenus, itself derived from Latin curtus "short") or else from a Norman nickname meaning "short nose". As a feminine name in America, it first became popular during the 1970s.

CYPRIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Polish, English (Rare)
Pronounced: TSI-pryan (Polish), SIP-ree-ən (English)
From the Roman family name Cyprianus which meant "from Cyprus" in Latin. Saint Cyprian was a 3rd-century bishop of Carthage and a martyr under the emperor Valerian.

CYRANO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Pronounced: SIR-ə-no (English)
Possibly derived from the name of the ancient Greek city of Cyrene, which was located in North Africa. Edmond Rostand used this name in his play 'Cyrano de Bergerac' (1897). He based his character upon a real person, Savinien Cyrano de Bergerac, a French satirist of the 17th century.

DAISUKE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Japanese
Other Scripts: 大輔, etc. (Japanese Kanji)
Pronounced: DA-EE-SOO-KE, DA-EES-KE
From Japanese (dai) meaning "big, great" and (suke) meaning "help". Other kanji combinations are possible.

DAMIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Polish, Dutch
Pronounced: DAY-mee-ən (English), DA-myan (Polish)
From the Greek name Δαμιανος (Damianos) which was derived from Greek δαμαζω (damazo) "to tame". Saint Damian was martyred with his twin brother Cosmo in Syria early in the 4th century. They are the patron saints of physicians. Due to his renown, the name came into general use in Christian Europe. Another saint by this name was Peter Damian, an 11th-century cardinal and theologian from Italy.

D'ARTAGNAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Means "from Artagnan" in French, Artagnan being a town in southwest France. This was the name of a character in the novel 'The Three Musketeers' (1884) by Alexandre Dumas. In the novel D'Artagnan is an aspiring musketeer who first duels with the three title characters and then becomes their friend.

DASHIELL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: də-SHEEL
In the case of American author Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), it is an Anglicized form of his mother's surname De Chiel, which is of unknown meaning.

DAVID
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Hebrew, French, Scottish, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: דָּוִד (Hebrew), Давид (Russian, Serbian, Macedonian)
Pronounced: DAY-vid (English), dah-VEED (Hebrew), DA-VEED (French), da-BEEDH (Spanish), DA-vit (German), DAH-vid (Swedish, Norwegian), DAH-vit (Dutch), du-VYEET (Russian)
From the Hebrew name דָּוִד (Dawid), which was probably derived from Hebrew דוד (dwd) meaning "beloved". David was the second and greatest of the kings of Israel, ruling in the 10th century BC. Several stories about him are told in the Old Testament, including his defeat of Goliath, a giant Philistine. According to the New Testament, Jesus was descended from him.

This name has been used in Britain since the Middle Ages. It has been especially popular in Wales, where it is used in honour of the 5th-century patron saint of Wales (also called Dewi), as well as in Scotland, where it was borne by two kings. Famous bearers include empiricist philosopher David Hume (1711-1776), explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873), musician David Bowie (1947-2016), and soccer player David Beckham (1975-). This is also the name of the hero of Charles Dickens' semi-autobiographical novel 'David Copperfield' (1850).

DEMETRIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Δημητριος (Ancient Greek)
Latinized form of the Greek name Δημητριος (Demetrios), which was derived from the name of the Greek goddess DEMETER (1). Kings of Macedon and the Seleucid kingdom have had this name. This was also the name of several early saints including a Saint Demetrius who was martyred in the 4th century.

DEODATUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Roman
Variant of ADEODATUS or DEUSDEDIT. This name was borne by several saints.

DESIDERIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of DESIDERIUS.

DIDIER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: DEE-DYE
French form of DESIDERIO.

DIEDERIK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Dutch
Pronounced: DEE-də-rik
Dutch form of THEODORIC.

DIETER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German
Pronounced: DEE-tu
Means "warrior of the people", derived from the Germanic elements theud "people" and hari "army".

DIETRICH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German
Pronounced: DEE-trikh
German form of THEODORIC.

DIMITRI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, French
Other Scripts: Димитрий (Russian)
Pronounced: dyi-MYEE-tryee (Russian), DEE-MEE-TREE (French)
Variant of DMITRIY, using the Church Slavic spelling.

DINAH
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Other Scripts: דִּינָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: DIE-nə (English)
Means "judged" in Hebrew. She is the daughter of Jacob and Leah in the Old Testament. It has been used as an English given name since after the Protestant Reformation.

DIODORE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French (Rare)
French form of DIODORUS.

DOV
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: דּוֹב (Hebrew)
Pronounced: DOV
Means "bear" in Hebrew.

EBENEZER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: אֶבֶן הָעָזֶר (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: eb-ə-NEE-zər (English)
Means "stone of help" in Hebrew. This was the name of a monument erected by Samuel in the Old Testament. Charles Dickens used it for the miserly character Ebenezer Scrooge in his novel 'A Christmas Carol' (1843).

ECKHARD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German
Pronounced: EK-hart
Variant of EKKEHARD.

EDAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, Scottish
Variant of AIDAN.

EDOM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: אֱדוֹם (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: EE-dəm (English)
Means "red" in Hebrew. According to the Old Testament, Esau was given this name because he traded his birthright for a helping of red broth. The bible goes on to tell that Esau was the founder of the ancient nation of Edom, located to the south of the kingdom of Judah.

EITAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֵיתָן (Hebrew)
Original Hebrew form of ETHAN.

ELAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: עֵילָם (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: EE-ləm (English)
Possibly means either "hidden" or "eternity" in Hebrew. This was the name of several characters in the Old Testament, including a son of Shem who was the ancestor of the Elamite peoples.

ELEANOR
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EL-ə-nawr
From the Old French form of the Occitan name Aliénor. Among the name's earliest bearers was the influential Eleanor of Aquitaine (12th century), who was the queen of Louis VII, the king of France, and later Henry II, the king of England. She was named Aenor after her mother, and was called by the Occitan phrase alia Aenor "the other AENOR" in order to distinguish her from her mother. However, there appear to be examples of bearers prior to Eleanor of Aquitaine. It is not clear whether they were in fact Aenors who were retroactively recorded as having the name Eleanor, or whether there is an alternative explanation for the name's origin.

The popularity of the name Eleanor in England during the Middle Ages was due to the fame of Eleanor of Aquitaine, as well as two queens of the following century: Eleanor of Provence, the wife of Henry III, and Eleanor of Castile, the wife of Edward I. More recently, it was borne by first lady Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962), the wife of American president Franklin Roosevelt.

ELEAZAR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אֶלְעָזָר (Ancient Hebrew), Ελεαζαρ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: el-ee-AY-zər (English)
From the Hebrew name אֶלְעָזָר ('El'azar) meaning "my God has helped". In the Old Testament this is the name of one of the sons of Aaron.

ELEK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hungarian
Pronounced: E-lek
Hungarian form of ALEXIS.

ELIAKIM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: אֶלְיָקִים (Ancient Hebrew)
Means "God rises" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the master of Hezekiah's household.

ELIAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, English, Greek, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Ηλιας (Greek)
Pronounced: ə-LEE-əsh (Portuguese), e-LEE-as (German), E-lee-ahs (Finnish), i-LIE-əs (English), ee-LIE-əs (English)
Cognate of ELIJAH. This is the form used in the Greek New Testament.

ELIEZER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אֱלִיעֶזֶר (Hebrew), Ελιεζερ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: el-ie-EE-zər (English)
From Hebrew אֱלִיעֶזֶר ('Eli'ezer) meaning "my God is help". In the Old Testament this is the name of both a servant of Abraham and one of the sons of Moses (see Exodus 18:4 for an explanation of the significance of the name).

ELIJAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Hebrew, Biblical
Other Scripts: אֱלִיָּהוּ (Hebrew)
Pronounced: i-LIE-jə (English), i-LIE-zhə (English)
From the Hebrew name אֱלִיָּהוּ ('Eliyyahu) meaning "my God is YAHWEH". Elijah was a Hebrew prophet and miracle worker, as told in the two Books of Kings in the Old Testament. He was active in the 9th century BC during the reign of King Ahab of Israel and his Phoenician-born queen Jezebel. Elijah confronted the king and queen over their idolatry of the Canaanite god Ba'al and other wicked deeds. At the end of his life he was carried to heaven in a chariot of fire, and was succeeded by Elisha. In the New Testament, Elijah and Moses appear next to Jesus when he is transfigured.

Because Elijah was a popular figure in medieval tales, and because his name was borne by a few early saints (who are usually known by the Latin form Elias), the name came into general use during the Middle Ages. In medieval England it was usually spelled Elis. It died out there by the 16th century, but it was revived by the Puritans in the form Elijah after the Protestant Reformation.

ELIOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֱלִיאוֹר (Hebrew)
Means "my God is my light" in Hebrew.

ELIORA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֱלִיאוֹרָה (Hebrew)
Feminine form of ELIOR.

ELIPHELET
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: אֱלִיפֶלֶט (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: i-LIF-ə-let (English), ee-LIF-ə-let (English)
Means "God is release" in Hebrew. This is the name of several people in the Old Testament including a son of David.

ELISHA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֱלִישַׁע (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: i-LIE-shə (English)
From the Hebrew name אֱלִישַׁע ('Elisha'), a contracted form of אֱלִישׁוּעַ ('Elishu'a) meaning "my God is salvation". According to the Old Testament, Elisha was a prophet and miracle worker. He was the attendant of Elijah and succeeded him after his ascension to heaven.

ELIZAVETA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Russian
Other Scripts: Елизавета (Russian)
Pronounced: yi-lyi-zu-VYE-tə, i-lyi-zu-VYE-tə
Variant transcription of YELIZAVETA.

ELKANAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֱלְקָנָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: el-KAYN-ə (English)
Means "God has purchased" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Samuel.

ELLIOTT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EL-ee-ət
From an English surname which was derived from a diminutive of the medieval name ELIAS.

ELLIS (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EL-is
From an English surname which was derived from the given name ELIJAH.

ELŻBIETA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Polish
Pronounced: elzh-BYE-ta
Polish form of ELIZABETH.

EMANUEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Romanian, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Czech, Slovak, Croatian
Pronounced: e-MA-nwel (German), E-ma-noo-el (Slovak)
Form of EMMANUEL.

ÉMERIC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: EM-REEK
French form of EMMERICH.

EMERSON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EM-ər-sən
From an English surname meaning "son of EMERY". The surname was borne by Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American writer and philosopher who wrote about transcendentalism.

EMMA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French, Italian, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Dutch, German, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: EM-ə (English), E-MA (French), EM-mah (Finnish), E-ma (German)
Originally a short form of Germanic names that began with the element ermen meaning "whole" or "universal". It was introduced to England by Emma of Normandy, who was the wife both of king Ethelred II (and by him the mother of Edward the Confessor) and later of king Canute. It was also borne by an 11th-century Austrian saint, who is sometimes called Hemma.

After the Norman conquest this name became common in England. It was revived in the 18th century, perhaps in part due to Matthew Prior's poem 'Henry and Emma' (1709). It was also used by Jane Austen for the central character, the matchmaker Emma Woodhouse, in her novel 'Emma' (1816).

EMMALINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EM-ə-leen, EM-ə-lien
Variant of EMMELINE.

EMMELINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Archaic)
Pronounced: EM-ə-leen, EM-ə-lien
From an Old French form of the Germanic name Amelina, originally a diminutive of Germanic names beginning with the element amal meaning "work". The Normans introduced this name to England.

EMMETT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EM-it
From an English surname which was derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name EMMA.

ENNIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
From the name of a town in Ireland.

ENOCH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: חֲנוֹך (Ancient Hebrew), Ενωχ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: EE-nək (English)
From the Hebrew name חֲנוֹך (Chanokh) meaning "dedicated". In Genesis in the Old Testament this is the name of both the son of Cain and the father of Methuselah, who was the supposed author of the apocryphal Books of Enoch.

ENOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אֱנוֹשׁ (Ancient Hebrew), Ενως (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: EE-nahs (English)
Form of ENOSH used in many versions of the Old Testament.

EPAPHRAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Επαφρας (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: EP-ə-fras (English)
Derived from Greek επαφρος (epaphros) meaning "foamy". In the New Testament this is the name of one of Paul's co-workers.

EPAPHRODITOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Επαφροδιτος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ee-paf-rə-DIE-təs (English)
Means "lovely, charming", derived from Greek επι (epi) "on" combined with the name of the Greek love goddess APHRODITE.

EPHRAIM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Hebrew, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אֶפְרָיִם (Hebrew), Εφραιμ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: EE-free-im (English), EE-frəm (English), E-free-im (English), E-frəm (English)
From the Hebrew name אֶפְרָיִם ('Efrayim) which meant "fruitful". In the Old Testament Ephraim is a son of Joseph and Asenath and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

EPONINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Literature
Pronounced: EP-ə-neen (English)
Meaning unknown. Victor Hugo used this name in his novel 'Les Misérables' (1862) for a daughter of the Thénardiers. Her mother got her name from a romance novel.

ERAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: עֵירָן (Ancient Hebrew)
Means "watchful, vigilant" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a grandson of Ephraim.

ERASMUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Ερασμος (Ancient Greek)
Derived from Greek ερασμιος (erasmios) meaning "beloved". Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, was a 4th-century martyr who is the patron saint of sailors. Erasmus was also the name of a Dutch scholar of the Renaissance period.

ERASTUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Εραστος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: i-RAS-təs (English)
Latinized form of the Greek name Εραστος (Erastos) meaning "beloved". This was the name of an assistant of Paul mentioned in Acts and two epistles in the New Testament.

ERCOLE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: ER-ko-le
Italian form of HERCULES.

EROS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Ερως (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: E-RAWS (Classical Greek), ER-aws (English)
Means "love" in Greek. In Greek mythology he was a young god, the son of Aphrodite, who was armed with arrows that caused the victim to fall in love.

ESMÉ
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Dutch
Pronounced: EZ-may (English), EZ-mee (English), es-MAY (Dutch)
Means "esteemed" or "loved" in Old French. It was first recorded in Scotland, being borne by the first Duke of Lennox in the 16th century.

ESTHER
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French, Spanish, Dutch, German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: אֶסְתֵר (Hebrew), Εσθηρ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ES-tər (English, Dutch), ES-TER (French)
Possibly means "star" in Persian. Alternatively it could be a derivative of the name of the Near Eastern goddess ISHTAR. The Book of Esther in the Old Testament tells the story of Queen Esther, the Jewish wife of the king of Persia. The king's advisor Haman persuaded the king to exterminate all the Jews in the realm. Warned of this plot by her cousin Mordecai, Esther revealed her Jewish ancestry and convinced the king to execute Haman instead. Her original Hebrew name was Hadassah.

This name has been used in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. In America it received a boost in popularity after the birth of Esther Cleveland (1893-1980), the daughter of President Grover Cleveland.

ÉTIENNE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: E-TYEN (European French), E-TSYEN (Quebec French)
French form of STEPHEN.

ETTORE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: ET-to-re
Italian form of HECTOR.

EUAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish
Anglicized form of EOGHAN.

EVA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, English, Czech, Slovak, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Greek, Slovene, Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Ευα (Greek), Ева (Bulgarian, Russian, Church Slavic), ევა (Georgian)
Pronounced: E-ba (Spanish), E-va (Italian, Czech, Slovak, Icelandic), EE-və (English), E-fa (German), AY-vah (Dutch), E-vah (Danish), YE-və (Russian), E-wa (Classical Latin)
Latinate form of EVE. This form is used in the Latin translation of the New Testament, while Hava is used in the Latin Old Testament. It is also a variant transcription of Russian YEVA. This name appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' (1852) belonging to the character Little Eva, whose real name is in fact Evangeline.

EVANDER (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized), Roman Mythology
Other Scripts: Ευανδρος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: ee-VAN-dər (English), ə-VAN-dər (English)
Variant of Evandrus, the Latin form of the Greek name Ευανδρος (Euandros), derived from Greek ευ (eu) meaning "good" and ανηρ (aner) meaning "man" (genitive ανδρος). In Roman mythology Evander was an Arcadian hero of the Trojan War who founded the city of Pallantium near the spot where Rome was later built.

EVANGELINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ə-VAN-jə-leen
Means "good news" from Greek ευ (eu) "good" and αγγελμα (angelma) "news, message". It was (first?) used by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his epic poem 'Evangeline' (1847). It also appears in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' (1852) as the full name of the character Eva.

EVANGELOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek
Other Scripts: Ευαγγελος (Greek)
Means "bringing good news" from the Greek word ευαγγελος (euangelos), a derivative of ευ (eu) "good" and αγγελος (angelos) "messenger".

EVE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: חַוָּה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: EEV (English)
From the Hebrew name חַוָּה (Chawwah), which was derived from the Hebrew word חוה (chawah) "to breathe" or the related word חיה (chayah) "to live". According to the Old Testament Book of Genesis, Eve and Adam were the first humans. God created her from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion. At the urging of a serpent she ate the forbidden fruit and shared some with Adam, causing their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.

Despite this potentially negative association, the name was occasionally used by Christians during the Middle Ages. In the English-speaking world both Eve and the Latin form Eva were revived in the 19th century.

EVELIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish
Elaborated form of EVA.

EVERARD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Means "brave boar", derived from the Germanic elements ebur "wild boar" and hard "brave, hardy". The Normans introduced it to England, where it joined the Old English cognate Eoforheard. It has only been rarely used since the Middle Ages. Modern use of the name may be inspired by the surname Everard, itself derived from the medieval name.

EVERETT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: EV-ə-rit, EV-rit
From a surname which was derived from the given name EVERARD.

EVREN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Turkish
Means "cosmos, the universe" in Turkish.

EWAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish
Pronounced: YOO-ən
Anglicized form of EOGHAN.

EZEKIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English
Other Scripts: יְחֶזְקֵאל (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: i-ZEE-kee-əl (English)
From the Hebrew name יְחֶזְקֵאל (Yechezqel) meaning "God strengthens". Ezekiel is a major prophet of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Ezekiel. He lived in Jerusalem until the Babylonian conquest and captivity of Israel, at which time he was taken to Babylon. The Book of Ezekiel describes his vivid symbolic visions that predict the restoration of the kingdom of Israel. As an English given name, Ezekiel has been used since the Protestant Reformation.

EZIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: E-tsyo
Italian form of AETIUS.

EZRA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English, Hebrew
Other Scripts: עֶזְרָא (Hebrew)
Pronounced: EZ-rə (English)
Means "help" in Hebrew. Ezra is a prophet of the Old Testament and the author of the Book of Ezra. It has been used as a given name in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was a famous bearer.

FABIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, Polish, History
Pronounced: FA-byan (German, Polish), FAH-bee-ahn (Dutch), FAY-bee-ən (English)
From the Roman cognomen Fabianus, which was derived from FABIUS. Saint Fabian was a 3rd-century pope.

FABIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from Latin faba "bean". Quintus Fabius Maximus was the Roman general who used delaying tactics to halt the invasion of Hannibal in the 3rd century BC.

FABRICE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: FAB-REES
French form of the Roman family name Fabricius, which was derived from Latin faber "craftsman". Gaius Fabricius Luscinus was a 3rd-century BC Roman general and statesman.

FABRIZIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of Fabricius (see FABRICE).

FANTINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Literature
This name was used by Victor Hugo for the mother of Cosette in his novel 'Les Misérables' (1862). The name was given to her by a passerby who found the young orphan on the street. Hugo may have intended it to be a derivative of the French word enfant "child".

FARIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Arabic, Bosnian
Other Scripts: فارس (Arabic)
Means "knight" in Arabic.

FARON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
From a French surname which was derived from the Germanic given name Faro.

FARRAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: FAR-ən
From an English surname which was derived from Old French ferrant meaning "iron grey".

FAYE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: FAY
Variant of FAY.

FEIVEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Yiddish
Other Scripts: פַֿײבֶֿעל, פַֿײוֶעל (Yiddish)
Diminutive of FEIBUSH.

FELIX
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Pronounced: FE-liks (German, Swedish), FAY-liks (Dutch), FEE-liks (English)
From a Roman cognomen meaning "lucky, successful" in Latin. It was acquired as an agnomen, or nickname, by the 1st-century BC Roman general Sulla. It also appears in the New Testament belonging to the governor of Judea who imprisoned Saint Paul.

Due to its favourable meaning, this name was popular among early Christians, being borne by many early saints and four popes. It has been used in England since the Middle Ages, though it has been more popular in continental Europe. A notable bearer was the German composer Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847).

FENTON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: FEN-tən
From a surname which was originally taken from a place name meaning "marsh town" in Old English.

FEROZE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Urdu
Other Scripts: فیروز (Urdu)
Variant transcription of FEROZ.

FERRAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Catalan
Catalan form of FERDINAND.

FINOLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Irish, Scottish
Anglicized form of FIONNUALA.

FINTAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, Irish Mythology
Pronounced: FIN-tan (Irish)
Possibly means either "white fire" or "white bull" in Irish. According to legend this was the name of the only Irish person to survive the great flood. This name was also borne by many Irish saints.

FIONA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Scottish, English
Pronounced: fee-O-nə
Feminine form of FIONN. This name was (first?) used by Scottish poet James Macpherson in his poem 'Fingal' (1762).

FIORELLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: fyo-REL-la
From Italian fiore "flower" combined with a diminutive suffix.

FIRENZE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Various
From the name of an Italian city, commonly called Florence in English.

FIROZ
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Persian
Other Scripts: فیروز (Persian)
Variant transcription of FIRUZ.

FIRUZ
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Persian, Tajik
Other Scripts: فیروز (Persian), Фирӯз (Tajik)
From Persian پیروز (piruz) or فیروز (firuz) meaning "victorious". This name was borne by Firuz Shah Tughlaq, a 14th-century Sultan of Delhi who did much to build the city's infrastructure.

FLAVIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Roman family name which meant "golden" or "yellow-haired" from Latin flavus "yellow, golden". Flavius was the family name of the 1st-century Roman emperors Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. It was used as a personal name by several later emperors, notably by Constantine.

FLEUR
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, Dutch, English (Rare)
Pronounced: FLUUR (French, Dutch), FLUR (English)
Means "flower" in French. This was the name of a character in John Galsworthy's novels 'The Forsyte Saga' (1922).

FLORIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Polish, French
Pronounced: FLO-ryan (German), FLAW-ryan (Polish), FLAW-RYAHN (French)
From the Roman name Florianus, a derivative of FLORUS. Saint Florian, a martyr of the 3rd century, is the patron saint of Poland and Upper Austria.

FLORIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Romanian
Pronounced: flo-REEN
Romanian form of FLORINUS.

FRANCIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: FRAN-sis (English), FRAHN-SEES (French)
English form of the Late Latin name Franciscus which meant "Frenchman", ultimately from the Germanic tribe of the Franks, who were named for a type of spear that they used. This name was borne by the 13th-century Saint Francis of Assisi, who was originally named Giovanni but was given the nickname Francesco by his father, an admirer of the French. Francis went on to renounce his father's wealth and devote his life to the poor, founding the Franciscan order of friars. Later in his life he apparently received the stigmata.

Due to the renown of the saint, this name became widespread in Western Europe during the Middle Ages. However, it was not regularly used in Britain until the 16th century. Famous bearers include Saint Francis Xavier (1506-1552), a missionary to East Asia, the philosopher and scientist Francis Bacon (1561-1626), and the explorer and admiral Sir Francis Drake (1540-1595). In the English-speaking world this name is occasionally used for girls.

