Names Starting with B

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Basque form of BERNARD.
Hungarian form of VINCENT. It is also used as a short form of BENEDEK.
Hungarian variant of the Turkic name Mundzuk, possibly from mončuq meaning "jewel, bead". This was the name of Attila the Hun's father.
Latvian form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
Danish form of BENEDICT.
Hungarian form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
Italian feminine form of BENEDICT.
Italian form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
From the Late Latin name Benedictus which meant "blessed". Saint Benedict was an Italian monk who founded the Benedictines in the 6th century. After his time the name was common among Christians, being used by 16 popes. In England it did not come into use until the 12th century, at which point it became very popular. This name was also borne by the American general Benedict Arnold (1741-1801), who defected to Britain during the American Revolution.
Feminine form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
French feminine form of BENEDICT.
BENEDICTUSmLate Roman, Dutch
Original Latin form of BENEDICT, as well as the modern Dutch form.
BENEDIKTmGerman, Russian, Icelandic, Czech
Form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
BENEDIKTAfGerman (Rare)
German feminine form of BENEDICT.
Lithuanian form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
BENEDIKTEfDanish, Norwegian
Danish and Norwegian feminine form of BENEDICT.
Portuguese feminine form of BENEDICT.
Portuguese form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
Polish form of Benedictus (see BENEDICT).
Polish feminine form of BENEDICT.
Yiddish form of BENEDICT.
Swedish form of BENEDICT.
Swedish feminine form of BENEDICT.
BENIAMINmRomanian, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Romanian form of BENJAMIN, as well as the form used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.
Italian form of BENJAMIN.
BENIGNOmItalian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of the Late Latin name Benignus which meant "kind, friendly" in Latin. This was the name of several saints including a 5th-century disciple of Saint Patrick who later became the chief Bishop of Ireland.
Late Latin form of BENIGNO.
Feminine form of BENITO.
BENITOmSpanish, Italian
Spanish form of BENEDICT. This name was borne by Mexican president Benito Juárez, and also by Benito Mussolini (who was named after Juárez), the fascist dictator of Italy during World War II.
Short form of BENJAMIN.
Portuguese form of BENJAMIN.
Hungarian form of BENJAMIN.
BENJAMÍNmSpanish, Czech, Slovak, Icelandic
Spanish, Czech, Slovak and Icelandic form of BENJAMIN.
BENJAMINmEnglish, French, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Biblical
From the Hebrew name בִּנְיָמִין (Binyamin) which means "son of the south" or "son of the right hand", from the roots בֵּן (ben) meaning "son" and יָמִין (yamin) meaning "right hand, south". Benjamin in the Old Testament is the twelfth and youngest son of Jacob and the founder of one of the southern tribes of the Hebrews. He was originally named בֶּן־אוֹנִי (Ben-'oni) meaning "son of my sorrow" by his mother Rachel, who died shortly after childbirth, but it was later changed by his father (see Genesis 35:18).... [more]
Lithuanian form of BENJAMIN.
French feminine form of BENJAMIN.
Diminutive of BENJAMIN.
Diminutive of BENJAMIN.
Medieval form of BENEDICT. This was the more common spelling in England until the 18th century. Modern use of the name is probably also influenced by the common surname Bennett, itself a derivative of the medieval name.
Diminutive of BENJAMIN or BENEDICT.
Short form of German names containing the element bern "bear".
Diminutive of BENJAMIN or BENEDICT.
French form of BENEDICT.
French feminine form of BENEDICT.
From a surname which originally meant "son of BENEDICT".
BENT (1)mDanish
Danish form of BENEDICT.
BENT (2)mFrisian
Frisian variant of BEN (2).
BENTEfDanish, Norwegian, Dutch
Danish feminine form of BENEDICT.
From a surname which was from a place name, itself derived from Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". Various towns in England bear this name.
Portuguese short form of BENEDITO.
From a surname which was derived from a place name, composed of Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure".
