SOHRAB m Persian, Persian Mythology
Probably from Middle Persian swhr
"red" and ab
"water". In the 11th-century Persian epic the 'Shahnameh' this is the name of the son of the hero Rostam
. He was tragically slain in battle by his father, who was unaware he was fighting his own son.
SOILE f Finnish
Possibly from Finnish soilu
meaning "glimmer, blaze".
SOLANGE f French
French form of the Late Latin name Sollemnia
, which was derived from Latin sollemnis
"religious". This was the name of a French shepherdess who became a saint after she was killed by her master.
SOLEDAD f Spanish
Means "solitude" in Spanish. It is taken from the title of the Virgin Mary
, María de Soledad
, meaning "Mary of Solitude".
SOLEIL f Various
Means "sun" in French. It is not commonly used as a name in France itself.
SOLFRID f Norwegian
From the Old Norse elements sól
"sun" and fríðr
"beautiful". This name was apparently coined in the 19th century.
SOLOMON m Biblical, English, Jewish
From the Hebrew name שְׁלֹמֹה (Shelomoh)
, which was derived from Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (shalom)
meaning "peace". As told in the Old Testament, Solomon was a king of Israel, the son of David
. He was renowned for his wisdom and wealth. Towards the end of his reign he angered God by turning to idolatry. Supposedly, he was the author of the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon.... [more]
SOLON m Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek σολος (solos)
meaning "lump of iron". This was the name of an Athenian statesman who reformed the laws and government of the city.
SOLVEIG f Norwegian, Swedish
From an Old Norse name, which was derived from the elements sól
"sun" and veig
"strength". This is the name of the heroine in Henrik Ibsen's play 'Peer Gynt' (1876).
SOMA m Hungarian
From Hungarian som
meaning "dogwood, cornel tree".
SOMERLED m Scottish
Anglicized form of the Old Norse name Sumarliði
meaning "summer traveller". This was the name of a 12th-century Scottish warlord who created a kingdom on the Scottish islands.
SOMPORN m Thai
Derived from Thai สม (som)
"worthy" and พร (phon)
SONDRA f English
Variant of SAUNDRA
. It was popularized in the English-speaking world by a character in Theodore Dreiser's novel 'An American Tragedy' (1925) and the subsequent movie adaptation (1931).
SONDRE m Norwegian
From the Old Norse name Sundri
, possibly from Old Norse sunn
SONGÜL f Turkish
From Turkish son
meaning "last, final" and gül
SONJA f German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian
Form of SONYA
in various languages.
SONNY m English
From a nickname that is commonly used to denote a young boy, derived from the English word son
SONYA f Russian, English
Russian diminutive of SOPHIA
. This is the name of a character in Leo Tolstoy's novel 'War and Peace' (1869, English translation 1886).
SOPHIA f English, Greek, German, Ancient Greek
Means "wisdom" in Greek. This was the name of an early, probably mythical, saint who died of grief after her three daughters were martyred during the reign of the emperor Hadrian. Legends about her probably arose as a result of a medieval misunderstanding of the phrase Hagia Sophia
"Holy Wisdom", which is the name of a large basilica in Constantinople.... [more]
SORA f & m Japanese
From Japanese 空 (sora)
or 昊 (sora)
both meaning "sky". Other kanji with the same pronunciations can also form this name.
SØREN m Danish, Norwegian
Danish form of SEVERINUS
. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) was a Danish philosopher who is regarded as a precursor of existentialism.
SORIN m Romanian
Possibly derived from Romanian soare
SOROUSH m Persian Mythology, Persian
Modern Persian form of Avestan Sraosha
meaning "obedience". In Zoroastrianism this was the name of a Yazata (or angel), later equated with the angel Gabriel
SORREL f English (Rare)
From the name of the sour tasting plant, which may ultimately derive from Germanic sur
SOSIGENES m Ancient Greek
Means "born safely" from Greek σως (sos)
"safe, whole, unwounded" and γενης (genes)
"born". This was the name of an astronomer from Alexandria employed by Julius Caesar to correct the Roman calendar.
SOSRUKO m Caucasian Mythology
Derived from Turkic suslä
"menacing". This is the name of a trickster god in Caucasian mythology. He is the hero of the Nart sagas.
SOUMA m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (sou)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind" and 真 (ma)
meaning "real, genuine". Other kanji combinations are possible.
SOUTA m Japanese
From Japanese 颯 (sou)
meaning "sudden, sound of the wind" and 太 (ta)
meaning "thick, big". This name can also be formed of other kanji combinations.
SPARTACUS m History
Means "from the city of Sparta" in Latin. Spartacus was the name of a Thracian-born Roman slave who led a slave revolt in Italy in the 1st century BC. He was eventually killed in battle and many of his followers were crucified.
SPENCER m English
From a surname that meant "dispenser of provisions", derived from Middle English spense
"larder, pantry". A famous bearer was American actor Spencer Tracy (1900-1967). It was also the surname of Princess Diana (1961-1997).
SPIKE m English (Rare)
From a nickname that may have originally been given to a person with spiky hair.