FRISO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Frisian
Refers to a member of the ethnic group, the Frisians, a Germanic tribe of northwest Europe. Friesland in the Netherlands is named for them.

GAMALIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: גַּמְלִיאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: gə-MAY-lee-əl (English)
Means "benefit of God" in Hebrew. In Acts in the New Testament he is a teacher of Saint Paul.

GEORGIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Romanian
Pronounced: jor-JYAH-nə (English), jor-JAY-nə (English)
Feminine form of GEORGE. This form of the name has been in use in the English-speaking world since the 18th century.

GERRIT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Dutch, Frisian
Pronounced: KHER-rit (Dutch)
Dutch and Frisian form of GERARD.

GERSHOM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: גֵּרְשֹׁם (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: GUR-shahm (English)
Probably means "exile" in Hebrew, though the Bible explains that it derives from גֵּר שָׁם (ger sham) meaning "a stranger there" (see Exodus 18:3). This is the name of a son of Moses in the Old Testament.

GIAMBATTISTA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: jam-bat-TEE-sta
Combination of GIANNI and BATTISTA, given in honour of Saint John the Baptist.

GIANFRANCO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: jan-FRANG-ko
Combination of GIANNI and FRANCO (2).

GIANLUCA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: jan-LOO-ka
Combination of GIANNI and LUCA (1).

GIANLUIGI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: jan-loo-EE-gee
Combination of GIANNI and LUIGI.

GIANMARCO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: jan-MAR-ko
Combination of GIANNI and MARCO.

GIDEON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English, Hebrew
Other Scripts: גִּדְעוֹן (Hebrew)
Pronounced: GID-ee-ən (English)
Means "feller" or "hewer" in Hebrew. Gideon is a hero and judge of the Old Testament. He led the vastly outnumbered Israelites against the Midianites, defeated them, and killed their two kings. In the English-speaking world, Gideon has been used as a given name since the Protestant Reformation, and it was popular among the Puritans.

GORDON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish, English
Pronounced: GAWR-dən (English)
From a Scottish surname which was originally derived from a place name meaning "spacious fort". It was originally used in honour of Charles George Gordon (1833-1885), a British general who died defending the city of Khartoum in Sudan.

GOTTFRIED
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German
Pronounced: GAWT-freet
German form of GODFREY. This name was borne by the 13th-century German poet Gottfried von Strassburg and the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716), one of the inventors of calculus.

GREGORY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: GREG-ə-ree
English form of Latin Gregorius, which was from the Late Greek name Γρηγοριος (Gregorios), derived from γρηγορος (gregoros) meaning "watchful, alert". This name was popular among early Christians, being borne by a number of important saints including Saint Gregory Thaumaturgus (3rd century), Saint Gregory the Illuminator (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nyssa (4th century), Saint Gregory of Nazianzus (4th century), and Saint Gregory of Tours (6th century). It was also borne by the 6th-century pope Saint Gregory I the Great, a reformer and Doctor of the Church, as well as 15 subsequent popes.

Due to the renown of the saints by this name, Gregory (in various spellings) has remained common in the Christian world through the Middle Ages and to the present day. It has been used in England since the 12th century. A famous bearer from the modern era was American actor Gregory Peck (1916-2003).

GRIFFIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: GRIF-in
Latinized form of GRUFFUDD. This name can also be inspired by the English word griffin, a creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle, ultimately from Greek γρυψ (gryps).

HECTOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Arthurian Romance
Other Scripts: ‘Εκτωρ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: HEK-tər (English), EK-TAWR (French)
Latinized form of Greek ‘Εκτωρ (Hektor), which was derived from ‘εκτωρ (hektor) "holding fast", ultimately from εχω (echo) meaning "to hold, to possess". In Greek legend Hector was one of the Trojan champions who fought against the Greeks. After he killed Achilles' friend Patroclus in battle, he was himself brutally slain by Achilles, who proceeded to tie his dead body to a chariot and drag it about. This name also appears in Arthurian legends belonging to King Arthur's foster father.

Hector has occasionally been used as a given name since the Middle Ages, probably because of the noble character of the classical hero. It was historically common in Scotland, where it was used as an Anglicized form of Eachann.

HEIDI
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, English
Pronounced: HIE-dee (German, English), HAY-dee (Finnish)
German diminutive of ADELHEID. This is the name of the title character in the children's novel 'Heidi' (1880) by Johanna Spyri. The name began to be used in the English-speaking world shortly after the 1937 release of the movie adaptation, which starred Shirley Temple.

HELENA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Portuguese, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene, Croatian, English, Ancient Greek (Latinized), Greek Mythology (Latinized)
Other Scripts: ‘Ελενη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: HE-le-na (German), he-LE-nah (Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish), khe-LE-na (Polish), HE-le-nah (Finnish), HEL-ə-nə (English)
Latinate form of HELEN.

HENDRIK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Dutch, German, Estonian
Pronounced: HEN-drik (Dutch, German)
Dutch and Estonian cognate of HENRY.

HENRIK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Armenian
Other Scripts: Հենրիկ (Armenian)
Pronounced: HEN-rik (Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German), HEN-reek (Hungarian)
Form of HENRY.

HENRY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: HEN-ree
From the Germanic name Heimirich which meant "home ruler", composed of the elements heim "home" and ric "power, ruler". It was later commonly spelled Heinrich, with the spelling altered due to the influence of other Germanic names like Haganrich, in which the first element is hagan "enclosure".

Heinrich was popular among continental royalty, being the name of seven German kings, starting with the 10th-century Henry I the Fowler, and four French kings. In France it was rendered Henri from the Latin form Henricus.

The Normans introduced the French form to England, and it was subsequently used by eight kings, ending with the infamous Henry VIII in the 16th century. During the Middle Ages it was generally rendered as Harry or Herry in English pronunciation. Notable bearers include arctic naval explorer Henry Hudson (1570-1611), British novelist Henry James (1843-1916), and American automobile manufacturer Henry Ford (1863-1947).

HILARIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Roman name which was derived from Latin hilaris meaning "cheerful". Alternatively, it could be derived from the Greek name ‘Ιλαρος (Hilaros) also meaning "cheerful" (the Greek word ‘ιλαρος was the source of the Latin word hilaris). Saint Hilarius was a 4th-century theologian and bishop of Poitiers. This was also the name of a 5th-century pope.

HOLLIS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: HAHL-is
From an English surname which was derived from Middle English holis "holly trees". It was originally given to a person who lived near a group of those trees.

HUGH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: HYOO
From the Germanic element hug, meaning "heart, mind, spirit". It was common among Frankish and French nobility, being borne by Hugh Capet, a 10th-century king of France who founded the Capetian dynasty. The Normans brought the name to England and it became common there, even more so after the time of the 12th-century bishop Saint Hugh of Lincoln, who was known for his charity. This was also the name of kings of Cyprus and the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem. The name is used in Ireland and Scotland as the Anglicized form of Aodh and Ùisdean.

IAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish, English
Pronounced: EE-ən (English)
Scottish form of JOHN.

IBRAHIM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Arabic, Malay, Indonesian
Other Scripts: إبراهيم (Arabic)
Pronounced: ee-bra-HEEM (Arabic)
Arabic, Malay and Indonesian form of ABRAHAM.

ILAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: אִילָן (Hebrew)
Means "tree" in Hebrew.

IRIS
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, French, Spanish
Other Scripts: Ιρις (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: IE-ris (English), EE-ris (German, Dutch), EE-rees (Finnish, Spanish), EE-REES (French)
Means "rainbow" in Greek. Iris was the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow. This name can also be given in reference to the word (which derives from the same Greek source) for the name of the iris flower or the coloured part of the eye.

ISAAC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Jewish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: יִצְחָק (Hebrew)
Pronounced: IE-zək (English)
From the Hebrew name יִצְחָק (Yitzchaq) meaning "he will laugh, he will rejoice", derived from צָחַק (tzachaq) meaning "to laugh". The Old Testament explains this meaning, by recounting that Abraham laughed when God told him that his aged wife Sarah would become pregnant with Isaac (see Genesis 17:17). When Isaac was a boy, God tested Abraham's faith by ordering him to sacrifice his son, though an angel prevented the act at the last moment. Isaac went on to become the father of Esau and Jacob with his wife Rebecca.

As an English Christian name, Isaac was occasionally used during the Middle Ages, though it was more common among Jews. It became more widespread after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers include the physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) and the science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov (1920-1992).

ISABEL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, English, French, German
Pronounced: ee-sa-BEL (Spanish), IZ-ə-bel (English), EE-ZA-BEL (French), ee-za-BEL (German)
Medieval Occitan form of ELIZABETH. It spread throughout Spain, Portugal and France, becoming common among the royalty by the 12th century. It grew popular in England in the 13th century after Isabella of Angoulême married the English king John, and it was subsequently bolstered when Isabella of France married Edward II the following century.

This is the usual form of the name Elizabeth in Spain and Portugal, though elsewhere it is considered a parallel name, such as in France where it is used alongside Élisabeth. The name was borne by two Spanish ruling queens, including Isabel of Castile, who sponsored the explorations of Christopher Columbus.

ISAIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: יְשַׁעְיָהוּ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ie-ZAY-ə (American English), ie-ZIE-ə (British English)
From the Hebrew name יְשַׁעְיָהוּ (Yesha'yahu) meaning "YAHWEH is salvation". Isaiah is one of the four major prophets of the Old Testament, supposedly the author of the Book of Isaiah. He was from Jerusalem and probably lived in the 8th century BC, at a time when Assyria threatened the Kingdom of Judah. As an English Christian name, Isaiah was first used after the Protestant Reformation.

ISIDORE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Georgian, Jewish
Other Scripts: ისიდორე (Georgian)
Pronounced: IZ-i-dawr (English), EE-ZEE-DAWR (French)
From the Greek name Ισιδωρος (Isidoros) which meant "gift of Isis", derived from the name of the Egyptian goddess ISIS combined with Greek δωρον (doron) "gift". Saint Isidore of Seville was a 6th-century archbishop, historian and theologian.

Though it has never been popular in the English-speaking world among Christians, it has historically been a common name for Jews, who have used it as an Americanized form of names such as Isaac, Israel and Isaiah.

ISOLDE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare), German, Arthurian Romance
Pronounced: i-ZOL-də (English), i-SOL-də (English), ee-ZAWL-də (German)
The origins of this name are uncertain, though some Celtic roots have been suggested. It is possible that the name is ultimately Germanic, perhaps from a hypothetic name like Ishild, composed of the elements is "ice, iron" and hild "battle".

In medieval Arthurian legend Isolde was an Irish princess betrothed to King Mark of Cornwall. After accidentally drinking a love potion, she became the lover of his knight Tristan, which led to their tragic deaths. The story was popular during the Middle Ages and the name became relatively common in England at that time. It was rare by the 19th century, though some interest was generated by Richard Wagner's opera 'Tristan und Isolde' (1865).

IVAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Serbian, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Macedonian, Slovene, English, Italian, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian
Other Scripts: Иван (Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian), Іван (Ukrainian, Belarusian)
Pronounced: i-VAN (Russian), ee-VAHN (Ukrainian), EE-van (Serbian, Croatian, Slovene), IE-vən (English)
Newer form of the old Slavic name Іѡаннъ (Ioannu), which was derived from Greek Ioannes (see JOHN). This was the name of six Russian rulers, including the 15th-century Ivan III the Great and 16th-century Ivan IV the Terrible, the first tsar of Russia. It was also borne by nine emperors of Bulgaria. Other notable bearers include the Russian author Ivan Turgenev (1818-1883), who wrote 'Fathers and Sons', and the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), who is best known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.

JACHIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: יָכִין (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: JAY-kin (English)
Means "he establishes" in Hebrew. This was the name of a son of Simeon in the Old Testament.

JACQUES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: ZHAHK
French form of JACOB (or JAMES).

JASPER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
Pronounced: JAS-pər (English), YAHS-pər (Dutch)
Means "treasurer" in Persian. This name was traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus. It has occasionally been used in the English-speaking world since the Middle Ages. The name can also be given in reference to the English word for the gemstone.

JEAN-BAPTISTE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: ZHAHN-BA-TEEST
Combination of JEAN (1) and BAPTISTE, referring to Saint John the Baptist.

JEREMIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: יִרְמְיָהוּ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: jer-i-MIE-ə (English)
From the Hebrew name יִרְמְיָהוּ (Yirmiyahu) which meant "YAHWEH has uplifted". This is the name of one of the major prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Jeremiah and the Book of Lamentations (supposedly). He lived to see the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem in the 6th century BC.

In England, though the vernacular form Jeremy had been occasionally used since the 13th century, the form Jeremiah was not common until after the Protestant Reformation.

JEREMIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Means "God uplifts" in Hebrew. Jeremiel is named as an archangel in the apocryphal books of Esdras and Enoch in the Old Testament.

JEROME
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: jə-ROM
From the Greek name ‘Ιερωνυμος (Hieronymos) meaning "sacred name", derived from ‘ιερος (hieros) "sacred" and ονομα (onoma) "name". Saint Jerome was responsible for the creation of the Vulgate, the Latin translation of the Bible, in the 5th century. He is regarded as a Doctor of the Church. The name was used in his honour in the Middle Ages, especially in Italy and France, and has been used in England since the 12th century.

JOASH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: יוֹאָשׁ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: JO-ash (English)
From the Hebrew name יוֹאָשׁ (Yo'ash) which possibly meant either "fire of YAHWEH" or "YAHWEH has given". In the Old Testament this name was borne by several characters including the father of Gideon, a king of Judah, and a son of King Ahab of Israel.

JOB
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Dutch
Other Scripts: אִיּוֹב (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: JOB (English), YAWP (Dutch)
From the Hebrew name אִיּוֹב ('Iyyov) which means "persecuted, hated". In the Book of Job in the Old Testament he is a righteous man who is tested by God, enduring many tragedies and hardships while struggling to remain faithful.

JOEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Finnish, Biblical
Other Scripts: יוֹאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: JO-əl (English), kho-EL (Spanish), zhoo-EL (Portuguese), YO-el (Swedish, Finnish)
From the Hebrew name יוֹאֵל (Yo'el) meaning "YAHWEH is God". Joel is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Joel, which describes a plague of locusts. In England, it was first used as a Christian name after the Protestant Reformation.

JOHN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: JAHN (American English), JAWN (British English)
English form of Iohannes, the Latin form of the Greek name Ιωαννης (Ioannes), itself derived from the Hebrew name יוֹחָנָן (Yochanan) meaning "YAHWEH is gracious". The Hebrew form occurs in the Old Testament (spelled Johanan or Jehohanan in the English version), but this name owes its popularity to two New Testament characters, both highly revered saints. The first is John the Baptist, a Jewish ascetic who is considered the forerunner of Jesus. He baptized Jesus and was later executed by Herod Antipas. The second is the apostle John, who is traditionally regarded as the author of the fourth gospel and Revelation. With the apostles Peter and James (his brother), he was part of the inner circle of Jesus.

This name was initially more common among Eastern Christians in the Byzantine Empire, but it flourished in Western Europe after the First Crusade. In England it became extremely popular: during the later Middle Ages it was given to approximately a fifth of all English boys.

The name (in various spellings) has been borne by 21 popes and eight Byzantine emperors, as well as rulers of England, France, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Portugal, Bulgaria, Russia and Hungary. It was also borne by the poet John Milton (1608-1674), philosopher John Locke (1632-1704), American founding father and president John Adams (1735-1826), and poet John Keats (1795-1821). Famous bearers of the 20th century include author John Steinbeck (1902-1968), assassinated American president John F. Kennedy (1917-1963), and musician John Lennon (1940-1980).

JOLIE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JO-lee (English), ZHAW-LEE (French)
Means "pretty" in French. This name was popularized by American actress Angelina Jolie (1975-), whose surname was originally her middle name. It is not used as a given name in France.

JOSEFINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish
Pronounced: kho-se-FEE-na (Spanish), zhoo-zə-FEE-nə (Portuguese), yoo-se-FEE-nah (Swedish)
Spanish, Portuguese and Swedish feminine form of JOSEPH.

JOSEFINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, German
Pronounced: yo-se-FEEN (Swedish), yo-ze-FEE-nə (German)
Scandinavian and German form of JOSÉPHINE.

JOSEPHINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Dutch
Pronounced: JO-sə-feen (English), yo-ze-FEE-nə (German)
English, German and Dutch form of JOSÉPHINE.

JUDE (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: JOOD (English)
Variant of JUDAS. It is used in many English versions of the New Testament to denote the second apostle named Judas, in order to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot. He was supposedly the author of the Epistle of Jude. In the English-speaking world, Jude has occasionally been used as a given name since the time of the Protestant Reformation.

JULIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Polish, German
Pronounced: JOO-lee-ən (English), JOOL-yən (English), YOO-lyan (Polish, German)
From the Roman name Iulianus, which was derived from JULIUS. This was the name of the last pagan Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (4th century). It was also borne by several early saints, including the legendary Saint Julian the Hospitaller. This name has been used in England since the Middle Ages, at which time it was also a feminine name (from Juliana, eventually becoming Gillian).

JULIET
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: joo-lee-ET, JOOL-yət
Anglicized form of JULIETTE or GIULIETTA. This spelling was first used by Shakespeare for the lover of Romeo in his play 'Romeo and Juliet' (1596).

JUNE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: JOON
From the name of the month, which was originally derived from the name of the Roman goddess Juno. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.

JUSTUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, Late Roman
Pronounced: YUWS-tuws (German), JUS-təs (English)
Latin name which meant "just". This name was borne by at least eight saints.

KAROL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Polish, Slovak, Slovene
Pronounced: KAR-awl (Polish)
Polish, Slovak and Slovene form of KARL.

KARSTEN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Low German, Danish, Norwegian
Pronounced: KAHR-sten (Low German)
Low German form of CHRISTIAN.

KATHERINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare), German
Pronounced: kath-ə-REE-nə (English), kə-THREE-nə (English), ka-te-REE-na (German)
Latinate form of KATHERINE. Shakespeare used this name in his play 'Taming of the Shrew' (1593).

KELLY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, English
Pronounced: KEL-ee (English)
Anglicized form of the Irish given name CEALLACH or the surname derived from it Ó Ceallaigh. As a surname, it has been borne by actor and dancer Gene Kelly (1912-1996) and actress and princess Grace Kelly (1929-1982).

KIERAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Pronounced: KEER-awn, KEE-ar-awn
Anglicized form of CIARÁN.

KLAUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish
Pronounced: KLOWS (German, Finnish)
German short form of NICHOLAS.

KRIKOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Armenian
Other Scripts: Գրիգոր (Armenian)
Western Armenian transcription of GRIGOR.

KYRIAKOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek, Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Κυριακος (Greek)
Greek form of CYRIACUS.

LACHLAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Scottish, English (Australian)
Originally a Scottish nickname for a person who was from Norway. In Scotland, Norway was known as the "land of the lochs", or Lochlann.

LAEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: לָאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Means "of God" in Hebrew. This was the name of the father of Eliasaph in the Old Testament.

LAURENCE (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LAW-rəns
From the Roman cognomen Laurentius, which meant "from Laurentum". Laurentum was a city in ancient Italy, its name probably deriving from Latin laurus "laurel". Saint Laurence was a 3rd-century deacon and martyr from Rome. According to tradition he was roasted alive on a gridiron because, when ordered to hand over the church's treasures, he presented the sick and poor. Due to the saint's popularity, the name came into general use in the Christian world (in various spellings).

In the Middle Ages this name was common in England, partly because of a second saint by this name, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury. Likewise it has been common in Ireland due to the 12th-century Saint Laurence O'Toole (whose real name was Lorcán). Since the 19th century the spelling Lawrence has been more common, especially in America. A famous bearer was the British actor Laurence Olivier (1907-1989).

LAURENT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: LAW-RAHN
French form of Laurentius (see LAURENCE (1)).

LEIF
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Pronounced: LAYF
From the Old Norse name Leifr meaning "descendant, heir". Leif Eriksson was a Norse explorer who reached North America in the early 11th century. He was the son of Erik the Red.

LEILA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Arabic, Persian, English, Georgian
Other Scripts: ليلى (Arabic), لیلا (Persian), ლეილა (Georgian)
Pronounced: LAY-lə (English), LEE-lə (English), LIE-lə (English)
Variant of LAYLA. This spelling was used by Lord Byron for characters in 'The Giaour' (1813) and 'Don Juan' (1819), and it is through him that the name was introduced to the English-speaking world.

LEONID
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Ukrainian
Other Scripts: Леонид (Russian), Леонід (Ukrainian)
Pronounced: lyi-u-NYEET (Russian)
Russian and Ukrainian form of LEONIDAS.

LEONIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Roman
Late Latin name which was derived from LEO.

LEONTI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian
Other Scripts: Леонтий (Russian)
Pronounced: lyi-ON-tyee
Variant transcription of LEONTIY.

LEONTIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Λεοντιος (Ancient Greek)
Latinized form of LEONTIOS.

LEONZIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of LEONTIOS.

LEOPOLD
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, English, Slovene, Polish
Pronounced: LE-o-pawlt (German), LAY-o-pawlt (Dutch), LEE-ə-pold (English), le-AW-pawlt (Polish)
Derived from the Germanic elements leud "people" and bald "bold". The spelling was altered due to association with Latin leo "lion". This name was common among German royalty, first with the Babenbergs and then the Habsburgs. Saint Leopold was a 12th-century Babenberg margrave of Austria, who is now considered the patron of that country. It was also borne by two Habsburg Holy Roman Emperors, as well as three kings of Belgium. Since the 19th century this name has been occasionally used in England, originally in honour of Queen Victoria's uncle, a king of Belgium, after whom she named one of her sons. It was later used by James Joyce for the main character, Leopold Bloom, in his novel 'Ulysses' (1920).

LESZEK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Polish
Pronounced: LE-shek
Diminutive of LECH.

LEV (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian
Other Scripts: Лев (Russian)
Pronounced: LYEF
Means "lion" in Russian, functioning as a vernacular form of Leo. This was the real Russian name of both author Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) and revolutionary Leon Trotsky (1879-1940).

LEV (2)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: לֵב (Hebrew)
Means "heart" in Hebrew.

LIAM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, English
Pronounced: LEE-əm (English)
Irish short form of WILLIAM.

LIESEL
Gender: Feminine
Usage: German
Pronounced: LEE-zəl
German diminutive of ELISABETH.

LINCOLN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LING-kən
From a surname which was originally from the name of a city in England, derived from Brythonic lindo "lake, pool" and Latin colonia "colony". This name is usually given in honour of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.

LINDITA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Albanian
Means "the day is born" in Albanian, from lind "to give birth" and ditë "day".

LINUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized), German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Other Scripts: Λινος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: LIE-nəs (English), LEE-nuws (German, Swedish)
From the Greek name Λινος (Linos) meaning "flax". In Greek legend he was the son of the god Apollo, who accidentally killed him in a contest. Another son of Apollo by this name was the music teacher of Herakles. The name was also borne by the second pope, serving after Saint Peter in the 1st century. In modern times this was the name of a character in Charles Schulz's comic strip 'Peanuts'.

LIOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: לִיאוֹר (Hebrew)
Means "light for me" in Hebrew.

