ABD AL-MALIK m Arabic
Means "servant of the king"
from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
meaning "servant of the" combined with ملك (malik)
meaning "king". This was the name of the fifth Umayyad caliph, who made Arabic the official language of the empire.
ABIMELECH m Biblical
Means "my father is king"
in Hebrew. This is the name of several characters in the Old Testament including a king of Gerar who takes Abraham
's wife Sarah
, but is forced by God to give her back.
ÆÐELRIC m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel
"noble" and ric
"ruler". This was the name of several early Anglo-Saxon kings.
AKIHIKO m Japanese
From Japanese 明 (aki)
or 昭 (aki)
both meaning "bright" combined with 彦 (hiko)
meaning "boy, prince". Other combinations of kanji characters can also form this name.
AL-AMIR m Arabic (Rare)
Means "the commander, the prince"
in Arabic. This was the name of a 10th-century Fatimid imam.
ALARIC m Ancient Germanic
From the Gothic name Alareiks
, which meant "ruler of all"
, derived from the Germanic element ala
"all" combined with ric
"ruler". This was the name of a king of the Visigoths who sacked Rome in the 5th century.
ALBERICH m Ancient Germanic, Germanic Mythology
Derived from the Germanic elements alf
"elf" and ric
"ruler, mighty". Alberich was the name of the sorcerer king of the dwarfs in Germanic mythology. He also appears in the Nibelungenlied
as a dwarf who guards the treasure of the Nibelungen.
ALIKHAN m Kazakh
Combination of the name ALI (1)
and the Turkic title khan
, which means "ruler, leader".
AMALRIC m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name derived from the elements amal
meaning "work, labour" and ric
meaning "ruler, mighty". This was the name of a 6th-century king of the Visigoths, as well as two 12th-century rulers of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
ÁNGELES f Spanish
, taken from the Spanish title of the Virgin Mary Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles
, meaning "Our Lady the Queen of the Angels".
ANSALDO m Italian
Italian form of a Germanic name composed of the elements ans
"god" and wald
"power, leader, ruler".
ANUBIS m Egyptian Mythology (Latinized)
Latinized form of Ἄνουβις (Anoubis)
, the Greek form of Egyptian jnpw
(reconstructed as Anapa
and other forms), which coincided with a word meaning "royal child, prince"
. However, it might alternatively be derived from the root jnp
meaning "to decay"
. Anubis was the Egyptian god who led the dead to the underworld. He was often depicted as a man with the head of a jackal. The Greeks equated him with their god Hermes
ARMEL m Breton, French
Breton and French form of the Brythonic name Arthmael
, which was composed of the elements arth
"bear" and mael
"prince, chieftain". This was the name of a 6th-century Welsh saint who founded abbeys in Brittany.
ARTAXERXES m Ancient Persian (Hellenized), Biblical
Greek form of the Persian name Artakhshathra
meaning "righteous ruler"
. This was the name of several Achaemenid Persian rulers. It was also borne by the founder of the Sassanid Empire, usually known by the Middle Persian form Ardashir
ATHANARIC m Ancient Germanic
From the Gothic name Athanareiks
, derived from the Germanic element athana
meaning "year" combined with ric
meaning "ruler, mighty". Athanaric was a 4th-century ruler of the Visigoths.
AYTAÇ m & f Turkish
Derived from Turkish ay
meaning "moon" and taç
meaning "crown" (of Persian origin).
BALDER m Norse Mythology
from Old Norse. In Norse mythology Balder was the son of Odin
. Because of the disturbing dreams he had when he was young, his mother extracted an oath from every thing in the world that it would not harm him. However the evil fire god Loki
learned that she had overlooked mistletoe. Being jealous, he tricked the blind god Hoder into throwing a branch of mistletoe at Balder, which killed him.
BALDRIC m English (Archaic)
Derived from the Germanic elements bald
"bold, brave" and ric
"ruler, mighty". The Normans introduced this name to Britain, and it was common in the Middle Ages.
BASIL (1) m English
From the Greek name Βασίλειος (Basileios)
, which was derived from βασιλεύς (basileus)
. Saint Basil the Great was a 4th-century bishop of Caesarea and one of the fathers of the early Christian church. Due to him, the name (in various spellings) has come into general use in the Christian world, being especially popular among Eastern Christians. It was also borne by two Byzantine emperors.