Means "welcome" in Italian. A famous bearer was the Italian Renaissance sculptor and writer Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571).
Derived from the Old English elements beorht "bright" and ric "power, rule".
Derived from the Old English elements beorht "bright" and sige "victory".
Derived from the Old English elements beorn "warrior, man" and ræd "counsel".
BEOWULFmAnglo-Saxon Mythology
Possibly means "bee wolf" (in effect equal to "bear") from Old English beo "bee" and wulf "wolf". Alternatively, the first element may be beadu "battle". This is the name of the main character in the anonymous 8th-century epic poem 'Beowulf'. Set in Denmark, the poem tells how he slays the monster Grendel and its mother at the request of King Hroðgar. After this Beowulf becomes the king of the Geats. The conclusion of the poem tells how Beawulf, in his old age, slays a dragon but is himself mortally wounded in the act.
Diminutive of GIUSEPPE.
Variant of BAER.
Means "bear" in Yiddish, a vernacular form of Dov.
Derived from Gaelic biorach meaning "sharp". This was the name of a 6th-century Irish saint.
Variant transcription of BRACHA.
BERAHTHRABANmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of BERTRAM, using an extended form of the second element.
BERAHTHRAMmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of BERTRAM.
BERARDmAncient Germanic
Variant of BERNARD using the related root bera "bear" as the first element. This was the name of a 13th-century saint who was martyred in Morocco.
Italian form of BERARD.
Possibly from Turkish berat meaning "letters patent".
BERENGARmAncient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements bern "bear" and ger "spear". This was the name of two medieval kings of Italy and a Holy Roman emperor.
BERENGARIAfAncient Germanic (Latinized)
Latinized feminine form of BERENGAR. This name was borne by a 13th-century queen of Castile.
French form of BERENGAR.
Catalan form of BERENGAR.
French form of BERENICE.
BERENICEfEnglish, Italian, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Latinized form of Βερενικη (Berenike), the Macedonian form of the Greek name Φερενικη (Pherenike), which meant "bringing victory" from φερω (phero) "to bring" and νικη (nike) "victory". This name was common among the Ptolemy ruling family of Egypt, a dynasty which was originally from Macedon. It occurs briefly in Acts in the New Testament (in most English Bibles it is spelled Bernice) belonging to a sister of King Herod Agrippa II. As an English name, Berenice came into use after the Protestant Reformation.
BERENIKEfAncient Greek
Ancient Macedonian form of BERENICE.
Means "special" in Basque.
BERGLJÓTfAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of BERGLJOT.
From the Old Norse name Bergljót, which was composed of the elements berg "protection, help" and ljótr "light".
BERHANEm & fEastern African, Amharic
Means "my light" in Amharic.
BERHANUmEastern African, Amharic
Means "his light" in Amharic.
BERHTOALDmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of BERTHOLD.
BERINHARDmAncient Germanic
Old Germanic form of BERNARD.
BERISLAVmCroatian, Medieval Slavic
Derived from the Slavic elements birati "to take, to gather" (in an inflected form) and slava "glory".
Variant transcription of PERCHUHI.
Means "solid, firm, strong" in Turkish.
Means "solid oath" in Turkish.
Means "solid man" in Turkish.
BERKOmWestern African, Akan
Means "first born" in Akan.
From the name of the city in Germany, which is of uncertain meaning.
Means "pearl" in Kyrgyz.
Means "young" in Turkish.
Hungarian form of BERNADETTE.
BERNADETTEfFrench, English
French feminine form of BERNARD. Saint Bernadette was a young woman from Lourdes in France who claimed to have seen visions of the Virgin Mary.
Feminine form of BERNARD.
BERNARDmEnglish, French, Dutch, Polish, Croatian, Slovene, Czech, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic element bern "bear" combined with hard "brave, hardy". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Beornheard. This was the name of several saints, including Saint Bernard of Menthon who built hospices in the Swiss Alps in the 10th century, and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, a 12th-century theologian and Doctor of the Church. Other famous bearers include the Irish playwright and essayist George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) and the British World War II field marshal Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976).