LIRON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: לִירוֹן (Hebrew)
Means "song for me" or "joy for me" in Hebrew.

LOÏC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French, Breton
Pronounced: LAW-EEK (French)
Breton form of LOUIS.

LORCÁN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Pronounced: LOR-kan
Means "little fierce one", derived from Irish Gaelic lorcc "fierce" combined with a diminutive suffix. This was the name of a 12th-century archbishop of Dublin.

LOREN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: LAWR-ən
Either a short form of LAURENCE (1) (masculine) or a variant of LAUREN (feminine).

LORENS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Scandinavian form of LAURENCE (1).

LORENZO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian, Spanish
Pronounced: lo-REN-tso (Italian), lo-REN-tho (European Spanish), lo-REN-so (Latin American Spanish)
Italian and Spanish form of Laurentius (see LAURENCE (1)). Lorenzo de' Medici (1449-1492), known as the Magnificent, was a ruler of Florence during the Renaissance. He was also a great patron of the arts who employed Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli and other famous artists.

LUCA (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian, Romanian, German
Pronounced: LOO-ka (Italian, German)
Italian and Romanian form of LUKE. This name was borne by Luca della Robbia, a Renaissance sculptor from Florence.

LUCAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Biblical Latin
Pronounced: LOO-kəs (English), LUY-kahs (Dutch), LUY-KA (French), LOO-kəsh (Portuguese), LOO-kas (Spanish, Classical Latin)
Latin form of Loukas (see LUKE).

LUCIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Romanian, English
Pronounced: LOO-chyan (Romanian), LOO-shən (English)
Romanian and English form of LUCIANUS. Lucian is the usual name of Lucianus of Samosata in English.

LUCIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Ancient Roman
Pronounced: loo-CHA-na (Italian), loo-THYA-na (European Spanish), loo-SYA-na (Latin American Spanish)
Feminine form of LUCIANUS.

LUCIEN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: LUY-SYEN
French form of LUCIANUS.

LUCINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Roman Mythology
Pronounced: loo-SEEN-ə (English)
Derived from Latin lucus meaning "grove", but later associated with lux "light". This was the name of a Roman goddess of childbirth.

LUCINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Armenian
Other Scripts: Լուսինե (Armenian)
Variant transcription of LUSINE.

LUKA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Russian, Georgian, Old Church Slavic
Other Scripts: Лука (Serbian, Macedonian, Russian), ლუკა (Georgian), Лѹка (Church Slavic)
Form of LUKE.

LUX
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Various
Pronounced: LUKS (English)
Derived from Latin lux meaning "light".

LYDIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Biblical, Old Church Slavic, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Λυδια (Ancient Greek), Лѷдіа (Church Slavic)
Pronounced: LID-ee-ə (English), LUY-dya (German)
Means "from Lydia" in Greek. Lydia was a region on the west coast of Asia Minor, said to be named for the legendary king LYDOS. In the New Testament this is the name of a woman converted to Christianity by Saint Paul. In the modern era the name has been in use since the Protestant Reformation.

LYRA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Astronomy
Pronounced: LIE-rə (English)
The name of the constellation in the northern sky containing the star Vega. It is said to be shaped after the lyre of Orpheus.

MACARIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish
Pronounced: ma-KA-ryo
Spanish form of the Latin name Macarius, derived from the Greek name Μακαριος (Makarios), which was in turn derived from Greek μακαρ (makar) meaning "blessed, happy". This was the name of several early saints.

MADELEINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English, Swedish
Pronounced: MAD-LEN (French), MAD-ə-lin (English), MAD-ə-lien (English), mahd-e-LEN (Swedish)
French form of MAGDALENE.

MADOC
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh
Possibly derived from Welsh mad "fortunate" combined with a diminutive suffix.

MAE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MAY
Variant of MAY. A famous bearer was American actress Mae West (1893-1980), whose birth name was Mary.

MAGDALENA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Polish, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Spanish, Occitan, Slovene, Czech, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Croatian, Serbian, Romanian, English
Other Scripts: Магдалена (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian)
Pronounced: mag-da-LE-na (Polish), mak-da-LE-na (German), mag-da-LAY-na (English)
Latinate form of MAGDALENE.

MAKSIM
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Belarusian, Macedonian, Ukrainian
Other Scripts: Максим (Russian, Macedonian, Ukrainian), Максім (Belarusian)
Pronounced: muk-SYEEM (Russian)
Russian, Belarusian and Macedonian form of MAXIMUS, as well as a variant transliteration of Ukrainian MAKSYM.

MALACHI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: מַלְאָכִי (Hebrew)
Pronounced: MAL-ə-kie (English)
From the Hebrew מַלְאָכִי (Mal'akhiy) meaning "my messenger" or "my angel". This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Malachi, which some claim foretells the coming of Christ. In England the name came into use after the Protestant Reformation.

MANNIX
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Anglicized form of MAINCHÍN.

MARGUERITE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: MAR-GU-REET
French form of MARGARET. This is also the French word for the daisy flower (species Leucanthemum vulgare).

MARIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Czech, Ancient Roman
Pronounced: mə-RYA-nə (Portuguese), ma-RYA-na (Spanish)
Roman feminine form of MARIANUS. After the classical era it was frequently interpreted as a combination of MARIA and ANA. In Portuguese it is further used as a form of MARIAMNE.

MARIE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, Czech, German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Pronounced: MA-REE (French), MA-ri-ye (Czech), ma-REE (German), mə-REE (English)
French and Czech form of MARIA. A notable bearer of this name was Marie Antoinette, a queen of France who was executed by guillotine during the French Revolution. Another was Marie Curie (1867-1934), a physicist and chemist who studied radioactivity with her husband Pierre.

MARINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, English, Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Georgian, Ancient Roman
Other Scripts: Μαρινα (Greek), Марина (Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian), მარინა (Georgian)
Pronounced: ma-REE-na (Italian, Spanish, German), mə-REEN-ə (English), mu-RYEE-nə (Russian)
Feminine form of MARINUS.

MARION (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French, English
Pronounced: MA-RYAWN (French), MER-ee-ən (English), MAR-ee-ən (English)
Medieval French diminutive of MARIE.

MARTA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Polish, Czech, Slovak, German, Dutch, Romanian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Swedish, Icelandic, Latvian, Georgian
Other Scripts: Марта (Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian), მართა (Georgian)
Pronounced: MAR-ta (Spanish, Italian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, German), MAR-tu (Portuguese), MAR-tə (Catalan)
Cognate of MARTHA.

MARY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Biblical
Pronounced: MER-ee (English), MAR-ee (English)
Usual English form of Maria, the Latin form of the New Testament Greek names Μαριαμ (Mariam) and Μαρια (Maria) - the spellings are interchangeable - which were from Hebrew מִרְיָם (Miryam), a name borne by the sister of Moses in the Old Testament. The meaning is not known for certain, but there are several theories including "sea of bitterness", "rebelliousness", and "wished for child". However it was most likely originally an Egyptian name, perhaps derived in part from mry "beloved" or mr "love".

This is the name of several New Testament characters, most importantly Mary the mother of Jesus. According to the gospels, Jesus was conceived in her by the Holy Spirit while she remained a virgin. This name was also borne by Mary Magdalene, a woman cured of demons by Jesus. She became one of his followers and later witnessed his crucifixion and resurrection.

Due to the Virgin Mary this name has been very popular in the Christian world, though at certain times in some cultures it has been considered too holy for everyday use. In England it has been used since the 12th century, and it has been among the most common feminine names since the 16th century. The Latinized form Maria is also used in English as well as in several other languages.

This name has been borne by two queens of England, as well as a Queen of Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots. Another notable bearer was Mary Shelley (1797-1851), the author of 'Frankenstein'. A famous fictional character by this name is Mary Poppins from the children's books by P. L. Travers, first published in 1934.

MASSIMILIANO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: mas-see-mee-LYA-no
Italian form of MAXIMILIAN.

MATRONA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Russian, Late Roman
Other Scripts: Матрона (Russian)
Pronounced: mu-TRO-nə (Russian)
Means "lady" in Late Latin. This was the name of three early saints.

MATVEI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian
Other Scripts: Матвей (Russian)
Pronounced: mut-VYAY
Variant transcription of MATVEY.

MELCHIOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
Pronounced: MEL-khee-awr (Dutch), MEL-kyawr (English)
Derived from Semitic roots meaning "king city". This was a name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus.

MERARI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: מְרָרִי (Ancient Hebrew)
Means "bitter" in Hebrew. This was the name of the youngest son of Levi in the Old Testament.

MERRILL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MER-əl
From an English surname which was derived from the given name MURIEL.

MERRITT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MER-it
From an English surname, originally from a place name, which meant "boundary gate" in Old English.

MESHACH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: מֵישַׁך (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: MEE-shak (English)
Possibly means "who is what Aku is?" in Akkadian, Aku being the name of the Babylonian god of the moon. In the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament this is the Babylonian name of Mishael, one of the three men cast into a blazing furnace but saved from harm by God.

METHODIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Μεθοδιος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: mə-THO-dee-əs (English)
Latinized form of the Greek name Μεθοδιος (Methodios), derived from Greek μεθοδος (methodos) meaning "pursuit" or "method", ultimately from μετα (meta) "with" and ‘οδος (hodos) "road". Saint Methodius was a Greek missionary to the Slavs who developed the Cyrillic alphabet (with his brother Cyril) in order to translate the Bible into Slavic.

MICAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English
Other Scripts: מִיכָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: MIE-kə (English)
Contracted form of MICAIAH. Micah is one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament. He authored the Book of Micah, which alternates between prophesies of doom and prophesies of restoration. It was occasionally used as an English given name by the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation, but it did not become common until the end of the 20th century.

MICAIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: מִיכָיְהוּ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: mie-KAY-ə (English), mi-KIE-ə (English)
Means "who is like YAHWEH?" in Hebrew. This name occurs in the Old Testament belonging to both males and females.

MILES
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MIELZ, MIE-əlz
From the Germanic name Milo, introduced by the Normans to England in the form Miles. The meaning is not known for certain. It is possibly connected to the Slavic name element milu meaning "gracious". From an early date it was associated with Latin miles "soldier".

MILO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: MIE-lo (English)
Old Germanic form of MILES, as well as the Latinized form. This form of the name was used in official documents during the Middle Ages, and it has been used independently since the 19th century.

MIRON (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish
Other Scripts: Мирон (Russian, Ukrainian)
Pronounced: MYEE-rawn (Polish)
Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian and Polish form of MYRON.

MONTAGUE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: MAHN-tə-gyoo
From a surname meaning "pointed mountain" in French.

MONTE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: MAHN-tee
Either a diminutive of MONTGOMERY or from the Spanish or Italian vocabulary word meaning "mountain".

MORCANT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Celtic
Old Welsh form of MORGAN (1).

MORGAN (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh, English, French
Pronounced: MAWR-gən (English), MAWR-GAN (French)
From the Old Welsh masculine name Morcant, which was possibly derived from Welsh mor "sea" and cant "circle". Since the 1980s in America Morgan has been more common for girls than boys, perhaps due to stories of Morgan le Fay or the fame of actress Morgan Fairchild (1950-).

NADAV
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: נָדָב (Hebrew)
Hebrew form of NADAB.

NAPHTALI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: נַפְתָלִי (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: NAF-tə-lie (English)
Means "my struggle, my strife" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is a son of Jacob by Rachel's servant Bilhah, and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

NATHANIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: נְתַנְאֵל (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: nə-THAN-yəl (English)
Variant of NATHANAEL. It has been regularly used in the English-speaking world since the Protestant Reformation. This has been the most popular spelling, even though the spelling Nathanael is found in most versions of the New Testament. The American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), author of 'The Scarlet Letter', was a famous bearer of this name.