BATUHAN m Turkish
Combination of BATU
and Turkish han
meaning "khan, ruler, leader", referring to the 13th-century Mongol ruler Batu Khan.
BELSHAZZAR m Babylonian (Anglicized), Biblical
From בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר (Belshatzzar)
, the Hebrew form of the Akkadian name Bel-sharra-usur
protect the king". This was the name of the son of Nabonidus, the last king of the Babylonian Empire before the Persians conquered it in the 6th century BC. In the Old Testament Book of Daniel Belshazzar is the last king of Babylon who sees the mystical handwriting on the wall, which is interpreted by Daniel to portend the end of the empire.
BRENDAN m Irish, English, Breton
, the Latinized form of the Irish name Bréanainn
, which was derived from a Welsh word meaning "prince"
. Saint Brendan was a 6th-century Irish abbot who, according to legend, crossed the Atlantic and reached North America with 17 other monks.
BRENNUS m Gaulish (Latinized)
Latinized form of a Celtic name (or title) that possibly meant either "king, prince"
. Brennus was a Gallic leader of the 4th century BC who attacked and sacked Rome.
BRIJESHA m Hinduism
Means "ruler of Brij"
in Sanskrit. This is another name of the Hindu god Krishna
, Brij being a region associated with him.
CADEYRN m Ancient Welsh
Means "battle king"
from Welsh cad
"battle" and teyrn
"king, monarch". Cadeyrn (also known as Catigern) was a 5th-century king of Powys in Wales, the son of Vortigern.
CADFAEL m Welsh
Means "battle prince"
from Welsh cad
"battle" and mael
CANDACE f English, Biblical, Biblical Latin
From the hereditary title of the queens of Ethiopia, as mentioned in Acts in the New Testament. It is apparently derived from Cushitic kdke
meaning "queen mother"
. In some versions of the Bible it is spelled Kandake
, reflecting the Greek spelling Κανδάκη
. It was used as a given name by the Puritans after the Protestant Reformation. It was popularized in the 20th century by a character in the 1942 movie Meet the Stewarts
CATHAL m Irish
Derived from Irish cath
"battle" and fál
"ruler". This was the name of a 7th-century Irish saint. It has sometimes been Anglicized as Charles
CHARLES m English, French
From the Germanic name Karl
, which was derived from a Germanic word meaning "man"
. However, an alternative theory states that it is derived from the common Germanic name element hari
meaning "army, warrior"
CORONA f Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
in Latin, as well as Italian and Spanish. This was the name of a 2nd-century saint who was martyred with her companion Victor.
DONALD m Scottish, English
From the Gaelic name Domhnall
meaning "ruler of the world"
, composed of the old Celtic elements dumno
"world" and val
"rule". This was the name of two 9th-century kings of the Scots and Picts. It has traditionally been very popular in Scotland, and during the 20th century it became common in the rest of the English-speaking world. This is the name of one of Walt Disney's most popular cartoon characters, Donald Duck. It was also borne by Australian cricket player Donald Bradman (1908-2001).
EADWALD m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and weald
"power, ruler". This was the name of an 8th-century king of East Anglia.
ECE f Turkish
or "beautiful woman"
EDRIC m English (Rare)
From the Old English elements ead
"wealth, fortune" and ric
"ruler". After the Norman Conquest this Old English name was not commonly used. It has occasionally been revived in modern times.
EMİRHAN m Turkish
Derived from Turkish emir
"amir, prince" and han
"khan, ruler, leader".
EMMERICH m German, Ancient Germanic
Germanic name, in which the second element is ric
meaning "ruler". The first element may be ermen
"whole, universal" (making it a relative of Ermenrich
"work, labour" (making it a relative of Amalric
) or heim
"home" (making it a relative of Henry
). It is likely that several forms merged into a single name.
ERESHKIGAL f Sumerian Mythology
Means "lady of the great earth"
, from Sumerian 𒊩𒌆 (ereš)
meaning "lady, queen" combined with 𒆠 (ki)
meaning "earth" and 𒃲 (gal)
meaning "great, big". In Sumerian mythology she was the goddess of death and the underworld.