Italian feminine form of BERNARD.
Italian feminine diminutive of BERNARDO.
BERNARDINEfFrench (Rare)
French feminine form of BERNARD.
Spanish feminine form of BERNARD.
BERNARDOmItalian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of BERNARD.
Hungarian form of BERNARD.
Catalan form of BERNARD.
Short form of BERNHARD.
Diminutive of BERENICE.
BERNHARDmGerman, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Ancient Germanic
German, Dutch and Scandinavian form of BERNARD.
BERNICEfEnglish, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Contracted form of BERENICE. It occurs briefly in Acts in the New Testament belonging to a sister of King Herod Agrippa II.
BERNIEm & fEnglish
Diminutive of BERNARD, BERNADETTE, BERNICE, and other names beginning with Bern.
BERNTmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish
Scandinavian form of BERNARD.
BERNYm & fEnglish
Variant of BERNIE.
Means "clear" in Turkish.
BERRY (2)fEnglish (Rare)
From the English word referring to the small fruit. It is ultimately derived from Old English berie. This name has only been in use since the 20th century.
BERTmEnglish, German, Dutch
Short form of ALBERT and other names containing the element bert, often derived from the Germanic element beraht meaning "bright".
Hungarian form of BARTHOLOMEW.
BERTHAfGerman, English, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element beraht meaning "bright, famous". It was borne by the mother of Charlemagne in the 8th century, and it was popularized in England by the Normans. It died out as an English name after the Middle Ages, but was revived in the 19th century. The name also appears in southern Germanic legends (often spelled Perchta or Berchta) belonging to a goddess of animals and weaving.
French form of BERTHA.
Means "bright ruler" from the Germanic element beraht "bright" combined with wald "rule".
BERTIEm & fEnglish
Diminutive of ALBERT, HERBERT, and other names containing bert (often derived from the Germanic element beraht meaning "bright").
BERTILmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish
Scandinavian form of BERTILO or BERTHOLD.
French diminutive of BERTHA.
BERTILOmAncient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names beginning with the element beraht meaning "bright, famous".
Feminine form of BERT.
BERTOmItalian, Spanish
Short form of ROBERTO, ALBERTO, and other names containing bert (often derived from the Germanic element beraht meaning "bright").
Hungarian diminutive of BERTALAN and other names beginning with Bert.
Italian form of BERTHOLD.
BERTRAMmEnglish, German, Ancient Germanic
Means "bright raven", derived from the Germanic element beraht "bright" combined with hramn "raven". The Normans introduced this name to England. Shakespeare used it in his play 'All's Well That Ends Well' (1603).
BERTRANDmFrench, English, Ancient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements beraht meaning "bright" and rand meaning "rim (of a shield)". From an early date it has been confused with BERTRAM and the two names have merged to some degree. A famous bearer was English philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872-1970).
Italian form of BERTRAND.
Means "white head" from the Welsh elements barr "head" and wyn "white".
From the English word for the clear or pale green precious stone, ultimately deriving from Sanskrit. As a given name, it first came into use in the 19th century.
Georgian form of BESSARION.
Means "faithful" in Albanian.
Short form of BESARION.
Diminutive of ELIZABETH.
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Greek βησσα (bessa) "wooded valley". This was the name of a 5th-century Egyptian hermit who was a disciple of Saint Anthony the Great. It was later adopted by the scholar Basilios Bessarion (1403-1472), a Greek born in Byzantine Anatolia who became a Roman Catholic bishop.
Diminutive of ELIZABETH.
Means "melody" in Turkish.
BETfFrisian, Limburgish
Frisian and Limburgish short form of ELISABETH.
The name of the star that marks the right shoulder of the constellation Orion. It is derived from Arabic يد الجوزا (yad al-Jawza) meaning "the hand of Jawza". جوزا (Jawza) meaning "central one" was the old Arabic name for the constellation Orion (also for Gemini).