NEMO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Pronounced: NEE-mo (English)
Means "nobody" in Latin. This was the name used by author Jules Verne for the captain of the Nautilus in his novel 'Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea' (1870).

NEPHELE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Νεφελη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: NE-PE-LE (Classical Greek), NEF-el-ee (English)
From Greek νεφος (nephos) meaning "cloud". In Greek legend Nephele was created from a cloud by Zeus, who shaped the cloud to look like Hera in order to trick Ixion, a mortal who desired her. Nephele was the mother of the centaurs by Ixion, and was also the mother of Phrixus and Helle by Athamus.

NEREUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Νηρευς (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: NE-REWS (Classical Greek), NEER-oos (English), NEER-ee-əs (English)
Derived from Greek νηρος (neros) meaning "water". In Greek myth this was the name of a god of the sea, the father of the Nereids. It is mentioned briefly in the New Testament, belonging to a Christian in Rome. This was also the name of a Roman saint of the 1st century, a member of the army, who was martyred with his companion Achilleus because they refused to execute Christians.

NESTOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek Mythology, Russian
Other Scripts: Νεστωρ (Ancient Greek), Нестор (Russian)
Pronounced: NES-TAWR (Classical Greek), NES-tər (English)
Means "homecoming" in Greek. In Homer's 'Iliad' this was the name of the king of Pylos, famous for his great wisdom and longevity, who acted as a counselor to the Greek allies.

NICODEMUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Νικοδημος (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: nik-ə-DEE-məs (English)
From the Greek name Νικοδημος (Nikodemos) which meant "victory of the people" from Greek νικη (nike) "victory" and δημος (demos) "the people". This is the name of a character in the New Testament who helps Joseph of Arimathea entomb Jesus.

NICOLAO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian (Rare)
Italian variant form of NICHOLAS.

NIKANDROS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Νικανδρος (Ancient Greek)
Means "victory of a man" from the Greek elements νικη (nike) "victory" and ανηρ (aner) "man" (genitive ανδρος). This was the name of a 2nd-century BC Greek poet and grammarian.

NIKEPHOROS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Νικηφορος (Ancient Greek)
Means "carrying victory" from Greek νικη (nike) "victory" and φερω (phero) "to carry, to bear". This name was borne by several Byzantine emperors, including the 10th-century Nikephoros II Phokas. Besides being a masculine personal name, it was also a title borne by the goddess Athena.

NIKITA (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian
Other Scripts: Никита (Russian), Нікіта (Ukrainian, Belarusian)
Pronounced: nyi-KYEE-tə (Russian)
Russian form of NIKETAS. This form is also used in Ukrainian and Belarusian alongside the more traditional forms Mykyta and Mikita.

NIKOLAI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Bulgarian
Other Scripts: Николай (Russian, Bulgarian)
Pronounced: nyi-ku-LIE (Russian)
Variant transcription of NIKOLAY.

NOACH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, Dutch, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: נֹחַ, נוֹחַ (Hebrew)
Pronounced: NO-ahkh (Dutch)
Hebrew and Dutch form of NOAH (1).

NOAH (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Biblical
Other Scripts: נֹחַ, נוֹחַ (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: NO-ə (English)
Derived from the Hebrew name נֹחַ (Noach) meaning "rest, comfort". According to the Old Testament, Noah was the builder of the Ark that allowed him, his family, and animals of each species to survive the great Flood. After the Flood he received the sign of the rainbow as a covenant from God. He was the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth.

As an English Christian name, Noah has been used since the Protestant Reformation, being common among the Puritans. A famous bearer was the American lexicographer Noah Webster (1758-1843).

NOAM
Gender: Masculine & Feminine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: נוֹעַם (Hebrew)
Means "pleasantness" in Hebrew. A famous bearer is Noam Chomsky (1928-), an American linguist and philosopher.

NOLAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, English
Pronounced: NO-lan
From an Irish surname which was derived from Ó Nualláin meaning "descendant of NUALLÁN". The baseball player Nolan Ryan (1947-) is a famous bearer of this name.

OCTAVIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Pronounced: ok-TA-wee-oos (Classical Latin), awk-TAY-vee-əs (English)
Roman family name meaning "eighth" from Latin octavus. This was the original family name of the emperor Augustus (born Gaius Octavius). It was also rarely used as a Roman praenomen, or given name.

ODETTE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: AW-DET
French diminutive of ODA or ODILIA. This is the name of a princess who has been transformed into a swan in the ballet 'Swan Lake' (1877) by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

OLIVER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Czech, Slovak
Other Scripts: Оливер (Serbian, Macedonian)
Pronounced: AWL-ə-vər (English), O-lee-vu (German), O-lee-ver (Finnish)
From Olivier, a Norman French form of a Germanic name such as ALFHER or an Old Norse name such as Áleifr (see OLAF). The spelling was altered by association with Latin oliva "olive tree". In the Middle Ages the name became well-known in Western Europe because of the French epic 'La Chanson de Roland', in which Olivier was a friend and advisor of the hero Roland.

In England Oliver was a common medieval name, however it became rare after the 17th century because of the military commander Oliver Cromwell, who ruled the country following the civil war. The name was revived in the 19th century, perhaps in part due to the title character in Charles Dickens' novel 'Oliver Twist' (1838), which was about a poor orphan living on the streets of London.

OLIVIER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French, Dutch
Pronounced: AW-LEE-VYE (French), O-lee-veer (Dutch)
French and Dutch form of OLIVER.

ORLANDO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: or-LAN-do
Italian form of ROLAND. A city in Florida bears this name, as does a character in Shakespeare's play 'As You like It' (1599).

OSHER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: אֹשֶׁר (Hebrew)
Means "happiness" in Hebrew.

PAIGE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: PAYJ
From an English surname meaning "servant, page" in Middle English. It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Italian) from Greek παιδιον (paidion) meaning "little boy".

PAMPHILOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Παμφιλος (Ancient Greek)
Means "friend of all" from Greek παν (pan) "all" and φιλος (philos) "friend".

PANDORA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Πανδωρα (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: PAN-DAW-RA (Classical Greek), pan-DAWR-ə (English)
Means "all gifts", derived from a combination of Greek παν (pan) "all" and δωρον (doron) "gift". In Greek mythology Pandora was the first mortal woman. Zeus gave her a jar containing all of the troubles and ills that mankind now knows, and told her not to open it. Unfortunately her curiosity got the best of her and she opened it, unleashing the evil spirits into the world.

PASTOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish, Late Roman
From a Late Latin name meaning "shepherd". This was the name of at least three saints.

PAX
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Roman Mythology
Pronounced: PAKS (Classical Latin)
Means "peace" in Latin. In Roman mythology this was the name of the goddess of peace.

PENELOPE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology, English
Other Scripts: Πηνελοπη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: pi-NEL-ə-pee (English)
Possibly derived from Greek πηνελοψ (penelops), a type of duck. Alternatively it could be from πηνη (pene) "threads, weft" and ωψ (ops) "face, eye". In Homer's epic the 'Odyssey' this is the name of the wife of Odysseus, forced to fend off suitors while her husband is away fighting at Troy. It has occasionally been used as an English given name since the 16th century.

PÉPIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: History
Pronounced: PEP-in (English)
Frankish name of unknown meaning. It possibly means "awe-inspiring" from Frankish bib- "to tremble". This was the name of three majordomos of Austrasia including Pépin III the Short, who became the first Carolingian king of the Franks. He was the father of Charlemagne.

PEREGRINE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: PER-ə-grin, PER-ə-green
From the Late Latin name Peregrinus, which meant "traveller". This was the name of several early saints.

PERSEPHONE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Greek Mythology
Other Scripts: Περσεφονη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: PER-SE-PO-NE (Classical Greek), pər-SEF-ə-nee (English)
Meaning unknown, probably of Pre-Greek origin, but perhaps related to Greek περθω (pertho) "to destroy" and φονη (phone) "murder". In Greek myth she was the daughter of Demeter and Zeus. She was abducted to the underworld by Hades, but was eventually allowed to return to the surface for part of the year. The result of her comings and goings is the changing of the seasons.

PETER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Slovene, Slovak, Biblical
Pronounced: PEE-tər (English), PE-tu (German), PAY-tər (Dutch), PE-tər (Danish, Slovene), PE-ter (Slovak)
Derived from the Greek Πετρος (Petros) meaning "stone". This is a translation used in most versions of the New Testament of the name Cephas, meaning "stone" in Aramaic, which was given to the apostle Simon by Jesus (compare Matthew 16:18 and John 1:42). Simon Peter was the most prominent of the apostles during Jesus' ministry and is often considered the first pope.

Due to the renown of the apostle, this name became common throughout the Christian world (in various spellings). In England the Normans introduced it in the Old French form Piers, which was gradually replaced by the spelling Peter starting in the 15th century.

Besides the apostle, other saints by this name include the 11th-century reformer Saint Peter Damian and the 13th-century preacher Saint Peter Martyr. It was also borne by rulers of Aragon, Portugal, and Russia, including the Russian tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725), who defeated Sweden in the Great Northern War. Famous fictional bearers include Peter Rabbit from Beatrix Potter's children's books, and Peter Pan, the boy who refused to grow up in J. M. Barrie's 1904 play.

PHILIPPA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (British), German
Pronounced: FI-li-pə (English)
Latinate feminine form of PHILIP.

PHILLIP
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: FIL-ip
Variant of PHILIP, inspired by the usual spelling of the surname.

PHINEAS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: פִּינְחָס (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: FIN-ee-əs (English)
Variant of PHINEHAS used in some versions of the Bible.

PHOEBE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Greek Mythology (Latinized), Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: Φοιβη (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: FEE-bee (English)
Latinized form of the Greek name Φοιβη (Phoibe), which meant "bright, pure" from Greek φοιβος (phoibos). In Greek mythology Phoibe was a Titan associated with the moon. This was also an epithet of her granddaughter, the moon goddess Artemis. The name appears in Paul's epistle to the Romans in the New Testament, where it belongs to a female minister in the church at Cenchreae. In England, it began to be used as a given name after the Protestant Reformation. A moon of Saturn bears this name (in honour of the Titan).

PIRAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Cornish
Possibly derived from CIARÁN. This was the name of a 5th-century Irish monk who founded a monastery in Cornwall. He is the patron saint of Cornwall.

PIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Roman
Pronounced: PEE-oos (Classical Latin), PIE-əs (English)
Late Latin name meaning "pious, dutiful". This was the name of twelve popes.

RAFAEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, German, Hungarian, Slovene, Macedonian
Other Scripts: Рафаел (Macedonian)
Pronounced: ra-fa-EL (Spanish), RA-fa-el (German)
Form of RAPHAEL.

RAFFAELLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian
Italian feminine form of RAPHAEL.

RAFFAELLO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of RAPHAEL.

RAINIER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French (Rare)
French form of RAYNER.

RAPHAEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, English, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: רָפָאֵל, רְפָאֵל (Ancient Hebrew), Ραφαηλ (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: RA-fa-el (German), ra-fie-EL (English), ra-fee-EL (English)
From the Hebrew name רָפָאֵל (Rafa'el) which meant "God has healed". In Hebrew tradition Raphael was the name of one of the seven archangels. He appears in the Book of Tobit, in which he disguises himself as a man named Azarias and accompanies Tobias on his journey to Media, aiding him along the way. In the end he cures Tobias's father Tobit of his blindness. He is not mentioned in the New Testament, though tradition identifies him with the angel troubling the water in John 5:4.

This name has never been common in the English-speaking world, though it has been well-used elsewhere in Europe. A famous bearer was the 16th-century Renaissance master Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520), usually known simply as Raphael.

REMIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Judeo-Christian Legend
Means "mercy of God" in Hebrew. The Book of Enoch names him as one of the seven archangels.