ERIC m English, Swedish, German, Spanish
Means "ever ruler"
, from the Old Norse name Eiríkr
, derived from the elements ei
"ever, always" and ríkr
"ruler, mighty". A notable bearer was Eiríkr inn Rauda (Eric the Red in English), a 10th-century navigator and explorer who discovered Greenland. This was also the name of several early kings of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.... [more]
ERMENRICH m Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic elements ermen
"whole, universal" and ric
"ruler, mighty". Ermenrich (also often called Ermanaric) was a 4th-century Gothic king.
FITZROY m English (Rare)
From an English surname meaning "son of the king"
in Old French, originally given to illegitimate sons of monarchs.
FLAITHRÍ m Irish
Means "king of princes"
from Gaelic flaith
"prince" and rí
FREDERICK m English
English form of a Germanic name meaning "peaceful ruler"
, derived from frid
"peace" and ric
"ruler, mighty". This name has long been common in continental Germanic-speaking regions, being borne by rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, Germany, Austria, Scandinavia, and Prussia. Notables among these rulers include the 12th-century Holy Roman emperor and crusader Frederick I Barbarossa, the 13th-century emperor and patron of the arts Frederick II, and the 18th-century Frederick II of Prussia, known as Frederick the Great.... [more]
GALADRIEL f Literature
Means "maiden crowned with a radiant garland"
in Sindarin. Galadriel was a Noldorin elf princess renowned for her beauty and wisdom in J. R. R. Tolkien's novels. The elements are galad
"radiant" and riel
"garlanded maiden". Alatáriel
is the Quenya form of her name.
GANESHA m Hinduism
Means "lord of hordes"
from Sanskrit गण (gana)
meaning "horde, multitude" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord, ruler". This is the name of the Hindu god of wisdom and good luck, the son of Shiva
. He is often depicted as a stout man with the head of an elephant.
GENGHIS m History
From the title Genghis
, meaning "universal ruler", which was adopted by the Mongol Empire founder Temujin
in the late 12th century. Remembered both for his military brilliance and his brutality towards civilians, he went on to conquer huge areas of Asia and Eastern Europe.
GERALD m English, German, Dutch
From a Germanic name meaning "rule of the spear"
, from the elements ger
meaning "spear" and wald
meaning "rule". The Normans brought this name to Britain. Though it died out in England during the Middle Ages, it remained common in Ireland. It was revived in the English-speaking world in 19th century.
GODRIC m Anglo-Saxon
Means "god's ruler"
, derived from Old English god
combined with ric
"ruler, mighty". This name died out a few centuries after the Norman Conquest.
GORMLAITH f Irish, Scottish
Derived from Irish gorm
"blue" or "illustrious" and flaith
"princess, lady". This was the name of a wife of the 11th-century Irish ruler Brian
GUANTING m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 廷 (tíng)
meaning "court". This name can also be formed from other character combinations.
GUANYU m & f Chinese
From Chinese 冠 (guān)
meaning "cap, crown, headgear" combined with 宇 (yǔ)
meaning "house, eaves, universe". Other character combinations are possible.
GWRTHEYRN m Ancient Welsh
Means "supreme king"
from Welsh gor
meaning "over" and teyrn
meaning "king, monarch". It is possible that this is not a name, but a title. According to medieval chroniclers, Gwrtheyrn (also known as Vortigern) was a 5th-century king of the Britons. It was he who invited the brothers Hengist
to Britain, which eventually led to the Anglo-Saxon conquest of England.
HAROLD m English
From the Old English name Hereweald
, derived from the elements here
"army" and weald
"power, leader, ruler". The Old Norse cognate Haraldr
was also common among Scandinavian settlers in England. This was the name of five kings of Norway and three kings of Denmark. It was also borne by two kings of England, both of whom were from mixed Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon backgrounds, including Harold II who lost the Battle of Hastings (and was killed in it), which led to the Norman Conquest. After the conquest the name died out, but it was eventually revived in the 19th century.
HEIRANI f Tahitian
From Tahitian hei
"crown, garland" and rani
HENRY m English
From the Germanic name Heimirich
meaning "home ruler"
, composed of the elements heim
"home" and ric
"ruler". It was later commonly spelled Heinrich
, with the spelling altered due to the influence of other Germanic names like Haganrich
, in which the first element is hagan
IDRIS (2) m Welsh
Means "ardent lord"
from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" combined with ris
"ardent, enthusiastic, impulsive".