Short form of ELIZABETH, or sometimes BETHANY.
Welsh diminutive of ELIZABETH.
BETHÂNIAfPortuguese (Brazilian)
Portuguese variant form of BETHANY.
BETHANIAfSpanish (Latin American)
Spanish variant form of BETHANY.
From the name of a biblical town, Βηθανια (Bethania) in Greek, which is probably of Aramaic or Hebrew origin, possibly meaning "house of affliction" or "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha. It has been in use as a rare given name in the English-speaking world since the 19th century, used primarily by Catholics in honour of Mary of Bethany. In America it became moderately common after the 1950s.
BETHARIfIndonesian, Javanese
Javanese form of BATARI.
From an Old Testament place name meaning "house of God" in Hebrew. This was a town north of Jerusalem, where Jacob saw his vision of the stairway. It is occasionally used as a given name.
Possibly means "God destroys" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the father of Rebecca.
Macedonian diminutive of ELISAVETA.
BETJEfDutch, Limburgish
Dutch and Limburgish diminutive of ELISABETH.
BETONYfEnglish (Rare)
From the name of the minty medicinal herb.
Welsh form of BEATRICE.
Diminutive of ELIZABETH.
Diminutive of ELIZABETH. A famous bearer was American actress Bette Davis (1908-1989).
Diminutive of ELIZABETH.
Diminutive of BENEDETTO.
Diminutive of ELIZABETH.
Variant of BETTY.
Turkish form of BATUL.
BEULAHfBiblical, Biblical Hebrew, English
Means "married" in Hebrew. The name is used in the Old Testament to refer to the land of Israel (Isaiah 62:4). As an English given name, Beulah has been used since the Protestant Reformation.
Short form of BEVERLY.
From a Welsh surname which was derived from ap Evan meaning "son of EVAN".
BEVERLYf & mEnglish
From a surname which was originally derived from the name of an English city, itself meaning "beaver stream" in Old English. It came into use as a masculine given name in the 19th century, and it became common as an American feminine name after the publication of George Barr McCutcheon's novel 'Beverly of Graustark' (1904).
Anglicized form of BÉBINN.
BEVISmEnglish (Rare)
From an English surname which is possibly derived from the name of the French town Beauvais.
Diminutive of BAILA.
Means "very white" in Turkish.
Scottish form of WALTER.
BHARATmIndian, Hindi, Marathi
Modern form of BHARATA.
Means "being maintained" in Sanskrit. This is one of the names of Agni, the Hindu god of fire, and is also the name of the brother of Rama in the Hindu epic the 'Ramayana'. It was also borne by a legendary king, the son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala. The official name of the country of India, Bharat, derives from him.
BHARATHmTamil, Indian, Malayalam, Telugu
Southern Indian form of BHARATA.
Means "shining", derived from a combination of Sanskrit भास (bhasa) meaning "light" and कर (kara) meaning "maker". This is another name of the sun and the Hindu god Shiva. It was additionally borne by a 12th-century Indian astronomer, also known as Bhaskaracharya.
Scottish form of WALTER.
BHAVANAfIndian, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Malayalam
Means "producing, manifesting" in Sanskrit.
BHAVNAfIndian, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Malayalam
Variant transcription of BHAVANA.
Means "terrible, formidable" in Sanskrit. In the Hindu epic the 'Mahabharata' this is the name of the second son of Pandu, and thus one of the five Pandavas. He was known for his terrific strength and skill as a warrior.
Means "earth, soil" in Sanskrit. This is the name of a Hindu earth goddess. She is the wife of Varaha, an avatar of Vishnu.
Diminutive of BEATRIZ.
Diminutive of BIAGIO.
Italian form of BLAISE.
BIANCAfItalian, Romanian
Italian cognate of BLANCHE. Shakespeare used characters named Bianca in 'Taming of the Shrew' (1593) and 'Othello' (1603).
BIANKAfGerman, Hungarian, Polish
German, Hungarian and Polish form of BIANCA.