SPIRIT f English (Rare)
From the English word spirit
, ultimately from Latin spiritus
"breath", a derivative of spirare
SPRING f English
From the name of the season, ultimately from Old English springan
"to leap, to burst forth".
SPURIUS m Ancient Roman
Roman praenomen, or given name, which is of uncertain meaning, probably of Etruscan origin. It may be related to the Late Latin word spurius
"of illegitimate birth", which was derived from Etruscan srural
SPYRIDON m Greek, Late Greek
Late Greek name derived from Greek σπυριδιον (spyridion)
meaning "basket" or Latin spiritus
meaning "spirit". Saint Spyridon was a 4th-century sheep farmer who became the bishop of Tremithus and suffered during the persecutions of Diocletian.
STACY f & m English
Either a diminutive of ANASTASIA
, or else from a surname that was derived from Stace
, a medieval form of EUSTACE
. As a feminine name, it came into general use during the 1950s, though it had earlier been in use as a rare masculine name.
STAFFORD m English
From a surname that was from a place name meaning "landing-place ford" in Old English.
STÅLE m Norwegian
From the Old Norse byname Stáli
, which was derived from stál
STANFORD m English
From a surname that was derived from a place name meaning "stone ford" in Old English.
STANLEY m English
From a surname meaning "stone clearing" in Old English. A notable bearer of the surname was the British-American explorer and journalist Sir Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904), the man who found David Livingstone in Africa. As a given name, it was borne by American director Stanley Kubrick (1928-1999), as well as the character Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams' play 'A Streetcar Named Desire' (1947).
STAR f English
From the English word for the celestial body, ultimately from Old English steorra
STAVROS m Greek
Means "cross" in Greek, referring to the cross of the crucifixion.
STEFANUS m Dutch
Official Dutch form of STEPHEN
, used on birth certificates but not commonly in daily life.
STELLA (1) f English, Italian, Dutch, German
Means "star" in Latin. This name was created by the 16th-century poet Sir Philip Sidney for the subject of his collection of sonnets 'Astrophel and Stella'. It was a nickname of a lover of Jonathan Swift, real name Esther Johnson (1681-1728), though it was not commonly used as a given name until the 19th century. It appears in Tennessee Williams' play 'A Streetcar Named Desire' (1947), belonging to the sister of Blanche DuBois and the wife of Stanley Kowalski.
STELLAN m Swedish
Meaning unknown, perhaps related to Old Norse stilling
"calm", or perhaps of German origin.
STEPHEN m English, Biblical
From the Greek name Στεφανος (Stephanos)
meaning "crown", more precisely "that which surrounds". Saint Stephen was a deacon who was stoned to death, as told in Acts in the New Testament. He is regarded as the first Christian martyr. Due to him, the name became common in the Christian world. It was popularized in England by the Normans.... [more]
STERLING m English
From a Scottish surname that was derived from city of Stirling, which is itself of unknown meaning. The name can also be given in reference to the English word sterling
meaning "excellent". In this case, the word derives from sterling silver, which was so named because of the emblem that some Norman coins bore, from Old English meaning "little star".
STEVE m English
Short form of STEVEN
. A notable bearer was American technology entrepreneur Steve Jobs (1955-2011).
STEVEN m English, Dutch
Medieval English variant of STEPHEN
, and a Dutch variant of STEFAN
. The filmmaker Steven Spielberg (1946-), director of 'E.T.' and 'Indiana Jones', is a famous bearer of this name.
STRIBOG m Slavic Mythology
Possibly means "flowing god" in Slavic. Stribog was the Slavic god of the wind, cold, ice and frost.
STUART m English, Scottish
From an occupational surname originally belonging to a person who was a steward. It is ultimately derived from Old English stig
"house" and weard
"guard". As a given name, it arose in 19th-century Scotland in honour of the Stuart royal family, which produced several kings and queens of Scotland and Britain between the 14th and 18th centuries.
STYLIANOS m Greek, Late Greek
Derived from Greek στυλος (stylos)
meaning "pillar". Saint Stylianos was a 7th-century hermit from Adrianopolis in Asia Minor who is regarded as a patron saint of children.
SU (2) f & m Chinese
From Chinese 素 (sù)
meaning "plain, simple" or 肃 (sù)
meaning "respectful", besides other characters pronounced in a similar way.
SU-BIN f & m Korean
From Sino-Korean 秀 (su)
meaning "luxuriant, beautiful, elegant, outstanding" combined with 斌 (bin)
meaning "refined". Other combinations of hanja characters can form this name as well.
SUELLEN f English
Contraction of SUSAN
and ELLEN (1)
. Margaret Mitchell used this name in her novel 'Gone with the Wind' (1936), where it belongs to Scarlett's sister.
SUERO m Medieval Spanish
Medieval Spanish form of Suerius
, probably a Latinized form of a Germanic name composed of an unknown first element combined with hari
SUHA f Arabic
Means "forgotten, overlooked" in Arabic. Al-Suha
(also called Alcor
) is the name of a star in the constellation Ursa Major.