IDWAL m Welsh
Means "lord of the wall"
, derived from Welsh udd
"lord, prince" combined with gwal
ITHEL m Welsh
Means "generous lord"
from the Welsh elements udd
"lord, prince" and hael
JAE-SEONG m Korean
From Sino-Korean 在 (jae)
meaning "located at, exist" or 宰 (jae)
meaning "kill, rule" combined with 成 (seong)
meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" or 誠 (seong)
meaning "sincere, honest, true". Other hanja combinations are possible.
JEZEBEL f Biblical
From the Hebrew אִיזֶבֶל ('Izevel)
, which probably means "where is the prince?"
, a ritual question spoken in ceremonies honouring Baal
. Alternatively, it may mean "not exalted"
. In the Old Testament Jezebel is the evil wife of Ahab
, king of Israel. After she was thrown from a window to her death her body was eaten by dogs, fulfilling Elijah
JUDICAËL m French, Breton
French form of the Old Breton name Iudicael
, derived from the elements iudd
"lord, prince" and hael
"generous". This was the name of a 7th-century Breton king, also regarded as a saint.
JUN (1) m & f Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 君 (jūn)
meaning "king, ruler", 俊 (jùn)
meaning "talented, handsome" (which is usually only masculine) or 军 (jūn)
meaning "army" (also usually only masculine). This is also a single-character Korean name, often from the hanja 俊
meaning "talented, handsome". This name can be formed by other characters besides those shown here.
KAĞAN m Turkish
From a Turkish title meaning "king, ruler"
, ultimately of Mongolian origin. The title is usually translated into English as Khan
KAUR f Indian (Sikh)
, ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari)
meaning "girl". This surname was assigned to all female Sikhs in 1699 by Guru Gobind Singh. It is now used as a surname or a middle name by most female Sikhs. The male equivalent is Singh
KHAN m Urdu, Pashto
From a title meaning "king, ruler"
. Its origin is probably Mongolian, though the word has been transmitted into many other languages.
KHANPASHA m Chechen
Derived from the Turkic title Khan
meaning "ruler, leader" combined with the high Ottoman military rank pasha
KING m English
From a nickname that derives from the English word king
, ultimately from Old English cyning
LEIGONG m Chinese Mythology
Means "lord of thunder"
, from Chinese 雷 (léi)
meaning "thunder" and 公 (gōng)
meaning "lord, prince". This is the name of a Chinese thunder god.
LEROY m English
From the French nickname le roi
meaning "the king"
. It has been common as an English given name since the 19th century.
LONGWANG m Chinese Mythology
From Chinese 龙 (lóng)
meaning "dragon" and 王 (wáng)
meaning "king". This is the Chinese name of the Dragon King, a god associated with water and rain.
MAËL m French, Breton
French form of Breton Mael
, which was derived from a Celtic word meaning "chieftain"
. Saint Mael was a 5th-century Breton hermit who lived in Wales.
MALIK (1) m Arabic
in Arabic. In Islamic tradition الملك (al-Malik)
is one of the 99 names of Allah. This can also be another way of transcribing the name مالك
MASAHIKO m Japanese
From Japanese 雅 (masa)
meaning "elegant, graceful" or 正 (masa)
meaning "right, proper" combined with 彦 (hiko)
meaning "boy, prince". This name can be formed from other kanji combinations as well.
MEDUSA f Greek Mythology (Latinized)
From the Greek Μέδουσα (Medousa)
, which was derived from μέδω (medo)
meaning "to protect, to rule over"
. In Greek myth this was the name of one of the three Gorgons, ugly women who had snakes for hair. She was so hideous that anyone who gazed upon her was turned to stone, so the hero Perseus
had to look using the reflection in his shield in order to slay her.
MELCHIOR m Dutch, Judeo-Christian Legend
Possibly from the Hebrew roots מֶלֶכְ (melekh)
meaning "king" and אוֹר ('or)
meaning "light". This was a name traditionally assigned to one of the wise men (also known as the Magi, or three kings) who were said to have visited the newborn Jesus
. According to medieval tradition he was a king of Persia.
MELQART m Semitic Mythology
Means "king of the city"
, from Phoenician mlk
"king" and qrt
"city". This was the name of a Phoenician god worshipped especially in the city of Tyre.