RENATA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Polish, Czech, Croatian, Slovene, Late Roman
Pronounced: re-NA-ta (Italian, Spanish, German, Polish)
Feminine form of RENATUS.

RENATUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Late Roman
Late Latin name meaning "born again".

REX
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: REKS
From Latin rex "king". It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.

RHYS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh
Pronounced: HREES (Welsh), REES (English)
Means "enthusiasm" in Welsh. Several Welsh rulers have borne this name.

RIGEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Astronomy
Derived from Arabic الرجل (al-Rijl) meaning "foot". This is the name of the star that forms the left foot of the constellation Orion.

RIORDAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Anglicized form of RÓRDÁN.

RISTO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Finnish, Macedonian
Other Scripts: Ристо (Macedonian)
Pronounced: REES-to (Finnish)
Finnish and Macedonian short form of CHRISTOPHER.

RIVKA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: רִיבְקָה (Hebrew)
Hebrew form of REBECCA.

ROCCO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian, Ancient Germanic
Pronounced: ROK-ko (Italian)
Germanic name derived from the element hrok meaning "rest". This was the name of a 14th-century French saint who nursed victims of the plague but eventually contracted the disease himself. He is the patron saint of the sick.

RODERICK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Scottish, Welsh
Pronounced: RAHD-ə-rik (English), RAHD-rik (English)
Means "famous power" from the Germanic elements hrod "fame" and ric "power". This name was in use among the Visigoths; it was borne by their last king (also known as Rodrigo), who died fighting the Muslim invaders of Spain in the 8th century. It also had cognates in Old Norse and West Germanic, and Scandinavian settlers and Normans introduced it to England, though it died out after the Middle Ages. It was revived in the English-speaking world by Sir Walter Scott's poem 'The Vision of Don Roderick' (1811).

ROMEO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of the Late Latin name Romaeus meaning "a pilgrim to Rome". Romeo is best known as the lover of Juliet in Shakespeare's tragedy 'Romeo and Juliet' (1596).

RÓNÁN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish
Pronounced: RON-awn
Means "little seal", derived from Irish rón "seal" combined with a diminutive suffix.

RORY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Irish, Scottish
Pronounced: RAWR-ee
Anglicized form of RUAIDHRÍ.

ROSALIND
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ROZ-ə-lind
Derived from the Germanic elements hros "horse" and linde "soft, tender". The Normans introduced this name to England, though it was not common. During the Middle Ages its spelling was influenced by the Latin phrase rosa linda "beautiful rose". The name was popularized by Edmund Spencer, who used it in his poetry, and by William Shakespeare, who used it for the heroine in his comedy 'As You Like It' (1599).

ROSALINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: RAWZ-ə-lien, ROZ-ə-leen
Medieval variant of ROSALIND. This is the name of characters in Shakespeare's 'Love's Labour's Lost' (1594) and 'Romeo and Juliet' (1596).

ROSCOE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: RAHS-ko
From an English surname, originally derived from a place name, which meant "doe wood" in Old Norse.

ROSE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, French
Pronounced: ROZ
Originally a Norman form of a Germanic name, which was composed of the elements hrod "fame" and heid "kind, sort, type". The Normans introduced it to England in the forms Roese and Rohese. From an early date it was associated with the word for the fragrant flower rose (derived from Latin rosa). When the name was revived in the 19th century, it was probably with the flower in mind.

ROSEMARY
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: ROZ-mə-ree
Combination of ROSE and MARY. This name can also be given in reference to the herb, which gets its name from Latin ros marinus meaning "dew of the sea". It came into use as a given name in the 19th century.

RUPERT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, Dutch, English
Pronounced: ROO-pert (German), RUY-pərt (Dutch), ROO-pərt (English)
German variant form of ROBERT. The military commander Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a nephew of Charles I, introduced this name to England in the 17th century.

RUTH (1)
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Spanish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: רוּת (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ROOTH (English), ROOT (German)
From a Hebrew name which was derived from the Hebrew word רְעוּת (re'ut) meaning "friend". This is the name of the central character in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament. She was a Moabite woman who accompanied her mother-in-law Naomi back to Bethlehem after Ruth's husband died. There she met and married Boaz. She was an ancestor of King David.

As a Christian name, Ruth has been in use since the Protestant Reformation. It became very popular in America following the birth of "Baby" Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904), the daughter of President Grover Cleveland.

SABINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovene, Russian, Croatian, Swedish, Ancient Roman
Other Scripts: Сабина (Russian)
Pronounced: sa-BEE-na (Italian, Spanish), sa-BYEE-na (Polish)
Feminine form of Sabinus, a Roman cognomen meaning "Sabine" in Latin. The Sabines were an ancient people who lived in central Italy, their lands eventually taken over by the Romans after several wars. According to legend, the Romans abducted several Sabine women during a raid, and when the men came to rescue them, the women were able to make peace between the two groups. This name was borne by several early saints.

SAMSON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, English, French, Biblical Latin
Other Scripts: שִׁמְשׁוֹן (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: SAM-sən (English), SAHN-SAWN (French)
From the Hebrew name שִׁמְשׁוֹן (Shimshon) which meant "sun". Samson was an Old Testament hero granted exceptional strength by God. His mistress Delilah betrayed him and cut his hair, stripping him of his power. Thus he was captured by the Philistines, blinded, and brought to their temple. However, in a final act of strength, he pulled down the pillars of the temple upon himself and his captors.

This name was known among the Normans due to the Welsh bishop Saint Samson, who founded monasteries in Brittany and Normandy in the 6th century. In his case, the name may have been a translation of his true Celtic name. As an English name, Samson was common during the Middle Ages, having been introduced by the Normans.

SASHA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Russian, Ukrainian, English, French
Other Scripts: Саша (Russian, Ukrainian)
Pronounced: SA-SHA (French)
Russian and Ukrainian diminutive of ALEKSANDR or ALEKSANDRA.

SCHOLASTICA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Late Roman
From a Late Latin name which was derived from scholasticus meaning "rhetorician, orator". Saint Scholastica was a 6th-century Benedictine abbess, the sister of Saint Benedict of Nursia.

SCOTT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, Scottish
Pronounced: SKAHT (American English), SKAWT (British English)
From an English and Scottish surname which referred to a person from Scotland or a person who spoke Scottish Gaelic. It is derived from Latin Scoti meaning "Gaelic speaker", with the ultimate origin uncertain.

SEBASTIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Finnish, Romanian
Pronounced: ze-BAS-tyan (German), sə-BAS-chən (English), se-BAS-tyan (Polish), SE-bahs-tee-ahn (Finnish)
From the Latin name Sebastianus which meant "from Sebaste". Sebaste was the name a town in Asia Minor, its name deriving from Greek σεβαστος (sebastos) "venerable" (a translation of Latin Augustus, the title of the Roman emperors). According to Christian tradition, Saint Sebastian was a 3rd-century Roman soldier martyred during the persecutions of the emperor Diocletian. After he was discovered to be a Christian, he was tied to a stake and shot with arrows. This however did not kill him. Saint Irene of Rome healed him and he returned to personally admonish Diocletian, whereupon the emperor had him beaten to death.

Due to the saint's popularity, the name came into general use in medieval Europe, especially in Spain and France. It was also borne by a 16th-century king of Portugal who died in a crusade against Morocco.

SEBASTIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian
Italian feminine form of Sebastianus (see SEBASTIAN).

SERAFINA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Polish (Rare)
Pronounced: se-ra-FEE-na (Polish)
Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Polish form of SERAPHINA.

SERAFINO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of Seraphinus (see SERAPHINA).

SÉRAPHINE
Gender: Feminine
Usage: French
Pronounced: SE-RA-FEEN
French form of SERAPHINA.

SERGIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Roman
Pronounced: SER-gee-oos
Roman family name, possibly meaning "servant" in Latin but most likely of unknown Etruscan origin. Saint Sergius was a 4th-century Roman officer who was martyred in Syria with his companion Bacchus. They are the patron saints of Christian desert nomads. Another saint by this name (in the Russian form Sergey) was a 14th-century Russian spiritual leader. The name was also borne by four popes.

SHADRACH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: שַׁדְרַך (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: SHAD-rak (English), SHAY-drak (English)
Means "command of Aku" in Akkadian, Aku being the name of the Babylonian god of the moon. In the Old Testament Shadrach is the Babylonian name of Hananiah, one of the three men cast into a fiery furnace but saved by God.

SHIMON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: שִׁמְעוֹן (Hebrew)
Hebrew form of SIMEON (and SIMON (1)).

SHIMSHON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew, Biblical Hebrew
Other Scripts: שִׁמְשׁוֹן (Hebrew)
Hebrew form of SAMSON.

SIMEON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical, Bulgarian, Serbian
Other Scripts: שִׁמְעוֹן (Ancient Hebrew), Симеон (Bulgarian, Serbian)
Pronounced: SIM-ee-ən (English)
From Συμεων (Symeon), the Old Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name Shim'on (see SIMON (1)). In the Old Testament this is the name of the second son of Jacob and Leah and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. In the New Testament the Greek rendering Σιμων (Simon) is more common, though Συμεων occurs belonging to a man who blessed the newborn Jesus. He is recognized as a saint in most Christian traditions.

This name was also borne by a powerful 10th-century ruler of Bulgaria who expanded the empire to its greatest extent.

SIMON (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Hungarian, Slovene, Romanian, Macedonian, Georgian, Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Симон (Macedonian), სიმონ (Georgian), Σιμων (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: SIE-mən (English), SEE-MAWN (French), ZEE-mawn (German), SEE-mawn (Dutch), SHEE-mon (Hungarian)
From Σιμων (Simon), the New Testament Greek form of the Hebrew name שִׁמְעוֹן (Shim'on) which meant "he has heard". This name is spelled Simeon, based on Greek Συμεων, in many translations of the Old Testament, where it is borne by the second son of Jacob. The New Testament spelling may show influence from the otherwise unrelated Greek name SIMON (2).

In the New Testament Simon is the name of several characters, including the man who carried the cross for Jesus. Most importantly however it was borne by the leading apostle Simon, also known as Peter (a name given to him by Jesus).

Because of the apostle, this name has been common in the Christian world. In England it was popular during the Middle Ages, though it became rarer after the Protestant Reformation.

SIRIUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Astronomy
Pronounced: SIR-ee-əs (English), SEER-ee-əs (English)
The name of a bright star in the constellation Canis Major, derived via Latin from Greek σειριος (seirios) "burning".

SOLON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Σολων (Ancient Greek)
Possibly from Greek σολος (solos) meaning "lump of iron". This was the name of an Athenian statesman who reformed the laws and government of the city.

SONIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian
Pronounced: SON-yə (English), SAWN-yə (English), SO-nya (Italian)
Variant of SONYA.

SØREN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Danish, Norwegian
Pronounced: SUU-ren
Danish form of SEVERINUS. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) was a Danish philosopher who is regarded as a precursor of existentialism.

STAVROS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Greek
Other Scripts: Σταυρος (Greek)
Means "cross" in Greek, referring to the cross of the crucifixion.

STELIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Romanian
Romanian form of STYLIANOS.

TABITHA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Biblical, Biblical Greek
Other Scripts: Ταβιθα (Ancient Greek)
Pronounced: TAB-i-thə (English)
Means "gazelle" in Aramaic. Tabitha in the New Testament was a woman restored to life by Saint Peter. Her name is translated into Greek as Dorcas (see Acts 9:36). As an English name, Tabitha became common after the Protestant Reformation. It was popularized in the 1960s by the television show 'Bewitched', in which Tabitha (sometimes spelled Tabatha) is the daughter of the main character.

TALIESIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh, Arthurian Romance
Pronounced: tal-ee-ES-in (Welsh)
Means "shining brow", derived from Welsh tal "brow" and iesin "shining". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh poet and bard. In later Welsh legends he is portrayed as a wizard and prophet, or as a companion of King Arthur.

TATIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Polish, Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Greek, Georgian, English, Russian, Bulgarian, Ancient Roman
Other Scripts: Τατιανα (Greek), ტატიანა (Georgian), Татьяна (Russian), Татяна (Bulgarian)
Pronounced: ta-TYA-na (Italian, Spanish, Polish), TAH-tee-ah-nah (Finnish), ta-tee-AN-ə (English), ta-TYAN-ə (English), tu-TYA-nə (Russian)
Feminine form of the Roman name Tatianus, a derivative of the Roman name TATIUS. This was the name of a 3rd-century saint who was martyred in Rome under the emperor Alexander Severus. She was especially venerated in Orthodox Christianity, and the name has been common in Russia (as Татьяна) and Eastern Europe. It was not regularly used in the English-speaking world until the 1980s.

TEAGAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Modern)
From an Irish surname, an Anglicized form of Ó Tadhgáin meaning "descendant of Tadhgán". The given name Tadhgán is a diminutive of TADHG.

TERENZIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of Terentius (see TERENCE).

TERESA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Polish, Finnish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English
Pronounced: te-RE-sa (Spanish, Polish), te-RE-za (Italian, German), TE-re-sah (Finnish), tə-REE-sə (English), tə-REE-zə (English)
Cognate of THERESA. Saint Teresa of Ávila was a 16th-century Spanish nun who reformed the Carmelite monasteries and wrote several spiritual books. It was also borne by the beatified Albanian missionary Mother Teresa (1910-1997), who worked with the poor in Calcutta. She adopted the name in honour of the French saint Thérèse de Lisieux, who is the patron of missionaries.

THEODORE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: THEE-ə-dawr
From the Greek name Θεοδωρος (Theodoros), which meant "gift of god" from Greek θεος (theos) "god" and δωρον (doron) "gift". The name Dorothea is derived from the same roots in reverse order. This was the name of several saints, including Theodore of Amasea, a 4th-century Greek soldier; Theodore of Tarsus, a 7th-century archbishop of Canterbury; and Theodore the Studite, a 9th-century Byzantine monk. It was also borne by two popes.

This was a common name in classical Greece, and, due to both the saints who carried it and the favourable meaning, it came into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was however rare in Britain before the 19th century. Famous bearers include three tsars of Russia (in the Russian form Fyodor) and American president Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919).

THERON
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek
Other Scripts: Θηρων (Ancient Greek)
Derived from Greek θηραω (therao) meaning "to hunt".

THIAGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Portuguese (Brazilian)
Variant of TIAGO.

THIBAULT
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: TEE-BO
French form of THEOBALD.

TIAGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAMES, derived from SANTIAGO.

TIZIANO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Pronounced: tee-TSYA-no
Italian form of the Roman cognomen Titianus, which was derived from the Roman praenomen TITUS. A famous bearer was the Venetian Renaissance painter Tiziano Vecellio (1488-1576), known in English as Titian.

TOBIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: טוֹבִיָּה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: to-BIE-ə (English)
From the Hebrew name טוֹבִיָּה (Toviyyah) which meant "YAHWEH is good". This was the name of an Ammonite in the Book of Nehemiah in the Old Testament.

TOBIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: TO-bin
From an English surname which was itself derived from the given name TOBIAS.

TOMER
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: תּוֹמֶר (Hebrew)
Means "palm tree" in Hebrew.

TORE (2)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Short form of SALVATORE.

TORSTEN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Swedish, Danish, German
Pronounced: TOSH-ten (Swedish), TAWRS-tən (German)
From the Old Norse name Þórsteinn, which meant "Thor's stone" from the name of the Norse god Þórr (see THOR) combined with steinn "stone".

TOVIA
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hebrew
Other Scripts: טוֹבִיָה (Hebrew)
Hebrew form of TOBIAH, also used as a feminine form.

TRAJAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: History, Macedonian
Other Scripts: Трајан (Macedonian)
Pronounced: TRAY-jən (English)
From the Roman cognomen Traianus, which is of unknown meaning. The Roman emperor Trajan (full name Marcus Ulpius Traianus) is considered among the most capable men to have led the empire. His military accomplishments include victories over Dacia and Parthia.

TRISTAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh, English, French, Arthurian Romance
Pronounced: TRIS-tən (English), TREES-TAHN (French)
Old French form of the Pictish name Drustan, a diminutive of DRUST. The spelling was altered by association with Latin tristis "sad". Tristan is a character in medieval French tales, probably inspired by older Celtic legends, and ultimately merged into Arthurian legend. According to the story Tristan was sent to Ireland in order to fetch Isolde, who was to be the bride of King Mark of Cornwall. On the way back, Tristan and Isolde accidentally drink a potion which makes them fall in love. Their tragic story was very popular in the Middle Ages, and the name has occasionally been used since that time.

TULLIO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Italian
Italian form of the Roman family name Tullius, which is of unknown meaning. A famous bearer was Marcus Tullius Cicero, a Roman orator and author.

TUOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Means "strength vigour" in Sindarin. In the 'Silmarillion' (1977) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Tuor was the mortal man who came to the hidden city of Gondolin to warn of its imminent doom. When Gondolin was attacked and destroyed he escaped with his wife Idril and son Eärendil, and sailed into the west.

TURIN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Literature
Means "victory mood" in Sindarin. In the 'Silmarillion' (1977) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Turin was a cursed hero, the slayer of the dragon Glaurung. He was also called Turambar, Mormegil, and other names. This is also the Anglicized name of the city of Torino in Italy.

TYCHO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Danish, Dutch
Pronounced: TIE-ko (English)
Latinized form of TYGE. This name was borne by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601).

URSULA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Dutch, Finnish, Late Roman
Pronounced: UR-sə-lə (English), UR-syə-lə (English), UWR-zoo-la (German), OOR-soo-lah (Finnish)
Means "little bear", derived from a diminutive form of the Latin word ursa "she-bear". Saint Ursula was a legendary virgin princess of the 4th century who was martyred by the Huns while returning from a pilgrimage. In England the saint was popular during the Middle Ages, and the name came into general use at that time.

VALENCIA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Various
Pronounced: ba-LEN-sya (Latin American Spanish), ba-LEN-thya (European Spanish), və-LEN-see-ə (English)
From the name of cities in Spain and Venezuela, both derived from Latin valentia meaning "strength, vigour".

VALENTINE (1)
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: VAL-ən-tien
From the Roman cognomen Valentinus which was itself from the name Valens meaning "strong, vigourous, healthy" in Latin. Saint Valentine was a 3rd-century martyr. His feast day was the same as the Roman fertility festival of Lupercalia, which resulted in the association between Valentine's day and love. As an English name, it has been used occasionally since the 12th century.

VALERIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: History, Russian, Ukrainian, Georgian, Romanian
Other Scripts: Валериан (Russian), Валеріан (Ukrainian), ვალერიან (Georgian)
Pronounced: və-LIR-ee-ən (English)
From the Roman cognomen Valerianus, which was itself derived from the Roman name VALERIUS. This was the name of a 3rd-century Roman emperor. Several saints also had this name, including a 2nd-century martyr of Lyons.

VERONICA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
Pronounced: və-RAHN-i-kə (American English), və-RAWN-i-kə (British English)
Latin alteration of BERENICE, the spelling influenced by the ecclesiastical Latin phrase vera icon meaning "true image". This was the name of a legendary saint who wiped Jesus' face with a towel and then found his image imprinted upon it. Due to popular stories about her, the name was occasionally used in the Christian world in the Middle Ages. It was borne by the 17th-century Italian saint and mystic Veronica Giuliani. As an English name, it was not common until the 19th century, when it was imported from France and Scotland.

VESPASIAN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: History
Pronounced: ve-SPAY-zhən (English)
From the Roman cognomen Vespasianus, derived either from Latin vesper meaning "west" or "evening" or vespa meaning "wasp". This was the name of a 1st-century Roman emperor, Titus Flavius Vespasianus, the founder of the Flavian dynasty.

VICTOIRE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: French
Pronounced: VEEK-TWAR
French form of VICTORIA.

VICTOR
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English, French, Portuguese, Romanian, Dutch, Swedish, Late Roman
Pronounced: VIK-tər (English), VEEK-TAWR (French)
Roman name meaning "victor, conqueror" in Latin. It was common among early Christians, and was borne by several early saints and three popes. It was rare as an English name during the Middle Ages, but it was revived in the 19th century. A famous bearer was the French writer Victor Hugo (1802-1885), who authored 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame' and 'Les Misérables'.

VIGGO
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Norwegian, Danish, Swedish
Pronounced: VIG-go (Swedish)
Short form of names containing the Old Norse element víg "war".

VILMOS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Hungarian
Pronounced: VEEL-mosh
Hungarian form of WILLIAM.

VIOLA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, Hungarian, Czech
Pronounced: vie-O-lə (English), vi-O-lə (English), VIE-ə-lə (English), VYAW-la (Italian), VYO-la (German), VEE-o-law (Hungarian)
Means "violet" in Latin. This was the name of the heroine in Shakespeare's play 'Twelfth Night' (1602).

VIOLET
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English
Pronounced: VIE-lit, VIE-ə-lit
From the English word violet for the purple flower, ultimately derived from Latin viola. It was common in Scotland from the 16th century, and it came into general use as an English given name during the 19th century.

VIVIANA
Gender: Feminine
Usage: Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Pronounced: vee-VYA-na (Italian)
Feminine form of Vivianus (see VIVIAN). Saint Viviana (also known as Bibiana) was a Roman saint and martyr of the 4th century.

WARWICK
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: WAWR-ik
From a surname which was derived from the name of a town in England, itself from Old English wer "weir, dam" and wíc "settlement".

WESLEY
Gender: Masculine
Usage: English
Pronounced: WES-lee, WEZ-lee
From a surname which was derived from a place name meaning "west meadow" in Old English. It has been sometimes given in honour of John Wesley (1703-1791), the founder of Methodism.

WREN
Gender: Feminine
Usage: English (Rare)
Pronounced: REN
From the English word for the small songbird. It is ultimately derived from Old English wrenna.

YALE
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Welsh
From a Welsh surname which was itself derived from a place name meaning "fertile upland" (from Welsh ial).

ZEBULUN
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: זְבוּלֻן (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ZEB-yoo-lən (English)
Possibly derived from Ugartic zbl meaning "prince". In the Old Testament Zebulun is the tenth son of Jacob (his sixth son by Leah) and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Genesis 30:20 implies two different roots for the name: זָבַל (zaval) "to dwell" and זֵבֵד (zeved) "gift, dowry". These are probably only folk etymologies.

ZEKİ
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Turkish
Means "intelligent" in Turkish, ultimately from Arabic ذكيّ (dhakiy).

ZEPHANIAH
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: צְפַנְיָה (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ze-fə-NIE-ə (English)
From the Hebrew name צְפַנְיָה (Tzefanyah) meaning "YAHWEH has hidden". This is the name of one of the twelve minor prophets of the Old Testament, the author of the Book of Zephaniah.

ZERACHIEL
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Judeo-Christian Legend
Possibly means "command of God" in Hebrew. The Book of Enoch names him as one of the seven archangels.

ZIMRI
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Biblical
Other Scripts: זִמְרִי (Ancient Hebrew)
Pronounced: ZIM-rie (English)
Means "my praise" or "my music" in Hebrew. This is the name of a king of Israel in the Old Testament. He ruled for only seven days, when he was succeeded by the commander of the army Omri.

ZOTICUS
Gender: Masculine
Usage: Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Other Scripts: Ζωτικος (Ancient Greek)
Latinized form of the Greek name Ζωτικος (Zotikos), derived from ζωτικος (zotikos) meaning "full of life". This was the name of several early saints.
Copyright © Mike Campbell 1996-2017.