BIBEKmNepali, Bengali
Nepali and Bengali form of VIVEK.
BIBIANAfItalian, Spanish, Late Roman
Possibly an early variant of VIVIANA. Alternatively, it may be a feminine derivative of the earlier Roman cognomen VIBIANUS.
Means "nightingale" in Kazakh.
Derived from Hungarian bíbor meaning "purple".
Short form of BEATRICE.
From Sino-Vietnamese (bích) meaning "bluish green".
Means "way" in Basque.
BIDDYfIrish, English
Diminutive of BRIDGET.
Diminutive of BRIDGET.
BIDZIILmNative American, Navajo
Means "he is strong" in Navajo.
Possibly from Georgian ბიძა (bidza) meaning "uncle". This was the name of a 17th-century Georgian saint and martyr.
Galician form of BENEDICT.
Catalan short form of GABRIEL.
Derived from Spanish bienvenido meaning "welcome".
BIFFmEnglish (Rare)
From a nickname which was based on the English word biff, which means "punch, hit, strike".
Means "heart" in Basque.
Means "most good" in Turkish.
Bengali form of VIJAYA.
Means "jewel" in French.
Variant transcription of BIJAY.
Basque form of VINCENT.
BILAfBiblical Italian
Italian form of BILHAH.
Turkish form of BILAL.
BILALmArabic, Urdu
Means "wetting, moistening" in Arabic. This was the name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammad.
This was the name of the hero of 'The Hobbit' (1937) by J. R. R. Tolkien. His real hobbit name was Bilba, which is of unknown meaning, but this was altered by Tolkien in order to use the more masculine o ending. In the novel Bilbo Baggins was recruited by the wizard Gandalf to join the quest to retake Mount Erebor from the dragon Smaug.
BILEmIrish Mythology
Possibly an Irish form of BELENUS, though it may derive from an Irish word meaning "hero". In Irish mythology this was the name of one of the Milesians who was drowned while invading Ireland.
BİLGEm & fTurkish
Means "wise" in Turkish.
BILHAfBiblical German, Biblical French, Biblical Spanish, Biblical Dutch
German, French, Spanish and Dutch form of BILHAH.
BILHAHfBiblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "bashful" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the handmaid given to Jacob by his wife Rachel. By him she was the mother of Dan and Naphtali.
BILJANAfSerbian, Macedonian, Croatian
Meaning uncertain, possibly derived from the South Slavic word биље (bilje) meaning "herb".
Short form of WILLIAM. This spelling was first used in the 19th century. The change in the initial consonant may have been influenced by an earlier Irish pronunciation of the name. Famous bearers include basketball player Bill Russell (1934-), comedian Bill Cosby (1937-), American president Bill Clinton (1946-), and Microsoft founder Bill Gates (1955-).
BILLIEm & fEnglish
Diminutive of BILL. It is also used as a feminine form of WILLIAM.
Diminutive of BILL. A notable bearer was the American outlaw Billy the Kid (1859-1881), whose real name was William H. Bonney.
Bulgarian form of BILJANA.
Indonesian form of BHIMA.
Bengali form of VINAY.
Diminutive of BELINDA.
BINE (1)fDanish
Short form of JACOBINE.
BINE (2)mSlovene
Diminutive of ALBIN.
BÌNHm & fVietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese (bình) meaning "level, even, peaceful".
BINYAMINmHebrew, Arabic, Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew and Arabic form of BENJAMIN.
BIONmAncient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from βιος (bios) meaning "life".
BIRGERmSwedish, Norwegian, Danish
From the Old Norse name Birgir, probably derived from bjarga meaning "help, save, rescue".
BIRGIRmAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of BIRGER.
BIRGITfDanish, Swedish, Norwegian, German
Scandinavian variant of BIRGITTA.
BIRGITTAfSwedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish
Most likely a Scandinavian form of BRIDGET via the Latinized form Brigitta. Alternatively it could be a feminine derivative of BIRGER. This is the name of the patron saint of Europe, Birgitta of Sweden, the 14th-century founder of the Bridgettine nuns. Her father's name was Birger.
Faroese form of BRIDGET.
Danish diminutive of BIRGITTA.
Danish diminutive of BIRGITTA.
Possibly from Lithuanian birti meaning "to scatter, to pour out" combined with a diminutive suffix. This name was borne by the mother of the 15th-century Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania.
BISERAfBulgarian, Macedonian
Derived from the South Slavic word бисер (biser) "pearl" (ultimately of Arabic origin).
BISERKAfCroatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of BISERA.
BISHALmNepali, Bengali
Nepali and Bengali form of VISHAL.
Either from the English occupational surname, or else directly from the English word. It is ultimately derived from Greek επισκοπος (episkopos) "overseer".
BISTRAfBulgarian, Macedonian
Means "clean, pure" in Bulgarian and Macedonian.
Means "daughter of YAHWEH" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּת (bat) meaning "daughter" and יָה (yah) referring to the Hebrew God. In the Old Testament this is the name of a daughter of Pharaoh. She is traditionally equated with the pharaoh's daughter who drew Moses from the Nile.
Basque form of VICTOR.
BITUINfFilipino, Tagalog
Means "star" in Tagalog.
Danish diminutive of BJØRN.
BJARNImAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic, Faroese
Old Norse diminutive of BJÖRN and other names containing the element björn meaning "bear".
From the Old Norse byname Bjartr, which meant "bright".
Icelandic form of Bjartr (see BJARTE).
BJÖRGfAncient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Old Norse and Icelandic form of BJØRG.
Derived from Old Norse björg meaning "help, save, rescue".
Means "birch tree" in Icelandic.
BJÖRNmSwedish, Icelandic, German, Ancient Scandinavian
From an Old Norse byname meaning "bear".
BJØRNmNorwegian, Danish
Danish and Norwegian form of BJÖRN.
Diminutive of BJÖRN.
Manx form of BLÁTHNAT.
Feminine form of BLAGOY.
Derived from South Slavic благ (blag) meaning "sweet, pleasant, blessed".
Croatian form of BLAGOY.
Macedonian form of BLAGOY.
BLAGOJEmSerbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of BLAGOY.
BLAGORODNAfMacedonian, Bulgarian
Means "noble" in Macedonian and Bulgarian.
Derived from South Slavic благ (blag) meaning "sweet, pleasant, blessed".
BLAGUNmBulgarian, Macedonian
Derived from South Slavic благ (blag) meaning "sweet, pleasant, blessed".
From a Scottish surname which was derived from the given name Bláán, which meant "yellow" in Gaelic. Saint Bláán was a 6th-century missionary to the Picts.
BLAIRm & fScottish, English
From a Scottish surname which is derived from Gaelic blár meaning "plain, field, battlefield".
From the Roman name Blasius which meant "lisping" from Latin blaesus. A famous bearer was the French mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal (1623-1662).
Variant of BLÁTHNAT using a different diminutive suffix.
From a surname which was derived from Old English blæc "black" or blac "pale". A famous bearer of the surname was the poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827).
BLANCAfSpanish, Catalan
Spanish and Catalan cognate of BLANCHE.
BLANCHARDmAncient Germanic
Derived from the Germanic elements blanc meaning "white" and hard meaning "brave, hardy".
BLANCHEfFrench, English
From a medieval French nickname meaning "white, fair". This name and its cognates in other languages are ultimately derived from the Germanic word blanc. An early bearer was the 12th-century Blanca of Navarre, the wife of Sancho III of Castile. Her granddaughter of the same name married Louis VIII of France, with the result that the name became more common in France.
French form of the Roman name Blandina, which was the feminine form of Blandinus, which was itself a derivative of the cognomen BLANDUS. Saint Blandina was a 2nd-century slave from Lyons who was martyred by being thrown to wild beasts.