METEHAN m Turkish
Combination of METE
and Turkish han
meaning "khan, ruler, leader", referring to the 3rd-century BC Xiongnu ruler Modu Chanyu.
MIERVALDIS m Latvian
Latvian name derived from the Baltic elements mier
"peace" and vald
MINOS m Greek Mythology
Possibly from a Cretan word or title meaning "king"
. This was the name of a king of Crete in Greek mythology. He was the son of Zeus
. Because Minos had refused to sacrifice a certain bull to Poseidon
, the god had caused his wife Pasiphaë to mate with the bull, which produced the half-bull creature called the Minotaur. Minos had Daedalus
construct the Labyrinth to house the beast, but it was eventually slain by Theseus
MORRIGAN f Irish Mythology
Derived from Irish Mór Ríoghain
meaning "great queen"
. In Irish myth she was a goddess of war and death who often took the form of a crow.
MUKESHA m Hinduism
Means "ruler of Muka"
in Sanskrit. This is another name of the Hindu god Shiva
, given to him because he killed Muka, a demon in the form of a wild boar.
NAZZARENO m Italian
Italian form of the Late Latin Nazarenus
, which meant "from Nazareth, Nazarene"
. Nazareth was the town in Galilee where Jesus
lived. According to the New Testament, the phrase Iesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum
meaning "Jesus the Nazarene, king of the Jews", was inscribed on the cross upon which Jesus was crucified.
NORIAKI m Japanese
From Japanese 憲 (nori)
meaning "law" or 典 (nori)
meaning "rule, ceremony" combined with 明 (aki)
meaning "bright, light, clear". Other kanji combinations can also form this name.
NORIKO f Japanese
From Japanese 法 (nori)
meaning "law, rule" or 典 (nori)
meaning "rule, ceremony" combined with 子 (ko)
meaning "child". Other kanji combinations are possible.
NORMA f English, Italian, Literature
Created by Felice Romani for the main character in the opera Norma
(1831). He may have based it on Latin norma
"rule". This name is also frequently used as a feminine form of NORMAN
NURSULTAN m Kazakh
From Kazakh нұр (nur)
meaning "light" and сұлтан (sultan)
meaning "sultan, king" (both words of Arabic origin).
OĞUZHAN m Turkish
, the name of an ancient Turkic people, combined with Turkish han
meaning "khan, ruler, leader".
ÓRFHLAITH f Irish
Means "golden princess"
from Irish ór
"gold" combined with flaith
"princess". This was the name of a sister of the Irish king Brian
OSWALD m English, German, Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements os
"god" and weald
"power, ruler". Saint Oswald was a king of Northumbria who introduced Christianity to northeast England in the 7th century before being killed in battle. There was also an Old Norse cognate Ásvaldr
in use in England, being borne by the 10th-century Saint Oswald of Worcester, who was of Danish ancestry. Though the name had died out by the end of the Middle Ages, it was revived in the 19th century.
PRINCE m English
From the English word prince
, a royal title, which comes ultimately from Latin princeps
. This name was borne by the American musician Prince Rogers Nelson (1958-2016), who is known simply as Prince.
PUTERI f Malay
Means "daughter, princess"
in Malay, ultimately from Sanskrit पुत्री (putri)
QUEEN f English
From an old nickname that was derived from the English word queen
, ultimately from Old English cwen
meaning "woman, wife".
QUINTON m English
Variant of QUENTIN
, also coinciding with an English surname meaning "queen's town" in Old English.
RAINE f & m English (Rare)
Possibly based on the French word reine
. A famous bearer is the British socialite Raine Spencer (1929-), the stepmother of Princess Diana. In modern times it can also be used as a variant of RAIN (1)
or a short form of LORRAINE
RAJA (2) m Urdu, Tamil, Indian, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi, Marathi, Indonesian
Means "king, ruler"
, from Sanskrit राजन् (rajan)
RAJESH m Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Nepali
Means "ruler of kings"
from Sanskrit राज (raja)
meaning "king" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord, ruler".
RAJNISH m Indian, Hindi
Means "lord of the night"
from Sanskrit रजनि (rajani)
meaning "night" and ईश (isha)
meaning "lord, ruler". This is another name for the moon in Hindu texts.
