ABD AL-RAHMAN m Arabic
Means "servant of the merciful" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
"servant of the" combined with رحمن (rahman)
"merciful". This was the name of two early caliphs of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain.
ABD AL-RASHID m Arabic
Means "servant of the rightly guided" from Arabic عبد ال ('abd al)
"servant of the" combined with رشد (rashid)
ÆÐELBERHT m Anglo-Saxon
Old English cognate of Adalbert
). This was the name of a Saxon king of England and two kings of Kent, one of whom was a saint. It became unused after the Normans introduced their form of Adalbert
after their invasion.
ÆÐELFRIÐ m Anglo-Saxon
Derived from the Old English elements æðel
"noble" and friþ
"peace". The name was rarely used after the Norman conquest.
AHENOBARBUS m Ancient Roman
From a Roman cognomen meaning "bronze beard" in Latin. This name was borne by a series of consuls of the late Roman Republic.
APOLLINAIRE m French (Rare)
French form of APOLLINARIS
. It was adopted as a surname by the Polish-French poet Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918), who based it on his Polish middle name Apolinary.
APOLLINARIS m Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek name derived from the name of the god APOLLO
. This was the name of several early saints and martyrs, including a bishop of Ravenna and a bishop of Hierapolis.
ARTEMIDOROS m Ancient Greek
Means "gift of Artemis" from the name of the goddess ARTEMIS
combined with Greek δωρον (doron)
"gift". This was the name of a Greek author of the 2nd century who wrote about the interpretation of dreams.
BARTHOLOMEW m English, Biblical
From Βαρθολομαιος (Bartholomaios)
, which was the Greek form of an Aramaic name meaning "son of TALMAI
". In the New Testament Bartholomew
is the byname of an apostle, possibly the same person as the apostle Nathanael
. According to tradition he was a missionary to India before returning westward to Armenia, where he was martyred by flaying. Due to the popularity of this saint the name became common in England during the Middle Ages.
BONAVENTURA m Italian
Means "good fortune" in Italian. Saint Bonaventura was a 13th-century Franciscan monk who is considered a Doctor of the Church.
CHARLEMAGNE m History
From Old French Charles le Magne
the Great". This is the name by which the Frankish king Charles the Great (742-814) is commonly known.
CHRISTOPHER m English
From the Late Greek name Χριστοφορος (Christophoros)
meaning "bearing CHRIST
", derived from Χριστος (Christos)
combined with φερω (phero)
"to bear, to carry". Early Christians used it as a metaphorical name, expressing that they carried Christ in their hearts. In the Middle Ages, literal interpretations of the name's etymology led to legends about a Saint Christopher who carried the young Jesus
across a river. He has come to be regarded as the patron saint of travellers.... [more]
CONSTANTINE m History
From the Latin name Constantinus
, a derivative of CONSTANS
. Constantine the Great (272-337) was the first Roman emperor to adopt Christianity. He moved the capital of the empire from Rome to Byzantium, which he renamed Constantinople (modern Istanbul).
CRESCENTIUS m Late Roman
Latin name which was a derivative of the name CRESCENS
. Saint Crescentius was a child martyred in Rome during the persecutions of emperor Diocletian in the early 4th century.
CUNOBELINUS m Ancient Celtic
Possibly means "hound of Belenus" from the old Celtic element koun
"hound" combined with the name of the god BELENUS
. This was the name of a 1st-century king of southeast Britain.
DEMOSTHENES m Ancient Greek
Means "vigour of the people" from Greek δημος (demos)
"the people" and σθενος (sthenos)
"vigour, strength". This was the name of both an Athenian general of the 5th century and an Athenian orator of the 4th century.
DESIDERATUS m Late Roman
Derived from Latin desideratum
meaning "desired". This was the name of a 6th-century French saint.
DUBHSHLÁINE m Ancient Irish
Old Irish name derived from dubh
"dark, black" and either slán
"defiance" or Sláine
, the Gaelic name of the River Slaney.
JEHOSHAPHAT m Biblical
has judged" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament he is the fourth king of Judah, noted for having a generally peaceful and prosperous reign.
JOUKAHAINEN m Finnish Mythology
Meaning unknown. In the Finnish epic the 'Kalevala' this is the name of a youth who challenges Väinämöinen
to a chanting (or spellcasting) duel. Joukahainen loses, and must promise his sister Aino
MARCELLINUS m Ancient Roman
Roman family name which was derived from MARCELLUS
. Saint Marcellinus was a pope of the early 4th century who was supposedly martyred during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
ONESIPHORUS m Biblical, Biblical Latin
Latinized form of the Greek name Ονησιφορος (Onesiphoros)
, which meant "bringing advantage, beneficial". This name is mentioned briefly in Paul
's second epistle to Timothy
in the New Testament. According to tradition he was martyred by being tied to horses and then torn apart.
SACHEVERELL m English (Rare)
From a surname which was derived from a Norman place name. It was occasionally given in honour of preacher Henry Sacheverell (1674-1724).
TENSKWATAWA m Native American, Shawnee
Means "open door" in Shawnee. This was the name of a Shawnee prophet. With his brother Tecumseh he led his people in resistance against European expansion in the early 19th century.
TIGHEARNACH m Irish
Derived from Irish Gaelic tigern
meaning "lord". This was the name of an Irish saint of the 6th century. In his youth he was kidnapped by Welsh pirates and brought to Wales, but he escaped to Scotland. Eventually he returned to Ireland where he was a bishop of Clogher.
TUTANKHAMON m Ancient Egyptian
Means "image of the life of Amon", derived from Egyptian tut
"image" combined with ankh
"life" combined with the name of the god Amon
. This was the name of an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, most famous because of the treasures found in his tomb.
VÄINÄMÖINEN m Finnish Mythology
Derived from Finnish väinä
"wide and slow-flowing river". In Finnish mythology Väinämöinen was a wise old magician, the son of the primal goddess Ilmatar
. He is the hero of the Finnish epic the 'Kalevala'.
ZARATHUSTRA m History
Possibly means "golden camel" in Old Iranian, derived from zarat
meaning "golden" combined with ushtra
meaning "camel". Zarathustra was the Persian prophet who founded the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism about the 10th century BC.