REGINA f English, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Lithuanian, Estonian, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Late Roman
in Latin (or Italian). It was in use as a Christian name from early times, and was borne by a 2nd-century saint. In England it was used during the Middle Ages in honour of the Virgin Mary
, and it was later revived in the 19th century. A city in Canada bears this name, in honour of Queen Victoria.
RÉGIS m French
From a surname meaning "ruler"
in Occitan. This name is often given in honour of Saint Jean-François Régis, a 17th-century French Jesuit priest.
REGULUS m Ancient Roman
Roman cognomen meaning "prince, little king"
, a diminutive of Latin rex
"king". This was the cognomen of several 3rd-century BC consuls from the gens Atilia. It was also the name of several early saints. A star in the constellation Leo bears this name as well.
REX m English
From Latin rex
. It has been used as a given name since the 19th century.
REYNOLD m English
From the Germanic name Raginald
, composed of the elements ragin
"advice" and wald
"rule". The Normans (who used forms like Reinald
) brought the name to Britain, where it reinforced rare Old English and Norse cognates already in existence. It was common during the Middle Ages, but became more rare after the 15th century.
RHIANNON f Welsh, English, Welsh Mythology
Probably derived from the old Celtic name Rigantona
meaning "great queen"
. It is speculated that this was the name of an otherwise unattested Celtic goddess of fertility and the moon. The name Rhiannon
appears later in Welsh legend in the Mabinogion, borne by the wife of Pwyll
and the mother of Pryderi
RHODRI m Welsh
Derived from the Welsh elements rhod
"wheel" and rhi
"king". This name was borne by a 9th-century Welsh king.
RICHARD m English, French, German, Czech, Slovak, Dutch, Ancient Germanic
Means "brave ruler"
, derived from the Germanic elements ric
"ruler, mighty" and hard
"brave, hardy". The Normans introduced this name to Britain, and it has been very common there since that time. It was borne by three kings of England including Richard I the Lionheart, one of the leaders of the Third Crusade in the 12th century.... [more]
RÍOGHNÁN m Irish
From Irish rí "king"
combined with a diminutive suffix.
ROALD m Norwegian
Modern form of the Old Norse name Hróðvaldr
, composed of the elements hróðr
"fame" and valdr
"ruler". This name was borne by the Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen (1872-1928) and the British children's author Roald Dahl (1916-1990), who was born to Norwegian parents.
RODERICK m English, Scottish, Welsh
Means "famous ruler"
from the Germanic elements hrod
"fame" and ric
"ruler, mighty". This name was in use among the Visigoths; it was borne by their last king (also known as Rodrigo), who died fighting the Muslim invaders of Spain in the 8th century. It also had cognates in Old Norse and West Germanic, and Scandinavian settlers and Normans introduced it to England, though it died out after the Middle Ages. It was revived in the English-speaking world by Sir Walter Scott's 1811 poem The Vision of Don Roderick
RÓRDÁN m Irish
From the older Irish name Ríoghbhardán
, which meant "little poet king"
from Irish Gaelic ríogh
"king" combined with bard
"poet" and a diminutive suffix.
ROY m Scottish, English, Dutch
Anglicized form of RUADH
. A notable bearer was the Scottish outlaw and folk hero Rob Roy (1671-1734). It is often associated with French roi
ROYAL m & f English
From the English word royal
, derived (via Old French) from Latin regalis
, a derivative of rex
"king". It was first used as a given name in the 19th century.
ROYALTY f English (Modern)
From the English word royalty
, derived (via Old French) from Latin regalitas
, a derivative of rex
RUAIDHRÍ m Irish
Means "red king"
from Irish ruadh
"red" combined with rí
"king". This was the name of the last high king of Ireland, reigning in the 12th century.
RYAN m Irish, English
From an Irish surname that was derived from Ó Riain
meaning "descendant of Rían"
. The given name Rían
probably means "little king"
(from Irish rí
"king" combined with a diminutive suffix).
SARAH f English, French, German, Hebrew, Arabic, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "lady, princess, noblewoman"
in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of Abraham
's wife, considered the matriarch of the Jewish people. She was barren until she unexpectedly became pregnant with Isaac
at the age of 90. Her name was originally Sarai
, but God changed it at the same time Abraham's name was changed (see Genesis 17:15
SARGON m Akkadian (Anglicized), Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
From the Hebrew form סַרְגּוֹן (Sargon)
of the Akkadian name Sharru-ukin
, from šarru
meaning "king" and kīnu
meaning "legitimate, true". This was the name of the first king of the Akkadian Empire, beginning in the 24th century BC. It was also borne by the 8th-century BC Assyrian king Sargon II, who appears briefly in the Old Testament. The usual English spelling of the name is based on this biblical mention, applied retroactively to the earlier king.
SATISHA m Hinduism
Means "lord of Sati"
from the name of the Hindu goddess SATI
combined with ईश (isha)
meaning "ruler". This is another name for the Hindu god Shiva
SHAHIN m Persian, Arabic
in Persian, referring more specifically to the Barbary falcon (species Falco pelegrinoides). The bird's name is a derivative of Persian شاه (shah)
SHAHJAHAN m Urdu
Means "king of the world"
from Persian شاه (shah)
meaning "king" and جهان (jahan)
meaning "world". This was the name of the 17th-century Mughal emperor who built the Taj Mahal.
SHAHRAM m Persian
Means "king Ram"
in Persian. Ram (or Raman) is the name of a Yazata (or angel) in Zoroastrianism.
SHAHROKH m Persian
Means "royal face"
in Persian, from شاه (shah)
meaning "king" and رخ (rokh)
meaning "face". This was the name of a 15th-century ruler of the Timurid Empire (a son of Timur
SHAPOUR m Persian
Means "son of the king"
in Persian. This was the name of three Sassanid emperors.
STEPHEN m English, Biblical
From the Greek name Στέφανος (Stephanos)
meaning "crown, wreath"
, more precisely "that which surrounds"
. Saint Stephen was a deacon who was stoned to death, as told in Acts in the New Testament. He is regarded as the first Christian martyr. Due to him, the name became common in the Christian world. It was popularized in England by the Normans.... [more]
SULTAN m & f Arabic, Turkish, Urdu, Bengali, Avar
Means "ruler, king, sultan"
in Arabic. In the Arab world this name is typically masculine, but Turkey it is given to both boys and girls.
TAFARI m Eastern African (Rare), Amharic (Rare)
Possibly means "he who inspires awe"
in Amharic. This name was borne by Lij Tafari Makonnen (1892-1975), also known as Haile Selassie, the last emperor of Ethiopia. Rastafarians (Ras Tafari
meaning "king Tafari") revere him as the earthly incarnation of God.
TAKEHIKO m Japanese
From Japanese 武 (take)
meaning "military, martial" or 竹 (take)
meaning "bamboo" combined with 彦 (hiko)
meaning "boy, prince". Other kanji combinations are also possible.
TALULLA f Irish
From the Gaelic name Tuilelaith
, which was derived from Irish tuile
"abundance" and flaith
TARIEL m Literature, Georgian
Created by the Georgian poet Shota Rustaveli for his 12th-century epic The Knight in the Panther's Skin
. He may have based it on Persian تاجور (tajvar)
meaning "king" or تار (tar)
meaning "dark, obscure" combined with یل (yal)
meaning "hero". In the poem Tariel, the titular knight who wears a panther skin, is an Indian prince who becomes a companion of Avtandil
TEUTA f Albanian
Possibly derived from an Illyrian word or title meaning "queen"
. This was the name of a 3rd-century BC Illyrian queen.
THEODORIC m History
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the people"
, derived from the elements theud
"people" and ric
"ruler". It was notably borne by Theodoric the Great, a 6th-century king of the Ostrogoths who eventually became the ruler of Italy. By Theodoric's time the Ostrogoths were partially Romanized and his name was regularly recorded as Theodoricus
. The Gothic original may have been Þiudreiks
TUDOR (1) m Welsh
From the older Welsh name Tudur
, possibly from the hypothetical Celtic name Toutorix
meaning "ruler of the people" (cognate with THEODORIC
). As a surname it was borne by five monarchs of England beginning with Henry VII in the 15th century.
ULRIC m English (Rare)
Middle English form of the Old English name Wulfric
meaning "wolf ruler"
. When it is used in modern times, it is usually as a variant of ULRICH
ULRICH m German, Ancient Germanic
From the Germanic name Odalric
meaning "prosperity and power"
, from the element odal
"heritage" combined with ric
"ruler, mighty". It has long been confused with the Germanic name Hulderic
. This was the name of two German saints. Another famous bearer was Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531), also known as Huldrych, the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland.
VALÉRY m French
Derived from the Germanic elements walha
"foreign" and ric
"ruler, mighty". It has been frequently confused with the name Valère
VELDA f English
Meaning unknown, possibly a derivative of the Germanic element wald
meaning "power, rule"
VERCINGETORIX m Gaulish
Means "king over warriors"
from Gaulish ver
"on, over" combined with cingeto
"marching men, warriors" and rix
"king". This name was borne by a chieftain of the Gaulish tribe the Arverni. He led the resistance against Julius Caesar's attempts to conquer Gaul, but he was eventually defeated, brought to Rome, and executed.
VISVALDIS m Latvian
Latvian name derived from the Baltic elements vis
"all" and vald
"rule". It is thus a cognate of the Slavic VSEVOLOD
VLAD m Romanian, Russian, Medieval Slavic
Old short form of VLADISLAV
and other Slavic names beginning with the element vladeti
. Vlad Dracula, a 15th-century prince of Wallachia, was Bram Stoker's inspiration for the name of his vampire, Count Dracula.
VLADIMIR m Russian, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovene, Medieval Slavic
Derived from the Slavic element vladeti
"rule" combined with meru
"great, famous". The second element has also been associated with miru
meaning "peace, world". This was the name of an 11th-century grand prince of Kiev who is venerated as a saint because of his efforts to Christianize his realm (Kievan Rus). It was also borne by the founder of the former Soviet state, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924).
VLASTIMIL m Czech, Slovak
Derived from the Slavic elements vlasti
"rule, sovereignty" and milu
"gracious, dear". In modern Czech vlast
means "homeland" (a descendant word of vlasti
WALBURGA f German
Means "ruler of the fortress"
from the Germanic elements wald
"power, leader, ruler" and burg
"fortress". This was the name of an 8th-century saint from England who did missionary work in Germany.
WALDEMAR m German, Polish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Germanic derivative of the Slavic name VLADIMIR
(or perhaps a cognate composed of the Germanic elements wald
"rule" and mari
"famous"). It was introduced into Scandinavia by the 12th-century Danish king Waldemar (or Valdemar) who was named after a royal ancestor of his Ukrainian mother.
WALDO m English, Ancient Germanic
Originally a short form of Germanic names containing the element wald
. In the Middle Ages this name became the basis for a surname. Its present use in the English-speaking world is usually in honour of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), an American poet and author who wrote on transcendentalism. He was (probably) named after the 12th-century Christian radical Peter Waldo, who was from Lyons in France. Though Waldo and his followers, called the Waldensians, were declared heretics at the time, they were later admired by Protestants.
WALDOBERT m Ancient Germanic
Germanic name composed of the elements wald
"rule" and beraht
"bright". This was the name of a 7th-century French saint (called Valbert
WALTER m English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Italian, Ancient Germanic
From a Germanic name meaning "ruler of the army"
, composed of the elements wald
"rule" and hari
"army". The Normans brought it to England, where it replaced the Old English cognate Wealdhere
. A famous bearer of the name was the English courtier, poet and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618). It was also borne by Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), a Scottish novelist who wrote Ivanhoe
and other notable works.
WOB m Frisian, Dutch
Frisian diminutive of Germanic names beginning with the element wald
XERXES m History
Greek form of the Persian name Khshayarsha
, which meant "ruler over heroes"
. This was a 5th-century BC king of Persia, the son of Darius the Great. He attempted an invasion of Greece, which ended unsuccessfully at the battle of Salamis.
YIJUN m & f Chinese
From Chinese 怡 (yí)
meaning "joy, harmony" combined with 君 (jūn)
meaning "king, ruler". This name can also be formed from other character combinations.
ZEBULUN m Biblical
Possibly derived from Ugartic zbl
. In the Old Testament Zebulun is the tenth son of Jacob
(his sixth son by Leah
) and the ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Genesis 30:20
implies two different roots for the name: זָבַל (zaval)
meaning "to dwell" and זֵבֵד (zeved)
meaning "gift, dowry". These are probably only folk etymologies.
ZOLTÁN m Hungarian, Slovak
Possibly related to the Turkish title sultan
meaning "king, sultan"
. This was the name of a 10th-century ruler of Hungary, also known as Zsolt.